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News from the Editor

Mark Bedau
2002 Artificial Life  
In "Mutualism promotes diversity and stability in a simple artificial ecosystem" Elizaveta Pachepsky, Tim Taylor, and Stephen Jones address how ecological interactions among organisms affect the dynamics  ...  of a spatially explicit agent-based artificial ecosystem.  ... 
doi:10.1162/106454602753694738 fatcat:zw2byyxcx5arpdvmzv35yfnsfa

Complexity and stability of ecological networks: a review of the theory

Pietro Landi, Henintsoa O. Minoarivelo, Åke Brännström, Cang Hui, Ulf Dieckmann
2018 Population Ecology  
The literature on the relationship between complexity and stability in different types of models and in real ecosystems is then reviewed, highlighting the theoretical debate and the lack of consensual  ...  to its functioning regime after a stress or a perturbation.  ...  a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10144-018-0628-3 fatcat:p72wmtws6bbdnbcntpp4ifiqma

Synecological farming: Theoretical foundation on biodiversity responses of plant communities

Masatoshi Funabashi
2016 Plant Biotechnology  
The whole methodology can be considered as anthropogenic augmentation of ecosystem functioning that promotes dynamic biodiversity-productivity relationship prevalent in natural ecosystems.  ...  In this review we summarize the theoretical foundation to provide a systematic definition of synecoculture and clarify the relationship with existing farming methods.  ...  Kousaku Ohta, Tatsuya Kawaoka, Kazuhiro Takimoto, and Shuntaro Aotake contributed as research assistants.  ... 
doi:10.5511/plantbiotechnology.16.0219a pmid:31274987 pmcid:PMC6565939 fatcat:4gl2nsh2obdgzcny34a44b4why

Bottom-Up Approaches to Synthetic Cooperation in Microbial Communities

Daniel Rodríguez Amor, Martina Dal Bello
2019 Life  
We envisage cooperation as a key ingredient in engineering complex microbial ecosystems.  ...  Understanding the mechanisms promoting the stability of cooperation against potential threats by cheaters is a major question that only recently has been approached experimentally.  ...  the stability of microbial ecosystems.  ... 
doi:10.3390/life9010022 pmid:30813538 pmcid:PMC6462982 fatcat:vhipyt3drbbqlcenuuhrti4ksm

Synthetic Mutualism and the Intervention Dilemma

Jai Denton, Chaitanya Gokhale
2019 Life  
The predictions range from stability of microbial communities in extreme environments to the collapse of ecosystems due to dangerous levels of human intervention.  ...  Of particular interest is the ecological importance of mutualism, a subset of cooperative interactions. Mutualism occurs when individuals of different species provide a reciprocal fitness benefit.  ...  The funding agencies had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/life9010015 pmid:30696090 pmcid:PMC6463046 fatcat:igsd535zonayxfzskpkva4fbuq

Linking biodiversity to ecosystem function: implications for conservation ecology

M. W. Schwartz, C. A. Brigham, J. D. Hoeksema, K. G. Lyons, M. H. Mills, P.J. van Mantgem
2000 Oecologia  
Rapid turnover of species may rescue the con-cept that diversity leads to maximum function and stability. The role of turnover in ecosystem function and stability has not been investigated.  ...  We evaluate the empirical and theoretical support for the hypothesis that a large proportion of native species richness is required to maximize ecosystem stability and sustain function.  ...  The observation of a positive link between diversity and function, however, is neither simple nor universal.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s004420050035 pmid:28308280 fatcat:znqfwymozjfn7dqubzegwqmsea

China Eco-Wisdom: A Review of Sustainability of Agricultural Heritage Systems on Aquatic-Ecological Conservation

Maolin Li, Yongxun Zhang, Ming Xu, Lulu He, Longteng Liu, Qisheng Tang
2019 Sustainability  
aquatic ecosystem conservation and sustainable resources utilization.  ...  The results show that AHSAECs derive from the simple eco-agriculture models such as the Taihu Lake multi-industry compound ecoagriculture model in historical periods.  ...  Acknowledgments: We appreciate the productive suggestion from editors and anonymous reviewers and would like to give our thanks to them.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12010060 fatcat:elsiiqxx7jevtbxwvpgh5yxlpi

Emerging perspectives in the restoration of biodiversity-based ecosystem services

Daniel Montoya, Lucy Rogers, Jane Memmott
2012 Trends in Ecology & Evolution  
D.M. was supported by the Spanish Ministry for Education and Science (EX2009-0037).  ...  Ecological engineering: design and management of ecosystems for the mutual benefit of humans and nature.  ...  Evenness: diversity index that measures how close in number the species abundances and interactions in a community are to each other.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tree.2012.07.004 pmid:22883537 fatcat:4el4qasqbnfrtck3cdyx53e3wy

