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Morphological Networks for Persian and Turkish: What Can Be Induced from Morpheme Segmentation?

Hamid Haghdoost, Ebrahim Ansari, Zdeněk Žabokrtský, Mahshid Nikravesh, Mohammad Mahmoudi
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6dhmhf5usvfurpwkofeqvvaf7i" style="color: black;">Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this work, we propose an algorithm that induces morphological networks for Persian and Turkish. The algorithm uses morpheme-segmented lexicons for the two languages.  ...  The network induction algorithm can use either manually annotated lists of roots and affixes, or simple heuristics to distinguish roots from affixes. We evaluate both variants empirically.  ...  CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/16_027/0008495, International Mobility of Researchers at Charles University, and by grant No. 19-14534S of the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic. It has been using language re-  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14712/00326585.007">doi:10.14712/00326585.007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/sduh5n263ndkbfkii7vzn6sqgi">fatcat:sduh5n263ndkbfkii7vzn6sqgi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201111101719/http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pbml/115/art-haghdoost-at-al.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6f/c4/6fc4f9411311c2d406d95794da5548a9c17b4e04.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14712/00326585.007"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

LINSPECTOR: Multilingual Probing Tasks for Word Representations [article]

Gözde Gül Şahin, Clara Vania, Ilia Kuznetsov, Iryna Gurevych
<span title="2019-12-11">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We show that our tests can be used to explore word embeddings or black-box neural models for linguistic cues in a multilingual setting.  ...  However, from a typological perspective the morphologically poor English is rather an outlier: the information encoded by the word order and function words in English is often stored on a morphological  ...  We would like to thank Marvin Kaster for his help on contextualizing the probing tasks and to Max Eichler for his contribution on acquiring experimental results for additional languages in Appendix L.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1903.09442v2">arXiv:1903.09442v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/eq5cgujvsfh43p23rewzpt6m34">fatcat:eq5cgujvsfh43p23rewzpt6m34</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200823075403/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1903.09442v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/db/06/db0632379836d5c19aa3d17d955e26831004b5a9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1903.09442v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Cross Palaeographic Traditions. Some Examples from Old Christian Arabic Sources [chapter]

Paolo La Spisa, Dmitry Bondarev, Alessandro Gori, Lameen Souag
<span title="2019-04-15">2019</span> <i title="De Gruyter"> Creating Standards </i> &nbsp;
References Agha, Asif (2007) 16 This is witnessed in some manuscripts from the collection of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, such as IASAR /28, ʿAbd Allāh b. al-Ḥājj al-Ḥasan's  ...  The same alternation can be found in the Borgian 95. From what precedes it is possible to argue for the following hypothesis.  ...  At morpheme boundaries, where the final consonant of the preceding morpheme and the initial consonant of the following morpheme are the same, the doubling of consonant graphemes seems natural and can be  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110639063-004">doi:10.1515/9783110639063-004</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2s5tg4kjnzhttd7dd6erptosy4">fatcat:2s5tg4kjnzhttd7dd6erptosy4</a> </span>
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Multilingual Probing Tasks for Word Representations

