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Brain control and information transfer

Edward J. Tehovnik, Lewis L. Chen
2015 Experimental Brain Research  
Acknowledgments This work was funded by CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development of Brazil, No. 300690/2012-6) to EJT and by NIH (EY016710) to LLC.  ...  This is because the vestibular system corrects all the movements of the head via the vestibulo-ocular reflex to thereby stabilize the visual image (Leigh and Zee 2006) .  ...  Volitional control of neural circuits Eberhard Fetz was one of the first investigators to train monkeys to regulate volitionally the activity of neurons in the motor cortex (Fetz 1969) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00221-015-4423-5 pmid:26319545 fatcat:5mjkrqmmzvet5pzmzawdommzqi

A comprehensive gaze stabilization controller based on cerebellar internal models

Lorenzo Vannucci, Egidio Falotico, Silvia Tolu, Vito Cacucciolo, Paolo Dario, Henrik Hautop Lund, Cecilia Laschi
2017 Bioinspiration & Biomimetics  
Two kind of reflexes, which rely on the output of the inertial system and are used to keep the image stable on the retina, exist: the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), which stabilizes the visual axis to  ...  To test this hypothesis, Ito and colleagues (Ito et al. 1977) studied the influence of a stimulation applied to the inferior olivary or to the optic tract to the vestibulo-ocular reflex.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-3190/aa8581 pmid:28795949 fatcat:g5kbd2mwfzey5iaifkkkiy5dbu

Abstracts: XXII Bárány Society Meeting

2002 Journal of Vestibular Research-Equilibrium & Orientation  
When turning a corner there is a low-frequency linear acceleration experienced due to the centripetal acceleration directed towards the center of the turn.  ...  For example, when walking around a 90 deg turn with a radius of 0. 5 m at a moderate adult walking speed (1. 5 m/s) the head experiences a BP8.1  ...  required for adaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR).  ... 
doi:10.3233/ves-2002-113-513 fatcat:hp5dbv6k2rdx3gosfw6zdgzoza

Language, cognition and the cerebellum: Grappling with an enigma

Alan Beaton, Peter Mariën
2010 Cortex  
On the basis of similarity of neural mechanisms used in eye-blink conditioning and learning in relation to the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), both of which are cerebellum-dependent, they suggested that  ...  the cerebellum is a ''neuronal learning machine''.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2010.02.005 pmid:20399422 fatcat:3yaxpxtffbhxla2rrf3c6pqbia

Neural Representations for Sensorimotor Control. III. Learning a Body-Centered Representation of a Three-Dimensional Target Position

Frank H. Guenther, Daniel Bullock, Douglas Greve, Stephen Grossberg
1994 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
A quantitative analysis of the spatial organization of the vestibulo-ocular reflexes in lat- eral- and frontal-eyed animals, I: Orientation of semicircu- lar canals and extraocular muscles.  ...  Next, neck muscles rotate the head (either ran- domly or to point the nose towards the target) while the eyes make a counter rotation, mediated by the vestibulo- ocular reflex (VOR), to ensure continued  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.1994.6.4.341 pmid:23961730 fatcat:ewkmwehf5ngi3je6up6pfsuts4

Sympathetic neural control of integrated cardiovascular function: Insights from measurement of human sympathetic nerve activity

B. Gunnar Wallin, Nisha Charkoudian
2007 Muscle and Nerve  
Measurements of sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle have provided extensive information regarding reflex control of blood pressure and blood flow in conditions ranging from rest to postural changes  ...  Sympathetic neural control of cardiovascular function is essential for normal regulation of blood pressure and tissue perfusion.  ...  This work was supported by FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil).  ... 
doi:10.1002/mus.20831 pmid:17623856 fatcat:ehjpmh4ztvbjfglbal2eo5qiua

9TH SRCA SYMPOSIUM ON THE CEREBELLUM

2018 Cerebellum  
Here we investigated this issue by 3-dimensional ultrastructural analysis to determine synaptic connectivity of multiple-synapse boutons in both mice housed in physically enriched environment and cerebellar  ...  synapse through the simultaneous activation of two adjacent spines.  ...  Proof of this mechanism comes from peculiar eye movements in SPS such as downbeat nystagmus, dysmetria, impaired pursuit/vestibulo-ocular reflex cancellation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12311-018-0953-2 pmid:29922949 fatcat:ouxlrrthvzcxrlm4e43flmysmy

Eye movements: The past 25years

Eileen Kowler
2011 Vision Research  
Collewijn, 1989a; Collewijn, 1989b made analogous arguments with respect to the vestibulo-ocular response. A. Where does that leave saccades?  ...  Many of the perceptual effects of either voluntary attention or perceptual learning result from modulation of the effective feature contrast or signal/noise ratios across the image by means of operations  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.visres.2010.12.014 pmid:21237189 pmcid:PMC3094591 fatcat:6oqfwhoftvhkviky62axm5wzfq

