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Philosophical Aspects of Neural, Probabilistic and Fuzzy Modeling of Language Use and Translation

Timo Honkela
2007 Neural Networks (IJCNN), International Joint Conference on  
In this article, some philosophical questions that underlie the difficulty of natural language understanding and good quality translation are first studied.  ...  However, the more general the domain or complex the style of the text the more difficult it is to reach high quality translation. The same applies to natural language understanding.  ...  Last but not least, the constructive comments by the reviewers are gratefully acknowledged, any remaining errors and problems are the author's own.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2007.4371417 dblp:conf/ijcnn/Honkela07 fatcat:uh6sqbq6qbf3bnwnbygzdrngpy

Simulating Meaning Negotiation Using Observational Language Games [chapter]

Tiina Lindh-Knuutila, Timo Honkela, Krista Lagus
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The self-organizing map is used as a model of an agent's conceptual memory. The concepts are not explicitly given but they are learned by the agent in an unsupervised manner.  ...  The language acquisition process is modeled in a population of simulated agents by using a series of language games, specifically observational games.  ...  the language games, while using the conceptual memory model based on the self-organizing map.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11880172_13 fatcat:jjyaattskrazjcm5kvdvv6pd3e

Von Foerster meets Kohonen

Timo Honkela
2005 Kybernetes  
The self-organizing map is also presented as a potential tool for alleviating the participatory crisis discussed by Von Foerster.  ...  Kohonen's self-organizing map is presented as one method that may be useful in implementing some of Von Foerster's ideas.  ...  Acknowledgements I wish to thank reviewers and the editor for their constructive comments on the article. Special thanks are due to Kevin I.  ... 
doi:10.1108/03684920510575735 fatcat:j4waonug7ba4jmh2qzltywrryi

Learning to understand—General aspects of using Self-Organizing Maps in natural language processing

Timo Honkela
1998 AIP Conference Proceedings  
The Self-Organizing Map (SOM) is an artificial neural network model based on unsupervised learning. In this paper, the use of the SOM in natural language processing is considered.  ...  The main emphasis is on natural features of natural language including contextuality of interpretation, and the communicative and social aspects of natural language learning and usage.  ...  Basic Principles of Using SOM in Natural Language Interpretation The Self-Organizing Map, SOM (Kohonen, 1995) is well suited to serve as the central processing element in modeling natural language interpretation  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.56323 fatcat:6krhqhsg3vafrokn3uptgogjs4

Self-organizing Map Analysis of Conceptual and Semantic Relations for Noun [chapter]

Minghu Jiang, Chengqing Zong, Beixing Deng
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we analyzed self-organizing map of conceptual and semantic relations for noun, discussing the semantic distinction between conceptual nouns for natural language processing and syntax acquisition  ...  By using several features, map models provide an operational definition of the conceptual nouns distinction.  ...  and drop dimension [2] ; Kohonen's SOM (self-organizing map) nonlinear drop dimension processing enables weight vector to approximate the probability distribution of feature data and displays a topography  ... 
doi:10.1007/11427469_154 fatcat:injst4wednf3xmns36vkcffjxe

Cognitive Semiotics and Conceptual Blend: A Case Study from The Crying of Lot 49 [chapter]

Marta Silvera-Roig
2020 Cognitive and Intermedial Semiotics [Working Title]  
In words of Brandt and Brandt, "blends occur as signs and are therefore a natural subject of cognitive semiotics".  ...  Here, we will represent the emergence of meaning in a blend from the highly dynamic and complex narrative The Crying of Lot 49 by Pynchon and propose a conceptual story (or mental space sequence of the  ...  Complexity studies try to understand the principles that guide complex systems in order to try to explain how structures are self-organized and ordered without a conscious control organizing the process  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.92606 fatcat:rdjxsmu6rzfddn3j655gdawqni

Using Natural Language Processing and Network Analysis to Develop a Conceptual Framework for Medication Therapy Management Research

William Ogallo, Andrew S Kanter
2017 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
The MTM service model and chronic care model were selected as parent theories.  ...  This paper describes a theory derivation process used to develop a conceptual framework for medication therapy management (MTM) research.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This study was not funded but was made possible by the Fulbright Science & Technology and the Columbia University Honorific Predoctoral Fellowships awarded to William Ogallo in pursuit  ... 
pmid:28269895 pmcid:PMC5333323 fatcat:e4cmn63s3fd37a6j3ou2cg5l5u