Gözde Gül Şahin, Clara Vania, Ilia Kuznetsov, Iryna Gurevych
<span title="2020-03-23">2020</span> <i title="MIT Press - Journals"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/e4yflo6sufcufjwloald7xudm4" style="color: black;">Computational Linguistics</a> </i> &nbsp;
We show that our tests can be used to explore word embeddings or black-box neural models for linguistic cues in a multilingual setting.  ...  However, from a typological perspective the morphologically poor English is rather an outlier: the information encoded by the word order and function words in English is often stored on a subword, morphological  ...  We would like to thank Marvin Kaster for his help on contextualizing the probing tasks and to Max Eichler for his contribution on acquiring experimental results for additional languages in Appendix C.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/coli_a_00376">doi:10.1162/coli_a_00376</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kmbeuimsxbf6fflau2lv4vufv4">fatcat:kmbeuimsxbf6fflau2lv4vufv4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210324023447/https://watermark.silverchair.com/coli_a_00376.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAApwwggKYBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggKJMIIChQIBADCCAn4GCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMnMWd42NCNrAsAJejAgEQgIICT7f4FdUmuc0zNk-5duU44WknS43_5_NPdUyGc2PZXCC-gqFinE55oGyBs00C92bhlxcwTRGVRhIDsrOEZp9OnUruowuMCfH2i29ENy2emwbXZAdekLZ1W2WkpV3FJ8rtJZR_n0EJWo47HKU6Lulm4xxlQprwrIdFtyem5FPpS80DHaDa83qvV88dapvHCrtQwAFU_S0jAGV1krMKVx068NQ13LB4cv3Q4GS_PY4KMtU_5wy-IkeiP27M23HoVCfUu5D12XgqxotAiY3eHYK5ehP2kqz9fRuLz9CflRaJ3QbS5duDNVsyKU8cI0fB1TBKtxEoUHUWzDfDKQMPt2v9knU6P6wN_IZglbA5w6ft1uh2jg1I08j6yuEerAGjbrQB_eTYyV9lXNAPOIn-e0iuEmdIViZhO51YcchMt3JfmgLH9SctlQbRkMIgzpIDix_ry4ol790wTdamw9YLgqHCXVufhcNx_v4XOXKETEkzSkwJ4HXjQn0xzja9ch6-nk0LqA-DcMYyNJbM_ybxzWt_PEP9B1kYSpiG2oM2xYkYB9EJyLD7Id-xvcZjjebXl9Ag5PIfeEVxmQLLc3WX-NV1Y0ufQJoTO3IL5QHyvJAl2BB-_DGggXaL6hGcqb7E8BN2gIUPQps9uYzwJyTx-ZTnYWwCsuJvniE4ZzoXEgyZ9pMVp7UIDzv73K9P8n7yBAKwg5f1iumnnorkEEF6MwgKbxqlyJ4wyVGYaPIOqDXDZ_2ciX6JTgQd648juB3gwvLK-RIUASSh7fctabQLCAZ7tQ" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/aa/10/aa10984a195f9e5e6bfb83fc4da3f7e01624d8fa.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/coli_a_00376"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mitpressjournals.org </button> </a>

Lingua receptiva (LaRa) – remarks on the quintessence of receptive multilingualism

Jochen Rehbein, Jan D. ten Thije, Anna Verschik
<span title="2011-12-21">2011</span> <i title="SAGE Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6jrc6tftlfcixgot4g6sxi5icm" style="color: black;">International Journal of Bilingualism</a> </i> &nbsp;
This article introduces and defines the notion lingua receptiva (LaRa) as a mode of multilingual communication in which interactants employ a language and/or a language variety different from their partner's  ...  The quintessence of lingua receptiva is discussed from communicative, psycholinguistic and language psychology approaches to multilingualism.  ...  2007 for German-Persian intergenerational LaRa).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006911426466">doi:10.1177/1367006911426466</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fjgjqc5plze3fbwk4idoax6hii">fatcat:fjgjqc5plze3fbwk4idoax6hii</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200709232645/https://www.jantenthije.eu/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/IJB2-LaRa-REHBEINetal-quintessence.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3c/93/3c933b7b31aa0df9f21a7b234b5e850898f2a629.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006911426466"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> sagepub.com </button> </a>