Cerebellar learning using perturbations

Guy Bouvier, Johnatan Aljadeff, Claudia Clopath, Célian Bimbard, Jonas Ranft, Antonin Blot, Jean-Pierre Nadal, Nicolas Brunel, Vincent Hakim, Boris Barbour
2018 eLife  
Finally, we suggest SGDEGE may also operate in the basal ganglia.  ...  The cerebellum aids the learning of fast, coordinated movements. According to current consensus, erroneously active parallel fibre synapses are depressed by complex spikes signalling movement errors.  ...  Such predictable and constrained movements, exemplified by eye movements and simple reflexes, provide some of the best studied models of cerebellar learning: the vestibulo-ocular reflex (Robinson, 1976  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.31599 pmid:30418871 pmcid:PMC6231762 fatcat:qbqiz74dabaizld2hvtct5z7om

Abstracts of the 20th European Conference on Eye Movements, 18-22 August 2019, in Alicante (Spain)

Susana Martinez-Conde, Luis Martinez-Otero, Albert Compte, Rudolf Groner
2019 Journal of Eye Movement Research  
This document contains all abstracts of the 20th European Conference on Eye Movements, August 18-22, 2019, in Alicante, Spain Video stream "Glimpses at 20th ECEM": https://vimeo.com/user43478756.  ...  Both tasks involved three incentive levels indicated by an auditory cue before the start of each saccade.  ...  Reward was calculated as a fraction of the maximum depending on the performance (accuracy and speed).  ... 
doi:10.16910/jemr.12.7.1 pmid:33828763 pmcid:PMC7917478 fatcat:wqzwn552cndsnablyikzx3og5e

Lectures

2008 Acta Neuropsychiatrica  
Nystagmus may be observed as a result from dysfunction of the vestibulo-ocular system (1, 2, 3) .  ...  The repair of perilymphatic fistula, endolymphatic sac operations and labyrinthectomy are neurootological operations. 1.  ...  spinal motorial reflexes, thus normalising muscle tension by reducing nociception-based spinal motor-efferent.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1601-5215.2008.00305.x pmid:26952090 fatcat:k3dmwb3brfc75lomqzjvg4raim

Concept Design and Dynamic Modelling of a Fibre-Based Continuum Robot for Early Cancer Detection Using DT-TMM [chapter]

Mathias Bærenholdt, Lidai Wang, Xuping Zhang
2018 Mechanisms and Machine Science  
MESROB 2018 has been held at the School of Engineering of the University of Cassino and South Latium in Cassino, Italy.  ...  The aging of population and shortage of resources is increasing the demand of novel robotic solutions and devices, as for example in assistance in medical treatments and rehabilitation.  ...  robotics for healthy ageing" co-financed by the European Regional De-velopment Fund through the Competitiveness Operational Programme 2014-2020, Priority Axis 1, Action 1.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-00329-6_21 fatcat:aln3r456enc3xoac4za6mz7x5i

44th Annual Congress of the Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation

2009 Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences  
Smooth pursuit gain was subnormal in eight, saccadic accuracy abnormal in four, and vestibulo-ocular reflex gain abnormal in three patients. None had fixation instability.  ...  characterized by difficulty in initiating horizontal volitional saccades.  ...  Statistical hypothesis tests are not appropriate, being designed to operate on balanced groups of data.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0317167100008799 fatcat:p5tedzaxbnczpbm5fashrtpxyi

Abstracts of the 13th European Conference on Eye Movements 2005 [article]

Müri, R.; University Of Bern, Raess, Simon; University Of Bern, Suri, P.; University Of Bern, Koga, Kazuo; Nagoya University, Groner, Marina; University Of Bern, Groner, Rudolf; University Of Bern
2005
In many sessions of ECEM13 the influence of their work will prevail.  ...  We dedicate this book to the memory of two important men in eye movement research: Dieter Heller as one of the founders of the ECEM group, and Lawrence W.  ...  PC-199 Monday 18:20 Do predictive mechanisms improve angular vestibulo-ocular reflex in vestibular neuritis?  ... 
doi:10.16910/jemr.1.4.1 fatcat:upverk5hvbdgvnqenr4n5pjuxi

Recovery of stereopsis in human adults with strabismus through perceptual learning

J. Ding, D. Levi
2010 Journal of Vision  
We measured the perceptual magnitude of roll induced by galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) and measured the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR).  ...  Although highly flexible, consuming little energy and involving in large palette of cognitive processes, the oculomotor system is hardly driven by pure volitional control in everyday life, as experimental  ...  Intersubject correlation analysis of the fMRI data (Hasson et al, 2004) revealed cortical areas that were modulated by watching the dance.  ... 
doi:10.1167/10.7.1124 fatcat:w3a4vu2hybhcvjwfqrryzzilbi
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