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Naturalistic stimuli reveal a dominant role for agentic action in visual representation

James V. Haxby, M. Ida Gobbini, Samuel A. Nastase
2020 NeuroImage  
These domains include perception and understanding of agentic action, which plays a larger role in visual representation than was appreciated from experiments using static, controlled stimuli.  ...  The use of naturalistic stimuli enables functional brain imaging research to explore cognitive domains that are poorly sampled in highly-controlled experiments.  ...  Studies using naturalistic, dynamic movies reveal that agentic action plays a surprisingly dominant role in visual representation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116561 pmid:32001371 fatcat:owim5b636nfndoxuv3sqsccygy

What Does Dorsal Cortex Contribute to Perception?

Erez Freud, Marlene Behrmann, Jacqueline C. Snow
2020 Open Mind  
However, growing evidence suggests that the dorsal pathway also plays a functional role in object perception.  ...  As such, we consider whether naturalistic stimuli, such as real-world solid objects, might engage dorsal cortex more so than simplified or artificial stimuli such as images that do not afford action, and  ...  Finally, we propose a new perspective on dorsal cortex function that centers on the premise that the potential for action offered by visual stimuli in naturalistic visual environments might shape the computations  ... 
doi:10.1162/opmi_a_00033 pmid:33225195 pmcid:PMC7672309 fatcat:i5kxldtmxffohc7o4ewwoq5c5i

Movies and narratives as naturalistic stimuli in neuroimaging

Iiro P. Jääskeläinen, Mikko Sams, Enrico Glerean, Jyrki Ahveninen
2020 NeuroImage  
Further, neuroimaging studies with naturalistic stimuli have revealed the role of the default-mode network in narrative-processing and in social cognition.  ...  Using movies and narratives as naturalistic stimuli in human neuroimaging studies has yielded significant advances in understanding of cognitive and emotional functions.  ...  Further, neuroimaging studies with naturalistic stimuli have revealed the role of the default-mode network in narrative-processing and in social cognition.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117445 pmid:33059053 pmcid:PMC7805386 fatcat:6uijzrp5mfe4zchgse7y22zagm

Argument structure effects in action verb naming in static and dynamic conditions

Dirk-Bart den Ouden, Steve Fix, Todd B. Parrish, Cynthia K. Thompson
2009 Journal of Neurolinguistics  
Argument structure, as in the participant roles entailed within the lexical representation of verbs, affects verb processing.  ...  Publisher's Disclaimer: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers  ...  The authors wish to thank Kyla Garibaldi, Ellyn Riley, Keli Rulf and Anthony Shook for their assistance with stimulus preparation and data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jneuroling.2008.10.004 pmid:20160850 pmcid:PMC2659666 fatcat:en67ij2tafgqpeokbxhn5dnbq4

A Naturalistic Approach to the Hard Problem of Consciousness

Wolf Singer
2019 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
This novel class of realities assumed the role of priors for the perception of oneself and the embedding world.  ...  These considerations let the hard problem appear as the result of cognitive constructs that are amenable to naturalistic explanations in an evolutionary framework.  ...  in a particular state or having performed an action.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2019.00058 pmid:31708755 pmcid:PMC6824320 fatcat:z4prupwwjbgotehvs3o7tjucte

The Cortical Motor System

Giacomo Rizzolatti, Giuseppe Luppino
2001 Neuron  
We will end by discussing the role of I43100 Parma Italy motor cortex in action initiation and motor sequence learning.  ...  The conthese action representations are transformed into acnections of the parieto-dependent and prefrontotual actions. dependent areas are shown in Figures 2 and 3 , respectively.  ...  the characteristics postulated by the theory somatosensory stimuli, visual stimuli, or to both.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0896-6273(01)00423-8 pmid:11580891 fatcat:5cfdwurhkbhw7gsfclgy7ghpx4

Where's the action? The pragmatic turn in cognitive science

Andreas K. Engel, Alexander Maye, Martin Kurthen, Peter König
2013 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
From representation to action Since its formation as a discipline that aims for a naturalistic account of the mental, cognitive science has been dominated by a view of cognition as computation over mental  ...  than on investigating their dependence on external stimuli -a view that has been dominating classical neurophysiology for decades.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2013.03.006 pmid:23608361 fatcat:5edczx255zbrlej3z5lc47ed4i

Neuronal bases of structural coherence in contemporary dance observation

Asaf Bachrach, Corinne Jola, Christophe Pallier
2016 NeuroImage  
Hence, much attention has been given to the Action Observation Network (AON) whereas the role of other potentially relevant neuro-cognitive mechanisms such as mentalizing (theory of mind) or language (  ...  An ROI analysis based on a similar study using linguistic materials (Pallier et al. 2011 ) suggests that structural processing in language and dance might share certain neural mechanisms.  ...  We thank Amandine Bajou and Margot d"Orleans for the creation and execution of the dance phrases and Loic Nys for taping and editing the stimuli.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.08.072 pmid:26348557 fatcat:e2pgwaw43vdudcurzxb5qsusby

