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Models of Interaction as a Grounding for Peer to Peer Knowledge Sharing [chapter]

David Robertson, Adam Barker, Paolo Besana, Alan Bundy, Yun Heh Chen-Burger, David Dupplaw, Fausto Giunchiglia, Frank van Harmelen, Fadzil Hassan, Spyros Kotoulas, David Lambert, Guo Li (+7 others)
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
By shifting the emphasis to interaction (the details of which may be hidden from users) we can obtain knowledge sharing of sufficient quality for sustainable communities of practice without the barrier  ...  Our method is based on interaction models that are mobile in the sense that they may be transferred to other components, this being a mechanism for service composition and for coalition formation.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the UK EPSRC Advanced Knowledge Technologies Interdisciplinary Research Collaboration (GR/N15754/01) and by the EU OpenKnowledge project (FP6-027253).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-89784-2_4 fatcat:4e4rqonb7ffgxmmfukca5ijtve

Preschoolers use common ground in their justificatory reasoning with peers

Bahar Köymen, Maria Mammen, Michael Tomasello
2016 Developmental Psychology  
Thus, preschoolers begin to use common ground flexibly in their justifications and reason-giving in peer interactions.  ...  Pairs of 3-and 5-year-olds (N ϭ 146) were introduced to a novel animal with unique characteristics (e.g., eating rocks).  ...  This article is intended solely for the personal use of the individual user and is not to be disseminated broadly. peer shared their knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1037/dev0000089 pmid:26689754 fatcat:nvrvras6rnhu3n4ievbob3tbpi

Open Knowledge [chapter]

Dave Robertson, Fausto Giunchiglia, Frank van Harmelen, Maurizio Marchese, Marta Sabou, Marco Schorlemmer, Nigel Shadbolt, Ronnie Siebes, Carles Sierra, Chris Walton, Srinandan Dasmahapatra, Dave Dupplaw (+5 others)
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
By making interaction specifications the currency of knowledge sharing we gain a context to interpreting knowledge that can be transmitted between peers, in a manner analogous to the use of electronic  ...  The narrower notion of semantic commitment we thus obtain requires peers only to commit to meanings of terms for the purposes and duration of the interactions in which they appear.  ...  A Minimal, Most General Interaction Model We have used the interaction model of Figure 2 as an illustrative example of the various reasoning components needed for peer-to-peer discovery, sharing and  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-85058-8_1 fatcat:h3iyrdhk5rabxmlou2yocrazui

Social interaction and conceptual change pave the way away from children's misconceptions about the Earth

Diego Pablo de la Hera, Mariano Sigman, Cecilia Ines Calero
2019 npj Science of Learning  
The main objective of this work is to understand whether social interaction and exchange of arguments and reasoning may be a catalyzer for conceptual development.  ...  These results provide empirical evidence and suggest specific ways in which peer interaction can be used effectively to promote conceptual change in school settings, in a knowledge domain at the center  ...  ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Supplementary information accompanies the paper on the npj Science of Learning website (  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41539-019-0051-3 pmid:31482009 pmcid:PMC6713729 fatcat:3uelxdv3hbcsdotwhqdhypgbhq

Promoting technology integration through collaborative apprenticeship

Evan Glazer, Michael J. Hannafin, Liyan Song
2005 Educational technology research and development  
Technology is progressively infused as peer-teachers learn to design technology-rich lessons from their technology-savvy peers through modeling, collaboration, and coaching.  ...  Collaborative Apprenticeship, a professional development model featuring reciprocal interactions, is one such approach to promoting technology integration.  ...  Hannafin is the director of the Learning and Performance Support Laboratory at the University of Georgia.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02504685 fatcat:vvlmryvhxbeqfnggbtlufv7dni

Fostering Quality and Flow of Online Learning Conversations by Artifact-Centered Discourse Systems

Evren Eryilmaz, Terry Ryan, Jakko Pol, Sumonta Kasemvilas, Justin Mary
2013 Journal of the AIS  
Drawing on the concept of common ground from Clark's communication theory, we propose a model to investigate the varying quality and flow of online learning conversations.  ...  A total of 30 discussion transcripts, 10 for each group, formed the basis of the data analyses.  ...  As a trainer, Jakko has provided a wide range of training for academic teachers on the subjects of basic didactics, (online) assessment, active and interactive learning and teaching and on successfully  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00321 fatcat:6btoqpvsxzgwjlupg7s2qnycdi

Peer to Peer Interaction Promotes Implementation of the Three Rs and Harmonization of Animal Care and Use Programs

Kathryn Bayne
2010 Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation  
A key approach to harmonizing animal care and use standards throughout the world is through the application of knowledge gained from peers.  ...  A peer can be defined as one that is of equal standing with another, especially one belonging to the same societal group (Merriam-Webster dictionary) or, more specific to this discussion, a colleague who  ...  For example, the International Atomic Energy Agency states that "peer-to-peer interaction facilitates sharing knowledge and experience while also improving cooperation, fostering an integrated and harmonized  ... 
doi:10.11232/aatex.15.1 fatcat:entbdpwyd5dqlpla7ytmxqsqnm

