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A Joint Model of Orthography and Morphological Segmentation

Ryan Cotterell, Tim Vieira, Hinrich Schütze
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies  
The German data was extracted from DerivBase (Zeller et al., 2013) , which provides a collection of derived forms and the transformation rules.  ...  A form is considered correct if the gold standard contains at least one overlapping morph and the model posits at least one overlapping morph-this is problematic because for languages with multi-morphemic  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/n16-1080 dblp:conf/naacl/CotterellVS16 fatcat:mx5umgpmtfh6fn4447ynlnxd44

Two words as one: A multi-naming investigation of the age-of-acquisition effect in compound-word processing

Mahmoud Medhat Elsherif, Jon C. Catling, Steven Frisson
2019 Memory & Cognition  
In Experiment 1, 48 participants completed a word naming task.  ...  We found that the age at which the compound word was learned, as well as the AoA of the individual morphemes that formed the compound word, significantly influenced combinatorial naming latency.  ...  the age at which the whole compound was learnt, the age at which the individual morphemes were learnt, and/or both.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-019-00986-6 pmid:31755026 pmcid:PMC7242258 fatcat:fkh2al4eqvduja7zwcw37xak64

Morphological Analysis of the Dravidian Language Family

Arun Kumar, Ryan Cotterell, Lluís Padró, Antoni Oliver
2017 Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Volume 2, Short Papers  
Also, we exploit novel features and higher-order models to achieve promising results on these corpora on both tasks, beating techniques proposed in the literature by as much as 4 points in segmentation  ...  These characters are typically produced when two syllables are joined together at morpheme boundaries or word boundaries.  ...  While higher-order S-CRFs have shown performance improvements in various tasks, e.g., bibliography extraction and OCR (Nguyen et al., 2014) , they have yet to applied to morphology.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/e17-2035 dblp:conf/eacl/KumarPCO17 fatcat:jyogzw4h7zcy3h2glzlxg3qzum

Brain bases of morphological processing in Chinese-English bilingual children

Ka I Ip, Lucy Shih-Ju Hsu, Maria M. Arredondo, Twila Tardif, Ioulia Kovelman
2016 Developmental Science  
Bilingual Chinese-English and monolingual English children (N = 22, ages 7-12) completed morphological tasks that best characterize each of their languages: compound morphology in Chinese (e.g., basket  ...  Similarly, the word "火 车(train)" is comprised of two meaningful morphemes 「火」 "fire" and 「车」 "vehicle" that make the word "火车" (fire-vehicle = train).  ...  -correct answer "at").  ... 
doi:10.1111/desc.12449 pmid:27523024 pmcid:PMC5309206 fatcat:3spfp4v2yjcl3o7ogj7qlteoou

Reconsidering the role of orthographic redundancy in visual word recognition

Fabienne Chetail
2015 Frontiers in Psychology  
Abstract Humans are known to continuously extract regularities from the flow of stimulation. This occurs in many facets of behaviour, including reading.  ...  In spite of the ubiquitous evidence that readers become sensitive to orthographic regularities after very little exposure to print, the role of orthographic regularities receives at best a peripheral status  ...  However, follow-up studies with the lexical decision task reported syllabic or morphemic effects even when there was no bigram trough at the critical boundaries or when this factor was controlled across  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00645 pmid:26042074 pmcid:PMC4435237 fatcat:q72nu2tizzafvfxlp2qjiis3qi

Morphological and Whole-Word Semantic Processing Are Distinct: Event Related Potentials Evidence From Spoken Word Recognition in Chinese

Lijuan Zou, Jerome L. Packard, Zhichao Xia, Youyi Liu, Hua Shu
2019 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were used in the present study to investigate the dissociation of morphemic and whole-word meaning in an auditory-auditory primed lexical decision task.  ...  All the prime and target words are compounds consisting of two Chinese morphemes.  ...  For example, the morpheme huo3 '' '' in both /huo3 jian4/ (fire-arrow ''rocket'') and /huo3 shan1/ (fire-hill 'volcano') is the same and means ''fire,'' whereas the whole-word semantics of /huo3 shan1/  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2019.00133 pmid:31057382 pmcid:PMC6478770 fatcat:liw265jidjbq5ohttjkbxikcey

Using Morphosemantic Information in Construction of a Pilot Lexical Semantic Resource for Turkish

Gözde Gül İşgüder, Eşref Adalı
2014 Proceedings of Workshop on Lexical and Grammatical Resources for Language Processing  
We test the consistency of these features in a pilot study for Turkish and show that; 1) Case markers are related with semantic roles and 2) Morphemes that change the valency of the verb follow a predictable  ...  morphologically rich languages can be used to reduce manual effort in creating semantic resources like PropBank and VerbNet; to increase performance of word sense disambiguation, semantic role labeling and related tasks  ...  Hawwari et al. (2013) present a pilot study for building Arabic Morphological Pattern Net, that aims at representing a direct relationship between morphological patterns and semantic roles for Arabic language  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/w14-5807 dblp:conf/coling/IsguderA14 fatcat:b2v3mnbn5zdl7ld5wvoqt26ngu

A neuronal gamma oscillatory signature during morphological unification in the left occipitotemporal junction

Jonathan Levy, Peter Hagoort, Jean-François Démonet
2014 Human Brain Mapping  
By demonstrating the validity of unification at the morphological level, this study contributes to the vast empirical evidence on unification across other language processes.  ...  body of masked priming (behavioral and neuroimaging) data has suggested that the visual word recognition system automatically decomposes any morphologically complex word into a stem and its constituent morphemes  ...  al., 2013] .  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.22589 pmid:25044125 fatcat:vvwdc2qlcrghxo3pmx7ebnvwqq

Shouting in the Kenyan Space: Can Spaceteam ESL Improve L2 Learners' Oral Reading Fluency?

