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Network analysis in the legal domain: a complex model for European Union legal sources

Marios Koniaris, Ioannis Anagnostopoulos, Yannis Vassiliou
2017 Journal of Complex Networks  
We have collected an extensive data set of a more than 60-year old legislation corpus, as published in the Official Journal of the European Union, and we further analysed it as a complex network, thus  ...  Quantifying this complexity is not an easy task. In this paper, we introduce the "Legislation Network" as a novel approach to address related problems.  ...  In the present analysis, we propose an alternative approach to model and quantify legal complexity. Our model can be applied to civil law collections, such as the laws of the European Union.  ... 
doi:10.1093/comnet/cnx029 fatcat:6bkchgglbbawpaedmpkgsd5fzu

Analysis of the Legal Rules for Exploitation Windows and Commercial Practices in EU Member States and of the Importance of Exploitation Windows for New Business Practices

Heritiana Ranaivoson, Sophie De Vinck, Ben Van Rompuy, Katharina Hoelck
2014 Social Science Research Network  
The expected expansion of Netflix' SVoD service in the EU plays an important role in the need to reassess European windows for this type of VoD model.  ...  Introduction This report reflects the work done within the research project SMART2012/0025 on the analysis of "legal rules for exploitation windows and commercial practices in Member States (MS) and of  ...  Introduction The research project aims at providing an overview of the functioning of release windows in Europe in order to arrive at ideas on how adapting this system might foster the advent of a Digital  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2472973 fatcat:ufww5o4norc67f7jtlwuqoro2a

Building a Multi-domain Neural Machine Translation Model using Knowledge Distillation [article]

Idriss Mghabbar, Pirashanth Ratnamogan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Today, the majority of multi-domain adaptation techniques are based on complex and sophisticated architectures that are not adapted for real-world applications.  ...  Our experiments demonstrated that our training pipeline allows improving the performance of multi-domain translation over finetuning in configurations with 2, 3, and 4 domains by up to 2 points in BLEU  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would also like to thank Mr. Pierre Bertrand, Mr. Bruce Delattre, and Mr. Geoffrey Scoutheeten of BNP Paribas for their valuable comments and suggestions.  ... 
arXiv:2004.07324v1 fatcat:y5bggtwcfjgynnq753qi7nppje

Common Information Sharing on Maritime Domain - A Qualitative Study on European Maritime Authorities' Cooperation

Ilkka Tikanmäki
2017 Proceedings of the 9th International Joint Conference on Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management  
This qualitative study brings out European Union projects FiNCISE, EUCISE and MARISA together with authorities' cooperation in maritime domain.  ...  The challenges are not solvable by a single administrative sector or a single actor alone posed by the complex global environment.  ...  Commission of the European Communities communication COM(2007) 575 was a proposal for IMP: "An integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union".  ... 
doi:10.5220/0006582502830290 dblp:conf/ic3k/Tikanmaki17 fatcat:7k6pbaqwbrartp7sbteu7wfk34

Open Knowledge: Promises and Challenges [chapter]

Rufus Pollock, Jo Walsh
2012 The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture  
The Human Genome Analysis project was a shining example: slices of source data were partitioned out to a network of institutions.  ...  of article 6(4) of the Directive in the European Union.  ...  /licenses/by/3.0/us/" /> </rdf:RDF> Similarly, the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) defines a complex XML schema for library resources. 18 These resources may include megabytes  ... 
doi:10.11647/obp.0019.07 fatcat:r3yre7bnmndbvbhggtzvdhdyaq

EU External Action in the JHA Domain: A Legal Perspective

Marise Cremona
2008 Social Science Research Network  
Second, the legal implications of the inter-pillar nature of the AFSJ: the consequences this has for the types of instrument available to the Union and the legal constraints imposed by the need to 'police  ...  and the additional complexity created by the varying 'opt-outs' for some Member States.  ...  structure encompassing the EC and the EU with a single structure, a single legal order and a single legal personality (albeit spread over two treaties): the European Union.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1317354 fatcat:at5gvwxqpvdn3gmcgp5uggrtvu

First impressions stick: Market entry strategies and category priming in the digital domain

Paolo Aversa, Annelore Huyghe, Giulia Bonadio
2021 Journal of Management Studies  
The rise of the 'digital age' presents unique challenges for firms entering new markets and deciding 'where' to compete -a pivotal topic in corporate strategy.  ...  Particularly, it is not clear what the opportunities and implications are for digital new entrants as they position their disruptive business offerings in the category system, in particular vis-à-vis non-market  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors gratefully acknowledge the JMS Special Issue Guest Editors and the three anonymous reviewers for their expert guidance in developing this article.  ... 
doi:10.1111/joms.12712 fatcat:f7ii7vpdcvchda347t2swenjhy

