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Modelling the Semantics of Adjectives in the Ontology-Lexicon Interface

John P. McCrae, Francesca Quattri, Christina Unger, Philipp Cimiano
2014 Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of the Lexicon (CogALex)  
We consider how we can extend the ontology-lexicon interface as realized by extant models such as lemon in the face of the issues mentioned above, in particular those arising in the context of modelling  ...  We consider this problem in the context of the so called ontology-lexicon interface, which attempts to capture the semantics of words by reference to an ontology in description logics or some other, typically  ...  Conclusion In this paper we have proposed an approach to model the semantics of adjectives in the context of the lexicon-ontology interface with a focus on the ontology-lexicon model lemon.  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/w14-4724 dblp:conf/cogalex/McCraeQUC14 fatcat:io3e45qmtrhutopf2b5iekmhzu

Design Patterns for Engineering the Ontology-Lexicon Interface [chapter]

John P. McCrae, Christina Unger
2014 Towards the Multilingual Semantic Web  
We combine both to develop the first set of design patterns for ontology-lexica, using the ontology-lexicon model, lemon.  ...  We show how these patterns can be used to model nouns, verbs and adjectives and what implications these patterns impose on both the lexicon and the ontology.  ...  As such, we describe different forms of modelling in the ontology-lexicon interface, rather than philosophical distinctions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-43585-4_2 fatcat:bzunnbwxtncjxn2t2jvqqnqbci

Lexical Meaning Formal Representations Enhancing Lexicons and Associated Ontologies

Maria Gritz
2018 International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence  
The technique is integrated within the Ontolex-Lemon lexicon model by supplying a lexical concept of an ontology class with a description logic based formal definition.  ...  The paper represents an outline of a new technique aimed at improvement of lexicon-to-ontology mapping technology.  ...  The rest of the paper is organized as follows: in sections 2 and 3 we discuss lexical analysis implementation in operation of natural language interfaces to ontologies and lexicon models applied during  ... 
dblp:conf/aiia/Gritz18 fatcat:tygugx5rqrexfbwfyyygktvoxm

LexInfo: A declarative model for the lexicon-ontology interface

P. Cimiano, P. Buitelaar, J. McCrae, M. Sintek
2011 Journal of Web Semantics  
In this paper we thus present a model for linguistic grounding of ontologies called LexInfo.  ...  We also further discuss the implementation of the LexInfo API, different tools that support the creation of LexInfo lexicons as well as some preliminary applications.  ...  The specific choice of semantic representation is certainly left to the designers of the ontology and/or lexicon. • class adjective: A class adjective is associated to a class in the ontology.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.websem.2010.11.001 fatcat:p6bqouas45ah3lbarq3uinu7ti

LexInfo: A Declarative Model for the Lexicon-Ontology Interface

Philipp Cimiano, Paul Buitelaar, John McCrae, Michael Sintek
2011 Social Science Research Network  
In this paper we thus present a model for linguistic grounding of ontologies called LexInfo.  ...  We also further discuss the implementation of the LexInfo API, different tools that support the creation of LexInfo lexicons as well as some preliminary applications.  ...  The specific choice of semantic representation is certainly left to the designers of the ontology and/or lexicon. • class adjective: A class adjective is associated to a class in the ontology.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3199505 fatcat:2t4ahkhj7rbb3ci6bb4szlwu24

Generating LTAG grammars from a lexicon/ontology interface

Christina Unger, Felix Hieber, Philipp Cimiano
2010 International Workshop on Tree Adjoining Grammars and Related Formalisms  
This paper shows how domain-specific grammars can be automatically generated from a declarative model of the lexicon-ontology interface and how those grammars can be used for question answering.  ...  The main characteristic of the generated elementary trees is that they constitute domains of locality that span lexicalizations of ontological concepts rather than being based on requirements of single  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the reviewers for their helpful comments and John McCrae for all LexInforelated work and discussions.  ... 
dblp:conf/tag/UngerHC10 fatcat:ttxrs7g52rde7i3ka7gpjlpf7y

Porting natural language interfaces between domains

Philipp Cimiano, Peter Haase, Jörg Heizmann
2007 Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces - IUI '07  
Our model is iterative in the sense that the adaption of the NLI is performed in several cycles on the basis of the questions which the NLI failed to answer, thus iteratively increasing the coverage of  ...  We provide experimental evidence in form of a user study as well as a case study involving a real-world application corroborating that our model is indeed a feasible way of customizing the interface to  ...  Acknowledgments This research has been supported by the following projects: the BMBF project SmartWeb, financed by the German Ministry of Education and Research as well as the projects Dot.Kom, SEKT and  ... 
doi:10.1145/1216295.1216330 dblp:conf/iui/CimianoHH07 fatcat:wej2eepg35gcxcuqknlstskkra

Towards portable natural language interfaces to knowledge bases – The case of the ORAKEL system

