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Micro/Nano-Scale Magnetic Robots for Biomedical Applications

M. Koleoso, X. Feng, Y. Xue, Q. Li, T. Munshi, X. Chen
2020 Materials Today Bio  
Magnetic small-scale robots are devices of great potential for the biomedical field because of the several benefits of this method of actuation.  ...  This review briefly details recent advancements in small-scale robots used for biomedical applications, covering their design, fabrication, applications, and demonstration of ability, and identifies the  ...  When directing a microobject to a target, the control system tells the robot to either carry out a push or realign motion based on visual feedback to the control system and computations by the implemented  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mtbio.2020.100085 pmid:33299981 pmcid:PMC7702192 fatcat:w2jqty476razfer7iwc3wr3pqe

2020 Index IEEE Transactions on Medical Robotics and Bionics Vol. 2

2020 IEEE Transactions on Medical Robotics and Bionics  
., +, TMRB Nov. 2020 586-597 Coils 3-D Visual Servoing of Magnetic Miniature Swimmers Using Parallel Mobile Coils.  ...  ., +, TMRB Nov. 2020 598-607 Magnetic resonance imaging 3-D Visual Servoing of Magnetic Miniature Swimmers Using Parallel Mobile Coils.  ...  Pneumatic actuators Characterization, Simulation and Control of a Soft Helical Pneumatic Implantable Robot for Tissue Regeneration.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmrb.2020.3042324 fatcat:r4rzsfo755brhgqzfdrh7wi4da

3D closed-loop swimming at low Reynolds numbers

Ali Oulmas, Nicolas Andreff, Stéphane Régnier
2018 The international journal of robotics research  
To illustrate the robustness and accuracy of the visual servo control to disturbances presenting in the environment such as the magnetic field gradient and boundary effects, it is compared with the open-loop  ...  A new chained formulation is used to design a stable controller. The approach is simple and quite general and can be used for different non-holonomic autonomous systems.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors would like to warmly thank Pascal Morin for his valuable help in proof checking the derivation of chained form.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0278364918801502 fatcat:5lt6jrtcsjc6valw5kg3fr7g6a

A Brief Review on Challenges in Design and Development of Nanorobots for Medical Applications

Gautham Giri, Yaser Maddahi, Kourosh Zareinia
2021 Applied Sciences  
This paper focuses on manufacturing techniques involved in the fabrication of nanorobots and their associated challenges in terms of design architecture, sensors, actuators, powering, navigation, data  ...  Moreover, multiple medical applications, such as oncology, drug delivery, and surgery, are reviewed and summarized.  ...  Nanorobots were widely driven by magnetic propulsion, which has proper navigation features and remote actuation.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app112110385 fatcat:kwjzujjbybfojbrngx4qvd6sza

An Optimal Design of an Electromagnetic Actuation System towards a Large Homogeneous Magnetic Field and Accessible Workspace for Magnetic Manipulation

Laliphat Manamanchaiyaporn, Tiantian Xu, Xinyu Wu
2020 Energies  
(e.g., helical propulsion by rotating magnetic field in the 3D-large workspace and in the complex network path, side-to-side sweeping-slip locomotion by oscillating fields, translation and rocking-slip  ...  It experimentally carries out potential and versatile controls to manipulate several commonly used microrobots that require a particular type of magnetic field to perform multi-DOF locomotion in diverse  ...  In the experiment of an operating helical micro swimmer, visual feedback is applied to provide the position of the swimmer for adjusting frequency of rotating magnetic field.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en13040911 fatcat:bez2yzbau5hsxmq6il3uac7ydu

Biomedical Applications of Untethered Mobile Milli/Microrobots

Metin Sitti, Hakan Ceylan, Wenqi Hu, Joshua Giltinan, Mehmet Turan, Sehyuk Yim, Eric Diller
2015 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Untethered robots miniaturized to the length scale of millimeter and below attract growing attention for the prospect of transforming many aspects of health care and bioengineering.  ...  Finally, we discuss the existing challenges and emerging concepts associated with designing such a miniaturized robot for operation inside a biological environment for biomedical applications.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the NIH R01-NR014083 grant, the NSF Cyber Physical Systems Program (CNS-1135850), and the NSF National Robotics Initiative Program (NRI-1317477).  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2014.2385105 pmid:27746484 pmcid:PMC5063027 fatcat:lsvefsokvnhu3mjnf7576t3fyq

Microrobots for Minimally Invasive Medicine

Bradley J. Nelson, Ioannis K. Kaliakatsos, Jake J. Abbott
2010 Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering  
Finally, we discuss localization of in vivo microrobots, which will be required for both feedback control and safety concerns.  ...  It is unlikely that miniature devices that carry small electric motors and batteries can be effectively scaled to submillimeter sizes.  ...  Michael Flückiger for his contribution to Section 5.5. The authors would also like to thank Hitendra R.H. Patel,  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-bioeng-010510-103409 pmid:20415589 fatcat:zbcexmyix5b6hh4uhmdbflfxka

