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Naming the pain in requirements engineering

D. Méndez Fernández, S. Wagner, M. Kalinowski, M. Felderer, P. Mafra, A. Vetrò, T. Conte, M.-T. Christiansson, D. Greer, C. Lassenius, T. Männistö, M. Nayabi (+11 others)
<span title="2016-10-24">2016</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/73dwwe6bxbfctibeikedgeom3m" style="color: black;">Empirical Software Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
showing the causes and effects surrounding the most critical problems.  ...  Motivated by this situation, we initiated the Naming the Pain in Requirements Engineering (NaPiRE) initiative which constitutes a globally distributed, bi-yearly replicated family of surveys on the status  ...  This overall situation motivated the Naming the Pain in Requirements Engineering (NaPiRE) initiative under the umbrella of the International Software Engineering Research Network (ISERN).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10664-016-9451-7">doi:10.1007/s10664-016-9451-7</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5p7fmayzgja3jnw2vlkup2x7h4">fatcat:5p7fmayzgja3jnw2vlkup2x7h4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180723114623/https://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/files/90711478/EMSE_D_15_00239_preprint.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/00/7a/007a47f610f1bfa2bef7d9659d2391609b1d561d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10664-016-9451-7"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Naming the pain in requirements engineering

Daniel Méndez Fernández, Stefan Wagner
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xairglhgqja6reknghvxpexave" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering - EASE &#39;13</a> </i> &nbsp;
Context: For many years, we have observed industry struggling in defining a high quality requirements engineering (RE) and researchers trying to understand industrial expectations and problems.  ...  Objective: To lay an empirical and generalisable foundation about the state of the practice in RE, we aim at a series of open and reproducible surveys that allow us to steer future research in a problem-driven  ...  Contemporary Problems in RE (RQ 4) Finally, after laying the groundwork about how RE is defined, lived and improved, we wanted to understand current problems in RE in practice.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2460999.2461027">doi:10.1145/2460999.2461027</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/ease/FernandezW13.html">dblp:conf/ease/FernandezW13</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fvbbze7r4rex3kuggokbbpaz44">fatcat:fvbbze7r4rex3kuggokbbpaz44</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200827151110/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.04976v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7d/a4/7da4b4465438bbfd45889883dd6736c435ab8715.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2460999.2461027"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Naming the pain in requirements engineering: A design for a global family of surveys and first results from Germany

Daniel Méndez Fernández, Stefan Wagner
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/43ycbq2sebfnzi23a5qkxwni2y" style="color: black;">Information and Software Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
For many years, we have observed industry struggling in defining a high quality requirements engineering (RE) and researchers trying to understand industrial expectations and problems.  ...  To lay an empirical and externally valid foundation about the state of the practice in RE, we aim at a series of open and reproducible surveys that allow us to steer future research in a problem-driven  ...  Furthermore, we want to thank the internal and the external reviewers listed in Tab. 7.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2014.05.008">doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2014.05.008</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ivmezzoxjzdbpj43pkwc2v5g7i">fatcat:ivmezzoxjzdbpj43pkwc2v5g7i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170810060716/http://www4.in.tum.de/~mendezfe/openspace/NaPiRE/INFSOF-S-13-00428.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fe/58/fe58c302809d60590764b03b47fbef5b04d2197d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2014.05.008"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Agile Requirements Engineering in Practice: Status Quo and Critical Problems

Stefan Wagner, Daniel Méndez Fernández, Marcos Kalinowski, Michael Felderer
<span title="2018-04-04">2018</span> <i title="Centro Latino Americano de Estudios en Informatica"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nrvxq3obcffwjpp5iubxkgedxy" style="color: black;">CLEI Electronic Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Yet, there is little empirical knowledge on the state of the practice and contemporary problems in agile RE.  ...  As part of a bigger survey initiative (Naming the Pain in Requirements Engineering), the main goal of this paper is to build an empirical basis on such aspects of agile RE, based on the responses of representatives  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to the whole NaPiRE team and all participating respondents.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.19153/cleiej.21.1.6">doi:10.19153/cleiej.21.1.6</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nropvdjcp5aynmf456ip4ehldu">fatcat:nropvdjcp5aynmf456ip4ehldu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190429014550/https://www.clei.org/cleiej/index.php/cleiej/article/download/80/25" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a9/cc/a9cc55e15f53fe3723d48572f719d36cd1d8da6d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.19153/cleiej.21.1.6"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

On Evidence-based Risk Management in Requirements Engineering [article]

Daniel Méndez Fernández, Michaela Tießler, Marcos Kalinowski, Michael Felderer, Marco Kuhrmann
<span title="2017-07-31">2017</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Goal: We propose and validate an evidence-based approach to assess risks in RE using cross-company data about problems, causes and effects.  ...  The sensitivity of Requirements Engineering (RE) to the context makes it difficult to efficiently control problems therein, thus, hampering an effective risk management devoted to allow for early corrective  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to all practitioners who participated in the evaluation and who shared their experiences and insights into their environments.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.00144v2">arXiv:1707.00144v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wl3ztrenvng6nnt6oqg5xnclki">fatcat:wl3ztrenvng6nnt6oqg5xnclki</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200901045919/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.00144v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b8/33/b8337dc422444b7c5f39ea29ee4a69a5ef456c92.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.00144v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