Virtual Virgins and Vamps: The Effects of Exposure to Female Characters' Sexualized Appearance and Gaze in an Immersive Virtual Environment

Jesse Fox, Jeremy N. Bailenson
2009 Sex Roles  
in an immersive virtual environment.  ...  Outside the virtual world, men and women who encountered a highly stereotypical character-a suggestively clad, high gaze agent ("vamp") or conservatively clad, low gaze character ("virgin")demonstrated  ...  This function demonstrates how IVET reacts in a naturalistic way to the user's actions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11199-009-9599-3 fatcat:d666zcq7yjclfaoo7jmwp3qjs4

Seeing for Understanding: Unlocking the Potential of Visual Research in Information Systems

Antonio Andrade, Cathy Urguhart, Tiru Arthanari
2015 Journal of the AIS  
We conclude with four considerations for researchers that can help them develop a visual research capacity in information systems and encourage researchers to engage with the images that are now a major  ...  This approach underuses the knowledge embedded in visual material, which needs to be unpacked in a systematic fashion.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the senior editor and anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00406 fatcat:n5jvvmkwnbhg5neq6a3bhs7uqu

Attention Selectively Reshapes the Geometry of Distributed Semantic Representation

Samuel A. Nastase, Andrew C. Connolly, Nikolaas N. Oosterhof, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, J. Swaroop Guntupalli, Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Jason Gors, M. Ida Gobbini, James V. Haxby
2017 Cerebral Cortex  
Attending to animal taxonomy while viewing the same stimuli increased the discriminability of distributed animal category representations in ventral temporal cortex.  ...  Attending to animal behavior transiently increased the discriminability of distributed population codes for observed actions in anterior intraparietal, pericentral, and ventral temporal cortices.  ...  Notes We thank Kelsey Wheeler for help in collecting the video stimuli, Courtney Rogers for administrative support, and Nikolaus Kriegeskorte for providing many helpful comments in an open review.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhx138 pmid:28591837 fatcat:6oaepx7zuzcvhn4hmsbrgtxmxa

Interpretation of Social Interactions: Functional Imaging of Cognitive-Semiotic Categories During Naturalistic Viewing

Dhana Wolf, Irene Mittelberg, Linn-Marlen Rekittke, Saurabh Bhavsar, Mikhail Zvyagintsev, Annina Haeck, Fengyu Cong, Martin Klasen, Klaus Mathiak
2018 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
The semiotic framework of Peirce's Universal Categories (UCs) laid ground for a novel cognitive-semiotic typology of social interactions.  ...  Conceivably, when speech was lacking, ambiguous visual information (unresolved interactions) primed auditory processing in contrast to learned behavioral patterns (habitual interactions).  ...  , RWTH Aachen University, for technical support.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2018.00296 pmid:30154703 fatcat:cvae6e44xfgnfj7diby7velgma

Building Human-like Communicative Intelligence: A Grounded Perspective

Marina Dubova
2021 Cognitive Systems Research  
I review results on 4E research lines in Cognitive Science to distinguish the main aspects of naturalistic learning conditions that play causal roles for human language development.  ...  These components include embodying machines in a perception-action cycle, equipping agents with active exploration mechanisms so they can build their own curriculum, allowing agents to gradually develop  ...  Mind lab meetings for their valuable comments on the earlier versions of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cogsys.2021.12.002 fatcat:c2dwpl43dba2dduhmbm4fg2ayy

Cortical Mechanisms Underlying the Organization of Goal-Directed Actions and Mirror Neuron-Based Action Understanding

Giacomo Rizzolatti, Luigi Cattaneo, Maddalena Fabbri-Destro, Stefano Rozzi
2014 Physiological Reviews  
In the second part we show how a specific neural mechanism, the mirror mechanism, is involved in understanding the action and intention of others.  ...  We discuss, in particular, the visuo-motor transformation necessary for reaching and for grasping.  ...  AIP neurons can be subdivided into three main classes: "motor-dominant," "visual and motor," and "visual-dominant" neurons.  ... 
doi:10.1152/physrev.00009.2013 pmid:24692357 fatcat:othsqj5uyfdrffvkxlnss2oo4e

Just one look: Direct gaze briefly disrupts visual working memory

J. Jessica Wang, Ian A. Apperly
2016 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
The present study provides the first evidence that direct gaze impairs visual working memory with a rapidly-developing yet short-lived effect even when there is no need to attend to agents' gaze.  ...  Experiment 1 revealed that, despite the irrelevance of the agents' eye gaze to the memory task at hand, participants were worse at detecting changes when the agents looked directly at them compared to  ...  any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-016-1097-3 pmid:27357954 pmcid:PMC5389996 fatcat:4rqm5fzoxnhajlpqbn75ri2oye
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