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Motion Segmentation using Visual and Bio-mechanical Features

Stefano Alletto, Giuseppe Serra, Rita Cucchiara
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 ACM on Multimedia Conference - MM '16  
In this paper, we present a solution to segment a video sequence into motion activities by introducing a novel data fusion technique based on the covariance of visual and bio-mechanical features.  ...  For this reason, methods capable of automatically segment the video based on the recorder motion patterns are gaining attention.  ...  MOTION SEGMENTATION To segment egocentric videos into motion classes, we analyze the visual and bio-mechanical data stream coming from a glass-mounted wearable device, which features a camera, a tri-axial  ... 
doi:10.1145/2964284.2967266 dblp:conf/mm/AllettoSC16 fatcat:mbuq45423jbkjg3dxruihlrgji

Bio-inspired computer vision: Towards a synergistic approach of artificial and biological vision

N. V. Kartheek Medathati, Heiko Neumann, Guillaume S. Masson, Pierre Kornprobst
2016 Computer Vision and Image Understanding  
vision tasks from a biological per spective: image sensing, segmentation and optical flow.  ...  Using this task-centric approach, we discuss well-known biological functional principles and compare them with approaches taken by computer vision.  ...  GS M is supported by the European Union (Brainscales, FP7-FET-2010-269921), the french ANR (SPEED, ANR-13-SHS2-0 0 06 ) and CNRS.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2016.04.009 fatcat:lad5bwlqgbb5nhgtnxj6d32mc4

Page 5351 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 82, Issue 12 [page]

1995 Psychological Abstracts  
(Max Planck Inst for Bio- aon Chemistry, Dept of pe re pe G6ttingen, Ger- ny). Common properties of visual segmentation. [In: (PA Vol 82:43032) Higher-order processing in the visual system.  ...  disparity behave in a similar way, suggesting a general role or feature contrast in visual segmentation 42676.  ... 

Biologically-Inspired Computational Neural Mechanism for Human Action/activity Recognition: A Review

Bardia Yousefi, Chu Kiong Loo
2019 Electronics  
Theoretical neuroscience investigation shows valuable information on the mechanism for recognizing the biological movements in the mammalian visual system.  ...  This paper describes different perspective to look at this task including action perception, computational and knowledge based modeling, psychological, and neuroscience approaches.  ...  A study on 3D visual cue involving motion parallax analyzed the link between the visual motion and scene processing by using fMRI.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8101169 fatcat:v6cuchycurd2xg7cx545dwujy4

Neural competitive structures for segmentation based on motion features [chapter]

Javier Diaz, Sonia Mota, Eduardo Ros, Guillermo Botella
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The segmentation of overtaking cars in this scenario can take full advantage of the motion structure of the visual field provided that the egomotion of the host car induces a global motion pattern whereas  ...  Simoncelli & Heeger studied how the motion is processed in humans (V1 and MT areas) and proposed a model based on neural populations that extract the local motion structure through local competition of  ...  We would like also to acknowledge Hella [14] for providing us with the overtaking sequences.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44868-3_90 fatcat:rh3yxheilrgprflvuqetm24yca

DrawBot: a bio-inspired robotic portraitist

Ruben Coen Cagli, Paolo Coraggio, Paolo Napoletano
2007 Digital Creativity  
Acknowledgements This research is supported by the PhD programs in Physics and in Computer Science at Universit`a di Napoli Federico II, and the PhD program in Information Engineering at Universit`a di  ...  Ernesto Buratttini and Prof. Giuseppe Boccignone. Ruben Coen Cagli wishes to thank Dr. John Tchalenko for the interesting discussions about the drawing task experiments.  ...  From an input image, early visual features such as colour opponents, intensity and orientation are computed in a set of feature maps based on retinal input and represented using pyramids.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14626260701252442 fatcat:ovfwfsvijjdsfmufah3yhkalqm

A Looming Spatial Localization Neural Network Inspired by MLG1 Neurons in the Crab Neohelice

Hao Luan, Qinbing Fu, Yicheng Zhang, Mu Hua, Shengyong Chen, Shigang Yue
2022 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Similar to most visual animals, the crab Neohelice granulata relies predominantly on visual information to escape from predators, to track prey and for selecting mates.  ...  It, therefore, needs specialized neurons to process visual information and determine the spatial location of looming objects.  ...  Julieta Sztarker at University of Buenos Aires and Prof. Junhao Xiao at National University of Defense Technology for their professional suggestions to improve the paper quality.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2021.787256 pmid:35126038 pmcid:PMC8814358 fatcat:h6aoeloaarhlpl2bu7bkexgkmq

Motion-Driven Segmentation by Competitive Neural Processing

Sonia Mota, Eduardo Ros, Javier Díaz, Eva M. Ortigosa, Alberto Prieto
2005 Neural Processing Letters  
Bio-inspired energy models compute motion along the lines suggested by the neurophysiological studies of V1 and MT areas in both monkeys and humans: neural populations extract the structure of motion from  ...  We describe here a neural structure that works as a dynamic filter above this MT layer for image segmentation and takes advantage of neural population coding in the cortical processing areas.  ...  ., Germany) for providing us with the overtaking sequences and A. L. Tate for revising our English text.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11063-005-2158-1 fatcat:bswkrm2cm5aorpzshqenflqfoq

Visual Navigation with a 2-pixel Camera—Possibilities and Limitations [article]