GENERAL CONSIDERATION REGARDING EU LAW IN THE DOMAIN OF CULTURAL HERITAGE

Alexandra STĂNCIULESCU
2015 Challenges of the Knowledge Society  
Because of its substantial importance for the evolution of humanity, all nations in general and the European Union in particular, should have the duty of ensuring the identification, protection, conservation  ...  goods, the purpose of the essay is to emphasize the need of a rigorous legal program and policy and to observe the legislation concerning this area existing in Member States.  ...  Museum Security Network (MSN) -Its original aim was to be a source of information for cultural property protection professionals.  ... 
doaj:7c5b5192c32247c1af5805e7a1383b10 fatcat:zrtizp6c6zbepa37nwloyocekq

And the best top level domain for European Enterprises is …

Radka MacGregor Pelikánová
2012 International and Comparative Law Review  
Th us, the choice of a TLD for a domain to be used for entrepreneurial activities truly matters and definitely should be done while considering key factors, including economic, legal, and technical aspects  ...  One must bear in mind that e-commerce is the biggest and the fastest growing market in the world.50 It is indispensable to consider the domain as a space on the Internet and the domain name as an Internet  ...  Th e sources for the pertinent legal regime are rules issued by the EU, especially both Regulations, as well as by ICANN A fi nancial analysis of TLD.eu sounds prima facie positive.  ... 
doi:10.1515/iclr-2016-0085 fatcat:sb63pwwcbrf7lclmwd27o3n47u

A cross-domain empirical study and legal evaluation of the requirements water marking method

David G. Gordon, Travis D. Breaux
2013 Requirements Engineering  
We evaluate the framework in two empirical case studies covering a subset of U.S. data breach notification laws and medical record retention laws.  ...  We summarize our results, including surveys of information technology law experts to contextualize our empirical results in legal practice.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the CMU Requirements Engineering Lab for participating in reviews of our research protocol and early drafts on this manuscript, and we thank the International Association of Privacy  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00766-013-0167-6 fatcat:ipw2vqbuezd4vnj72r3wyymm2e

THE WORLD AND EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE IN THE DOMAIN OF SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT DEVELOPEMENT

Ioan Petrescu
2009 Revista Romana de Economie  
In the analysis and the generalisation of the world and European experience achieved in the field of sustainable management development we start with the belief that the direct experience of those who  ...  , a highly valuable source of practical information.  ...  The community norms set the legal demands in the European Union, refering to the environment and the sustainable developement, with an obligatory character for all the state members, but sufficiently flexible  ... 
doaj:c6727692ba6d4dd5bc7c6721de1250a1 fatcat:2jbacwqadncffdyya6wynxu6em

What do we need to build explainable AI systems for the medical domain? [article]

Andreas Holzinger, Chris Biemann, Constantinos S. Pattichis, Douglas B. Kell
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This calls for systems enabling to make decisions transparent, understandable and explainable. A huge motivation for our approach are rising legal and privacy aspects.  ...  In this paper we outline some of our research topics in the context of the relatively new area of explainable-AI with a focus on the application in medicine, which is a very special domain.  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful for valuable comments from our local, national and international colleagues, including George Spyrou, Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics, Chris Christodoulou, Ioannis  ... 
arXiv:1712.09923v1 fatcat:mo6cbrt4sjbn3fyubiz65mbnli

Common Ground: U.S. and NATO Engagement with Russia in the Cyber Domain

Geoff Van Epps
2013 Connections The Quarterly Journal  
It has been adopted by thirty-nine mostly European countries-including the U.S. but not Russia-since its initiation in 2001. 118 The treaty provides a model for cooperation between different countries  ...  Rather, the complex and interconnected nature of today's international system demands analysis that accounts for the relationships between actors and issues and considers the multiplicity of effects that  ... 
doi:10.11610/connections.12.4.02 fatcat:o72cci6lw5aufjebkofppe545a

Translation in Semantically-Restricted and Professional Domains: In Search of a Theory—Editorial to Ril 18

Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka, Marina Platonova
2020 Research in Language  
The text introduces a selection of papers published in Research in Language, Vol. 18, No. 3, which together with a number of papers published in RiL earlier issues collectively present various research  ...  This paper comments on selected problems related to the theory and practice of translation in various professional, and other semantically-restricted domains.  ...  It is demonstrated that faithfulness of translation in a legal context is a complex issue and legal interpretation, guided by uncodified legal paremias, can opt for the application of different criteria  ... 
doi:10.18778/1731-7533.18.3.07 fatcat:6epm6ptgsvhdxmhan52eyjtzs4

Translation Transformers Rediscover Inherent Data Domains [article]

Maksym Del, Elizaveta Korotkova, Mark Fishel
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Whereas previous work relied on external LMs for text clustering, we propose re-using the NMT model as a source of unsupervised clusters.  ...  Many works proposed methods to improve the performance of Neural Machine Translation (NMT) models in a domain/multi-domain adaptation scenario.  ...  The authors also thank the Unversity of Tartu's High-Performance Computing Center for providing GPU computing resources (University of Tartu, 2018).  ... 
arXiv:2109.07864v1 fatcat:knogjwq6mfbihbc3ujdpw2j72i
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