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Desertification of forest, range and desert in Tehran province, affected by climate change

Hadi Eskandari, Moslem Borji, Hassan Khosravi, Tayebeh Mesbahzadeh
2016 Solid Earth  
The index of net primary production (NPP) resulting from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite images was employed as an indicator of destruction from 2001 to 2010.  ...  This paper aims to monitor the desertification trend in three types of land use, including range, forest and desert, affected by climate change in Tehran province for the 2000s and 2030s.  ...  precipitation in 2001-2010.  ... 
doi:10.5194/se-7-905-2016 fatcat:larm5xclgnb2bl4atelgmmbjze

Desertification in Forest, Range and Desert Landuses of Tehran Province, Under the Impact of Climate Change

Hadi Eskandari Dameneh, Moslem Borji, Hassan Khosravi, Ali Salajeghe
2016 Solid Earth Discussions  
The index of net primary production resulting from MODIS satellite images was employed as an indicator of destruction from 2001 to 2010.  ...  This paper tries to monitor the degradation and desertification trends in three land uses including range, forest and desert lands affected by climate change in Tehran province for 2000s and 2030s.  ...  They also studied the climatic factors controlling it at the national biome level during 1982 to 2010 in China.  ... 
doi:10.5194/se-2016-28 fatcat:j42attgx7rd65nes4joc5dswpe

Monitoring the impact of climate change and human activities on grassland vegetation dynamics in the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China during 2000–2015

Qinli Xiong, Yang Xiao, Marwa Waseem A. Halmy, Mohammed A. Dakhil, Pinghan Liang, Chenggang Liu, Lin Zhang, Bikram Pandey, Kaiwen Pan, Sameh B. El Kafraway, Jun Chen
2019 Journal of Arid Land  
The total contribution percentages of climate change and human activities to the NDVI variation were 27.5% and 34.9%, respectively, in the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.  ...  important contributors to the NDVI changes, explaining 17.8% and 17.1% of the total variation of NDVI (with the total contribution >30.0%), respectively.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0502101), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31700544) and the Chinese Academy  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40333-019-0061-2 fatcat:wh5oone44jar3ecizw6cusss3e

Sensitivity of potential natural vegetation in China to projected changes in temperature, precipitation and atmospheric CO2

Han Wang, Jian Ni, Ian Colin Prentice
2011 Regional Environmental Change  
A sensitivity study was performed to investigate the responses of potential natural vegetation distribution in China to the separate and combined effects of temperature, precipitation and [CO 2 ], using  ...  Mean temperature of each month was increased uniformly by 0-5 K, in 0.5-or 1-K intervals. Mean precipitation of each month was increased and decreased uniformly by 0-30%, in 10% intervals.  ...  Research, CAS and Daniel Foster from the Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University for technical advice and support, and the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for supporting H.W. to study  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10113-011-0204-2 fatcat:j3h5ozemxbf63bpcwt2ymxudsq

The Variations of Satellite-Based Ecosystem Water Use and Carbon Use Efficiency and Their Linkages with Climate and Human Drivers in the Songnen Plain, China

Bo Li, Fang Huang, Shuai Chang, Ning Sun
2019 Advances in Meteorology  
In this study, ecosystem-level WUE and CUE variations in the Songnen Plain (SNP), Northeast China, during 2001–2015, were investigated using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite  ...  and the capacity of transferring carbon from the atmosphere to potential carbon sinks.  ...  Zhang et al. applied the ecosystem model CEVSA to estimate the spatiotemporal changes of WUE in high mountainous regions in southwest China from 1954 to 2010 and analyzed its response to climate change  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/8659138 fatcat:upzckaiebbgfjfcu7xxrfih2ye

Chapter 3: Desertification, Climate Change and Land: An IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems [chapter]

Chuck Chuan Ng
2019 Zenodo  
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) IPCC SPECIAL REPORT ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND LAND (SRCCL) Chapter 3: Climate Change and Land: An IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land  ...  degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems https://www.ipcc.ch/srccl/chapter/chapter-3/  ...  For attributing vegetation changes to climate versus other causes, rain use efficiency (RUE -the change in net primary productivity (NPP) per unit of precipitation) and its variations in time have been  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3630037 fatcat:z2nnfx2vkjb4hij3qtcvqkmx3m

Spatial Heterogeneity of Typical Ecosystem Services and Their Relationships in Different Ecological–Functional Zones in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China

Zhen Xie, Yang Gao, Chao Li, Jian Zhou, Tianzhu Zhang
2017 Sustainability  
To observe the spatiotemporal variations and relationships of ES in individual regions, land use management policies are proposed on the basis of the results of the relationships among ES.  ...  Recognizing changes in ecosystem services (ES) and their relationships is the basis of achieving sustainable regional development.  ...  Jian Zhou and Tianzhu Zhang contributed to the modification. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su10010006 fatcat:lzvccyeupbbnxbor2iisc4ojo4

Climate Variations vs. Human Activities: Distinguishing the Relative Roles on Vegetation Dynamics in the Three Karst Provinces of Southwest China

