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Mechanisms and Evidence of Genital Coevolution: The Roles of Natural Selection, Mate Choice, and Sexual Conflict

Patricia L.R. Brennan, Richard O. Prum
2015 Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology  
Natural selection on genital morphology will result in size coevolution to allow for copulation to be mechanically possible, even as other features of genitalia may reflect the action of other mechanisms  ...  to sexually antagonistic coevolution.  ...  For this reason alone, coevolution between genital morphologies of males and females is expected.  ... 
doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a017749 pmid:26134314 pmcid:PMC4484975 fatcat:4mbdbtb2mbf2ph52cjflkclsvi

Global change increases zoonotic risk, COVID-19 changes risk perceptions: a plea for urban nature connectedness

Maarten P.M. Vanhove, Séverine Thys, Ellen Decaestecker, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Jeroen De Man, Jean Hugé, Hans Keune, Ann Sterckx, Luc Janssens de Bisthoven
2020 Cities & Health  
Because ecological understanding of urban human-animal relations improves disease risk assessment, we call for ethnographical exploration of this interface.  ...  Conversely, COVID-19, emerged in an urban environment, entails risks worldwide. Geographical, virological and demographic differences influence risk perceptions and responses to both diseases.  ...  She is specialized in host-microbiome interactions with a focus on host-parasite coevolution.  ... 
doi:10.1080/23748834.2020.1805282 fatcat:sigr3s7jbbal5hfkvdyc6jxmpi

Foundations of Erobotics

Simon Dubé, Dave Anctil
2020 International Journal of Social Robotics  
erotic machines that could mitigate risks and enhance human well-being.  ...  As a first contribution to this new discipline, this article defines Erobotics and its related concepts; proposes a model of human-erobot interaction and co-evolution; and suggests a path to design beneficial  ...  We conclude that the development of such beneficial erotic machines has the potential to mitigate erobot-related risks, and possibly maximize technology's benefits for human intimacy and sociosexual well-being  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-020-00706-0 pmid:33133302 pmcid:PMC7591690 fatcat:ihnbwajxkfcdvihf6zqirmjiua

The Basse-Terre Island of Guadeloupe (Eastern Caribbean, France) and Its Volcanic-Hydrothermal Geodiversity: A Case Study of Challenges, Perspectives, and New Paradigms for Resilience and Sustainability on Volcanic Islands

Roberto Moretti, Séverine Moune, David Jessop, Chagnon Glynn, Vincent Robert, Sébastien Deroussi
2021 Geosciences  
for and mitigating geophysical risks related to sudden volcanic-induced phenomena and long-term systemic drifts due to climate change.  ...  Among these initiatives research and development programs focused on the knowledge of geodiversity, biodiversity and related resources and risks are central for the long-term management of the water resource  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors thank Conseil Departmental 971 and the Office de l'Eau 971 for financial support in the frame of the OE971-IPGP agreement.  ... 
doi:10.3390/geosciences11110454 fatcat:uchmwm26zjdgznu3xqbrzrrvjq

A coupled human and landscape conceptual model of risk and resilience in Swiss Alpine communities

Md Sarwar Hossain, Jorge Alberto Ramirez, Tina Haisch, Chinwe Ifejika Speranza, Olivia Martius, Heike Mayer, Margreth Keiler
2020 Science of the Total Environment  
More importantly, this lack of integration between approaches remains a major challenge in developing disaster risk management plans for communities.  ...  Feedbacks between the socio-economic and biophysical systems permit adaptation to flood and debris flow risks by implementing spatially explicit mitigation options including flood defenses and land cover  ...  Acknowledgements This project was supported by the University of Bern, Institute of Geography, Risk and Resilience Cluster.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138322 pmid:32408086 fatcat:ygrymm7rqve2dkgelncue35ymy

Evolution of nuptial gifts and its coevolutionary dynamics with male-like persistence traits of females for multiple mating

Yoshitaka Kamimura, Kazunori Yoshizawa, Charles Lienhard, Rodrigo L. Ferreira, Jun Abe
2021 BMC Ecology and Evolution  
The evolution of double slots for gift acquisition and digestion (female persistence trait) always occurred when males could not satisfy the demands of females for gifts.  ...  Conclusion Sperm usage patterns, which have rarely been examined for animals with nuptial gifts, can be a critical factor for determining the extent of exaggeration in nuptial gifting.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank two anonymous referees for their helpful comments on previous versions of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12862-021-01901-x pmid:34482815 fatcat:eyqmzsq25nhnvh2lndmmskfb3e

Sexual Conflict in Nonhuman Primates [chapter]

Ryne A. Palombit
2014 Advances in the Study of Behavior  
I am also grateful to Peter Kappeler and Joan Silk for their comments on an earlier draft.  ...  Finally, I thank members of the Rutgers University Simian Seminar for the discussion of much of the material in this chapter.  ...  Most studies do not identify the source(s) of the injury-related cost, for example, increased risk of infection, heightened energetic demands for tissue repair, decreased longevity, or time lost for healing  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-800286-5.00005-5 fatcat:inbramanpralbjizsld2hxd44e

Toward Resilient, Inclusive and Vital Technological Infrastructures for the Energies of the Landscape

Filippo Angelucci
2017 Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy  
the territory, and socio-ecological aspects related to the biological, organizational, and economic variables for cultural, creative, and productive energies of the territory.  ...  these subjects, this article proposes a reflection on a methodological approach to re-think energy infrastructures as technological-environmental interfaces between land resources, energy needs, living dynamics  ...  Scenario 2: Hybrid Rural Infrastructures In the medium-term and long-term, the mechanisms for stimulating installations of new technologies of renewable energy production risk triggering a consumerist  ... 
doi:10.6000/1929-6002.2016.05.04.4 fatcat:is6mrd3kwfh7zhn2gcc6vusuia