Mobile microrobots for bioengineering applications

Hakan Ceylan, Joshua Giltinan, Kristen Kozielski, Metin Sitti
2017 Lab on a Chip  
Untethered micron-scale mobile robots can navigate and non-invasively perform specific tasks inside unprecedented and hard-to-reach inner human body sites and inside enclosed organ-on-a-chip microfluidic  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge funding from the Max Planck Society and the Max Planck ETH Center for Learning Systems. M.  ...  Using such method, a bovine sperm-driven microrobot was steered using closed-loop control for its precise navigation control. 153 The sperm-driven microrobot consisted of a conical tube made of magnetic  ... 
doi:10.1039/c7lc00064b pmid:28480466 fatcat:qoq47cl7cjdq7bx37ctxkhlqia

Development of micro- and nanorobotics: A review

Jia Yang, Chuang Zhang, XiaoDong Wang, WenXue Wang, Ning Xi, LianQing Liu
2018 Science China Technological Sciences  
Finally, the entire article is summarized, and concepts for future micro-and nanorobots are described.  ...  Then, the key components of the robots are discussed separately, covering their actuation, design, fabrication and control.  ...  [288] designed a closed-loop control system based on visual feedback for microvehicles. Real-time visual feedback was provided by the micro-scope-coupled CCD camera.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11431-018-9339-8 fatcat:3xppd5lxpjd4fdtik3og33ak7i

Hybrid BioMicromotors

Lukas Schwarz, Mariana Medina-Sánchez, Oliver G. Schmidt
2017 Applied Physics Reviews  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge Veronika Magdanz, Haifeng Xu, and Azaam Aziz for fruitful discussions and input.  ...  Solid State and Materials Research Excellence Initiative (Project No. 00506024), is highly appreciated.  ...  magnetic field in response to the visual feedback that we receive and judge by ourselves.  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.4993441 fatcat:ix3rvwkrlvhgxd3ljpbsd6jssm

Remotely Powered Propulsion of Helical Nanobelts

G. Hwang, S. Haliyo, S. Regnier
2010 Robotics: Science and Systems VI  
The electro-osmotic propulsion of helical nanobelts might be used as biomedical carriers, wireless manipulators, and as local probes for rheological measurements.  ...  The helical nanobelts were designed and fabricated with a head and tail to mimic natural micro-organisms such as bacteria and their flagellae.  ...  System setup for electro-osmotic propulsion experiments: Optical microscope with a camera was used to give user visual feedback and thus proper manipulation in liquid.  ... 
doi:10.15607/rss.2010.vi.039 dblp:conf/rss/HwangHR10 fatcat:bb2jo7v66ndxxhivgwaavfiymu

Remotely Powered Propulsion of Helical Nanobelts [chapter]

Jae-Sung Kwon, Raviraj Thakur, Steven T. Wereley, J. David Schall, Paul T. Mikulski, Kathleen E. Ryan, Pamela L. Keating, M. Todd Knippenberg, Judith A. Harrison, Tuncay Alan, Gilgueng Hwang, Stéphane Régnier (+10 others)
2012 Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology  
The electro-osmotic propulsion of helical nanobelts might be used as biomedical carriers, wireless manipulators, and as local probes for rheological measurements.  ...  The helical nanobelts were designed and fabricated with a head and tail to mimic natural micro-organisms such as bacteria and their flagellae.  ...  System setup for electro-osmotic propulsion experiments: Optical microscope with a camera was used to give user visual feedback and thus proper manipulation in liquid.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-90-481-9751-4_204 fatcat:fmtafybuizep7d7utucvn7u33u

Magnetic therapeutic delivery using navigable agents

S Martel
2014 Therapeutic delivery  
artificial-helical micro-swimmers.  ...  Artificial micro-swimmers Various miniaturized helical micro-swimmers including artificial bacterial f lagella (ABF) configurations, such as the one depicted in Fig-uRe 8 , have been investigated as potential  ...  Multi-magnet electromagnetic actuation magnetic navigation systems n Multi-magnet electromagnetic actuation MNS are capable of fast directional changes but are less effective for navigating smaller agents  ... 
doi:10.4155/tde.13.147 pmid:24483196 fatcat:z76lvdfb5bgk3f23xhoz7j5pam

2020 Index IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters Vol. 5

2020 IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters  
., +, LRA Jan. 2020 80-87 A Manipulability Criterion for Magnetic Actuation of Miniature Swimmers With Flexible Flagellum.  ...  ., +, LRA July 2020 3937-3944 A Manipulability Criterion for Magnetic Actuation of Miniature Swimmers With Flexible Flagellum.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lra.2020.3032821 fatcat:qrnouccm7jb47ipq6w3erf3cja

Micro-Scale Mobile Robotics

Eric Diller
2011 Foundations and Trends in Robotics  
In [5] , a detailed comparison of magnetically powered swimmers is performed, and it is found that helical and traveling-wave microsystems exhibit similar performance in terms of swimmer velocity for  ...  In short, torque is generated in microrobotic helical swimmers using a magnetic head or tail and a uniform rotating magnetic field.  ... 
doi:10.1561/2300000023 fatcat:p3zhibrfhbft3ojesygjb3wtta
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