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Robotic aid in crowd evacuation simulation

Ibraheem Sakour, Huosheng Hu
2015 2015 7th Computer Science and Electronic Engineering Conference (CEEC)  
Evacuating a building in case of emergency can lead to confusion, which in turn can cause a greater risk than the cause of the evacuation.  ...  Existing work on crowd simulation is analysed. Finally, simulators that can support robot models as aid for disaster evacuation and search and rescue missions are discussed.  ...  It can be tuned to simulate different types of crowds, ranging from extreme panic situations (fire evacuation) to high-density crowds under calm conditions (leaving a cinema after a movie).  ... 
doi:10.1109/ceec.2015.7332724 fatcat:xikbddtedvfgnh3sngdzgvsfbi

An Analysis of a Modified Social Force Model in Crowd Emergency Evacuation Simulation

Hamizan Sharbini, Roselina Sallehuddin, Habibollah Haron
2019 Applications of Modelling and Simulation  
In crowd evacuation simulation, a number of exit point and obstacles play an important role that can influence the result in the evacuation simulation.  ...  This paper focuses on the movement of the crowd's emergency evacuation based on a modified social force model (SFM) via optimising the obstacles interaction parameter in one the SFM component.  ...  The SFM is applied in order to analyse the crowd movement in a panic crowd situation.  ... 
doaj:ad0eef4e7aab49fa9f829c5b3cef8ecc fatcat:xdtwuo3sdvakbgo6gkudabebua

'Rationality' in Collective Escape Behaviour: Identifying Reference Points of Measurement at Micro and Macro Levels

Milad Haghani, Majid Sarvi
2019 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
Evacuation behaviour of human crowds is often characterised by the notion of 'irrational behaviour'.  ...  These results highlight the importance of guiding evacuation decisions particularly in heavily crowded spaces.  ...  Therefore, they create evacuation scenarios in the same geometric layout and under three different levels of crowding.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/2380348 fatcat:ugnepvpcnfhoxbofbga2j3xy4a

A Critical Analysis of Behavioural Crowd Dynamics—From a Modelling Strategy to Kinetic Theory Methods

Ahmed Elaiw, Yusuf Al-Turki, Mohamed Alghamdi
2019 Symmetry  
This paper proposes a critical analysis of the literature addressed to modelling and simulations of human crowds with the aim of selecting the most appropriate scale out of the microscopic (individual  ...  In particular, model validation and safety problems, where validation consists of studying the ability of models to depict empirical data and observed emerging behaviors.  ...  More complex appears to be the problem of modelling irrational behaviors in panic situations.  ... 
doi:10.3390/sym11070851 fatcat:r7ehv6ncjvdvnbb5zdk427bgna

A State-of-the-Art Review on Empirical Data Collection for External Governed Pedestrians Complex Movement

Xiaomeng Shi, Zhirui Ye, Nirajan Shiwakoti, Offer Grembek
2018 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
Although there are several reviews of mathematical simulation models for pedestrian traffic in the existing literature, a detailed review examining the challenges and opportunities on empirical studies  ...  The overall aim of this study is to present a systematic review on the empirical data collection for uni- and multidirectional crowd complex movements.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is sponsored by National Science Foundation of China (no. 71701108) and National Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (no. LQ17E080007).  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/1063043 fatcat:yj455wxz3jblbfifvth6xiddvu

Modeling, Evaluation, and Scale on Artificial Pedestrians

Francisco Martinez-Gil, Miguel Lozano, Ignacio García-Fernández, Fernando Fernández
2017 ACM Computing Surveys  
operational level in each pedestrian model.  ...  The backbone of the paper is the classification of existing pedestrian models; we have organised the works in the literature under five categories, according to the techniques used for implementing the  ...  This work has been supported by grant TIN2015-65686-C5-1-R of Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3117808 fatcat:ztlc3tejdrgfnjtelv3r52354i

Revisiting crowd behaviour analysis through deep learning: Taxonomy, anomaly detection, crowd emotions, datasets, opportunities and prospects

Francisco Luque Sánchez, Isabelle Hupont, Siham Tabik, Francisco Herrera
2020 Information Fusion  
Models that employ Deep Learning to solve crowd anomaly detection, one of the proposed stages, are reviewed in depth, and the few works that address emotional aspects of crowds are outlined.  ...  The importance of bringing emotional aspects into the study of crowd behaviour is remarked, together with the necessity of producing real-world, challenging datasets in order to improve the current solutions  ...  The rest of the paper will provide a comprehensive review on these two under-explored aspects of crowd behaviour analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.inffus.2020.07.008 pmid:32834797 pmcid:PMC7387290 fatcat:jrah4cbhs5ehtl2lylsmpzdbgm

Pedestrian, Crowd, and Evacuation Dynamics [article]

Dirk Helbing, Anders Johansson
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Moreover, this article focusses on the dynamics of crowds in panic or evacuation situations, methods to optimize building designs for egress, and factors potentially causing the breakdown of orderly motion  ...  This contribution describes efforts to model the behavior of individual pedestrians and their interactions in crowds, which generate certain kinds of self-organized patterns of motion.  ...  Research and Technology under grant No.  ... 
arXiv:1309.1609v1 fatcat:5zq4qhu6drhdppw2rkpvz42ntu

