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Differential vergence movements in reading Chinese and English: Greater fixation-initial binocular disparity is advantageous in reading the denser orthography

Yi-ting Hsiao, Richard Shillcock, Mateo Obregón, Hamutal Kreiner, Matthew AJ Roberts, Scott McDonald
2018 Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology  
We report differential exovergence in reading Chinese and English: Chinese readers begin fixations with more binocular disparity, but end fixations with a disparity closely similar to that of the English  ...  We conclude that greater fixation-initial binocular fixation disparity can be adaptive in the reading of visually and cognitively denser text.  ...  These data address binocular movement within a fixation, for a large, representative corpus of reading-for-meaning behaviours with multiline text in relatively typical reading conditions (normal room lighting  ... 
doi:10.1080/17470218.2017.1350866 pmid:28695758 fatcat:n67micvxh5dtpiw7veh3jzp6eq

Small temporal asynchronies between the two eyes in binocular reading: Crosslinguistic data and the implications for ocular prevalence

Ruomeng Zhu, Mateo Obregón, Hamutal Kreiner, Richard Shillcock
2021 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
AbstractWe investigated small temporal nonalignments between the two eyes' fixations in the reading of English and Chinese.  ...  We interpret them in terms of their implications for ocular prevalence—prioritizing the input from one eye over the input from the other eye in higher perception/cognition, even when binocular fusion has  ...  The original data collection was funded in part by ESRC (UK) Grants R39195 and R39942.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13414-021-02286-1 pmid:34046855 pmcid:PMC8460579 fatcat:viuzvegcovcehmdw64h6gihycu

Distraction by deviant sounds during reading: An eye-movement study

Martin R Vasilev, Fabrice BR Parmentier, Bernhard Angele, Julie A Kirkby
2019 Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology  
Acknowledgements Fabrice Parmentier is also an Adjunct Senior Lecturer at the University of Western Australia and a Visiting Professor at Bournemouth University.  ...  Participants rested their chin on a headrest to minimise head-movement artefacts. Viewing was binocular, but only the right eye was recorded.  ...  To do so, we developed a new method to measure the effect of deviant sounds on eye movements during reading.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1747021818820816 pmid:30518304 fatcat:ewllqcvpirg3fpkokftop5gaw4

The potential contribution of preplanned refixations to the preferred viewing location

Scott A. McDonald, Richard C. Shillcock
2004 Perception & Psychophysics  
We used a corpus of eye movement data to show that the probability of refixation is strongly correlated with the estimated perceptibility of the target word from the current fixation location, and that  ...  On the basis of recent evidence for the preplanning of refixation saccades in reading-like tasks (e.g., Beauvillain, Vergilino, & Dukic, 2000) , we proposed that for a proportion of words refixated during  ...  ANALYSIS OF AN EYE MOVEMENT CORPUS Method Our analyses employed the EMBRA (Eye Movement Behaviour during the Reading of newspaper Articles) corpus of eye movement data collected in our laboratory.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03194993 pmid:15675649 fatcat:slezdbx5yvfpxngg4yyv6qxbfm

Abstracts of the 20th European Conference on Eye Movements, 18-22 August 2019, in Alicante (Spain)

Susana Martinez-Conde, Luis Martinez-Otero, Albert Compte, Rudolf Groner
2019 Journal of Eye Movement Research  
This document contains all abstracts of the 20th European Conference on Eye Movements, August 18-22, 2019, in Alicante, Spain Video stream "Glimpses at 20th ECEM":  ...  Reward was calculated as a fraction of the maximum depending on the performance (accuracy and speed).  ...  Both tasks involved three incentive levels indicated by an auditory cue before the start of each saccade.  ... 
doi:10.16910/jemr.12.7.1 pmid:33828763 pmcid:PMC7917478 fatcat:wqzwn552cndsnablyikzx3og5e

166 Attentional capture and oculomotor control

Arthur F. Kramer, Sowon Hahn, David E. Irwin, Jan Theeuwes
1998 International Journal of Psychophysiology  
role of magnocells in programming eye movements is still largely unknown.  ...  The data supported the hypothesis that VIPs use space scaling behaviour to attain a fixed value for the PRCS for reading large printed text.  ...  81b Actis-Grosso R 72a Adamson S E 91c Adelson E H 46b Agostini T 37b Ahissar M 31a, 36c, 47b, 110b Akamatsu S 95a Ala-Laurila P 108a Albert R 108a Alexeenko S V 32b, 107b Allik J 12c, 28a Allnutt R A  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-8760(98)90166-0 fatcat:7o5vmrk5zvbizd23bmpcbkrs7q

Psychoanatomical substrates of Balint's syndrome

M Rizzo
2002 Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry  
object structure and depth from binocular stereopsis, kinetic depth, motion parallax, eye movement signals, and other cues.  ...  In the case of Bálint's syndrome, the visual world is perceived erratically, as a series of single objects.  ...  The cerebellum plays a role in integration of head movement, eye movement, vestibular and visual information, in the corticopontocerebellar system for slow eye movement control; and, possibly, in depth  ... 
doi:10.1136/jnnp.72.2.162 pmid:11796765 pmcid:PMC1737727 fatcat:j6qg55putng5bhbmmu3s4jyxde