On Evidence-Based Risk Management in Requirements Engineering [chapter]

Daniel Méndez Fernández, Michaela Tießler, Marcos Kalinowski, Michael Felderer, Marco Kuhrmann
<span title="2017-11-19">2017</span> <i title="Springer International Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/noh4d7uktraolega74eilgfv5u" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Goal: We propose and validate an evidence-based approach to assess risks in RE using cross-company data about problems, causes and effects.  ...  The sensitivity of Requirements Engineering (RE) to the context makes it difficult to efficiently control problems therein, thus, hampering an effective risk management devoted to allow for early corrective  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to all practitioners who participated in the evaluation and who shared their experiences and insights into their environments.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71440-0_3">doi:10.1007/978-3-319-71440-0_3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/t4l3rlkmqrez7jolbu52gfsk7i">fatcat:t4l3rlkmqrez7jolbu52gfsk7i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190227112428/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7f7d/07651170e637a7a48d62e7b34634d047717d.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7f/7d/7f7d07651170e637a7a48d62e7b34634d047717d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71440-0_3"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

In quest for requirements engineering oracles

Daniel Méndez Fernández, Jakob Mund, Henning Femmer, Antonio Vetrò
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xairglhgqja6reknghvxpexave" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering - EASE &#39;14</a> </i> &nbsp;
Context: For many years, researchers and practitioners have been proposing various methods and approaches to Requirements Engineering (RE).  ...  of the contributions when applying them in practical contexts.  ...  For this reason, we initiated a global family of surveys to reveal the status quo in industrial requirements engineering, namely the NaPiRE project ("Naming the Pain in Requirements Engineering") [16,  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2601248.2601258">doi:10.1145/2601248.2601258</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/ease/FernandezMFV14.html">dblp:conf/ease/FernandezMFV14</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ak5tuv2rrrajjbyczelv2taely">fatcat:ak5tuv2rrrajjbyczelv2taely</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809084500/http://www4.in.tum.de/~mendezfe/publications/authorversion/MFMVease14_authorversion.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e9/02/e9021a098f5aac2fd3f7c57ae8f2122fad032702.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2601248.2601258"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Engineering societies library

<span title="">1921</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/3jxi4clsm5e7jbiiwyhq63xquy" style="color: black;">Journal of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers</a> </i> &nbsp;
The author, however, has spared no pains in the endeavor to present the main ideas in the simplest and most intelligible form.  ...  The problem under consideration is that of combining, in a single machine, the modes of action of the reciprocating steam engine and the steam turbine.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/joaiee.1921.6593076">doi:10.1109/joaiee.1921.6593076</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nbe2qvxcmzdhvhz5kfsi6gsnsq">fatcat:nbe2qvxcmzdhvhz5kfsi6gsnsq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/download/crossref-pre-1923-scholarly-works/10.1109%252Fjoaiee.1921.6592295.zip/10.1109%252Fjoaiee.1921.6593076.pdf" title="fulltext access" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> File Archive <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5a/ad/5aad9661a435ee6a674b4591f0e3434b2eb81452.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/joaiee.1921.6593076"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Status Quo in Requirements Engineering

Stefan Wagner, Desmond Greer, Casper Lassenius, Tomi Männistö, Maleknaz Nayebi, Markku Oivo, Birgit Penzenstadler, Rafael Prikladnicki, Guenther Ruhe, André Schekelmann, Sagar Sen, Daniel Méndez Fernández (+11 others)
<span title="2019-02-26">2019</span> <i title="Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7dwkv5m7lfbbpi6he2w2suk6b4" style="color: black;">ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Requirements Engineering (RE) has established itself as a software engineering discipline during the past decades.  ...  However, such a theory is needed if we are to define and motivate guidance in performing high quality RE research and practice.  ...  The authors also noticed that most theory has been developed in other disciplines and only a small number of theories detected were genuine to the software engineering discipline.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/3306607">doi:10.1145/3306607</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5kzdnwmwcjhy3ixoi3vwqhreny">fatcat:5kzdnwmwcjhy3ixoi3vwqhreny</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190427101348/https://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/files/165654889/1805.07951.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/19/bf/19bfce333a51a2e1468c9b4f70ab1d84208c9080.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/3306607"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

'Just Enough' Ontology Engineering [article]