Hao Yang, Jing Hu, Shuo Zhang, Ling Xiong, Yong Xu
2022 Frontiers in Earth Science  
The objective of this work is to study vegetation dynamics and its responses to climate change and human activities from 2001 to 2019 using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI).  ...  Southwest China contains the largest continuous karst zone in the world and its vegetation dynamics are more sensitive to climate changes and human activities.  ...  change of the southwest karst provinces in China from 2001 to 2019.  ... 
doi:10.3389/feart.2022.799493 fatcat:n6wwhuoxjfenbocp4ngypgucey

Using SPOT-VGT NDVI as a successive ecological indicator for understanding the environmental implications in the Tarim River Basin, China

Ni-Bin Chang
2010 Journal of Applied Remote Sensing  
Terms of Use: https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/terms-of-use and natural systems to improve the understanding necessary to respond to global climate changes.  ...  The resilience and vulnerability of terrestrial ecosystem in the Tarim River Basin, Xinjiang is critical in sustainable development of the northwest region in China.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Environmental and Ecological Science Data Center for West China for their provision of SPOT-VGT NDVI data.  ... 
doi:10.1117/1.3518454 fatcat:uovegc3cnzgixjjz3e3alhmwwa

Quantitative mapping of global land degradation using Earth observations

Rogier de Jong, Sytze de Bruin, Michael Schaepman, David Dent
2011 International Journal of Remote Sensing  
Land degradation is a global issue on par with climate change and loss of biodiversity, but its extent and severity are only roughly known and there is little detail on the immediate processes -let alone  ...  Earth-observation methods enable monitoring of land degradation in a consistent, physical way and on a global scale by making use of vegetation productivity and/or loss as proxies.  ...  The authors 675 thank Dr Zhanguo Bai for his data and constructive criticism. 676  ... 
doi:10.1080/01431161.2010.512946 fatcat:i23a2hcdcvc4ngygt5oirilzxi

Dryland ecohydrology and climate change: critical issues and technical advances

L. Wang, P. D'Odorico, J. P. Evans, D. J. Eldridge, M. F. McCabe, K. K. Caylor, E. G. King
2012 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
In this synthesis, we identify some current critical issues in the understanding of dryland systems and discuss how arid and semiarid environments are responding to the changes in climate and land use.  ...  and the causes of desertification.  ...  Lixin Wang acknowledges the financial support from Vice-Chancellor's postdoctoral research fellowship of University of New South Wales.  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-16-2585-2012 fatcat:gtrs5j4sdjapbl3bd2t3ilmija

Elevated precipitation alters the community structure of spring ephemerals by changing dominant species density in Central Asia

Yangyang Jia, Yu Sun, Tao Zhang, Zhaoyong Shi, Baidengsha Maimaitiaili, Changyan Tian, Gu Feng
2020 Ecology and Evolution  
This finding improved our understanding of how increased precipitation drives the changes in plant community composition in desert grasslands and will help to better predict changes in the community composition  ...  The response of plant community compositions to increased precipitation was primarily reflected as changes in plant density, while increased precipitation did not affect plant species richness and the  ...  Therefore, although it is clear that precipitation changes have significant effects on plant communities (NPP), we still have an incomplete understanding how plant communities respond to increased precipitation  ... 
doi:10.1002/ece3.6057 pmid:32128149 pmcid:PMC7042772 fatcat:jbz6ex577faynmen4qj7ljf3oa

Dynamics and biophysical controls of carbon, water and energy exchange over a semiarid shrubland in northern China

Xin Jia
2017 Dissertationes Forestales  
To be presented, with the permission of the Faculty of Science and Forestry of the University of Eastern Finland, for public examination in auditorium BOR 100 in borealis building on Joensuu campus of  ...  shrubland in northern China  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This study was carried out under the Finnish-Chinese research collaboration project EXTREME, between Beijing Forestry University (BFU), School of Soil and Water  ... 
doi:10.14214/df.238 fatcat:aoz4lp2ntje2zpp6cczkrpajy4

A remote sensing perspective of alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau: Better or worse under "Tibet Warming"?

Cuizhen Wang
2016 Remote Sensing Applications Society and Environment  
Its fragile ecosystems, especially alpine grasslands comprising 60% of the plateau, are sensitive to climate change that has been experiencing a distinct warming trend in past decades.  ...  Due to limited in-situ accessibility, studies of alpine grasslands have been heavily relying on satellite observations since 1980s.  ...  Huadong Guo and colleagues at RADI for their supportive efforts in remote sensing of alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rsase.2015.12.002 fatcat:mhigzcmbzjebrfdh6vhour7ipi

Assessment of Vegetation Trends in Drylands from Time Series of Earth Observation Data [chapter]

Rasmus Fensholt, Stephanie Horion, Torbern Tagesson, Andrea Ehammer, Kenneth Grogan, Feng Tian, Silvia Huber, Jan Verbesselt, Stephen D. Prince, Compton J. Tucker, Kjeld Rasmussen
2015 Remote Sensing Time Series  
Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in the frame of the funding measure "Sustainable Land Management".  ...  Leinenkugel and U. Gessner for discussion of the manuscript. Furthermore, we are grateful to two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. Further thanks go to P.  ...  changing; and how does vegetation respond to climate change?  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15967-6_8 fatcat:2cl5kwf33zg7hl2k3syukjpa6q
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