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Genetic Algorithm Based QoS Perception Routing Protocol for VANETs

Guoan Zhang, Min Wu, Wei Duan, Xinming Huang
2018 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
Moreover, by means of the numerical results, it is shown that the proposed scheme is significantly improved compared with protocols of the intersection based routing (IBR) and connectivity aware routing  ...  With the observation that all improvable paths are probed by the intersection based routing protocol, the genetic GA is utilized to optimize the global available paths which satisfies the QoS requirement  ...  Based on which, it is clear that the second routing protocol characterizes a superiority for varied VANETs [3, 4] .  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/3897857 fatcat:jjgfvb4mrzbq5iqjld4ekocrqu

A connectivity-aware intersection-based routing in VANETs

Chen Chen, Yanan Jin, Qingqi Pei, Ning Zhang
2014 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
The design of routing protocols in VANETs is a significant and necessary issue for supporting VANET-based applications.  ...  This paper presents a connectivity-aware intersectionbased routing (CAIR) protocol to address these problems by selecting an optimal route with higher probability of connectivity and lower experienced  ...  Therefore, in this paper, we propose a connectivity-aware intersection-based routing (CAIR) protocol for urban VANETs.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2014-42 fatcat:ciajzph46rcy3k4pbvwgjs4ye4

iCAR: Intersection-based connectivity aware routing in vehicular ad hoc networks

Nizar Alsharif, Sandra Cespedes, Xuemin Sherman Shen
2013 2013 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)  
In this paper, we propose an intersection-based connectivity-aware routing protocol (iCAR) for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) to enable infotainment and interactive applications, as well as multi-hop  ...  the routing performance by dynamically selecting roads with a guaranteed connectivity and a reduced delivery delay.  ...  III. iCAR-INTERSECTION-BASED CONNECTIVITY-AWARE ROUTING IN VANETS iCAR is a unicast PBR protocol designed for the multihop access to interactive and infotainment applications in city scenarios.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icc.2013.6654769 dblp:conf/icc/AlsharifUS13 fatcat:65373rnowvcy7ohtsb7mbcosji

Probabilistic Road-Aware Geocast In VANETs

Zubair Amjad, Wang-Cheol Song
2015 International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)  
They focus only on routing scheme to enhance the delivery ratio and delays. However, these approaches do not consider the target region selection problem in the geocast routing.  ...  We assign probabilities to the roads around each intersection in the neighborhood road network of the source vehicle.  ...  GeoSPIN [11] is an approach for geocast routing based on spatial information in VANETs. It provides a geocast routing method based on daily movements of vehicles.  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijece.v5i3.pp599-610 fatcat:jtwavjaeyzeufg2esyap5nfzk4

UAV-Assisted Hybrid Scheme for Urban Road Safety Based on VANETs

Sayed Jobaer, Yihong Zhang, Muhammad Ather Iqbal Hussain, Foysal Ahmed
2020 Electronics  
The UAV-assisted (UAVa) protocol is dedicated to urban environments, and its primary goal is to enhance the performance of routing protocols based on intersections.  ...  One of the significant technical challenges faced in implementing VANET is the design of the routing protocol, providing adequate information and a reliable source for the destination.  ...  urban road safety based on the vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) model.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9091499 fatcat:rrn5dqv72nh73bmb3lbvlo7tia

Routing Protocols for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-Aided Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks: A Survey

Rezoan Ahmed Nazib, Sangman Moh
2020 IEEE Access  
As a result, various routing protocols with different objectives have been reported for UAVaided VANETs. Several surveys have been conducted based on different routing protocols for VANETs so far.  ...  This survey paper presents a comprehensive review on state-of-the-art routing protocols for UAV-aided VANETs.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors wish to thank the editor and anonymous referees for their helpful comments in improving the quality of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2989790 fatcat:34fnqetvjvfd3barqkfu6wegcm

Multi-Path Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks

H. Ahmed, Shouman E.
2020 International Journal of Computer Applications  
Specifically, we focus on multi-path-based routing protocols designed for vehicular communications in urban areas. We find that the vehicular density greatly impacts the routing in urban areas.  ...  In this paper, we explore the impact of the vehicular density on routing protocol design for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET).  ...  Many papers proposed for VANET routing in urban scenarios. Most of routing protocols in urban areas are position based routing that depend on greedy perimeter stateless routing (GPSR).  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2020919992 fatcat:l2wxjoz675d6bajuhq2nmugqs4

UTCARP: Urban Traffic Control Aware Routing Protocol

Hekmat Mohammadzadeh, Shapour Joudi Bigdello
2013 International Journal on AdHoc Networking Systems  
In this paper, we propose a urban traffic control aware routing protocol for VANETs that is called UTCARP.  ...  Due to the high dynamic nature of the network topology in VANETs, finding and maintaining the routes for data forwarding is still more challenging.  ...  In this paper, we aim to design a routing protocol based on geographic forwarding for VANET, which is associated with the traffic control mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijans.2013.3101 fatcat:qsohtdw6lne7feseoqdy4vsz34

