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NASA's Surface Biology and Geology Concept Study: Status and Next Steps [article]

David R. Thompson, David S. Schimel, Benjamin Poulter, Ian Brosnan, Simon J. Hook, Robert O. Green, Nancy Glenn, Liane Guild, Christopher Henn, Kerry Cawse-Nicholson, Ray Kokaly, Christine Lee (+14 others)
2021
To address this recommendation, NASA has sponsored a concept study by NASA research centers and associated university partners (https://sbg.jpl.nasa.gov).  ...  The architecture study is driven by science needs and builds on input of the research community.  ...  The Surface Biology and Geology (SBG) investigation would address global science themes, including: flows of energy, carbon, water, and nutrients sustaining terrestrial and marine ecosystems; the variability  ... 
doi:10.13016/m2kbai-7xyc fatcat:ml2xbael7jgoja3e6ewcvliqie

Astrobiology: The Study of the Living Universe

Christopher F. Chyba, Kevin P. Hand
2005 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics  
For personal use only. 32 CHYBA HAND studying the biology of stars (astron is from the Greek for star), so seems a less appropriate combination than its cousin words astrophysics or even astrochemistry  ...  ■ Abstract Astrobiology is the study of the living universe. Astronomy provides the context for the origin and evolution of life on Earth.  ...  Implicit in this definition is that astrobiology includes the study of terrestrial biology.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.astro.43.051804.102202 fatcat:zn6maxlhrfglxljk3zjpmtsnz4

Call for Papers

2020 2020 IEEE Aerospace Conference  
that characterize surface and subsurface chemistry and geology (elemental, isotopic, molecular, mineralogical composition), astrobiological potential, geophysical processes (tectonics, internal structure  ...  Richard Session 2.07 In Situ Instruments for Landed Surface Exploration, Orbiters, and Flybys This session solicits papers that describe advanced Instrument concepts and/or innovative analytical protocols  ...  NASA Europa Clipper and Lander), to the future steps of the discovery and confirmation of life, and eventually to the characterization and understanding of alien biology in the target ocean worlds of the  ... 
doi:10.1109/aero47225.2020.9172539 fatcat:syayuix7abhlff4zusmxl2axie

Venus Life Finder Mission Study [article]

Sara Seager, Janusz J. Petkowski, Christopher E. Carr, David Grinspoon, Bethany Ehlmann, Sarag J. Saikia, Rachana Agrawal, Weston Buchanan, Monika U. Weber, Richard French, Pete Klupar, Simon P. Worden
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The Venus Life Finder Missions are a series of focused astrobiology mission concepts to search for habitability, signs of life, and life itself in the Venus atmosphere.  ...  Our proposed series of VLF missions aim to study Venus' cloud particles and to continue where the pioneering in situ probe missions from nearly four decades ago left off.  ...  These include orbiters which will study the surface geology (the NASA VERITAS mission, to launch in 2028) and/or atmosphere (the ESA EnVision mission, to launch in 2031).  ... 
arXiv:2112.05153v1 fatcat:xmydmqe2s5h67j5bmd4df5qpo4

Toward a global space exploration program: A stepping stone approach

Pascale Ehrenfreund, Chris McKay, John D. Rummel, Bernard H. Foing, Clive R. Neal, Tanja Masson-Zwaan, Megan Ansdell, Nicolas Peter, John Zarnecki, Steve Mackwell, Maria Antionetta Perino, Linda Billings (+2 others)
2012 Advances in Space Research  
The proposed stepping stones are intended to transcend cross-cultural barriers, leading to the development of technical interfaces and shared legal frameworks and fostering coordination and cooperation  ...  Building a basic space technology capacity within a wider range of countries, ensuring new actors in space act responsibly, and increasing public awareness and engagement are concrete steps that can provide  ...  Deep Space" In 2004 the Cosmic Study undertaken by the IAA summarized a new vision for the "Next Steps in Exploring Deep Space" (Huntress et al., 2004) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.asr.2011.09.014 fatcat:u33z2azomve7ta64tphw6pwu4e

Rationale for Nasa Planetary Exploration Program

I. Rasool, D. Herman, D. Kerrisk, W. Brunk
1974 Symposium - International astronomical union  
Details of planetary atmospheres, composition, struc ture, and dynamics are then investigated by atmospheric probes, followed by landers to study geology, and, where deemed appropriate, biology.  ...  Beyond Viking, the next logical step, based on our lunar experience would be the return to Earth of a sample of the Martian surface.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0074180900025808 fatcat:qsxc6cmtxvhzpgiwqrlgle3evi

People and Place Based Notations:

Ben Finley
2020 Critical Studies in Improvisation  
Weaving through a suite of pieces I composed for duets and landscape (2+1=3) at the Summer Institute for Critical Studies in Improvisation in Québec's spectacular Gaspésie, I look into how humans/composers  ...  Drawing from autoethnographic and ecomusicological frameworks, I explore how writing for (and with) people and places might afford vital ways of cohabitating and relating to the biosphere—creating an emergent  ...  political and corporate greed, and the Idle No More movement.  ... 
doi:10.21083/csieci.v13i1.6157 fatcat:7dzuuwydfbd4zd7vetw2xx3r64

Where no man has gone before: a history of Apollo lunar exploration missions

1990 ChoiceReviews  
relations between the science community and NASA's operations experts for the next 10 years.  ...  At 9:56 p.m. he stepped onto the moon's surface, proclaiming, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind"-inadvertently omitting an "a" before "man" and slightly changing the meaning he  ...  The study of lunar surface processes. 3 . Deep-drilling studies-most important for information on early history, crustal composition, and surface properties of the past.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.28-0944 fatcat:ayhawcuizvf57pnj6ubwbt77wi

