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Negative Statements Considered Useful [article]

Hiba Arnaout, Simon Razniewski, Gerhard Weikum, Jeff Z. Pan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Negative statements are useful to overcome limitations of question answering systems that are mainly geared for positive questions; they can also contribute to informative summaries of entities.  ...  Experimental results, with a variety of datasets, show that the method can effectively discover notable negative statements, and extrinsic studies underline their usefulness for entity summarization.  ...  Acknowledgement This work is supported by the German Science Foundation (DFG: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) by grant 4530095897: "Negative Knowledge at Web Scale".  ... 
arXiv:2001.04425v6 fatcat:y3padfap7rgujklrykhcnk6dum

Sondern versus Aber; Sino(que) versus Pero

John A. Hess
1922 The Modern Language Journal  
"Sondern is only used after a negative, and introduces a contradictory statement, while aber, which is used after either an affirmative or negative proposition, concedes the statement of the first proposition  ...  "Sondern is only used after a negative, and introduces a contradictory statement, while aber, which is used after either an affirmative or negative proposition, concedes the statement of the first proposition  ...  Let us consider now these sentences in the light of the first rules stated. Does the fact that a man is poor contradict or exclude the fact that he is not rich?  ... 
doi:10.2307/313880 fatcat:gzueo3eca5bdxdwlejqpzappmy

Developing an attitudinal scale to measure the attitudes of the farmers towards commercialization of agricultural extension

R. P. Mahaliyanaarachchi, A. W. Wijeratne, R. M. A. S. Bandara
2006 Journal of Agricultural Sciences  
Out of 30 statements remained after validity test, 19 are identified as positive statements and 11 are as negative.  ...  Initially 41 statements were developed and out of these only 30 statements were identified as reliable statements.  ...  Preparation of questionnaires First, a questionnaire was prepared by the senior researcher by using own experiences in the agricultural extension field including 28 positive and 23 negative statements  ... 
doi:10.4038/jas.v2i3.8134 fatcat:6rkiwofq2zfefkvvwfl5tudshi

Mining Subjective Properties on the Web

Immanuel Trummer, Alon Halevy, Hongrae Lee, Sunita Sarawagi, Rahul Gupta
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data - SIGMOD '15  
The key challenge that Surveyor faces is that simply counting the number of positive and negative statements does not suffice, because there are multiple hidden biases with which content tends to be authored  ...  The evidence on which Surveyor relies is statements extracted from Web text that either support the property or claim its negation.  ...  Surveyor uses a sophisticated probabilistic model to infer the dominant opinion given the counts of positive and negative statements.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2723372.2750548 dblp:conf/sigmod/TrummerHLSG15 fatcat:fhgdhk5iozetpouaugex22he3e

A Scale to Measure Attitude of Farmers Towards Vermiculture Technology

K.I. Pordhiya, ICAR-IVRI, Izatnagar, U.P
2022 Indian research journal of extension education  
Based upon 't' value obtained for each statement, fi nally, 16 statements were chosen to have 8 positive and 8 negative statements.  ...  A total of 40 statements were screened after obtaining a relevancy score from expert's judgment and given to vermiculture farmers of the non-sample area of Hamirpur district, Uttar Pradesh.  ...  for the negative statements.  ... 
doi:10.54986/irjee/2022/apr_jun/150-155 fatcat:5nuadumt4bdcvpfnb5ivcjbjey

What we write about when we write about causality: Features of causal statements across large-scale social discourse

Thomas C. McAndrew, Joshua C. Bongard, Christopher M. Danforth, Peter Sheridan Dodds, Paul D. H. Hines, James P. Bagrow
2016 2016 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM)  
We compare causal and control statements using statistical language and sentiment analysis tools.  ...  We find that causal statements have a number of significant lexical and grammatical differences compared with controls and tend to be more negative in sentiment than controls.  ...  Gallagher for useful comments and gratefully acknowledge the resources provided by the Vermont Advanced  ... 
doi:10.1109/asonam.2016.7752284 dblp:conf/asunam/McAndrewBDDHB16 fatcat:joeatp5ibva35bywxtn5yijixy

Page 83 of American Journal of Mathematics Vol. 43, Issue 2 [page]

1921 American Journal of Mathematics  
It remains to consider the case when 2; is nega- tive. Either the statement is verified or we have vj41, ---, v; all negative.  ...  Let us consider the case when h = k. We have URVEL1 = UK+1Vky while v,41 and v; are not of the same sign and are not both zero.  ... 