The Taxonomy of Writing Systems: How to Measure how Logographic a System is

Richard Sproat, Alexander Gutkin
<span title="2021-06-30">2021</span> <i title="MIT Press - Journals"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/e4yflo6sufcufjwloald7xudm4" style="color: black;">Computational Linguistics</a> </i> &nbsp;
if segments, alphabetic; etc.  ...  A system could be syllabic, and highly logographic; or alphabetic, and mostly non-logographic.  ...  We thank attendees for questions and comments. Finally we thank three anonymous reviewers for Computational Linguistics for much critical feedback that helped us develop the ideas further.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/coli_a_00409">doi:10.1162/coli_a_00409</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jftmdlwajncpvk2law5pk62oey">fatcat:jftmdlwajncpvk2law5pk62oey</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210701124325/https://watermark.silverchair.com/coli_a_00409.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAs0wggLJBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggK6MIICtgIBADCCAq8GCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMNEbl1No1ERAY_i2RAgEQgIICgExRyZQeQr9Ubza-jA7NyCfBBuJd8s1cAflwRJZFfhgl33K1ID6PE8BnmrdwW7GF4OQU-Ymx9YdgcBJFHU79v_9GFE9-n0lPv58lq48Ufn64Ya4I-b5kJ8Qx5XKpvnS8ka1OanVXp-4ZOoB6mJIVnQ4C5RGXtVjz7--SQAmdM1PqgxVvjFoxPrC5-QuWew7o-fRhz6Zt0NyIRPo-nRX9XW-__7sDAowluerSZ7ZqAPsIPqC5cgc6BU0PkzuJqwoBVJmf53c1fPoK34x48u_LAkQ1dfc-X0DaxDVyz9MF_wfzzZLaLl7ffwgQ3_sqqfnq_TA5MaL3dNKOv5HYufuaI7P223eACnz_Vu5HI3HVqWUwKtjy8SjdPfLjmgEsxgx8vq1MO-rSba5QyoEiU-SvdSUGB7-TqoVkY7RsSga_g3mNr0D2LtFOoNf6icI0B2gXlBYETyN9gL2-lCO7jOA8qre0f01porbYVY47zkmGt2Y3ihvhxVn1Oo1DLTDXbiNc1krVJoCPShv3EfD9AvtFBsHjFnvLbXMOzprHWlsfy05pM2pWTqeXAFJisdZ9ANyIoiOUBdqAe1lAVMW3ULkZ6uFBT53fO0gQfXeREqUEqZXCFVgq17waHBht8aI8ggQ7NZgsyhRbEB-h2sGCEH9XsTBYTU7MWkR-EjYN4Wn5Whblhtzn6DG22lW954Xjgezs_-GJDOn6pqf6WIgWlOuuvQnwtupJnQBxco2NP0aYKeX3Og32aPDgrne9G3v0goyKjjF7Jn6KYLle76xDQgNEA4Ji6KVPGG8NwWrt1k8I4unTWiGh3JJKE-FBD6hQRYgyliS9fCJ2L0rrPPP81oCBV3w" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/df/e5/dfe5cef82b7f60fbc6f9d3e04d2f552c2575d434.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/coli_a_00409"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mitpressjournals.org </button> </a>

Universals of reading: Developmental evidence for linguistic plausibility

Usha Goswami
<span title="2012-08-29">2012</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2ambsfei5cjthmwpdat4t5jza" style="color: black;">Behavioral and Brain Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
AbstractChildren's reading and spelling errors show that orthographic learning involves complex interactions with phonology, morphology, and meaning throughout development.  ...  Orthographic knowledge gained through spelling affects reading, and vice versa.  ...  I am indebted to Jay Rueckl and Kathy Rastle for their suggestions and advice, and to Steve Frost, Marcus Taft, Asher Cohen, Keith Rayner, Jeff Bowers, Sachiko Kinoshita, and two anonymous reviewers, for  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x12000052">doi:10.1017/s0140525x12000052</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22929206">pmid:22929206</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ecufjzbnffazfluelfakjo5usm">fatcat:ecufjzbnffazfluelfakjo5usm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150406055206/http://journals.cambridge.org:80/download.php?file=%2FBBS%2FBBS35_05%2FS0140525X12000040a.pdf&amp;code=b64bf39704560985d990e75cf703ee45#page=-240" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/04/38/0438bfd984c8c9e7f2390d37b2f0b361797164de.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x12000052"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a>

