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The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and the toxicity of preoperative treatment with capecitabine in combination with radiation therapy (RT) in patients with locally-advanced, resectable rectal cancer. Methods: Thirty-five patients with locally-advanced rectal cancer (cT3/4, N-/+) were treated with capecitabine (825 mg/m 2 , twice daily for 7 days/wk) and concomitant RT (50.4 Gy/28 fractions). Surgery was performed 6-8 wk after completion of the chemoradiation followed by 4-6doi:10.3393/jksc.2010.26.2.137 fatcat:dwwxmxcccvcflnlndx6wbclhyy
more »... of adjuvant capecitabine monotherapy (1,250 mg/m 2 , twice daily for 14 days every 3 wk). Results: The chemoradiation program was completed in all but 2 patients, for whom both capecitabine and RT were interrupted for 2 wk because of grade-3 diarrhea. A R0 resection under the principle of total mesorectal excision (low anterior resection, 26; intersphincteric resection, 6; abdominoperineal resection, 2) was performed in all but one patient with a low anterior resection with positive circumferential margin (R1). Primary tumor and node downstaging occurred in 57% and 60% of patients, respectively. The overall rate of downstaging, including both the primary tumor and node, was 77% (27 patients). A pathological complete response of the primary tumor was achieved in 4 patients (11%). No patient had grade-4 toxicity, and the only grade-3 toxicity developed was diarrhea in 2 patients (6%) during chemoradiation. During a median follow-up of 38 mo, distant metastases developed in 4 patients (multiple lung metastases, 2; aortocaval nodal metastases, 2), and another 2 patients showed local recurrence. The three-year disease-free survival was 83%. Conclusion: This study suggests that preoperative capecitabine-based chemoradiation therapy is an effective and safe treatment modality for the tratment of locally-advanced, resectable rectal cancer.
Endophytic fungi are known plant symbionts. They produce a variety of beneficial metabolites for plant growth and survival, as well as defend their hosts from attack of certain pathogens. Coastal dunes are nutrient deficient and offer harsh, saline environment for the existing flora and fauna. Endophytic fungi may play an important role in plant survival by enhancing nutrient uptake and producing growth-promoting metabolites such as gibberellins and auxins. We screened roots of Ixeris repenesdoi:10.1186/1471-2180-8-231 pmid:19099608 pmcid:PMC2631606 fatcat:ntlqxuimk5bxzo5x6yr7mxdfmi
more »... .) A. Gray, a common dune plant, for the isolation of gibberellin secreting endophytic fungi. Results: We isolated 15 endophytic fungi from the roots of Ixeris repenes and screened them for growth promoting secondary metabolites. The fungal isolate IR-3-3 gave maximum plant growth when applied to waito-c rice and Atriplex gemelinii seedlings. Analysis of the culture filtrate of IR-3-3 showed the presence of physiologically active gibberellins, GA 1 , GA 3 , GA 4 and GA 7 (1.95 ng/ml, 3.83 ng/ml, 6.03 ng/ml and 2.35 ng/ml, respectively) along with other physiologically inactive GA 5 , GA 9 , GA 12 , GA 15 , GA 19 , GA 20 and, GA 24 . The plant growth promotion and gibberellin producing capacity of IR-3-3 was much higher than the wild type Gibberella fujikuroi, which was taken as control during present study. GA 5 , a precursor of bioactive GA 3 was reported for the first time in fungi. The fungal isolate IR-3-3 was identified as a new strain of Penicillium citrinum (named as P. citrinum KACC43900) through phylogenetic analysis of 18S rDNA sequence. Conclusion: Isolation of new strain of Penicillium citrinum from the sand dune flora is interesting as information on the presence of Pencillium species in coastal sand dunes is limited. The plant growth promoting ability of this fungal strain may help in conservation and revegetation of the rapidly eroding sand dune flora. Penicillium citrinum is already known for producing mycotoxin citrinin and cellulose digesting enzymes like cellulase and endoglucanase, as well as xylulase. Gibberellins producing ability of this fungus and the discovery about the presence of GA 5 will open new aspects of research and investigations.