John Baillieul, Feiyang Kang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Borrowing terminology from fluid mechanics, the concepts of Eulerian and Lagrangian optical flow sensing are introduced.  ...  This form of visual sensing is the basis for many standard computer vision implementations, including Lukas-Kanade and Horn-Schunck.  ...  For the perceptual mechanisms that satisfy the assumptions of Theorem 1 and its corollaries, no single feature point has any significance.  ... 
arXiv:2103.00285v1 fatcat:fkbuyabinfgvfavmrjax42fvvy

Attraction of posture and motion-trajectory elements of conspecific biological motion in medaka fish

Atsushi Shibai, Tsunehiro Arimoto, Tsukasa Yoshinaga, Yuta Tsuchizawa, Dashdavaa Khureltulga, Zuben P. Brown, Taishi Kakizuka, Kazufumi Hosoda
2018 Scientific Reports  
Our strategy of decomposing biological motion into these partial elements is applicable to other animals, and further studies using this technique will enhance the basic understanding of visual recognition  ...  However, biological motion is a composite of both body-shape motion and entire-field motion trajectory (i.e., posture or motion-trajectory elements, respectively), and it has not been revealed which element  ...  Eiji Watanabe and Kiyoshi Naruse for helpful advice and discussions. We are also grateful to Drs. Yutaka Nakamura, Kojiro Ishii, Mr.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26186-x pmid:29872061 pmcid:PMC5988670 fatcat:uwfwl6pmhfaulfq7gzfac4tkha

Polarization-difference imaging: a biologically inspired technique for observation through scattering media

M. P. Rowe, J. S. Tyo, N. Engheta, E. N. Pugh
1995 Optics Letters  
Our examples show that this technique would allow the image segments with polarization signals to "pop out" easily, which will lead to better target feature detection and visibility enhancement.  ...  Therefore, in order to display the polarization information in an image, one may require exhibiting such information using other visual cues that are compatible with the human visual system and can be  ...  Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), through grants F49620-01-1-0470 and F49620-02-1-0140. We thank Dr. J. S.  ... 
doi:10.1364/ol.20.000608 pmid:19859271 fatcat:mqf7arlgqvd6jjqs6cmnnbuaeq

Special Section Guest Editorial: Perceptually Driven Visual Information Analysis

Mohamed-Chaker Larabi, Sanghoon Lee, Mohammed El Hassouni, Frédéric Morain-Nicolier, Rachid Jennane
2017 Journal of Electronic Imaging (JEI)  
To produce motion perception quality, a motion energy model is derived for spatiotemporal slice images. Spatial and motion perception qualities are pooled using the random forests technique.  ...  Also relying on SVR for pooling features, Cakir and Cetin proposed an IQA framework using the 2D complex mel-cepstrum for feature extraction.  ... 
doi:10.1117/1.jei.25.6.061601 fatcat:aaucgfu7hvg6rms6rgjg2ovg4q

Brief Report: A Preference for Biological Motion Predicts a Reduction in Symptom Severity 1 Year Later in Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Martina Franchini, Hilary Wood de Wilde, Bronwyn Glaser, Edouard Gentaz, Stephan Eliez, Marie Schaer
2016 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
A visual preference for social stimuli was measured using an eye-tracking task at baseline, consisting of a previously studied visual preference paradigm presenting biological and geometric motion side-by-side  ...  As a group, we observed reduced interest for biological motion (BIO-M) in children with ASD compared to TD children, corroborating previous findings.  ...  A visual preference for social stimuli was measured using an eye-tracking task at baseline, consisting of a previously studied visual preference paradigm presenting biological and geometric motion side-by-side  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00143 pmid:27605914 pmcid:PMC4995218 fatcat:objgntw22bdpfjgzuhbggkfaoy

Resource-efficient bio-inspired visual processing on the hexapod walking robot HECTOR

Hanno Gerd Meyer, Daniel Klimeck, Jan Paskarbeit, Ulrich Rückert, Martin Egelhaaf, Mario Porrmann, Axel Schneider, Olena Riabinina
2020 PLoS ONE  
Emulating the highly resource-efficient processing of visual motion information in the brain of flying insects, a bio-inspired controller for collision avoidance and navigation was implemented on a novel  ...  By leveraging highly parallelized bio-inspired algorithms to extract nearness information from visual motion in dynamically reconfigurable logic, HECTOR is able to navigate to predefined goal positions  ...  Acknowledgments Many thanks to Timo Korthals for supporting the experiments in the Teleworkbench, Olivier Bertrand for hints and advices, Sina Gantenbrink for taking photographs and Jens Hagemeyer for  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0230620 pmid:32236111 fatcat:wclrd2h2r5hdhkiwew2xck7maq

Saliency-Guided Perceptual Grouping Using Motion Cues in Region-Based Artificial Visual Attention [article]

Jan Tünnermann, Dieter Enns, Bärbel Mertsching
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Region-based artificial attention constitutes a framework for bio-inspired attentional processes on an intermediate abstraction level for the use in computer vision and mobile robotics.  ...  Here, we present a saliency-guided approach that groups regions that potentially belong to the same object based on proximity and similarity of motion.  ...  The region-growing segmentation procedure which is used as part of the computation of the motion feature and the motion saliency is controlled by a set of thresholds.  ... 
arXiv:1307.5710v1 fatcat:prcn3zycn5fkrlxztlpafjpb24
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