A Survey of VANET/V2X Routing from the Perspective of Non-Learning- and Learning-Based Approaches

Twinkle Chatterjee, Raja Karmakar, Georges Kaddoum, Samiran Chattopadhyay, Sandip Chakraborty
2022 IEEE Access  
INDEX TERMS VANET, V2X, routing protocol, non-learning-based routing, learning-based routing.  ...  In this survey, we categorize the routing mechanisms as non-learning-and learning-based approaches, and discuss existing V2X routing protocols and their contributions to and impacts on VANET performance  ...  Item Contributions [76] Selects nodes considering available bandwidth [77] Designs geographic routing based on a spider model for urban VANETs [78] Divides urban spaces into multiple zones, where  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3152767 fatcat:z5lfokp4ynarjhpaczjf2btrme

Intersection-Based Geographical Routing Protocol for VANETs: A Proposal and Analysis

Hanan Saleet, Rami Langar, Kshirasagar Naik, Raouf Boutaba, Amiya Nayak, Nishith Goel
2011 IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  
This paper presents a class of routing protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) called the Intersection-based Geographical Routing Protocol (IGRP), which outperforms existing routing schemes in  ...  IGRP is based on an effective selection of road intersections through which a packet must pass to reach the gateway to the Internet.  ...  Intersection-Based Geographical Routing Protocol for VANETs: A Proposal and Analysis I.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvt.2011.2173510 fatcat:ift3nqpxtvdpdhi3jax332x5w4

Ant Colony Optimization Based Qos Routing Protocol (ACORP) for Vanets

2019 International journal of recent technology and engineering  
To increase communication efficiency this work proposes an Ant Colony Optimization based Quality of Service Routing protocol(ACORP) for VANETs that aims to enhance the road safety and travel convenience  ...  Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET ) is a special type of communication network that promises wide applications ranging from road safety to driving comfort.  ...  Ant Colony Optimization Based Qos Routing Protocol (ACORP) for Vanets A Vehicular routing protocol based on Ant Colony Optimization (VACO) has been proposed in [8] .  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijrte.d9432.118419 fatcat:6idjv43wkjbcpk2ejjvlbus7em

Exploring the hidden connectivity in urban vehicular networks

Kebin Liu, Mo Li, Yunhao Liu, Xiang-Yang Li, Minglu Li, Huadong Ma
2010 The 18th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols  
Applying the routing techniques tailored for general mobile networks inevitably brings huge traffic burden to the crowded urban VANET and leads to low efficiency.  ...  By exploring the invariants in the mobile network topology, we are able to efficiently manage the information on top of the "intersection graph" transformed from the underlying network of road segments  ...  Our design is based on two observations on the urban VANET characteristics.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icnp.2010.5762773 dblp:conf/icnp/LiuLLLLM10 fatcat:26uk56r26ve5dci6four6kaj5a

Efficient and Stable Routing Algorithm Based on User Mobility and Node Density in Urban Vehicular Network

Yusor Rafid Bahar Al-Mayouf, Mahamod Ismail, Nor Fadzilah Abdullah, Ainuddin Wahid Abdul Wahab, Omar Adil Mahdi, Suleman Khan, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Xiaolei Ma
2016 PLoS ONE  
The validity of the proposed algorithm is investigated by its comparison with ARP-QD protocol, which works on the mechanism of optimal route finding in VANETs in urban environments.  ...  An appropriate, efficient, and stable routing algorithm must be developed for various VANET applications to address the issues of dynamic topology and intermittent connectivity.  ...  We are grateful to Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and University of Baghdad for providing their technical expertise as well as the necessary facilities and assistance during the study.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0165966 pmid:27855165 pmcid:PMC5113918 fatcat:dz3utg2zt5bmtg4uxnxjtdsscm

Intersection-Based Routing with Fuzzy Multi-Factor Decision for VANETs

Zhenbo Cao, Zujie Fan, Jaesool Kim
2021 Applied Sciences  
In this article, we propose an Intersection-Based Routing with Fuzzy Multi-Factor Decision (IRFMF), which utilizes several factors to decide the next road segment.  ...  The simulation shows a significant improvement of VANETs performance on packet delivery ratio and end-to-end delay.  ...  Related Work In this section, we briefly review some existing routing protocols in VANETs.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11167304 fatcat:gwvvzrgejrgtnanaj7cggkpkzi

PMTR: Privacy-Enhancing Multilayer Trajectory-Based Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Baber Aslam, Faisal Amjad, Cliff C. Zou
2013 MILCOM 2013 - 2013 IEEE Military Communications Conference  
In this paper we present a trajectory-based routing protocol for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) that routes messages using historical vehicular traffic statistics and coarse privacy-preserving trajectory  ...  The protocol is well suited for the initial deployment stage of VANET when the number of VANET-enabled vehicles and roadside units will be very low.  ...  At each intersection next routing path (road segment) is dynamically chosen based on multi-hop connectivity and progress towards destination.  ... 
doi:10.1109/milcom.2013.154 dblp:conf/milcom/AslamAZ13 fatcat:2dl4nwqkufeb3nitkrq2dk4qnq
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