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Routing Emergency Evacuees with Cognitive Packet Networks [chapter]

Huibo Bi, Antoine Desmet, Erol Gelenbe
2013 Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering  
This paper presents an adaptation of the Cognitive Packet Network (CPN) concept to emergency evacuation problems.  ...  Using Neural Networks, CPN is able to rapidly explore a network and allocate overhead in proportion to the perceived likelihood of finding an optimal path there.  ...  The Cognitive Packet Network The Cognitive Packet Network concept aims at solving the problems experienced by large and fast-changing networks, where the convergence time of "overall" routing schemes eventually  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-01604-7_29 fatcat:pb5lp3gn7rf7vff2ifx2kfvlou

Cooperation and coordination in cognitive networks with packet retransmission

Marco Levorato, Osvaldo Simeone, Urbashi Mitra, Michele Zorzi
2009 2009 IEEE Information Theory Workshop  
The cognitive framework, which fosters an efficient use of the channel resource by granting access to smart and adaptive terminals, has been recently integrated with the cooperative paradigm.  ...  Focusing on a simple network with a primary and a secondary source transmitting to a common destination, it is shown that the primary source may actively leave part of its channel resource to the secondary  ...  CONCLUSIONS We presented an analytical framework based on Markov chain theory for the analysis of cooperative cognitive networks with packet retransmission at primary sources and time correlated fading  ... 
doi:10.1109/itw.2009.5351412 fatcat:lilivfuhcrbvzpfuqs4e33rlwq

Routing Diverse Evacuees with the Cognitive Packet Network Algorithm

Huibo Bi
2014 Future Internet  
This paper explores a distributed emergency navigation algorithm that employs the cognitive packet network concept to tailor different quality of service needs to different categories of evacuees.  ...  Experiments are implemented in a simulated environment populated with autonomous agents.  ...  The Cognitive Packet Network The cognitive packet network (CPN) introduced in [39] [40] [41] was originally proposed for multimedia networks with diverse end users [42] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi6020203 fatcat:d5sha6elabehdfdbp6hp5jr4dm

Video Packet Scheduling With Stochastic QoS for Cognitive Heterogeneous Networks

Lei Xu, Arumugam Nallanathan, Yuwang Yang
2017 IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  
In this paper, a video packet scheduling framework with stochastic quality of service (QoS) is proposed for cognitive heterogeneous networks based on inter-network cooperation.  ...  In order to solve the above video packet scheduling problem with stochastic QoS guarantee, a video packet scheduling scheme based on forward-auction theory is proposed.  ...  Abstract-In this paper, a video packet scheduling framework with stochastic quality of service (QoS) is proposed for cognitive heterogeneous networks based on inter-network cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvt.2017.2657800 fatcat:hbqwju3eznb37kqujtfrcc6gdm

Utility Maximization with Packet Collision Constraint in Cognitive Radio Networks

Nguyen H. TRAN, Choong Seon HONG, Sungwon LEE
2012 IEICE transactions on communications  
We study joint rate control and resource allocation with a packet collision constraint that maximizes the total utility of secondary users in cognitive radio networks.  ...  The proposed algorithm can operate on different time-scales to reduce the amortized time complexity. key words: utility maximization, rate control and resource allocation, cognitive radio networks  ...  Conclusion We proposed a joint rate control and resource allocation scheme with packet collision constraint for cognitive radio networks.  ... 
doi:10.1587/transcom.e95.b.321 fatcat:njvwbliifzh2tp4r77naytr4ai

Performance Analysis and Optimization for Cognitive Radio Networks with Classified Secondary Users and Impatient Packets

Yuan Zhao, Luyi Bai
2017 Mobile Information Systems  
A cognitive radio network with classified Secondary Users (SUs) is considered. There are two types of SU packets, namely, SU1 packets and SU2 packets, in the system.  ...  Then with the steady-state analysis, some important performance measures of the SU2 packets are derived to show the system performance with numerical results.  ...  In [24] , a cognitive radio network with multiple SUs were considered.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2017/3613496 fatcat:t5qwlbptiravlmanpllmdwdajm

Performance Analysis of URLL Energy-Harvesting Cognitive-Radio IoT Networks with Short Packet and Diversity Transmissions

Mohammad Reza Amini, Mohammed W. Baidas
2021 IEEE Access  
More importantly, ultra-reliability and low-latency (URLL) combined with concepts of energyharvesting (EH) and cognitive-radio (CR) make the analysis of IoT networks much more complex.  ...  This paper analyzes the performance of uplink EH-CR-IoT networks with URLL requirements.  ...  Specifically, this work considers a different network model that brings dynamic spectrum access (i.e. cognitive radio) with energyharvesting nodes into the IoT paradigm, while [19] , [20] analyze network  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3083095 fatcat:q7d4npgwljgflhbepsosgiiaw4

Improved Buffer-Aided Multi-Hop Relaying with Reduced Outage and Packet Delay in Cognitive Radio Networks

Shakeel Ahmed Alvi, Riaz Hussain, Qadeer Ul Hasan, Shahzad Ali Malik
2019 Electronics  
When compared with other buffer-aided relaying schemes such as max-max, max-link, and buffer-aided relay selection with reduced packet delay, the proposed scheme demonstrated better interference mitigation  ...  By using the buffer-aided cooperative relaying, a cognitive radio network can enhance both the spectral efficiency and the range of the network; although, this could incur additional end-to-end delays.  ...  network very different from that of non-cognitive networks.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8080895 fatcat:cucverhuurggpcwpyqqpltz5om

