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Page 7076 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 99j [page]

1999 Mathematical Reviews  
= k components to a single one—has a flaw and we correct it.” 99j:68071 68Q50 68Q45 68S05 Kappes, Martin (D-FRNK-I; Frankfurt am Main) Multi-bracketed contextual grammars.  ...  It is shown that context-free languages and the class of languages generated by tree adjoining grammars without local constraints are also generated by natural subclasses of multi-bracketed contextual  ... 

Page 9248 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 2001M [page]

2001 Mathematical Reviews  
In order to bridge this gap, a more general class is now proposed, multi-bracketed contextual rewriting grammars, chal- lenging the well-known tree adjoining grammars due to A. K. Soshi and others.  ...  Comb. 3 (1998), no. 2, 85-103; MR 99j:68071] multi- 68 COMPUTER SCIENCE 9248 bracketed contextual grammars (working on an induced Dyck structure which controls the derivation process) and proved that these  ... 

Page 8296 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 2001K [page]

2001 Mathematical Reviews  
Grammars 3 (2000), no. 2-3, 175-187. Summary: “In this paper, we introduce grammar formalisms called multi-bracketed contextual and multi-bracketed contex- tual rewriting grammars.  ...  It is shown that multi- bracketed contextual rewriting grammars cover the basic natural language constructions of duplication, multiple agreement and cross-serial dependencies.”  ... 

Page 6702 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 2004i [page]

2004 Mathematical Reviews  
Dolores Jimenez-Lopez, Lin- guistic grammar systems: a grammar systems approach for natu- ral language (55-65); Martin Kappes, Multi-bracketed contextual rewriting grammars with obligatory rewriting (67  ...  -75); Jaroslav Kral and Michal Zemli¢ka, Semi-top-down syntax analysis (77 89); Alexander Meduna and DuSan Kolar, Descriptional com- plexity of multi-parallel grammars with respect to the number of nonterminals  ... 

Page 1641 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 26, Issue 3 [page]

1992 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
adaption, Spanish data analysis; 9206122 Spanish unaccusative case/word order correlations, negative sentence data; 9206072 word order correlations, branching direction theory account, multi- language  ...  analysis; 9206918 ‘go’/‘come’ opposition, semantic shift, Latin/Romance/Germanic lan- guages; 9206200 Homeric anger terms, poetic/rhetorical/linguistic/formulaic function/ meaning; 9207231 morphological bracketing  ... 

On Dependency Analysis via Contractions and Weighted FSTs [chapter]

Anssi Yli-Jyrä
2012 Shall We Play the Festschrift Game?  
The algorithm is customizable to functional and bilexical dependency parsing, and it can be extended to non-projective parsing via a multi-planar encoding with prior results on high recall.  ...  During the multi-year creative process, I felt several times need for heavenly empowerment. I look gratefully back to every inspired moment.  ...  Parsing by contractions is a familiar approach from restarting automata and contextual grammars.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-30773-7_10 dblp:conf/birthday/Yli-Jyra12 fatcat:kkrof4kqsvaevhfj26qgr5pxti

Tolerant parsing using modified LR(1) and LL(1) algorithms with embedded "Any" symbol

A.V. Goloveshkin
2019 Proceedings of the Institute for System Programming of RAS  
In comparison with LL(1) tolerant grammars, LR(1) tolerant grammars are easier to develop and explore due to solid island rules.  ...  Previously, we extended island grammars theory and introduced a novel formal concept of a simplified grammar based on the idea of eliminating water description by replacing it with a special "Any" symbol  ...  Unlike all the other types of brackets considered in Section 4.2.2, angle brackets cannot be defined as a pair in the LanD grammar because they may appear in the program in different meanings, some of  ... 
doi:10.15514/ispras-2019-31(3)-1 fatcat:hgh5b6nxgrfzpbtmubzs23rbci

Unsupervised Learning of PCFGs with Normalizing Flow

Lifeng Jin, Finale Doshi-Velez, Timothy Miller, Lane Schwartz, William Schuler
2019 Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
Experiments show that the PCFG induction model with normalizing flow produces grammars with state-of-the-art accuracy on a variety of different languages.  ...  Gaussian) into complex and potentially multi-modal distributions over observation vectors.  ...  Table 3 shows only the performance of the systems on bracketing.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p19-1234 dblp:conf/acl/JinDMSS19 fatcat:dsefoig655fkvolqu3hcec7lsu

A Maximum-Entropy Partial Parser for Unrestricted Text [article]