Towards a universal model of reading

Ram Frost
<span title="2012-08-29">2012</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2ambsfei5cjthmwpdat4t5jza" style="color: black;">Behavioral and Brain Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
The influx of such models stems mainly from consistent findings, coming mostly from European languages, regarding an apparent insensitivity of skilled readers to letter order.  ...  The present article discusses the theoretical shortcomings and misconceptions of this approach to visual word recognition.  ...  Kannada, Persian and Thai.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11001841">doi:10.1017/s0140525x11001841</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22929057">pmid:22929057</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3677812/">pmcid:PMC3677812</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bgpvx6vspzgc3copuujsagggpm">fatcat:bgpvx6vspzgc3copuujsagggpm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808152523/http://puma.isti.cnr.it/rmydownload.php?filename=cnr.istc/cnr.istc/2012-A0-072/2012-A0-072.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5f/1e/5f1e46b5d128365bc95c5fa23b875020fcde4cbf.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11001841"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3677812" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Visual perceptual limitations on letter position uncertainty in reading

Marialuisa Martelli, Cristina Burani, Pierluigi Zoccolotti
<span title="2012-08-29">2012</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2ambsfei5cjthmwpdat4t5jza" style="color: black;">Behavioral and Brain Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Perceptual and psychophysical evidence indicates a decay of letter position encoding as a function of the eccentricity of letters (crowding); this factor may account for some of the differences in the  ...  Kannada, Persian and Thai.  ...  The question is, then, whether a principled solution can be offered to account for data from different writing systems, and, if so, what are the blueprints for finding such a solution.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x12000222">doi:10.1017/s0140525x12000222</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22929297">pmid:22929297</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zfrnpubyovcslo5lrrikj5zvbu">fatcat:zfrnpubyovcslo5lrrikj5zvbu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808152523/http://puma.isti.cnr.it/rmydownload.php?filename=cnr.istc/cnr.istc/2012-A0-072/2012-A0-072.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5f/1e/5f1e46b5d128365bc95c5fa23b875020fcde4cbf.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x12000222"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a>

Mixed languages: a functional–communicative approach

Yaron Matras
<span title="">2000</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hgfoqgo2cbdv3aic7l23vfeeym" style="color: black;">Bilingualism: Language and Cognition</a> </i> &nbsp;
Instead, it is argued that the compartmentalisation of structures observed in mixed languages (i.e. the fact that certain structural categories are derived from one"parent" language, others from another  ...  Bakker and Mous, 1994b; Bakker and Muysken, 1995) . This view is challenged here.  ...  From this it is already clear that no grammar/lexicon split can be claimed for Copper Island Aleut.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s1366728900000213">doi:10.1017/s1366728900000213</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4gmi2fhzv5f4hicnlnbwj7uvzm">fatcat:4gmi2fhzv5f4hicnlnbwj7uvzm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130921234620/http://languagecontact.humanities.manchester.ac.uk/YM/downloads/Matras,%20Y.%20(2000)%20Mixed%20languages%20a%20functional-communicative%20approach.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/af/03/af03bc743ef886e2101dfc8fb4591361642c0b2a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s1366728900000213"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a>

The phonology of Arabic loanwords in Turkish : the case of t-palatalisation

Halil Ibrahim Iskender
<span title="">2015</span>
What prevents a reader of Turkish from pronouncing atlar "horses" without the tl sequence? 26 How do Turkish readers identify the morphemes?  ...  This type of change can be linked to the widespread use of the internet and other media such as news networks.  ...  In Turkish, there are palatal l and palatal k which are different from velar l and velar k. Nevertheless, there are no distinct letters for the two.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.25501/soas.00020388">doi:10.25501/soas.00020388</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ucjfmofxbrgvrpwo7hjrrhb4iu">fatcat:ucjfmofxbrgvrpwo7hjrrhb4iu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210106001545/https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/20388/1/Iskender_4111.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d9/0c/d90c78a5207b4cb50b0511769a533893fa47bbd6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.25501/soas.00020388"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Non-linguistic Conditions for Causativization as a Linguistic Attractor