P. Di Maio
<span title="2011-08-06">2011</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
This paper introduces 'just enough' principles and 'systems engineering' approach to the practice of ontology development to provide a minimal yet complete, lightweight, agile and integrated development  ...  process, supportive of stakeholder management and implementation independence.  ...  Much of requirements engineering practice applied to software development can be adopted in OE.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1108.1488v1">arXiv:1108.1488v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7rjhrtla2zfg7cxz6rkdcvq7na">fatcat:7rjhrtla2zfg7cxz6rkdcvq7na</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191025095559/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1108.1488v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9f/d8/9fd8fc71c428c15c778ee370e53272a017faa51f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1108.1488v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Reverse Engineering Epistemic Evaluations*

SINAN DOGRAMACI
<span title="2012-02-03">2012</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6jl7tdo6w5cdpcm4x2xe3keeae" style="color: black;">Philosophy and Phenomenological Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
She taught him to feel pleasure in their favourable, and pain in their unfavourable regard.  ...  And see pp.77-8, where Gibbard emphasizes a point I agreed with earlier, namely that the connections between evaluation and practice, though robust, may not be necessary.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1933-1592.2011.00566.x">doi:10.1111/j.1933-1592.2011.00566.x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/owt2mooacjho7edlwvngx3nyou">fatcat:owt2mooacjho7edlwvngx3nyou</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20140821064021/http://philpapers.org/archive/DOGREE.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c9/29/c9291dba3934cb71100698bf6ad754fcf3aa5c4d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1933-1592.2011.00566.x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A Software Engineering Perspective on Engineering Machine Learning Systems: State of the Art and Challenges [article]

Görkem Giray
<span title="2021-06-15">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Conclusion: The results may benefit (1) practitioners in foreseeing the challenges of ML systems engineering; (2) researchers and academicians in identifying potential research questions; and (3) educators  ...  Therefore, we need to revisit our ways of developing software systems and consider the particularities required by these new types of systems.  ...  Flaky tests are observed frequently and may cause problems in software development process (Luo et al., 2014) .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.07919v3">arXiv:2012.07919v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pln6vu5jgjcxfd2m42mu37m2gm">fatcat:pln6vu5jgjcxfd2m42mu37m2gm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210617144051/https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/2012/2012.07919.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/65/11/65116939f6da1d249f1c1e9fd47efa9aa8c983d0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.07919v3" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Alexandre Gustave Eiffel: An engineer scientist

Ananth Ramaswamy
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/a4ilyekijrc5vmgx5egmoiz2ke" style="color: black;">Resonance</a> </i> &nbsp;
Eiffel is best remembered for engineering the tower that is a Paris landmark and bears his name. However, Eiffel has many other firsts to his credit.  ...  This article traces the evolution of Alexandre Gustave Eiffel as an engineer and scientist.  ...  While time required for construction plays a role in the overall economics of the bridge, Eiffel realized that innovation in construction practices, and choices leading to simplifications in design that  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12045-009-0080-y">doi:10.1007/s12045-009-0080-y</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/thrzqle2pfbx5mpu3oa7u7gezm">fatcat:thrzqle2pfbx5mpu3oa7u7gezm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170207031503/http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/014/09/0840-0848" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c5/f4/c5f4ef6bcfc7ffe4dd0f08aec05cf519e8a70f35.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12045-009-0080-y"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Professional Ethics, Engineering and Energetic Issues

Alice Ponchio
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="Science Publishing Group"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/napzbzc4tjawbltvocnrmpwgqe" style="color: black;">American Journal of Energy Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
Engineering is an interdisciplinary area, where interaction of technical and socio-economic dimensions continuously occurs in the professional practice.  ...  In fact, the main engineering societies set up their own codes of ethics and many engineering departments worldwide introduced engineering ethics in their curricula.  ...  The weight of these aspects is indeed increasing in the contemporary world. Engineers typically work in the field of science and technique.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajee.20140204.11">doi:10.11648/j.ajee.20140204.11</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4x6hhe4carhublld6k7ggjvxdi">fatcat:4x6hhe4carhublld6k7ggjvxdi</a> </span>
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Search engine optimisation: A primer on keyword strategies

Ralph F Wilson, James B Pettijohn
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/emtrgkgaurdidmk2ztp6elpld4" style="color: black;">Journal of Direct Data and Digital Marketing Practice</a> </i> &nbsp;
8 Flash and JavaScript menus Yet another common design practice that causes problems for search engines spiders is relying entirely on elaborate JavaScript and/or Flash menu systems that drop down additional  ...  So far, this sounds like an efficient and necessary practice; however, a problem arises when the URL begins to look complex to the search engine spider.  ...  Search engine ranking -Where a website appears when users search for keywords related to the site. The objective is to rank 'high'; that is, in the listings first viewed by the searcher.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.dddmp.4340563">doi:10.1057/palgrave.dddmp.4340563</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6xw3nwyhnbbuzidx3nppea7qnm">fatcat:6xw3nwyhnbbuzidx3nppea7qnm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181030083718/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1057%2Fpalgrave.dddmp.4340563.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/53/5a/535aafc357d7c300f079daa288c130dbafc51fee.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.dddmp.4340563"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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