Wojciech Skut and Thorsten Brants (Computational Linguistics, Universitity of the Saarland, Germany)
1998 arXiv   pre-print
In effect, the parser goes beyond simple bracketing and recognises even fairly complex structures. We give accuracy figures for different applications of the parser.  ...  For full parsing, one would probably need non-local contextual information, such as the long-range trigrams in Link Grammar (Della Pietra et al., 1994) .  ...  Figure 4 : 4 tags: the percentage of structural tags with the correct value r i of the REL attribute, bracketing: the percentage of correctly recognised nodes, labelled bracketing: like bracketing, but  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9807006v1 fatcat:ger5m4ohnzaovm7ouwmeayp4xy

Multi-Task Learning for Conversational Question Answering over a Large-Scale Knowledge Base

Tao Shen, Xiubo Geng, Tao QIN, Daya Guo, Duyu Tang, Nan Duan, Guodong Long, Daxin Jiang
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)  
To tackle these issues, we propose an innovative multi-task learning framework where a pointer-equipped semantic parsing model is designed to resolve coreference in conversations, and naturally empower  ...  Grammar and Logical Form Grammar We use similar grammars and logical forms as defined in Guo et al. (2018) , with minor modification for better adaptation to the CSQA dataset.  ...  Grammar-Guided Inference The grammars defined in Table 1 are utilized to filter illegal operators out in each decoding step.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d19-1248 dblp:conf/emnlp/ShenGQGTDLJ19 fatcat:mis3ja5nrbcntbqu6ibc7cj4hm

Understanding Novice and Experienced Teachers' Cognitions and Practices for Sustainable Teacher Development: The Case of Form-Focused Instruction in English Language Teaching

Qiang Sun, Lawrence Jun Zhang
2022 Sustainability  
Framed in Complexity Theory, this paper presents a multi-case study of Chinese university English teachers' cognitions and practices about form-focused instruction in English language teaching.  ...  Please rewrite the following sentences using an appositive clause and the words in brackets. Ss: . . .  ...  In order to obtain an understanding about novice teachers and experienced teachers' cognitions and practices about form-focused instruction, particularly a comparison between them, a multi-case study was  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14084711 fatcat:nsk6vt22ynfvjcnz6q7qxj3jbi

Syntactically-informed semantic category recognition in discharge summaries

Tawanda Sibanda, Tian He, Peter Szolovits, Ozlem Uzuner
2006 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
We present a statistical semantic category (SC) recognizer trained with syntactic and lexical contextual clues, as well as ontological information from UMLS, to identify eight semantic categories in discharge  ...  research was funded in part by the National Institutes of Health through grant number R01-EB001659 from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioenginering; grant number N01-LM-3-3513 on National Multi-Protocol  ...  We have also described a method for using the output of the Link Grammar parser to capture the syntactic context of words, and have shown that these syntactic contextual clues are the strongest determinants  ... 
pmid:17238434 pmcid:PMC1839398 fatcat:7qh3ktudrbas5cquklrogbnzlu

Corpus Annotation for Parser Evaluation [article]

John Carroll, Guido Minnen, Ted Briscoe
1999 arXiv   pre-print
The method compares phrase-structure bracketings produced by the parser with bracketings in the annotated corpus, or 'treebank' 1 and computes the number of bracketing matches M with respect to the number  ...  to grammars acquired directly from the treebanks themselves).  ... 
arXiv:cs/9907013v1 fatcat:nl3ivum57rbazjj5f772cc2fue

Testing English Grammar at PCL and Bachelor's Level

Yogendra Prasad Yadav
1970 Tribhuvan University Journal  
English for Further Education and a Communicative Grammar of English.Key words: English Grammar; PCL; Grammar componentTribhuvan University JournalVolume XIV, 1991Page: 9-14Uploaded date: 5 October, 2010  ...  This paper aims to present an overview of the grammar component incorporated in the PCL and Bachelor's level courses for Compulsory English and to suggest items to test the component at the final examinations  ...  (c) Test items for grammar points should be contextualized so that examinees can see the connection between grammar and the authentic use of language.  ... 
doi:10.3126/tuj.v14i0.3802 fatcat:zux2ploobbf6ncfxdkj65tb6z4

Multi-Domain Recognition of Hand-Drawn Diagrams Using Hierarchical Parsing

Vincenzo Deufemia, Michele Risi
2020 Multimodal Technologies and Interaction  
This paper presents an approach for the recognition of multi-domain hand-drawn diagrams, which exploits Sketch Grammars (SkGs) to model the symbols' shape and the abstract syntax of diagrammatic notations  ...  The main contribution of this paper is an efficient model of parsing suitable for both interactive and non-interactive sketch-based interfaces, configurable to different domains, and able to exploit contextual  ...  The approach that is proposed in this paper uses contextual information provided by grammars during sketch recognition.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mti4030052 fatcat:ziml343snzcdfenxv3sksadzzq
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