The Multibiome: The Intestinal Ecosystem's Influence on Immune Homeostasis, Health, and Disease

Heather A Filyk, Lisa C Osborne
2016 EBioMedicine  
Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Dr Cara Haney and Blair Hardman for their thoughtful comments on the manuscript and Juliane Poschinski for help with figures.  ...  Our understanding of how these findings relate to human disease is still in its infancy, but microbial interventions may one day be incorporated into treatment plans for multiple autoimmune disorders.  ...  In other settings, the intestinal virome may mitigate the severity of intestinal inflammation (Yang et al., 2016) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2016.10.007 pmid:27863931 pmcid:PMC5264270 fatcat:mcv6dp45vvdhbe7o34mco4cgom

Applied ecoimmunology: using immunological tools to improve conservation efforts in a changing world

Michel E B Ohmer, David Costantini, Gábor Á Czirják, Cynthia J Downs, Laura V Ferguson, Andy Flies, Craig E Franklin, Ahab N Kayigwe, Sarah Knutie, Corinne L Richards-Zawacki, Rebecca L Cramp, Steven Cooke
2021 Conservation Physiology  
From better linking changes in immune function to disease outcomes under different environmental conditions, to understanding how individual variation contributes to disease dynamics in wild populations  ...  , there is immense potential for ecoimmunology to inform the conservation of imperilled hosts in the face of new and re-emerging pathogens, in addition to improving the detection and management of emerging  ...  species at risk of disease-related declines.  ... 
doi:10.1093/conphys/coab074 pmid:34512994 pmcid:PMC8422949 fatcat:gghakwvombgz5httx4z3hdt2x4

Sexual selection, environmental robustness, and evolutionary demography of maladapted populations: A test using experimental evolution in seed beetles

Ivain Martinossi-Allibert, Emma Thilliez, Göran Arnqvist, David Berger
2019 Evolutionary Applications  
selection impedes or aids adaptation has become an outstanding question in times of rapid environmental change and parallels the debate about how the evolution of individual traits impacts on population dynamics  ...  Here, we evolved seed beetles under three alternative mating regimes to disentangle the contributions of sexual selection, fecundity selection, and male-female coevolution to individual reproductive success  ...  For example, manipulation of female physiology by males during mating (e.g., mediated by seminal fluid proteins) could have evolved because of male competition under sexual selection.  ... 
doi:10.1111/eva.12758 pmid:31417621 pmcid:PMC6691221 fatcat:nvp3elasdffjpc5vss2bnsvgfa

An out-of-body experience: the extracellular dimension for the transmission of mutualistic bacteria in insects

H. Salem, L. Florez, N. Gerardo, M. Kaltenpoth
2015 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Extracellular transmission routes are unified by the common ability of the bacterial partners to survive outside their hosts, thereby imposing different genomic, metabolic and morphological constraints  ...  extracellular) do not necessarily correspond to those of the transmission mode (vertical versus horizontal), a distinction of vital significance when addressing the genomic and physiological consequences for  ...  We thank Aileen Berasategui, Christian Kost and Peter Biedermann for critical comments on the manuscript. Additionally, we would like to thank Takema  ... 
doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.2957 pmid:25740892 pmcid:PMC4375872 fatcat:cn3hopg6gzb7tjg2qhurnue6wm

Juvenile diet quality and intensity of sexual conflict in the mite Sancassania berlesei

Aleksandra Łukasiewicz
2020 BMC Evolutionary Biology  
Differing evolutionary interests of males and females may result in sexual conflict, whereby traits or behaviours that are beneficial for male reproductive success (e.g., traits related to male-male competition  ...  ) are costly for females.  ...  Acknowledgements I thank Jacek Radwan, Agata Plesnar-Bielak, Bartek Gołdyn for discussions and helpful comments on the earlier version of this MS, two anonymous reviewers for their help in improving this  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12862-020-1599-5 pmid:32164531 fatcat:3gjpmqpjcbf2taky4a5ti6ytni

Genetic dynamics in the sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) nuclear and mitochondrial genotypes: evidence for vector adaptation at the border of Iran with Iraq

Sahar Ebrahimi, Ali Bordbar, Parviz Parvizi
2016 Parasites & Vectors  
Results: Among the 1213 specimens, ten species were identified based on morphology. The non-native species Phlebotomus sergenti was unequivocally found for the first time in the studied regions.  ...  A phylogenetic analysis showed that the closely related species are positioned in monophyletic clades, except for the subgenus Sergentomyia and P. sergenti, and highlights the importance of haplotype variations  ...  Ethics statement and consent for publication Not applicable.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1603-5 pmid:27260204 pmcid:PMC4893242 fatcat:gi62pyfu2zewpk3ks4r7ggxxza

Earthquake‐induced chains of geologic hazards: patterns, mechanisms, and impacts

Xuanmei Fan, Gianvito Scaringi, Oliver Korup, A. Joshua West, Cees J. Westen, Hakan Tanyas, Niels Hovius, Tristram C. Hales, Randall W. Jibson, Kate E. Allstadt, Limin Zhang, Stephen G. Evans (+5 others)
2019 Reviews of Geophysics  
Cracks and fractures can form and widen on mountain crests and flanks, promoting increased frequency of landslides that lasts for decades.  ...  Some landslides dam rivers and impound lakes, which can collapse days to centuries later, and flood mountain valleys for hundreds of kilometers downstream.  ...  H. provided helpful discussions and funding for the work. R. W. J. and K. E. A. polished the language. All authors reviewed the paper and collected relevant data and literature.  ... 
doi:10.1029/2018rg000626 fatcat:galhl3chyfc2jkwsagcyis44u4
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