Classification of epileptic seizures using wavelet packet log energy and norm entropies with recurrent Elman neural network classifier

S. Raghu, N. Sriraam, G. Pradeep Kumar
2016 Cognitive Neurodynamics  
This specific proposed study makes use of wavelet packet based log and norm entropies with a recurrent Elman neural network (REN) for the automated detection of epileptic seizures.  ...  Then wavelet packet using Haar wavelet with a five level decomposition was introduced and two entropies, log and norm were estimated and were applied to REN classifier to perform binary classification.  ...  Compliance with ethical standards Conflict of interest There is no conflict of interest involved in the proposed study.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11571-016-9408-y pmid:28174612 pmcid:PMC5264752 fatcat:bihced5yyvh6jiqea732sj676e

Sensitivity of the Packet Level Performance Metrics to the Primary Channel Holding Time Distribution in Cognitive Radio Networks with VoIP-traffic

Sandra Castellanos-Lopez, Felipe A. Cruz-Pérez, Genaro Hernandez-Valdez, Mario Rivero-Angeles
2014 Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks  
In this paper, the performance of VoIP trafficbased cognitive radio networks (CRNs) with different primary channel holding time (CHT) distribution (specifically, negative exponential, log-normal, and Coxian  ...  Then, system performance is evaluated in terms of packet dropping probability and mean packet delay considering a target VoIP session blocking probability of cognitive users.  ...  CONCLUSIONS System performance at the packet level of buffered cognitive radio networks (CRNs) with AMC under VoIP traffic based on different prescribed primary channel holding time (CHT) distribution  ... 
doi:10.4108/icst.crowncom.2014.255339 dblp:conf/crowncom/Castellanos-LopezCHR14 fatcat:of3ia6gfsnhqdisafodbudc3lu

Cognitive packet networks

E. Gelenbe, Zhiguang Xu, E. Seref
Proceedings 11th International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence  
Routers in cognitive packet networks also serve as U.S. Pat.  ...  Specifically, in order to implement cognitive packet network 50 routing we have used reinforcement learning in conjunction with the random neural network model.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tai.1999.809765 dblp:conf/ictai/GelenbeXS99 fatcat:ugfkvvmgpzgmpnzrherfydiwve

Survey on signaling techniques for cognitive networks

Dzmitry Kliazovich, Fabrizio Granelli, Nelson L.S. da Fonseca
2011 2011 IEEE 16th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD)  
This paper surveys the state-of-the-art, in cognitive networking -identifying fundamental techniques and basic building blocks enabling cognition.  ...  In order to optimize network operations, the introduction of self-awareness, self-management, and self-healing into the network was proposed, leading to a novel paradigm in networking -known as cognitive  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge the funding support from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland in the framework of the Intelligent Telecommunication Systems with Enhanced Cognitive  ... 
doi:10.1109/camad.2011.5941118 dblp:conf/camad/KliazovichGF11 fatcat:pmv5g6apz5aihdijy5uyybcvjm

Achievable throughput of multiple access spectrum systems based on cognitive relay

Wei Wang, Baochun Li, Li Yu
2009 Proceedings of the 2009 ACM workshop on Cognitive radio networks - CoRoNet '09  
Cognitive relays form a special cooperation relationship among users in cognitive radio networks, and help increase the transmission rates of both primary users and secondary users.  ...  CodeAssist is designed to apply network coding in every relay buffer, and moreover, leads to a lower bound of relayed packets for each secondary user.  ...  users with network coded packets; and (3) retransmission of missing packets, the need for which is mitigated by network coding.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1614235.1614253 dblp:conf/mobicom/WangLY09 fatcat:ikxxzhbnivenfo5wrttzvab2xm

Cognitive networking with opportunistic routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

Petros Spachos, Periklis Chatzimisios, Dimitrios Hatzinakos
2013 2013 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)  
Cognitive Networking with Opportunistic Routing, (CNOR), opportunistically routes traffic across paths over all available spectrum.  ...  Under the cognitive networking architecture, this paper presents an opportunistic routing protocol for cognitive radio in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which can deliver higher performance and efficiency  ...  One of the earlier attempts to define the concept of cognitive network was made in [1] , where cognitive network is described as a network with a cognitive process that can perceive current network conditions  ... 
doi:10.1109/icc.2013.6654896 dblp:conf/icc/SpachosCH13 fatcat:pbtrukkfzfh4jfv43oo5bft7z4

Spectrum Handoff Aware AODV Routing Protocol for Cognitive Radio Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Abdur Rashid Sangi, Mohammed S Alkatheiri, Satish Anamalamudi, Mohammed A. Alqarni, Muhammad Hammad Memon, Wanan Yang, Yue Song
2021 Complexity  
In general, packet drops occur in between the source and destination of Cognitive Radio Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (CR-VANET) because of spectrum handoff or cognitive node handoff, or network congestion.  ...  In this paper, we focus on enhancing the performance of cognitive TCP protocol through "cognitive AODV routing protocol with the spectrum handoff mechanism."  ...  cognitive radio together with the introduction of dynamic spectrum access through secondary spectrum licensing called "CRN (Cognitive Radio Networking)."  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/6981719 fatcat:zrwimozigbbqdn2cf36e57ro4q
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