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Moving towards a new paradigm of creation, dissemination, and application of computer-interpretable medical knowledge

Paulo Novais, Tiago Oliveira, José Neves
2016 Progress in Artificial Intelligence  
Computer-Interpretable Guidelines (CIGs) exploit the scientific strength of evidence-based medicine to make recommendations available in Clinical Decision Support Systems.  ...  In this work we propose a web-based CIG framework to tackle some of these challenges and facilitate the integration of CIG-based advice not only in the everyday activities of health care professionals  ...  The work of Tiago Oliveira is supported by a FCT grant with the reference SFRH/BD/8-5291/ 2012.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13748-016-0084-2 fatcat:voarqmelczazva42y7rwnzirz4

Things to Come: Postmodern Digital Knowledge Management and Medical Informatics

N. W. Matheson
1995 JAMIA Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association  
The author thanks Robert Braude, Mark Frisse, Dean Sittig, and William Stead, whose thoughtful comments and suggestions immeasurably improved this article.  ...  is known today in a manner that informs and educates, facilitates the discovery and creation of new knowledge, and contributes to the health and welfare of the planet.  ...  The Welch Library is moving toward managing all the computing and network support services, except clinical records, for the health sciences campus, as well as fulfilling its more traditional role of gateway  ... 
doi:10.1136/jamia.1995.95261908 pmid:7743318 pmcid:PMC116240 fatcat:6z3bdm46hffdtmthr6qoce53xu

Riding the Web Evolution: From Egoism to Altruism

Marco Roccetti, Stefano Ferretti, Claudio E. Palazzi, Paola Salomoni, Marco Furini
2008 2008 5th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference  
To revert this trend, we propose a novel utilization paradigm of Internet technologies which is aimed at liberating part of resources that are captured but not used by egocentric applications to give them  ...  back to a possible common (and altruistic) use.  ...  Instead, we propose a new utilization paradigm of Internetbased technologies aimed at liberating part of computational and communication resources captured, but unemployed, by "selfish" applications and  ... 
doi:10.1109/ccnc08.2007.253 dblp:conf/ccnc/RoccettiFPSF08 fatcat:hm5hu5jljnb7hbgc7ehqq4r4ry

Seven characteristics of medical evidence

Ross E. G. Upshur
2000 Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice  
This paper outlines seven essential characteristics of medical evidence and describes the implications of these for both the theory of evidence-based medicine and clinical practice.  ...  It is argued that the epistemological theory that best fits medical evidence is that of fallibilism. Correspondence  ...  Acknowledgements This project was supported by HEALNet (Health Evidence Application and Linkage Network) a member of the Networks of Centres of Excellence Program which is a unique partnership among Canadian  ... 
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2753.2000.00244.x pmid:10970003 fatcat:wgon3uitinaahg42d432a3zv44

Changing Paradigms in Library Education: From Library Science to Information Science to Knowledge Science

Md Roknuzzaman
2012 Eastern Librarian  
The discipline of LIS is now encountering with the emergence of knowledge management (KM), and is moving towards knowledge paradigm.  ...  The paper concludes with the prediction of a new discipline of "knowledge science" suggesting the renaming of library and information science as "library and knowledge science".  ...  , medical informatics, and other new information programs that are moving toward an information domain.  ... 
doi:10.3329/el.v23i1.12115 fatcat:grrhz7t6ajgfrmwjn2m2arymry

Informatics, evidence-based care, and research; implications for national policy: a report of an American Medical Informatics Association health policy conference

M. Bloomrosen, D. E. Detmer
2010 JAMIA Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association  
of available data that we can exploit meaningfully to strengthen knowledge building and evidence creation, and ultimately improve clinical and preventive care.  ...  The conference's findings are described, and recommendations on terminology harmonization, facilitation of the evidence continuum in a "wired" world, development and dissemination of clinical practice  ...  They were actively involved in and provided valuable input to all aspects of the planning processes.The authors wish to thank Freda Temple for her careful review and editing of all versions of this manuscript  ... 
doi:10.1136/jamia.2009.001370 pmid:20190052 pmcid:PMC3000781 fatcat:bgrolsn7nrfqdkv6s45yr54sxi

Pervasive CSCW for smart spaces communities

Christopher Lima, Diogo Gomes, Rui Aguiar
2012 2012 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops  
Therefore, social CSCW applications represent new challenges and possibilities in terms of use of group context information for adaptability and personalization in pervasive computing.  ...  Collaborative applications integrated with pervasive communities can increase the activity's quality of the end user in a wide variety of tasks.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors wish to thank colleagues of PERSIST and SOCIETIES projects, without whom this paper would not have been possible.  ... 
doi:10.1109/percomw.2012.6197462 dblp:conf/percom/LimaGA12 fatcat:r2duawr6bbf7piiciut4r2vpjy

Hiding in plain sight: communication theory in implementation science

Milisa Manojlovich, Janet E Squires, Barbara Davies, Ian D Graham
2015 Implementation Science  
When conceptualized as a transformational process, the focus of communication moves to shared understanding and is grounded in human interactions and the way we go about constructing knowledge.  ...  Twenty-seven theories, models, or frameworks were identified; only Rogers' Diffusion of Innovations theory provides a definition of communication and includes both communication paradigms.  ...  JES holds a Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) New Investigator Award in Knowledge Translation. This paper was also supported in part by a CIHR grant to IDG (IOP 123548).  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13012-015-0244-y pmid:25903662 pmcid:PMC4410585 fatcat:6f7mspjqonflbk5mu52f2z7aja