Simulating processes of concept formation and communication

Timo Honkela, Ville Könönen, Tiina Lindh‐Knuutila, Mari‐Sanna Paukkeri
2008 Journal of Economic Methodology  
We describe how the emergence of subjective models of the world can be simulated and what the role of language and communication in that process is.  ...  We consider, in particular, the role of unsupervised learning in the formation of agents' conceptual models, the relative subjectivity of these models, and the communication and learning processes that  ...  Jesús Zamora Bonilla who kindly invited us to give a presentation in the Economics and Language workshop in Madrid in June 2006. This article is an extension of the paper presented in the workshop.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13501780802321350 fatcat:2tb2k3ghbjd2llvwzzc7hw37pm

Turkish metaphors of anger

Akkök Elif Arıca
2017 Ankara Üniversitesi Dil ve Tarih-Coğrafya Fakültesi Dergisi  
to the nature of languages.  ...  The ndings of the study show that the metaphors of container, natural force and opponent have signicant role in the cognitive model specic to Turkish; and that the Turkish specic model displays common  ...  The high number of mappings in some conceptual metaphors such as CONTAINER, NATURAL FORCE, OPPONENT and FIRE show the specific-level differences in the language.  ... 
doi:10.1501/dtcfder_0000001516 fatcat:vv5otfnm2nhg3g5xqblvy7qmmi

A Multimodal Model of Child Language Acquisition at the One-Word Stage

A. Nyamapfene, K. Ahmad
2007 Neural Networks (IJCNN), International Joint Conference on  
When trained on natural child language data, our model learns to categorise the speech utterances and to generalise to new utterances.  ...  This is contrary to some models of child language acquisition, and in line with current psycholinguistic views on child language processing at the oneword stage.  ...  Rather, language acquisition in the natural setting is regarded as being essentially a self-organising process that proceeds without explicit teaching [25] and selforganising maps in which learning proceeds  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2007.4371057 dblp:conf/ijcnn/NyamapfeneA07 fatcat:lpup62okd5ckhhjox6zjvvg6dm

A Vector Field Approach to Lexical Semantics [chapter]

Peter Wittek, Sándor Darányi, Ying-Hsang Liu
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The computability of a vector field for the indexing vocabulary of the Reuters-21578 test collection by an emergent self-organizing map suggests that energy minima as learnables in machine learning presuppose  ...  Based on a brief survey of energy as a key concept in machine learning, and the Aristotelian concept of potentiality vs. actuality allowing for the study of energy and dynamics in language, we propose  ...  Acknowledgement The authors are grateful for the comments of three anonymous reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15931-7_7 fatcat:ifqo4n6ifna3nlt4wgnq3qwgza

Future Directions of Conceptual Modeling [chapter]

Peter P. Chen, Bernhard Thalheim, Leah Y. Wong
1999 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper discusses several important future research directions in conceptual modeling.  ...  Some of the important issues are omitted because they were covered extensively in [1], and the readers should also read the papers in that volume to get a more comprehensive view of where the field is  ...  Each new software module constructed should follow this conceptual "guidance" model (map) and provides a self-description on details of the components and interfaces specified by the conceptual guidance  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-48854-5_23 fatcat:pw2yclmmczeyhmjlsljmjlxcgm

Organizational Paradigms and Organizational Modeling

Joerg Evermann
2006 International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering  
Besides alignment of strategies, objectives, and processes, the paper argues that modelling languages for the description of organizational domains during requirements engineering must be aligned with  ...  Current conceptual modelling languages are shown to be poorly aligned with the paradigms, pointing to a need for further research into adapting or creating suitable languages.  ...  This is not the case for modelling languages such as ER diagrams or UML, when used for conceptual modeling. However, most modellers assign intuitive semantics to language constructs.  ... 
dblp:conf/caise/Evermann06 fatcat:jyldhx7ajngpzjwdr3aw73zjme

The Bilingual Language Interaction Network for Comprehension of Speech

2012 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
created using dynamic, self-organizing maps.  ...  This interaction has important consequences for both the structure of the language system and the mechanisms by which the system processes spoken language.  ...  To any model of bilingual language processing, the issues of lexical organization and categorization are critical.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728912000466 pmid:24363602 pmcid:PMC3866103 fatcat:bvmk3tabsrcatarrbtbjkiftlu

Qualitative patterns and processes in marine ecology: a conceptual programme

RH Bradbury, DG Green, RE Reichelt
1986 Marine Ecology Progress Series  
Since ecosystem organization is a qualitative phenomenon, ecological pattern and process, its static and dynamic manifestations, are best captured as qualitative models.  ...  This holds the potential both of modelling ecological systems in terms of intrinsically relevant variables and of creating an independent ecological paradigm.  ...  THE PROBLEM The nature of biological phenomena Pattern and process are dual concepts in biology: they are static and dynamic reflections of organization in biological systems.  ... 
doi:10.3354/meps029299 fatcat:6udhs2sc2zhotcr7qnslhguvte
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