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Mutation, Sexual Reproduction and Survival in Dynamic Environments [article]

Ruta Mehta and Ioannis Panageas and Georgios Piliouras and Prasad Tetali and Vijay V. Vazirani
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Using this machinery, we study the role of mutation in changing environments in the presence of sexual reproduction.  ...  Finally, we also show that in static environments, sexual evolution with mutation converges, for any level of mutation.  ...  In this paper we study the next natural question, namely the role of mutation in the presence of sexual reproduction.  ... 
arXiv:1511.01409v3 fatcat:gsym7whv7zcn5csam3fj5pmzbu

Mutation, Sexual Reproduction and Survival in Dynamic Environments

Ruta Mehta, Ioannis Panageas, Georgios Piliouras, Prasad Tetali, Vijay V. Vazirani, Marc Herbstritt
2017 Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  
Using this machinery, we study the role of mutation in changing environments in the presence of sexual reproduction.  ...  Finally, we also show that in static environments, sexual evolution with mutation converges, for any level of mutation.  ...  I T C S 2 0 1 7 16:26 Mutation, Sexual Reproduction and Survival in Dynamic Environments First assume that x W e y ≤ 1 + β 2 .  ... 
doi:10.4230/lipics.itcs.2017.16 dblp:conf/innovations/MehtaPPTV17 fatcat:5we4licf3jewdnw5z3uhujjbza

Simulated emergence of cyclic sexual–asexual reproduction

J.S. Sá Martins, A. Racco
2001 Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications  
The reproductive regime of each female is also seasonal in principle and genetically acquired, and can mutate for each newborn with some small probability.  ...  The results show a sharp transition at a critical value of the survival probability in the winter, between a reproductive regime in the fall that is predominantly sexual, for low values of this probability  ...  Delmotte, who introduced us to specialized literature on the biology of aphids, and to our referee for a number of suggestions that improved the clarity of our presentation and updated our references.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0378-4371(01)00240-0 fatcat:rk5eljrczbhlfk7mq5n5wfl5c4

EVOLUTION OF POPULATION WITH SEXUAL AND ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN CHANGING ENVIRONMENT

MINGFENG HE, CHANGLIANG YU, HONGBO RUAN, LEI YAO
2004 International Journal of Modern Physics C  
However, in order to obtain a greater chance to mate, the birth rate should be high. In the case of low birth rate and high mutation probability there is a preference for the asexual reproduction.  ...  Evolutions of populations following two reproduction patterns are compared, asexual and sexual.  ...  Evolution of population with sexual and asexual reproduction in changing environment For the evolution of a population the vital question is its chances of survival in a given environment.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0129183104005693 fatcat:6igtybdennbytdyuvayg5wofya

An In Silico Model to Simulate the Evolution of Biological Aging [article]

Arian Šajina, Dario Riccardo Valenzano
2016 arXiv   pre-print
survival and reproduction rate at different life stages are free to evolve due to mutation and selection.  ...  Our model recapitulates several emerging properties of natural populations, developing longer reproductive lifespan under stable conditions and shorter survival and reproduction in unstable environments  ...  This work has been entirely supported by the Max Planck Society and by the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing in Cologne, Germany.  ... 
arXiv:1602.00723v1 fatcat:7ku3jyxhx5d5bmeg53xflv3a6m

Population dynamics with a mixed type of sexual and asexual reproduction in a fluctuating environment

Roberto Barbuti, Selma Mautner, Giorgio Carnevale, Paolo Milazzo, Aureliano Rama, Christian Sturmbauer
2012 BMC Evolutionary Biology  
We investigate the dynamics of two sympatric populations with sexual and asexual reproduction in a periodically fluctuating environment.  ...  Conclusions: In this paper we addressed the advantages of a mixed type of sexual and asexual reproduction in a changing environment and explored the idea that a species that is able to adapt itself to  ...  Conclusions In this paper we use an individual based computational model for studying the dynamics of populations with a mixed type of reproduction, sexual and asexual, in a fluctuating environment.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-49 pmid:22489797 pmcid:PMC3353185 fatcat:c7c2z4adhrcjnahtz4oxxnj2kq

The effects of sex on extinction dynamics and evolutionary rescue of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii depend on the rate of environmental change [article]

Nikola Petkovic, Nick Colegrave
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Previous experimental studies demonstrated that sex enhances the rate of adaptation in changing environments.  ...  We monitored both the population size and extinction dynamics and estimated the probability of evolutionary rescue.  ...  survival in stressful (and even lethal) conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1101/817056 fatcat:fgsrn5zxynemte56fkqgykp5ay

An In Silico Model to Simulate the Evolution of Biological Aging [article]