The changing continuing education role of health sciences libraries

J Messerle
1990 Bulletin of the Medical Library Association  
As CE experts increase their understanding of the learning process and the factors that make CE opportunities successful, it is important that health sciences librarians use this knowledge to enhance their  ...  Four distinct support areas are identified in which the library relates to CE (resources, content, education, and information management), illustrating traditional library CE roles and suggesting new opportunities  ...  of computer tools for medical knowledge management [25] .  ... 
pmid:2328367 pmcid:PMC225373 fatcat:elazegcjarfdtk2yhd2udpfdcm

Neuropsychology 3.0: Evidence-Based Science and Practice

Robert M. Bilder
2010 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
It is argued that a paradigm shift toward evidence-based science and practice can be enabled by innovations, including (1) formal definition of neuropsychological concepts and tasks in cognitive ontologies  ...  ; (2) creation of collaborative neuropsychological knowledgebases; and (3) design of Web-based assessment methods that permit free development, large-sample implementation, and dynamic refinement of neuropsychological  ...  : Creation of repositories for group-and individual caselevel data, generating dynamic reference samples for clinical inference and new test development Computerized Adaptive Test Development: Parallel  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617710001396 pmid:21092355 pmcid:PMC3044645 fatcat:crxkvgw6vbhtpepizbmh5hfwh4

An Application Framework for Loosely Coupled Networked Cyber-Physical Systems

Minyoung Kim, Mark-Oliver Stehr, Jinwoo Kim, Soonhoi Ha
2010 2010 IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing  
This new paradigm is based on the partially ordered knowledge sharing model that makes explicit the abstract structure of a computation in space and time.  ...  Our framework is tested on a new distributed version of an evolutionary optimization algorithm that runs on a computing cluster and is also used to solve a dynamic distributed optimization problem in a  ...  Support from National Science Foundation Grant 0932397 (A Logical Framework for Self-Optimizing Networked Cyber-Physical Systems) and Office of Naval Research Grant N00014-10-1-0365 (Principles and Foundations  ... 
doi:10.1109/euc.2010.30 dblp:conf/euc/KimSKH10 fatcat:wr62kv2oibgtldvz3vpsnj25xy

Evidence-Based Medicine: A Short History of a Modern Medical Movement

2013 Virtual Mentor  
The first was the development of new methods in medical education in North America, and the second, the move toward universal coverage of medical costs in the Canadian health system.  ...  It opens accordingly: "A new paradigm for medical practice is emerging.  ... 
doi:10.1001/virtualmentor.2013.15.1.mhst1-1301 pmid:23356811 fatcat:ihqxgcxnq5aevcvblzguby7ihy

An inter-professional approach to personalized medicine education: one institution's experience

Christine M Formea, Wayne T Nicholson, Carolyn Rohrer Vitek
2015 Personalized Medicine  
be knowledgeable and able to apply pharmacogenomics in clinical practice.  ...  Pharmacogenomics is an integral component of personalized medicine; it aids in the prediction of an individual's response to medications.  ...  large amounts of genomic data; and creation of drug-gene algorithms and computer alerts for healthcare providers at the patient point-of-care [63] .  ... 
doi:10.2217/pme.14.63 pmid:28413426 pmcid:PMC5391796 fatcat:oyzot5rdlbcmrlg7gijwb2p3dm

THE TRAINING OF NEXT GENERATION DATA SCIENTISTS IN BIOMEDICINE

LANA X GARMIRE, STEPHEN GLISKE, QUYNH C NGUYEN, JONATHAN H. CHEN, SHAMIM NEMATI, JOHN D. VAN HORN, JASON H MOORE, CAROL SHREFFLER, MICHELLE DUNN
2016 Biocomputing 2017  
Clinical Informatics The generation and dissemination of medical knowledge towards the practice of modern medicine arose in the past century, when there were relatively few effective interventions that  ...  Massive amount of data need to be analyzed and interpreted, demand a complete pipeline to train next generation data scientists.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789813207813_0059 pmid:27897014 pmcid:PMC5425257 fatcat:h3nih6lzobe5bny5jvy4ndor7y

A Cloud-Enabled and Service-Oriented Framework for Context-Awareness towards Smarter Environments

S. Rajaraajeswari, R. Selvarani, Pethuru Raj
2014 International Journal of Computer Applications  
requirements, recurring situations and scenarios are being continuously captured, refined and deposited as widely usable and reusable patterns, policies and knowledge bases are being formulated towards  ...  In this paper, having understood the inherent need for contextawareness in order to develop and sustain a variety of smarter environments, we have described how we designed and implemented a viable and  ...  Stream computing is a new compute paradigm contributing spectacularly for real-time knowledge discovery and supply. Data mining has been a powerful subject of study and research for data analytics.  ... 
doi:10.5120/17091-7626 fatcat:aef425pebjhudblavwh2l56una
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