Biomarkers/Tests http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2012.42.9.583www.e-kcj.org Moo-Sik Lee, et al. http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2012.42.9.583 www.e-kcj.org Personalized Medicine in CVDs http ...doi:10.4070/kcj.2012.42.9.583 pmid:23091501 pmcid:PMC3467440 fatcat:uq34zmavpzh3tltoknkr5qtw2i
Purpose: Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, which is also involved in the regulation of cell division and is also overexpressed and associated with parameters of poor prognosis in most human cancers, including carcinomas of the lung, breast, colon, stomach, esophagus and pancreas. This study examined the expression patterns of survivin in normal breast tissue, atypical hyperplasia, primary breast cancer and lymph node tissues involved with breast cancer and todoi:10.4048/jkbcs.2004.7.4.236 fatcat:kinzwiororgpflblu7kt3gxmoa
more »... mined whether the expression of survivin is associated with the characteristics and prognosis of breast cancer. Methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples from 80 breast cancer, 20 atypical hyperplasia and 20 malignant lymph node tissue cases were immunostained using polyclonal survivin (Novus Biologicals, CO). The degree of immunostaining was recorded on a scale of 0-3 according to the percentages of staining and distributions within the cytoplasm & nucleus. Results: Survivin was expressed in 52, 14 and 17 of the 80 breast cancer (65%), atypical hyperplasia (70%) and breast cancer lymphoid (85%) specimens respectively. Among those expressing cancer, 11.3, 31.3 and 22.5% demonstrated nuclear staining only, cytoplasmic staining only and both nuclear and cytoplasmic staining respectively. A statis-
Retroperitoneal Duodenal Rupture: Role of the Plain Abdomendoi:10.3348/jkrs.1918.104.22.168 fatcat:diz4hx6oxbapvat4fmke3f2ezq
Vesicouterine fistula is a rare disease that comprises 1 to 4% of all reported urogenital fistulas. Repeated cesarean section may be related to the formation of vesicouterine fistula. We experienced a case of vesicouterine fistula, and the patient's symptom was gross hematuria during her mensturation period after repeated cesarean section. (Korean J Urol 2008;49: 860-862)doi:10.4111/kju.2008.49.9.860 fatcat:cvdh5hti5nadno4wqchmbaxfne
Laparoscopic approaches are increasingly used in pancreatic surgery. In the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the pancreas, enucleation is one of the recommended surgery. Although many clinical experiences have reported the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic enucleation of functioning NETs, such as insulinomas, few reports have explored such treatment for non-functioning NETs. Here, we present a case of 70-year old female patient who underwent successful laparoscopic enucleation ofdoi:10.3349/ymj.2008.49.5.864 pmid:18972611 pmcid:PMC2615360 fatcat:esph67vaajdnzcfppqyhbfdvxy
more »... nonfunctioning NET located in the body of the pancreas.
etc. 19) Recently, it has been reported that the BF-7, a protein in the natural extract from Bombyx mori, exerted significant neuroprotection, functionally and physiologically. 20) For example, Lee ...doi:10.1248/jhs.51.317 fatcat:otcxxkpnjnfnnbb4kccpbtditi
Vaccination against COVID-19 is an important strategy for its control. Assessing the willingness to accept the COVID-19 vaccine in different subgroups is important for an inclusive vaccination program design. Our aim was to determine the COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rate and associated factors among foreigners in South Korea. An online cross-sectional study was carried out from May to June 2021. In this study, 710 individuals participated and most were aged between 26 and 29 (36.1%) years.doi:10.3390/ijerph182212035 pmid:34831788 pmcid:PMC8619711 fatcat:wbvohs5kuzcyrlx4mvtdapi5nq
more »... l, 70.8% were willing to receive the vaccine. Males were less likely to accept the vaccine than females (OR: 0.5; 95% CI: 0.4–0.7, p < 0.001). Single people were more likely to receive the vaccine than those who were married (OR:1.4; 95% CI: 0.9–2.0, p = 0.04). Other factors associated with willingness to accept COVID-19 vaccine were; vaccine convenience (OR:1.7; 95% CI:1.2–2.3, p = 0.002), doctors' recommendation (OR: 2.8; 95% CI: 2.0–3.9, p< 0.001), vaccine price (OR: 1.7; 95% CI: 1.2–2.3, p = 0.003), vaccine effectiveness (OR: 8.3; 95% CI: 5.8–12.1, p< 0.001), vaccine importance (OR: 7.9; 95% CI: 4.6–14.1, p< 0.001), and vaccine safety (OR: 6.9; 95% CI: 4.5–10.8, p < 0.001). Providing more information on vaccine safety and effectiveness is required to increase vaccine acceptance.