Programming microbial population dynamics by engineered cell-cell communication

Hao Song, Stephen Payne, Cheemeng Tan, Lingchong You
2011 Biotechnology Journal  
communication to two-way communication in synthetic microbial ecosystems.  ...  Early endeavors focused on building simple circuits that fulfill simple functions, such as logic gates, bistable toggle switches, and oscillators.  ...  , which is a central element in determining stability and persistence of ecosystems [58, 61] .  ... 
doi:10.1002/biot.201100132 pmid:21681967 pmcid:PMC3697107 fatcat:7twskzs2hvfhpgb33g53utghji

Research Advancement in Grassland Ecosystem Vulnerability and Ecological Resilience and Its Inspiration for Improving Grassland Ecosystem Services in the Karst Desertification Control

Jinzhong Fang, Kangning Xiong, Yongkuan Chi, Shuzhen Song, Cheng He, Shuyu He
2022 Plants  
In the context of global changes and intensified human activities, the fragility of grassland ecosystems under karst desertification control is becoming increasingly evident, and enhancing the ecological  ...  In this paper, the CNKI literature, WOS core databases and Goolgle scholar were used as search sources, identifying 179 articles related to the study of grassland ecosystem vulnerability and ecological  ...  Acknowledgments: The topic selection, data collection, and completion of the thesis all received the enthusiastic help of the tutor and classmates, as well as financial support from the tutor's project  ... 
doi:10.3390/plants11101290 fatcat:sdocnch6kbg6zidctmwgqito2y

Mutualism or cooperation among competitors promotes coexistence and competitive ability

Zhibin Zhang
2003 Ecological Modelling  
First, mutualism is a new way of promoting coexistences of two species. Second, mutualism often increases the carrying capacities of both species, and then promotes their competitive abilities.  ...  The role of mutualism in promoting species coexistence has never been quantitatively studied.  ...  Acknowledgements This work is co-supported by Chinese Academy of Sciences Innovation Program KSCX2-1-03, KSCX2-SW-103 and National Basic Research Program (G2000046802), NSFC 39893360.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0304-3800(03)00069-3 fatcat:xpjfwh52znbupokyzugfs4tnym

Developing Sustainable Agroecosystems

Miguel A. Altieri, Deborah K. Letourneau, James R. Davis
1983 BioScience  
Adaptations in agriculture along these lines provide a new context for agroecosystem management in which stability of the system depends on manipulating the ecological assemblage in fields to promote biotic  ...  * Characteristics Agroecosystem Natural ecosystem Net productivity High Medium Trophic chains Simple, linear Complex Species diversity Low High Genetic diversity Low High Mineral cycles  ...  If you would like to receive literature from the manufactUrers of any of these items, simply circle all the ones of interest on the card and drop it in the mail.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1309244 fatcat:hdlld7n5zbfcpnptc3sa3mrldi

The effects of space and diversity of interaction types on the stability of complex ecological networks

Miguel Lurgi, Daniel Montoya, José M. Montoya
2015 Theoretical Ecology  
Food-web structure and network Loreau, M. & de Mazancourt, C. (2013). Biodiversity and ecosystem stability: a synthesis of  ...  Simple rules yield complex food webs. Nature, aji is 1 if there exists a trophic link between prey j and predator i, and 0 otherwise.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12080-015-0264-x fatcat:tg4u2dgfwzbt5kxwkyih2xn3uq

Global evidence of positive biodiversity effects on spatial ecosystem stability in natural grasslands

Yongfan Wang, Marc W. Cadotte, Yuxin Chen, Lauchlan H. Fraser, Yuhua Zhang, Fengmin Huang, Shan Luo, Nayun Shi, Michel Loreau
2019 Nature Communications  
Unifying biodiversity-productivity and biodiversity-spatial stability relationships at the global scale provides a new perspective on the functioning of natural ecosystems.  ...  Here, by analyzing HerbDivNet data, a global survey of natural grasslands, we show that biodiversity stabilizes rather than increases plant productivity in natural grasslands at the global scale.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was generated using data from the Herbaceous Diversity Network (  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11191-z pmid:31324792 pmcid:PMC6642091 fatcat:kv355qoqgjglxnejl7a5w4wubu

The Influence of Tree Diversity on Natural Enemies—a Review of the "Enemies" Hypothesis in Forests

Michael Staab, Andreas Schuldt
2020 Current Forestry Reports  
However, the "enemies" hypothesis has mostly been tested and supported in relatively simple agricultural ecosystems. Until recently, research in forests was sparse.  ...  under which tree diversity can promote top-down control.  ...  population dynamics and promote their abundance and diversity because of a higher diversity and stability of prey and other resources.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40725-020-00123-6 fatcat:paucrwj74jag5c5qjprjs4wyla
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