Philipp Cimiano, Peter Haase, Jörg Heizmann, Matthias Mantel, Rudi Studer
2008 Data & Knowledge Engineering  
The customization of a natural language interface to a certain application, domain or knowledge base still represents a major effort for end users given the current state-of-the-art.  ...  In particular, we present ORAKEL's adaptation model which allows users which are not familiar with methods from natural language processing (NLP) or formal linguistics to port a natural language interface  ...  Acknowledgements This research has been supported by the following projects: the BMBF project SmartWeb, 19 financed by the German Ministry of Education and Research as well as the EU projects Dot.Kom  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.datak.2007.10.007 fatcat:4ku5mdbvcjhbbf3lqlkt2u2kwi

Generating Grammars from lemon lexica for Questions Answering over Linked Data: a Preliminary Analysis

Viktoria Benz, Mohammad Fazleh Elahi, Basil Ell, Philipp Cimiano
2020 Zenodo  
First, our approach gives maximum control over the QA interface to the developer of the system as every entry added to the lexicon increases the coverage of the grammar and thus of the QA system in a predictable  ...  a model from training data given in the form of pairs of natural language (NL) question and SPARQL query.  ...  Acknowledgements: This work has been funded by the European Commission under grant 825182 (Prêt-à-LLOD) as well as by the project 'Unbiased Bots That Build Bridges' (U3B), funded by VolkswagenStiftung.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6641630 fatcat:27n5ieql5zfndciv44wzyepzgq

Semantic Analysis of Natural Language Queries Using Domain Ontology for Information Access from Database

Avinash J. Agrawal, O. G. Kakde
2013 International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications  
This paper describes a method for semantic analysis of natural language queries for Natural Language Interface to Database (NLIDB) using domain ontology.  ...  Intermediate result of the system is evaluated for a corpus of natural language queries collected fro m casual users who were not involved in the system design. detail.  ...  Ontology Mapping For mapping expected entity ext racted fro m language modeling and constraints from named entity recognizer with ontology terms semantic lexicon is used which is an extension of ontology  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijisa.2013.12.07 fatcat:ujhauxwn7nfttly53m5bugrhme

The distinction between linguistic and conceptual semantics in medical terminology and its implication for NLP-based knowledge acquisition

W Ceusters, F Buekens, G De Moor, A Waagmeester
1998 Methods of Information in Medicine  
Natural language understanding systems have to exploit various kinds of knowledge in order to represent the meaning behind texts.  ...  We present several examples to support this view and argue that in a multilingual environment, linguistic ontologies should be designed as interfaces between domain conceptualizations and linguistic knowledge  ...  Figure 9 -The place of interface ontologies in the revised semiotic triangle. The interface ontology approach starts to emerge in the computational linguistic literature.  ... 
pmid:9865030 fatcat:7voxstkui5d7nkh2346afkxbfe

Automatic Building of a Semantic Model of Disease Symptoms Based on Text Corpus

Grażyna Szostek, Marek Jaszuk, Andrzej Walczak
2014 Computer Science and Mathematical Modelling  
The article presents a method of generating a semantic model of medical knowledge, using lexical analysis of text corpora.  ...  One of the obstacles is the fact that medical knowledge can be written in a natural language in many ways. The application of the semantic format allows the elimination of record ambiguities.  ...  of adjectives, semantic lexicon) and lexical resources (sentence patterns).  ... 
doi:10.5604/15084183.1152151 fatcat:ktzlrphlizh6hirgf7gut7ateu

Syntactic Underspecification in Riau Indonesian

Brendon Yoder
2018 Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota Session  
I argue that Riau Indonesian has the basic lexical categories of noun, verb and adjective. Based on these lexical categories, I show that the language has basic SVO word order.  ...  This is especially true of local varieties of the language, where contrast between categories found in Standard Indonesian is neutralized.  ...  First, are all words in the lexicon unassociated with any of the ontological categories?  ... 
doi:10.31356/silwp.vol50.01 fatcat:3f7fs7g755cnnn32do5iufg4xu

A Linguistic-ontological Support for Multilingual Legislative Drafting: the DALOS Project

Enrico Francesconi, Pier-Luigi Spinosa, Daniela Tiscornia
2007 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law  
DALOS aims at ensuring that legal drafters and decision-makers have control over the multilingual language of European legislation, and over the linguistic and conceptual issues involved in its transposition  ...  Coherence and alignment of the legislative language highly contribute to the quality of legislative processes, to the clarity of legislative texts and to their accessibility.  ...  Compared to formal ontologies, semantic lexicons are lightweight ontologies as they are based on a weak abstraction model, with limited formal modeling, since constraints over relations are based on the  ... 
dblp:conf/icail/FrancesconiST07 fatcat:g2st4uxkzre2hk5fgflweafmpm

From Submit to Submitted via Submission: On Lexical Rules in Large-Scale Lexicon Acquisition [article]

Evelyne Viegas, Boyan Onyshkevych, Victor Raskin, Sergei Nirenburg
1996 arXiv   pre-print
We also argue that the place of LRs in the computational process is a complex issue.  ...  This paper deals with the discovery, representation, and use of lexical rules (LRs) during large-scale semi-automatic computational lexicon acquisition.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been supported in part by Department of Defense under contract number MDA-904-92-C-5189.  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9607008v1 fatcat:7v5oajrklrfo5cupd6vkekalma
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