Walcir Cardoso, David Waddington, Anne-Marie Sénécal, Enos Kiforo, Linah Anyango, Dickson K. Karanja
2022 Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology  
: (1) phrases extracted from the game; (2) phrases not related to the game; and (3) a short anecdote.  ...  Following a mixed-methods approach for data collection and analysis, we pre-tested and post-tested the participants on their ability to read aloud efficiently (speed) and accurately (accuracy) in three tasks  ...  Acknowledgements A preliminary version of this study was presented at the EuroCALL Conference (2019, Louvainla-Neuve, Belgium) and published as a four-page paper in its proceedings.  ... 
doi:10.21432/cjlt27964 fatcat:kgos5s6gzfhb3fp4n4pp3ykj6m

Joint Semantic Synthesis and Morphological Analysis of the Derived Word

Ryan Cotterell, Hinrich Schütze
2018 Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
., 2013) data. We show that jointly modeling semantics increases both segmentation accuracy and morpheme F 1 by between 3% and 5%.  ...  Our model jointly learns to segment words into morphemes and compose distributional semantic vectors of those morphemes.  ...  Morphological segmentation is a structured prediction task that seeks to break a word up into its constituent morphemes.  ... 
doi:10.1162/tacl_a_00003 fatcat:yq7iut6af5bfxowfgqe5cmbtqe

Joint Semantic Synthesis and Morphological Analysis of the Derived Word [article]

Ryan Cotterell, Hinrich Schütze
2018 arXiv   pre-print
., 2013) data. We show that jointly modeling semantics increases both segmentation accuracy and morpheme F1 by between 3% and 5%.  ...  Our model jointly learns to segment words into morphemes and compose distributional semantic vectors of those morphemes.  ...  Morphological segmentation is a structured prediction task that seeks to break a word up into its constituent morphemes.  ... 
arXiv:1701.00946v3 fatcat:ptbnsuwftbg63iwzkrxapzdvge

Language Processing as Cue Integration: Grounding the Psychology of Language in Perception and Neurophysiology

Andrea E. Martin
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
, 2012; Golumbic et al., 2013) , though discovering what that relationship seems very challenging.  ...  Differences in the task demands of these paradigms may mask, or at least mix in non-straightforward ways, with reliably estimating "pure" language processing likelihoods.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00120 pmid:26909051 pmcid:PMC4754405 fatcat:rwxubn6uzvhqzgiduenwruwix4

Insights from letter position dyslexia on morphological decomposition in reading

Naama Friedmann, Aviah Gvion, Roni Nisim
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We tested 11 Hebrew readers with developmental LPD and 1 with acquired LPD in 6 experiments of reading aloud, lexical decision, and comprehension, at the single word and sentence levels (compared with  ...  The results were that root letters adjacent to inflectional and derivational morphemes were treated like middle letters, and migrated frequently, whereas root letters adjacent to bound function morphemes  ...  and Rastle, 2013; Taft and Nillsen, 2013, and Amenta and Crepaldi, 2012 , for review and discussion).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00143 pmid:26190985 pmcid:PMC4490734 fatcat:o6dhmrax6bcwpdy3zskbrbrdwe

Preschool morphological training produces long-term improvements in reading comprehension

Solveig-Alma Halaas Lyster, Arne Olav Lervåg, Charles Hulme
2016 Reading and writing  
We evaluated the effect of morphological awareness training delivered in preschool (8 months before school entry) on reading ability at the end of grade 1 and 5 years later (in Grade 6).  ...  The comparison between each training condition and the control condition is quasi experimental, whereas the comparison between the morphological and phonological treatments is randomized at group level  ...  , Bryant, & Bindman, 2006) , reading comprehension (Cunningham & Carroll, 2013; Deacon & Kirby, 2004; Kirby et al., 2012; Lee, 2011) and vocabulary knowledge (Kieffer & Lesaux, 2012a, b; Wagner, Muse  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11145-016-9636-x pmid:27340335 pmcid:PMC4875956 fatcat:rliffumui5fdbmhusfm7chauuu

Morphological Word-Embeddings

Ryan Cotterell, Hinrich Schütze
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies  
., languages with a low morpheme-per-word ratio such as English, this is often not a problem.  ...  This result shows that in large corpora, a large portion of morphology can be extracted through contextual similarity.  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/n15-1140 dblp:conf/naacl/CotterellS15 fatcat:7mlw2fkixjambotlpwhts77cse
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