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A Survey on Legal Question Answering Systems [article]

Jorge Martinez-Gil
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In the case of the legal domain, the research community agrees that a system allowing to generate automatic responses to legal questions could substantially impact many practical implications in daily  ...  This is mainly because a Question Answering system could be able to automatically process a massive amount of legal resources to answer a question or doubt in seconds, which means that it could save resources  ...  of Upper Austria in the frame of the COMET center SCCH.  ... 
arXiv:2110.07333v1 fatcat:a3pgndtdrnemxortichxztfaoy

Enhancement of Single Document Text Summarization using Reinforcement Learning with Non-Deterministic Rewards

K. Karpagam, Dr. Mahalingam College of Engineering & Technology, Pollachi, A. Saradha, K. Manikandan, K. Madusudanan
2020 International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science  
The machine generated summaries uses information retrieval techniques for searching relevant answers from large corpus.  ...  This research article proposes a novel framework for generating machine generated summaries using reinforcement learning techniques with Non-deterministic reward function.  ...  (Skip-bigram-based co-occurrence statistics) [15] .  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijitcs.2020.04.03 fatcat:6abml35ea5blrlpbaa4bvsiybq

Can legal knowledge be derived from legal texts?

Vassilis Konstantinou, John Sykes, Georgios N. Yannopoulos
1993 Proceedings of the fourth international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '93  
Knowledge acquisition is undoubted~one of the major bottle-necks in the devehpment of legal expert systems. Usually the knowledge is collected by  ...  than presenting a menu with multiple choices.  ...  Strategy 2 on the other hand, could be used to reinforce the validity of the conclusion as the rules in paragraph 4 seem to deal with specialised cases.  ... 
doi:10.1145/158976.159004 dblp:conf/icail/KonstantinouSY93 fatcat:5rxmeop4urc4zdt3q4ztmrh7hm

Knowledge Graph-Augmented Abstractive Summarization with Semantic-Driven Cloze Reward [article]

Luyang Huang, Lingfei Wu, Lu Wang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We further design a reward based on a multiple choice cloze test to drive the model to better capture entity interactions.  ...  We propose the use of dual encoders---a sequential document encoder and a graph-structured encoder---to maintain the global context and local characteristics of entities, complementing each other.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is supported in part by National Science Foundation through Grant IIS-1813341, and by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), Intelligence Advanced Research  ... 
arXiv:2005.01159v1 fatcat:gzyo26zulvd5bc5ykuweykkjaa

A Statutory Article Retrieval Dataset in French [article]

Antoine Louis, Gerasimos Spanakis, Gijs Van Dijck
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Statutory article retrieval is the task of automatically retrieving law articles relevant to a legal question.  ...  By the specificity of the data domain and addressed task, BSARD presents a unique challenge problem for future research on legal information retrieval.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is partially supported by the Sector Plan Digital Legal Studies of the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science.  ... 
arXiv:2108.11792v1 fatcat:eepk3chcevbvzkmnoqdhwqkyaa

Management of Primary Dysmenorrhea by School Adolescents in ILE-IFE, Nigeria

Adesola A. Ogunfowokan, Oluwayemisi A. Babatunde
2009 Journal of School Nursing  
The study concluded that the use of code switching in mu ltilingual mathemat ics classrooms does not result in a deficiency in learn ing, but is a useful strategy in classroom interaction and efficient  ...  Data co llected were analysed using Myers-Scotton's Matrix Language Framework model, as well as descriptive and inferential statistics.  ...  She expected the pupils to answer the question without having to think twice. In her displeasure, she said: Ey in o ti e ni co mmon sense ni tiyin (You do not have common sense).  ... 
doi:10.1177/1059840509349723 pmid:19850951 fatcat:il2fotggsvdujlelwezuflg76u

Systemic legislation: By what right are distinctions made?

Mirko Pečarič, Kar-wai Tong
2020 Cogent Social Sciences  
be systemic in the laws and to address the right to make distinctions on which rules are based.  ...  A question on the right to make legislative distinctions is important to determine the essence of legislative content.  ...  environments-will probably not be used in the legal rules of the near future, but they can be used in the preparatory, draft phasis.  ... 
doi:10.1080/23311886.2020.1837424 fatcat:3jgzle3ffjhepplczfphwpvnly