Wicked Problems need WKID Innovation: Innovation as a Process to Develop a Disruptive Technology Product

E. Natasha Stavros
2021 Qeios  
Wicked problems result from complex systems and often have no single solution. WKID Innovation is a framework to tack wicked problems and is modeled after NASA's science system engineering.  ...  WKID Innovation is a framework to scale NASA processes for innovation, specifically by using the knowledge hierarchy to bridge design thinking and complex systems science to system engineer and manage  ...  Finally, Figure 3 and the ImgSPEC concept is the product of input from the ImgSPEC team: Philip A.  ... 
doi:10.32388/hqbgx6 fatcat:sfngs4rkwzc6xm2nk5hjyjfkzu

NASA's surface biology and geology designated observable: A perspective on surface imaging algorithms

Kerry Cawse-Nicholson, Philip A. Townsend, David Schimel, Ali M. Assiri, Pamela L. Blake, Maria Fabrizia Buongiorno, Petya Campbell, Nimrod Carmon, Kimberly A. Casey, Rosa Elvira Correa-Pabón, Kyla M. Dahlin, Hamid Dashti (+48 others)
2021 Remote Sensing of Environment  
National Academies' Decadal Survey, Thriving on Our Changing Planet, recommended Surface Biology and Geology (SBG) as a "Designated Targeted Observable" (DO).  ...  albedo; (iv) active surface composition (eruptions, landslides, evolving landscapes, hazard risks); (v) effects of changing land use on surface energy, water, momentum, and carbon fluxes; and (vi) managing  ...  This study was also supported by the Space-based Imaging Spectroscopy and Thermal (SISTER) pathfinder, part of the Surface Biology and Geology (SBG) project, a NASA Earth Science Designated Observable.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2021.112349 fatcat:i4fmpq6kyrgcfboq42za66q5tm

The living universe: NASA and the development of astrobiology

2005 ChoiceReviews  
It is a powerful concept. And it is a concept whose time has come." Blumberg agreed, foreseeing a "flowering of biology" in the next century.  ...  just how much resistance Gaia generated in the geology, atmospheric science, climatology, and evolutionary biology communities.  ...  : banned, 12; demise of, 15 anti-chance conception of OOL chemistry, [40] [41] 52, [111] [112] [113] [114] [199] [200] 43, 73, 76, 95 Apollo 12, 43, 76 archaea, 49, 67, 102, [105] [106] [107] [108] [  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.42-4629 fatcat:36iiud3dufhifoqggbl6lr7e3m

Graduate School Information Forum

2008 GSA Today  
and Concepts of Geology and introductory geology courses which may include Oceanography, Environmental Geology, and Geology of Natural Hazards. Skills in remote sensing and GIS are also desirable.  ...  Arctic Global warming status Aurora Borealis and geomagnetic status Planetary core geology and polar status Deep ocean chemistry Atmospheric anomalies Arctic sea floor topography Sub-ice photography  ...  Our analysis is backed by world-leading scientists whose research spans climate, environmental protection and sustainability, geology, and hydrocarbons, and is supported by expert technicians.  ... 
doi:10.1130/1052-5173(2008)18[54:gsif]2.0.co;2 fatcat:b64s3vfcg5hqlmibj6offk7bwa

Career Exploration in Child and Family Studies: Focus on Curricula and Research Topics

Songyon Cho, Gyesook Yoo, Hyeyeong Choi, Haeyoung Shin
2016 Family and Environment Research  
Upon its launch around 2011, NASA's James Webb Space Telescope will study the origins of the universe using infrared sensors, if its progress is not hampered by further budget cuts and downsizing (SigmaScan  ...  Specialists combining geology, microbiology and the environmental sciences to study how microorganisms can help in applications as diverse as medicine, cleaning up environmental damage, and breaking down  ...  The list was compiled through initial desk research, consultation with futurists and future thinkers around the world and an online survey. Medicine, Biology and Biogenetics 1.  ... 
doi:10.6115/fer.2016.005 fatcat:dcokzycw2jh7bfic2c6jebsp5e

About the Space Robots

Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu
2019 Journal of Mechatronics and Robotics  
We already have orbital space stations with robots, followed by others in the form of colonies on the Moon and on Mars and then a continuous expansion.  ...  Today, robots help us more than ever in all major operations, everyday life and become a daily reality, making it an integral part of major human projects.  ...  If the first step, ie the space station of the soil (which verifies the living conditions in space), the next step would be a colony on the Moon followed by another on Mars.  ... 
doi:10.3844/jmrsp.2019.1.32 fatcat:3ircmsemavdujd2yaay2bsgdfi

Humex, a study on the survivability and adaptation of humans to long-duration exploratory missions, part I: Lunar missions

G. Horneck, R. Facius, M. Reichert, P. Rettberg, W. Seboldt, D. Manzey, B. Comet, A. Maillet, H. Preiss, L. Schauer, C.G. Dussap, L. Poughon (+4 others)
2003 Advances in Space Research  
This should include skills in biology, medicine, geology, and/or astronomy.  ...  The fluorination process is promising as it offers the highest oxygen yields of all proposed processing concepts and a practicable recycling concept with a small number of steps.  ...  In order to have a possible backup, this training should be provided to both crew members staying in martian orbit, and to two of the members of the surface crew.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0273-1177(03)00568-4 pmid:14696589 fatcat:nxw3lljtjfamlfpms5zxuiwznu
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