Johanna Nichols
<span title="2018-01-23">2018</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
the derivational morphology of pairs of verbs like fear and frighten, or Turkish korkmak 'fear, be afraid' and korkutmak 'frighten, scare', or Finnish istua 'sit' and istutta 'seat (someone)', or Spanish  ...  Specifically, the Turkish and Finnish pattern, where 'seat' is derived from 'sit' by addition of a suffix-is an attractor and a favored target of selection.  ...  Riho Grünthal assisted with data collection and analysis and Uralic survey design.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02356">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02356</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29410636">pmid:29410636</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5787147/">pmcid:PMC5787147</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/klamx4v74vairlw3kttwcjg77y">fatcat:klamx4v74vairlw3kttwcjg77y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190223080500/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4c18/814c09608004eb6d80186f088affd0833f99.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4c/18/4c18814c09608004eb6d80186f088affd0833f99.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02356"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5787147" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Statistical Parsing by Machine Learning from a Classical Arabic Treebank [article]

Kais Dukes
<span title="2015-10-25">2015</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Previous comparative work has shown that Modern Arabic is one of the most difficult languages to parse due to rich morphology and free word order.  ...  A central argument of this thesis is that using a hybrid representation closely aligned to traditional grammar leads to improved parsing for Arabic.  ...  The question that divides us is whether it is crazy enough to have a chance of being correct. -Niels Bohr  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1510.07193v1">arXiv:1510.07193v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mkx5gtgehrgfjjy5xmwowxgasq">fatcat:mkx5gtgehrgfjjy5xmwowxgasq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200930031430/https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1510/1510.07193.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/20/29/20297bfcd822ebf6f29f87b2cacfdc60581da6bf.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1510.07193v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

A Lexicological Study of Arabic and Judaeo-Arabic in Iraqi Hebrew Novels [chapter]

Mohamed A. H. Ahmed
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institut de recherches et d&#39;études sur les mondes arabes et musulmans"> Studies on Arabic Dialectology and Sociolinguistics </i> &nbsp;
Morphological integration 18 Persian and Arabic are typologically different from the point of view of their morphology.  ...  Arabic (from now on, BA) is attributed to both Persian and Turkish loans (e.g. pāša "pasha", "general", from Turk.: pașa "general", p̣ āra "the smallest unit of Turkish money", from Turk.: para "money  ...  ), and two from the city of Meknès.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4000/books.iremam.3881">doi:10.4000/books.iremam.3881</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/b7ez7xwe2nbc3htyknpds3ckwu">fatcat:b7ez7xwe2nbc3htyknpds3ckwu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190428140413/https://books.openedition.org/iremam/pdf/3878" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4000/books.iremam.3881"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Mixed Varieties in Political Language in Egypt: the Presidential Debate between 'Amr Mūsa and 'Abd al-Min'im Abu l-Futūḥ [chapter]

Nina van Kampen
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institut de recherches et d&#39;études sur les mondes arabes et musulmans"> Studies on Arabic Dialectology and Sociolinguistics </i> &nbsp;
Morphological integration 18 Persian and Arabic are typologically different from the point of view of their morphology.  ...  Arabic (from now on, BA) is attributed to both Persian and Turkish loans (e.g. pāša "pasha", "general", from Turk.: pașa "general", p̣ āra "the smallest unit of Turkish money", from Turk.: para "money  ...  ), and two from the city of Meknès.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4000/books.iremam.4895">doi:10.4000/books.iremam.4895</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/axd726zlf5dfhetj2dzg2ov6zq">fatcat:axd726zlf5dfhetj2dzg2ov6zq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191101085726/https://books.openedition.org/iremam/pdf/3878" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4000/books.iremam.4895"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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