MS Noh, YJ Lee, CS Chu, J Gwack, SK Youn, S Huh 2013 Osong public health res perspect Autochthonous lyme borreliosis in humans and ticks in Korea SJ Moon, J Gwack, KJ Hwang, DH Kwon, SY Kim, ... Jo, J Gwack, SK Youn, JY Jang 2013 Osong public health res perspect Trends in the incidence of scrub typhus: the fastest growing vector-borne disease in Korea MA Jeong, SK Youn, YK Kim, HM Lee ...doi:10.4178/epih.e2017058 pmid:29370686 pmcid:PMC5847970 fatcat:znc5kqxoqnezzosi7e2sevq4om
Lee et al. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis with lung cancer K.J. Lee et al. ...doi:10.1111/j.1759-7714.2011.00107.x pmid:28920300 fatcat:mk4owxwytzcj3hj5hg47gmk4ha
In addition, effluent from aquaculture farms has been recognized as a source of pollution and treating effluent has been raised as an issue (Lee, 2001) . ...doi:10.11628/ksppe.2017.20.6.593 fatcat:5y3gvgiuy5cypoyviqgskdcy7u
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
뇌졸중 장애인의 경제적 스트레스 관련 요인 연구
뇌졸중 장애인의 경제적 스트레스 관련 요인 연구
참고문헌  이동엽, 송창호, "시지각 과제 운동 프로그램이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 자세 균형 및 독립적 보행에 미치는 효과", 특수교육재활과학연구, Vol. 48, pp. 65-84, 이 무 식(Moo-Sik Lee) [정회원] • 1992년 3월 ~ 1994년 2월 : 계 명대학교 의과대학 의학석사 • 1994년 3월 ~ 1999년 2월 : 계 명대학교 ... ) [정회원] • 2003년 2월 : 고려대학교 의용과 학대학원 (이학석사) • 2009년 11월 : 독일체육대학교 재활과 (예방학박사) • 2008년 11월 ~ 현재 : 독일 레 버쿠젠 재활센터 방문 물리치료 사 <관심분야> 스포츠재활, 암재활, 노인건강학 이 동 엽(Dong-Yeop Lee) [정회원] • 2005년 2월 : 건양대학교 보건복 지대학원(보건학 ...doi:10.5762/kais.2010.11.2.765 fatcat:3vqxmdzotrh77g6ua5zenj4rqq
Health Policy and Management
한 대학병원 종사자의 감정노동 수준과 그에 영향을 미치는 요인
한 대학병원 종사자의 감정노동 수준과 그에 영향을 미치는 요인
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of emotional labor and to identify affecting factors on emotional labor among one university hospital employees. Material and Method : This study was based on cross-sectional, selfadministered, and Internet-based survey. The survey was conducted from Mar. 2 to Mar. 28. 2011. Total subjects were 812 employees working in one university hospital. Total response rate was 61.5%. Modified evaluation tool was used, which was originallydoi:10.4332/kjhpa.2012.22.1.129 fatcat:a333fskhlrevbbrpnson5kzbv4
more »... veloped by Morris and Feldman, to measure the level of emotional labor among hospital personnel. In order to identify the affecting factors on high level of emotional labor, we conducted logistic regression. The SPSS statistical software package was used to perform the statistical analysis. All statistical tests were 2-sided and a p-value<0.05 was 130 considered statistically significant. Results : Average score of emotional labor was 3.06. Employees(3.39) who are working at the emergency department and hemodialysis room indicated the highest level of emotional labor, followed by wards(3.14), department of administration(3.14), department of ambulatory cares(3.06). The factors affecting on the high level of emotional labor were the highest level of schooling, types of department, and types of personality(p<0.05). Conclusion : The survey results showed that there was significant level of emotional labors among hospital employees. Therefore, the efforts to reduce the level of emotional labors are needed.
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