Denial of true-false statements and verbal ability

M. Michael Akiyama, Richard Pollack, Michelle Kelley, Kathy Coggins
1985 Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society  
High-verbal students used affirmative statements 57% of the time to ordinarily true statements, 69% ofthe time to partially false statements, and 87% ofthe time to utterly false statements.  ...  Sixteen high-verbal and 16 low-verbal university students were asked to deny ordinarily true statements (e.g., A ship is large), partially false statements (e.g., A dog is large), and utterly false statements  ...  The 2 statements from the same type were considered to be equivalent and were assigned to Set 1 or Set 2. A negative member of the adjective pair generated 6 statements in the same manner.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03329766 fatcat:k2b4yfoqlzfntautjezdnadhk4

Perceived Helpfulness of Online Consumer Reviews: The Role of Message Content and Style

Robert M SCHINDLER, Barbara A. Bickart
2010 Social Science Research Network  
The results suggest the benefits of moderate review length and of positive, but not negative, product evaluative statements.  ...  She is interested in context effects on judgment and decision-making processes, how people retrieve and use information about others in answering survey questions, and developing methods for reducing measurement  ...  Further, considering the benefits of a two-sided appeal in advertising (e.g., Pechmann, 1992) , it might be most useful to avoid an excessive number of either positive or negative statements.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1701043 fatcat:ukiri7ebxzhddntdfgf674frbm

Page 404 of Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol. 6, Issue 4 [page]

1950 Journal of Clinical Psychology  
Client statements of conflict situations are classified under this category. Negative.  ...  The counselor statement immediately preceding any ¢lient state- ment must be considered in the classi- fication of that client statement.  ... 

What Is so difficult about negation?

R. J. Wales, R. Grieve
1969 Perception & Psychophysics  
Experimental results are presented indicating that a decrease in confusability facilitates the processing of true negative and false afflrmative statements; these results are interpreted as consistent  ...  This notion, by now widely accepted, seems to rest on a view of negation as an operation on statements.  ...  We take Wason to be suggesting that one consider not only the structure of negative statements, but also their context of application.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03212785 fatcat:k7fmuktorvexdorz4szg4xuubm

Geometric Solution of the Quadratic Equation

G. A. Miller
1925 Mathematical Gazette  
the quadratic equation geometrically might not imply that they also considered negative and imaginary quantities long before they considered negative and imaginary numbers.  ...  One of the best illustrations of a negative quantity is a debt, and it is likely that in this sense the ancients knew something of negative quantities before they began to use negative numbers, but we  ... 
doi:10.2307/3602823 fatcat:ubm6zwh7y5ddvpjpla77vppeeq

Page 115 of Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice Vol. 14, Issue 2 [page]

1972 Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice  
The units of analysis were the same as those used in dividing the reports according to positive and negative statements.  ...  The proportion of positive and negative statements used by each social worker in the ‘hree situations appears to be fairly constant across social workers.  ... 

Who the FOAF knows Alice? A Needed Step Toward Semantic Web Pipes

Christian Morbidoni, Axel Polleres, Giovanni Tummarello
2007 International Semantic Web Conference  
If we leave out complex description logics reasoning and restrict ourselves to the RDF world, it turns out that some problems, in particular how to deal with contradicting RDF statements, do not yet find  ...  involve full DL reasoning, we believe that more practical and probably more scalable solutions are conceivable one of which we discuss in this paper, namely, expressing and resolving conflicting RDF statements  ...  By removing at each step any remaining negative statement we opt for a "non symmetric" approach where positive statements are somehow considered more important and persistent than "negative" ones.  ... 
dblp:conf/semweb/MorbidoniPT07 fatcat:7pebrfcnxzffxomtc3loxczo24

On the Subjectivity of Emotions in Software Projects: How Reliable are Pre-Labeled Data Sets for Sentiment Analysis? [article]

Marc Herrmann, Martin Obaidi, Larissa Chazette, Jil Klünder
2022 arXiv   pre-print
These sentiment analysis tools are trained using pre-labeled data sets from different sources, including GitHub and Stack Overflow.  ...  In this paper, we investigate if the labels of the statements in the data sets coincide with the perception of potential members of a software project team.  ...  However, as the participants did not "find" all negative statements (but considered some as neutral), the recall of the negative class is 0.563.  ... 
arXiv:2207.07954v1 fatcat:twxpx2utfraufadvh5mmfbl5f4
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