Significant Patterns of APPRAISAL in Online Debates

Bandar Alhumaidi A. Almutairi
2019 International Journal of Linguistics  
Drawing on the appraisal framework within Systemic Functional Linguistics, this study investigates the distributional patterns of appraisal choices and co-choices in a corpus of widely viewed online debate  ...  In line with previous research, the findings of this study revealed significant appraisal patterns associated with the ODT debaters, in addition to unique co-patterns characteristic of the 'more persuasive  ...  The calculated MI score for this co-occurrence is 0.644, so the question is, given this score, how significant this coupling is?  ... 
doi:10.5296/ijl.v11i4.15040 fatcat:ihohswtkvngergohamwcvlbjda

Developing a New Approach to Managing and Mediating Conflicts

Giulia Pennisi
2017 Lingue Culture Mediazioni  
These developments are organized around the 'narrative approach' which helps us to see how the language we use to describe and understand our conflicts are is operative in constructing an image in our  ...  The research conducted in this paper is in line with the theoretical principles behind the narrative mediation.  ...  , housework 69 occurrences, and education 41 occurrences in FM), employer and employee relationship (company 212 occurrences, and financial compensation 94 occurrences in EM), and heath care domain (treatment  ... 
doi:10.7358/lcm-2017-001-penn fatcat:7gvbgtok7ba3jok5pzhycqtssy

Applying question answering technology to locating malevolent online content

Dmitri Roussinov, José A. Robles-Flores
2007 Decision Support Systems  
The answers to those question typically indicate the presense of malevolent content.  ...  , and 2) emerging question answering (QA).  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the following people familiar with cyber crime and cyber terrorism for their  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2006.04.006 fatcat:yx6paxw3zjdptgoesuk76ffgvu

Changes in free and open source software licenses: managerial interventions and variations on project attractiveness

Carlos Denner dos Santos
2017 Journal of Internet Services and Applications  
of) license(s) adopted; and 2) variations in attractiveness are associated with the strategic choice of a licensing schema.  ...  what can and cannot be done with the software and its derivatives in terms of improvement and market distribution depends on legal terms there specified.  ...  of stakeholders, be a sponsor or a co-developer, is useful and timely.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13174-017-0062-3 fatcat:n24v66qbsbgazn7colvkdnml6u

D3.4 Interim report on the role of AI machines in producing literary and artistic content

João Pedro Quintais, Oleksandr Bulayenko, Daniel Gervais, Joost Poort
2021 Zenodo  
legal) persons involved in the creation or production of AI outputs; •to analyse the legal impact of the reco [...]  ...  The research aim of our study is to develop interpretative guidelines and/or policy recommendations on increasing legal certainty with regard to the legal status of AI outputs in EU copyright and related  ...  The present Chapter answers the question: What (legal or natural) persons involved in the production of an AI (musical) output qualify as authors and/or owners?  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5040206 fatcat:wvmqpzlgorhmbgaofqrzpuz5ae

Reporting systems in healthcare from a case-by-case experience to a general framework: an example in anaesthesia

A. S. Nyssen, S. Aunac, M. E. Faymonville, I. Lutte
2004 European Journal of Anaesthesiology  
is a general reflection on the best conditions of development and setting up of such systems in medicine.  ...  the validity of the tool as mediator of safety, quality and well-being at work.  ...  The question format can be either closed (multiple choice) or open-ended (narrative section).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0265021504000018 pmid:15678728 fatcat:jjmnwfpjl5fiva5ihrp6mjtq4u

Reporting systems in healthcare from a case-by-case experience to a general framework: an example in anaesthesia

A. S. Nyssen, S. Aunac, M. E. Faymonville, I. Lutte
2004 European Journal of Anaesthesiology  
is a general reflection on the best conditions of development and setting up of such systems in medicine.  ...  the validity of the tool as mediator of safety, quality and well-being at work.  ...  The question format can be either closed (multiple choice) or open-ended (narrative section).  ... 
doi:10.1097/00003643-200410000-00001 fatcat:sg7fyuqopfczpew225gn5xvmfy

Use of Mental Health Screening Instruments by Non-Medical Helping Professionals

Catherine A. Simmons, Anna Whalley, J. Gayle Beck
2014 Journal of Interpersonal Violence  
To better understand whether and how mental health screening tools can be more useful in this process, the current study reports findings from an online needs assessment.  ...  The nationally representative sample included 325 professionals who work with IPV survivors in United States.  ...  Table 2 includes the two multiple-response questions and the response frequencies for each answer choice. 3 In response to the first of these questions, most of the participants agreed that non-medical  ... 
doi:10.1177/0886260513516386 pmid:24421069 fatcat:uuuxlmdlhveupej4ij4mpz657u
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