Service-Oriented Semantic Peer-to-Peer Systems [chapter]

Peter Haase, Sudhir Agarwal, York Sure
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We argue, that for knowledge sharing systems, we need an effective combination of the capabilities of the peers both in terms of the services as well as the content they provide.  ...  We show instantiations for various kinds of bibliographic services that are realized in the Bibster system, a semantics-based Peer-to-Peer system for sharing bibliographic metadata.  ...  Introduction Technology for knowledge sharing nowadays benefits from a number of recent research topics such as Semantic Web, Web Services and Peer-To-Peer.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30481-4_5 fatcat:zts3iqoeebhgtdmoc62fk3pfoe

The symmetry of partner modelling

Pierre Dillenbourg, Séverin Lemaignan, Mirweis Sangin, Nicolas Nova, Gaëlle Molinari
2016 International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning  
We also thank Kshitij Sharma and Lukasz Kidziński for their help with data analysis. The main funding has been provided from a NSF Grant grant #102511-106940.  ...  Acknowledgements The experiments were developed with the help of Mirweis Sangin, René Glaus, Patrick Jermann, Fabien Girardin, Marc-Antoine Nüssli, Thomas Werhle, Yvan Bourquin and Jeremy Goslin.  ...  as a kind of prosthesis for partner modelling.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11412-016-9235-5 fatcat:z6olxazuofb3rbyebpr5lrtgle

Towards Decentralised Clinical Decision Support Systems [chapter]

Paolo Besana, Adam Barker
2010 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
The OpenKnowledge 1 project has allowed us to develop a distributed, open, peer-to-peer framework, focussed on shared interaction models that are executed by peers.  ...  Centralisation of knowledge is becoming less practical as the volume and complexity of data increases.  ...  [10] introduces a set of extensions for BPMN which facilitate an interaction modelling approach as opposed to modelling interconnected interface behaviour models.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16095-0_3 fatcat:wuzdldahdvha3ljd6zckzw33ia

Co-constructivism in Educational Theory and Practice [chapter]

Kurt Reusser, Christine Pauli
2015 International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences  
The basis of personal development, therefore, is not isolated construction of knowledge, but rather its coconstruction in a socially shared, cultural space.  ...  People should not be considered as solo learners, but as interacting with each other and as being shaped through collaboration and discourse.  ...  with respect to shared knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-097086-8.92026-9 fatcat:4clyervfszesvetfwanwndg5z4

Sharing Choreographies in OpenKnowledge: A Novel Approach to Interoperability

Paolo Besana, Vivek Patkar, Adam Barker, David Robertson, David Glasspool
2009 Journal of Software  
They have to be adapted to the realities of different clinics and hospitals, to advances in knowledge, and to the changing of available resources within an institution.  ...  As computer systems grow in size and complexity, their integration, while a necessity, becomes more difficult.  ...  The OpenKnowledge 1 project has allowed us to develop a fully distributed, open, peer-to-peer framework, focussed on shared interaction models that are executed by peers.  ... 
doi:10.4304/jsw.4.8.833-842 fatcat:c2d26gh2pbbkdadl4ckrpjfraa

A social network perspective on peer supported learning in MOOCs for educators

Shaun Kellogg, Sherry Booth, Kevin Oliver
2014 International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning  
Findings from this study demonstrate that even with technology as basic as a discussion forum, MOOCs can be leveraged to foster these networks and facilitate peer-supported learning.  ...  Although this study was limited to two unique cases along the wide spectrum of MOOCs, the methods applied provide other researchers with an approach for better understanding the dynamic process of peer  ...  likely to interact based on a shared "domain of practice", and that less experienced educators might seek out more experienced peers for support.  ... 
doi:10.19173/irrodl.v15i5.1852 fatcat:fyfn7ugnhng5rmvtnxwbcch7zy

Designing Sentence Templates in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

Hyejeong Lee, Dongsik Kim
2013 International Journal of Information and Education Technology  
and to enhance the quality of argument, therefore reaching a fruitful shared understanding.  ...  Thus, based on Toulmin's argument model, we extend the sentence openers and propose sentence template which is combination of sentence opener and writing template to foster learners' argumentative knowledge  ...  CSCL could be seen as a meaningful learning environment in that the environment affords learners to interact, share and negotiate their ideas and construct the higher level of joint knowledge [1] .  ... 
doi:10.7763/ijiet.2013.v3.268 fatcat:577b7352dzdatf2bxpxju2uhxy

Managing Peer-to-Peer Cooperation Using Knowledge-Based Trust and Encouraging the Willingness to Share Tacit Knowledge

LaJuan Perronoski Fuller
2021 Open Journal of Business and Management  
The aim of this research is to understand the role of peer-to-peer cooperation on willingness to share tacit knowledge (WSTK).  ...  Despite leaders' investment in knowledge management practices, 76% of U.S. employees are hesitant to share tacit knowledge with co-workers.  ...  Willingness to share knowledge is defined as a partner's readiness to share learned information verbally.  ... 
doi:10.4236/ojbm.2021.93067 fatcat:hisn2zsuzbavfg7ihc7yd5uk5u
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