Enhancing Crowd Evacuation and Traffic Management Through AmI Technologies: A Review of the Literature [chapter]

Eve Mitleton-Kelly, Ivan Deschenaux, Christian Maag, Matthew Fullerton, Nihan Celikkaya
2013 Understanding Complex Systems  
This document is a review of the burgeoning literature on the utilisation of AmI (Ambient Intelligence) technology in two contexts: providing support and enhancing crowd evacuation during emergencies and  ...  Indeed, this terminological issue is important: there are forms of research which operate under assumptions similar to those of AmI, yet do not use E. Mitleton-Kelly (*) • I. Deschenaux  ...  One of the methodologies that have been used in order to efficiently model crowd behaviour in AmI environments is to collect data on agents' behaviour at a microscopic level, in targeted environments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-36614-7_2 fatcat:i3khxet57rgixhr2gt7aso4pny

Complexity analysis and mathematical tools towards the modelling of living systems☆

N. Bellomo, C. Bianca, M. Delitala
2009 Physics of Life Reviews  
In some cases, the behaviour evolves in time and generates destructive and/or proliferative events.  ...  , crowds and swarms.  ...  at the microscopic level [2, 14, 15, 56, 64, 67, 69] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.plrev.2009.06.002 pmid:20416852 fatcat:sxekg3s435gdlhs54467xc5wta

Non classical solution of a conservation law arising in vehicular traffic modelling

Mathieu Fabre, Sylvain Faure, Mathieu Laurière, Bertrand Maury, Charlotte Perrin, Emmanuel Frénod, Emmanuel Maitre, Antoine Rousseau, Stéphanie Salmon, Marcela Szopos
2016 ESAIM Proceedings and Surveys  
We are interested in this paper in the modelling and numerical simulation of some phenomena that are observed in the context of car dynamics, in particular the appearance of persistent jams upstream critical  ...  The approach we propose consists in accounting for the very behaviour of agents in the neighbourhood of the discontinuity, and makes it possible to numerically recover in a robust way steady traffic jams  ...  to describe panic phenomena in a crowd (see [7] ).  ... 
doi:10.1051/proc/201655131 fatcat:kxgtdwnjvjcnllvifafrlhmvfq

A cellular automata model for circular movements of pedestrians during Tawaf

Siamak Sarmady, Fazilah Haron, Abdullah Zawawi Talib
2011 Simulation modelling practice and theory  
The simulation of actions and movements of individual pedestrians gives us insight into the emergent behaviours of the crowd.  ...  In the court area, pilgrims perform one of the most important rituals of Hajj, called Tawaf, which consists of seven laps of circular movement around the Kaabah, which is situated in the centre of the  ...  Acknowledgement This research was partially supported by the USM-FRGS grant title ''Computational Models for Human Movement and Behaviour: A case study of the Tawaf area'' and USM PhD Fellowship.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.simpat.2010.12.004 fatcat:aqmaipjvxffqxf7ltw2gvkmfvq

Pedestrian Models Based on Rational Behaviour [chapter]

Rafael Bailo, José A. Carrillo, Pierre Degond
2018 Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology  
We will discuss the validity of this game theoretical based model in regimes with varying degrees of congestion, ultimately presenting a correction to the mechanistic model in order to achieve realistic  ...  Many of the classical schemes have failed to capture the fine detail of crowd dynamics, and it is unlikely that a purely mechanical model will succeed.  ...  Section 5 presents the outlook of this work. 2 A Model with Rational Behaviour The pedestrian model of [20, 58] simulates the rational decision-making involved in the steering behaviour of agents.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-05129-7_9 fatcat:7y6chcxaqfeh5dcev6vsuaah6i

A flexible model for real-time crowd simulation

Jurgen Rossmann, Nico Hempe, Philipp Tietjen
2009 2009 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics  
This paper will introduce the generic concept of a multi-agent based crowd simulation prototype. The prototype consists of many distinct components that contribute to the system as a whole.  ...  The simulation is implemented in our 3D simulation system VEROSIM, which also handles 3D graphics to visualize the results in real-time.  ...  High-Density Autonomous Crowds (HiDAC) can be used to simulate different types of crowds, ranging from extreme panic situations (escaping fire) to high-density crowds under normal conditions (leaving a  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsmc.2009.5346308 dblp:conf/smc/HempeTR09 fatcat:5mcpkiu2ljehvoptis3ryatdja

Modelling and Analysis on Emergency Evacuation from Metro Stations

Shaokuan Chen, Yue Di, Shuang Liu, Baoshan Wang
2017 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
The M/G/c/c model and multiagent-based simulation approach are also used to identify the bottleneck of evacuation in metro stations.  ...  Four calculation methodologies including the China CDM, NFPA 130, control volume, and M/G/c/c models and a multiagent-based simulation approach are employed to calculate the evacuation time under a given  ...  National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 71571015) for their financial support.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2017/2623684 fatcat:vg4g44oh2nbyfnqfham5yzs5qi
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