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Network Pollution Games

Eleftherios Anastasiadis, Xiaotie Deng, Piotr Krysta, Minming Li, Han Qiao, Jinshan Zhang
2018 Algorithmica  
The problem of pollution control has been mainly studied in the environmental economics literature where the methodology of game theory is applied for the pollution control.  ...  We introduce a new network model for pollution control and present two applications of this model.  ...  When the network is a directed tree, a somehow non-standard two level dynamic programming approach is designed to obtain an FPTAS for our pollution game (PG).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00453-018-0435-4 pmid:30872881 pmcid:PMC6390722 fatcat:bf4j6z7fljbt3owyfkrsdi46qy

Zero Sum Games in Pollution Control: The Games We Create versus the Games We Discover

Robin Kundis Craig
2017 Social Science Research Network  
Zero Sum Games in Pollution Control: The Games We Create versus the Games We Discover Robin Kundis Craig * Environmental pollution lands us in zero-sum games. 1 The more interesting question is: Do we  ...  Is climate change a zero-sum pollution game?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2906535 fatcat:dbalqrfkk5cktceqvvo6faj3qm

Tradable Pollution Permits and the Regulatory Game

Jason Scott Johnston
2005 Social Science Research Network  
This paper analyzes polluters' incentives to move from a traditional command and control (CAC) environmental regulatory regime to a tradable permits (TPP) regime.  ...  This paper models CAC environmental regulation as a bargaining game over * I am grateful to the editors for helpful comments and suggestions, and to all of the participants in the August, 2003 UC Santa  ...  -modern environmental laws adjusted an analytically inevitable and historically everpresent bargaining game between polluters and government.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.881068 fatcat:j4a2yibz6nherlozwvi4mh4yvq

Polluted River Problems and Games with a Permission Structure

Renn van den Brink, Simin He, Jia-Ping Huang
2015 Social Science Research Network  
Ni and Wang (2007) first consider this problem as cost sharing problems on a river network, shortly called polluted river problems.  ...  Besides, by applying another solution, the disjunctive permission value, to polluted river games with a permission structure we obtain a new cost allocation method for polluted river problems.  ...  Polluted river problems Consider the cost sharing problem on a river network, shortly called polluted river problem, on rivers with multiple springs (sink tree structures) as introduced by Dong, Ni, and  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2657489 fatcat:w35s26h27jetbmbtxlptz4wwye

A Dynamic Game of Emissions Pollution with Uncertainty and Learning

Nahid Masoudi, Marc Santugini, Georges Zaccour
2014 Social Science Research Network  
We introduce learning in a dynamic game of international pollution, with ecological uncertainty.  ...  Our model has its root in two literature streams, i.e., uncertainty and learning and dynamic games of pollution emissions.  ...  To wrap up, we have introduced an infinite-horizon N -player dynamic game with one control variable for each player (emissions), and a stock pollution whose evolution is governed by a stochastic difference  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2472734 fatcat:2loidh2c35eu5k5tdv6xqt63tq

Defending pollution attacks in network coding enabled wireless ad hoc networks: a game-theoretic framework

Xiang Liu, Jie Huang, Yiyang Yao, Chunyang Qi, Guowen Zong
2020 IET Communications  
However, the packet-mixing nature of network coding also renders it more prone to pollution attacks.  ...  Network coding is a promising technique to improve the throughput and robustness of wireless ad hoc networks.  ...  In Section 2, some related works, including existing schemes to combat pollution attacks in network coding and the implementation of game theory in the network security literature, are surveyed.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-com.2019.1372 fatcat:7uulzjtfdngpdpn44xijgkvdee

The Pollution Game: A Classroom Exercise Demonstrating the Relative Effectiveness of Emissions Taxes and Tradable Permits

Jay R. Corrigan
2009 Social Science Research Network  
This classroom game illustrates the strengths and weaknesses of various regulatory frameworks aimed at internalizing negative externalities from pollution.  ...  Specifically, the game divides students into three groups-a government regulatory agency and two polluting firms-and allows them to work through a system of uniform command-and-control regulation, a tradable  ...  DISCUSSION This game can generate a rich class discussion. To begin, the instructor may use the game to highlight the predictions and assumptions of economic theory.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1430655 fatcat:x7eycdft4zgvpfputvkj3apevu

The Effect of Air Pollution on Mortality in China: Evidence from the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games

Guojun He, Maoyong Fan, Maigeng Zhou
2015 Social Science Research Network  
By exploiting exogenous variation in air quality during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, we estimate the effect of air pollution on mortality in China.  ...  Abstract By exploiting exogenous variation in air quality during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, we estimate the effect of air pollution on mortality in China.  ...  1 The Effect of Air Pollution on Mortality in China: Evidence from the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games I.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2607410 fatcat:7lc4hciunfep3ehxbfowgnxxta