No prediction error cost in reading: Evidence from eye movements

Steven Frisson, David R. Harvey, Adrian Staub
2017 Journal of Memory and Language  
Word count main text: 7,464 2 Abstract Two eye movement while reading experiments address the issue of how reading of an unpredictable word is influenced by the presence of a more predictable alternative  ...  In fact, an unpredictable word that was semantically related to the predictable alternative demonstrated facilitation in the constraining context, in relatively late eye movement measures.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Denis Drieghe for his help with stimuli creation and analyses, and Bernhard Angele and Andrew Olson for their help with the data analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2017.04.007 fatcat:ga7gffddejgyfpncxnxmtdpnwu

Crowding is similar for eye movements and manual responses

F. Yildirim, F. W. Cornelissen
2014 Journal of Vision  
Movements of Dry Eye (DE) Patients During Reading.  ...  Examining the role of eye movements in the size-speed illusion.  ... 
doi:10.1167/14.10.789 fatcat:uxwzbzfhbjc3ddyfhbs2ilr4qe

A pretectal command system controls hunting behaviour [article]

Paride Antinucci, Mónica Folgueira, Isaac H. Bianco
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
In sum, we define a specific population of pretectal neurons that functions as a command system to drive predatory behaviour.  ...  Optogenetic stimulation of single neurons of either class was able to induce sustained hunting sequences, in the absence of prey.  ...  Acknowledgements 472 The authors thank members of the Bianco lab, David Attwell, Tiago Branco, Tara Keck and 473 Steve Wilson for helpful discussions and critical feedback on the manuscript and UCL Fish  ... 
doi:10.1101/637215 fatcat:xghnzqufkrcmfkvriujjdlusp4

Pretectal neurons control hunting behaviour

Paride Antinucci, Mónica Folgueira, Isaac H Bianco
2019 eLife  
Optogenetic stimulation of single neurons of either class was able to induce sustained hunting sequences, in the absence of prey.  ...  We propose that this specific population of pretectal neurons functions as a command system to induce predatory behaviour.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank members of the Bianco lab, David Attwell, Tiago Branco, Tara Keck and Steve Wilson for helpful discussions and critical feedback on the manuscript and UCL Fish Facility  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.48114 pmid:31591961 pmcid:PMC6783268 fatcat:rkiixy72cjgy5pqtt5kdsip63m

Visual Binding of English and Chinese Word Parts is Limited to Low Temporal Frequencies

Alex O Holcombe, Jeff Judson
2007 Perception  
These stimuli restrict the time scale of the rod identities because the two sets of alternating words form the same image at high alternation frequencies.  ...  A similar result was obtained in an analogous experiment with Chinese participants viewing alternating Chinese characters.  ...  We thank Liqiang Huang for assistance with the Chinese aspects of the study, including his work to identify Chinese character pairs that could be used in our paradigm.  ... 
doi:10.1068/p5582 pmid:17357705 fatcat:yjdspthc6rac3mcdr2pflfexdm

Predictive coding as a model of cognition

M. W. Spratling
2016 Cognitive Processing  
The particular implementation of predictive coding used here (PC/BC-DIM) has previously been used to simulate low-level perceptual behaviour and the neural mechanisms that underlie them.  ...  Previous work has shown that predictive coding can provide a detailed explanation of a very wide range of low-level perceptual processes.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to the organisers of, and the participants at, the Lorentz Centre Workshop on Perspectives on Human Probabilistic Inference (May 2014) for discussions that inspired this work.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10339-016-0765-6 pmid:27118562 fatcat:mkpy6qd4n5hubjfgu72h4msere

Reading is disrupted by intelligible background speech: Evidence from eye-tracking

Martin R. Vasilev, Simon P. Liversedge, Daniel Rowan, Julie A. Kirkby, Bernhard Angele
2019 Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance  
Additionally, it is not clear how eye movements support text comprehension in the face of distraction by background speech and noise.  ...  These findings suggest that the semantic properties of irrelevant speech can disrupt the ongoing reading process, but that this disruption occurs in the postlexical stages of reading when participants  ...  The data files, R scripts, and reading stimuli used in the present research (Vasilev, Liversedge, Rowan, Kirkby, & Angele, 2019) are openly available at:  ... 
doi:10.1037/xhp0000680 pmid:31436455 fatcat:lzlrfpduczaqxibpzhelcigyge

Using magnetic resonance imaging to assess visual deficits: a review

Holly D. H. Brown, Rachel L. Woodall, Rebecca E. Kitching, Heidi A. Baseler, Antony B. Morland
2016 Ophthalmic & physiological optics  
Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest and have no proprietary interest in any of the materials mentioned in this article.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge with thanks Fight for Sight project grant (1523/1524), the Wellcome Trust for its Institutional Strategic Support Fund, awarded to the University of York, and the  ...  In contrast to controls however a large representation of the ipsilateral visual field is seen when the temporal retina of the right eye is stimulated.  ... 
doi:10.1111/opo.12293 pmid:27112223 pmcid:PMC4855621 fatcat:bcmlrz72ljdtvh7m2whuanjsr4
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