Arian Šajina, Dario Riccardo Valenzano
2016 bioRxiv   pre-print
survival and reproduction rate at different life stages are free to evolve due to mutation and selection.  ...  Our model recapitulates several emerging properties of natural populations, developing longer reproductive lifespan under stable conditions and shorter survival and reproduction in unstable environments  ...  This work has been entirely supported by the Max Planck Society and by the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing in Cologne, Germany.  ... 
doi:10.1101/037952 fatcat:ukfqtolpvfbqbftfbyziwnp3cq

Evolution, ageing and speciation: Monte Carlo simulations of biological systems

S. Moss de Oliveira
2004 Brazilian journal of physics  
Particularly, we show how a phenotype was included into the model in order to study speciation and correlated problems.  ...  We present a complete description of the Penna bit-string model for biological ageing and how it has been modified, along the last 10 years, to simulate and better understand many different evolutionary  ...  In this way, if an asexual and a sexual population coevolve in the same environment, disputing for the same resources (Verhulst factor), the asexual population dominates and the sexual one disappears.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0103-97332004000600003 fatcat:qduzdqx62fhtbcykwekj26ziry

Analysis of Sexual vs Asexual Reproduction Using Four Measurements [article]

Feng Lin, Robert Lin
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
We also show that DFM is bounded in sexual reproduction and OPM is inversely related to DFM. Thus, sexual reproduction leads to smaller DFM and hence a larger OPM.  ...  We define and derive four measurements, diversity measure DVM, diffusion measure DFM, optimality measure OPM, and survivability measure SVM to compare sexual reproduction with asexual reproduction.  ...  We derive dynamic equations of DV M for both asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2022.02.05.479258 fatcat:767hiqxgszenllmx77hl5kd4gq

PARASITIC INFESTATION AND CHOICE OF REPRODUCTIVE REGIMES

A. O. SOUSA, S. MOSS de OLIVEIRA, J. S. Sá MARTINS
2010 International Journal of Modern Physics C  
With a small probability, a newborn from the sexual population mutates into an asexual one and vice versa. Then, the asexual population rapidly dominates the sexual one, which all but disappears.  ...  The Penna model is used to simulate the competition between an asexual parthenogenetic and asexual population inhabiting the same environment represented by a square lattice.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank José Eduardo Wesfreid and Frédérique Auger for their warm hospitality at ESPCI. JSSM and SMO thank the Brazilian agencies CNPq and FAPERJ for financial support.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0129183110015701 fatcat:tkm47czqyrbm5fkyvdgyxdb5cy

The loss of sex in clonal plants [chapter]

Christopher G. Eckert
2002 Ecology and Evolutionary Biology of Clonal Plants  
Although seed production and sexual recruitment may often be limited by biotic and abiotic aspects of the environment in marginal populations, genetic factors, including changes in ploidy and sterility  ...  mutations, may also play a significant role in causing reduced sexual fertility.  ...  Acknowledgements My ideas on the loss of sex in clonal plants as well as much of the data presented in this review have emerged from collaborations with Spencer Barrett as well as several students in my  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-1345-0_15 fatcat:qc4nw55vbbgijld6izacg5hbh4

On Sex, Mate Selection and the Red Queen

Gabriela Ochoa, Klaus Jaffé
1999 Journal of Theoretical Biology  
The widespread occurrence of sexual reproduction despite the twofold disadvantage of producing males, is still an unsolved mystery in evolutionary biology.  ...  allows diploidy, mate selection and variable population densities.  ...  Meier for useful comments and corrections of the manuscript. Thanks also to H. Buxton for critical reading and valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.1006/jtbi.1999.0931 pmid:10419756 fatcat:zaccnp2bezfaxoeafcnsccqa4q

The effect of mating system on invasiveness: some genetic load may be advantageous when invading new environments

Éric Bazin, Hugo Mathé-Hubert, Benoît Facon, Jean Carlier, Virginie Ravigné
2013 Biological Invasions  
An interesting consequence is that species with the highest genetic load in their source environment have greatest invasiveness in the new environment.  ...  Adaptation relies on a quantitative trait coded explicitly by 10 loci under mutation, selection and genetic drift.  ...  Halkett, BECPHY team of UMR BGPI, and people attending the various EMERFUNDIS workshops for helpful discussions. We also wish to thank S. Neuenschwander for providing quantiNEMO code and his help.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10530-013-0544-6 fatcat:ggh2gz3qpffwjpwidvyxqbd7ui

The conservation of redundancy in genetic systems: effects of sexual and asexual reproduction

J. A. Morris, R. D. Morris
2003 Journal of Biosciences  
[Morris J A and Morris R D 2003 The conservation of redundancy in genetic systems: effects of sexual and asexual reproduction J. Biosci. 28 671-681]  ...  In all three cases the survival profile shows a synergistic pattern in that the probability of survival falls slowly and then more rapidly.  ...  Extensive literature exists on the accumulation of deleterious mutations in the genome; the relationship of the mutational load to fitness and survival; and the effects of sexual and asexual reproduction  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02708427 pmid:14660866 fatcat:lcp2g5nt6fhg3ldcuhsfmlsktm
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