Spatiotemporal prediction of Escherichia coli and Enterococci for the Commonwealth Games triathlon event using Bayesian Networks

E. Bertone, J. Purandare, B. Durand
2019 Marine Pollution Bulletin  
A number of Bayesian Networks were developed in order to nowcast and forecast, up to 4 days ahead and in different locations, the likelihood of water quality within the 2018 Commonwealth Games Triathlon  ...  The models, whose main nodes were discretised with a customised discretisation algorithm, were validated over a test set of data and deployed in real-time during the Commonwealth Games in support to a  ...  Additional thanks to both the City of Gold Coast and GOLDOC teams involved in developing and delivering this project and the 2018 Commonwealth Games.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.05.066 pmid:31426138 fatcat:efj7776fvvat7d4kq3uc3xhhem

DEFENDING NODE AGAINST POLLUTION ATTACKS IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

2017 International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering and Research  
However, network coding systems are vulnerable to pollution attacks where the malicious nodes attack the network system by injecting polluted packets.  ...  Pollution attacks can cause severe damages in network coding systems. Many approaches have been proposed to defend against pollution attacks.  ...  We formulate the resource allocation problem in the pollution attack scenario as a 2-player strategic game. (2) We develop two algorithms to find the best response strategies in the above strategic game  ... 
doi:10.23883/ijrter.2017.3396.dcumv fatcat:gjoun2tibrf7rnyl7yisxvjvia

Design and Implementation of Portable Traffic Light Control System

2017 International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering and Research  
However, network coding systems are vulnerable to pollution attacks where the malicious nodes attack the network system by injecting polluted packets.  ...  Pollution attacks can cause severe damages in network coding systems. Many approaches have been proposed to defend against pollution attacks.  ...  We formulate the resource allocation problem in the pollution attack scenario as a 2-player strategic game. (2) We develop two algorithms to find the best response strategies in the above strategic game  ... 
doi:10.23883/ijrter.2017.3344.i4fww fatcat:v6ip473mfrczxmk6dcdtpiqbk4

Sharing a Polluted River Network

Baomin Dong, Debing Ni, Yuntong Wang
2007 Social Science Research Network  
Moreover, we show that they are in the cores of the three games, respectively. Our methods can shed light on pollution abatement of a river network with multiple sovereignties.  ...  A polluted river network is populated with agents (e.g., firms, villages, municipalities, or countries) located upstream and downstream.  ...  how much each agent uses the network and thus contributes to the pollution.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.975514 fatcat:3h3cfy6hibb37apurngzxz5jam

Sharing a Polluted River Network

Baomin Dong, Debing Ni, Yuntong Wang
2012 Environmental and Resource Economics  
how much each agent uses the network and thus contributes to the pollution.  ...  The river network is polluted due to the agents' use or abuse of the river network. To clean up or to maintain the river network clean. Certain costs are incurred.  ...  The reason is twofold, first, the pollutants that an upstream township discharges can be hardly observable or verifiable; second, the counties and townships did not have an idea what is the fair share  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10640-012-9566-2 fatcat:vzwxukzktrfinpnx7dtuk4w52e

Mean-field-type games

Hamidou Tembine
2017 AIMS Mathematics  
Over the last decade, key social networking needs in growth areas such as smart cities, social networks, risk management of nuclear waste, corrosion failure detection, pollution control, cloud-based auction  ...  From a game-theoretic point of view, the distinguishing feature of distributed systems is that they give rise to nonlinear interaction problems that involve mean-field term.  ...  Network security: malware propagation in oppor-tunistic networks • Cooperative mean-field type games (30mn) · Shallow lake pollution control and fishing indus-try • Nonasymptotic mean-field games (30mn  ... 
doi:10.3934/math.2017.4.706 fatcat:3pees4jkizcr5gvmuxqkl4jfda

A Step towards Building Environmental Protection Strategy: Game Theory Framework for Al-Abrash River Basin Management

Tarek Rahmoun, Mohammed Rahmoun
2019 International Journal of Environmental Science and Development  
The current random behavior of stakeholders within the Al-Abrash river basin in Syrian coastal region, the lake and the river, threatens more than ever to pollute the whole basin.  ...  a balance point taking into consideration the government intervention as the organizer of the game.  ...  (cut expenses). 1-Pollution will decrease (not as much C-C strategy. 2-Tourism movement and agricultural quality will enhance 3-Not building new irrigation network (cut expenses).  ... 
doi:10.18178/ijesd.2019.10.2.1143 fatcat:mu6xwnzrxrdzxlo2yfg3mwfwii
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