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Learning colour words is slow: A cross-situational learning account

Paul Vogt, Andrew D. M. Smith
2005 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
of colour words.  ...  Recent empirical research, indeed, shows that a cross-situational model of learning provides a robust account of lexical acquisition in general, and of the acquisition of adjectives, including colour categories  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x0544008x fatcat:tyl2e4aiwfekxghffkd3i24zge

Stimulus and response conflict from a second language: Stroop interference in weakly-bilingual and recently-trained languages

Iva Šaban, James R. Schmidt
2021 Acta Psychologica  
In both studies, participants performed a bilingual version of a colour-word Stroop task.  ...  According to some models of early language learning, only one of these two types of conflict should emerge for non-fluent languages.  ...  The presence of response conflict for the newly learned foreign colour words also argues against a model assuming exclusively semantic learning in early language acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2021.103360 pmid:34218077 fatcat:inubbzwm5vdchopxfyrmszlxyi

Towards language acquisition in autonomous robots

Vadim Tikhanoff, Angelo Cangelosi, Jun Tani, Giorgio Metta
2008 Workshop on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems  
In this paper we present a novel cognitive robotic model to study language acquisition in autonomous robots through the grounding of words in sensorimotor representations.  ...  The vision acquisition module takes input from the robot's cameras and applies approximation techniques for the purpose of detecting shapes, size and colour features of individual objects.  ... 
dblp:conf/alife/TikhanoffCTM08 fatcat:ds5caelswne3tifvblvdlbvwai

Language use statistics and prototypical grapheme colours predict synaesthetes' and non-synaesthetes' word-colour associations

Stephanie C. Goodhew, Evan Kidd
2017 Acta Psychologica  
and prototypical synaesthetic colour for the first letter of the word.  ...  language association, such that the effect of the colour for the first letter was stronger as the association between the concept word and the colour word in language increased.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported by a Transdisciplinary Research Grant from the ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language awarded to S.C.G and E.K.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2016.12.008 pmid:28024253 fatcat:6fn3kgnc4fdk7ou2zmusd6at5q

Interactive Learning of Spoken Words and Their Meanings Through an Audio-Visual Interface

2008 IEICE transactions on information and systems  
Roy [6] described a computational model of language acquisition by infants.  ...  In terms of colour, the method uses the average colour of an object by assuming that such object colour is almost always monotint.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ietisy/e91-d.2.312 fatcat:uedx3swlsrhqvnn4k7dz7kpfei

Achieving colour-accurate data from images: challenges and solutions

Adolfo Molada-Tebar, Geert Julien Verhoeven
2022 Zenodo  
The problem with colour is that it is a matter of perception. In other words: colour is subjective.  ...  As such, the acquisition of colour-accurate digital images is one of the primary research topics in the international graffiti project INDIGO.  ...  This methodology can be used in combination with other techniques for the proper documentation of colour.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6579429 fatcat:cgt7e7f6cjew7alzrlbfjbkzee

Time course of colour-word contingency learning: Practice curves, pre-exposure benefits, unlearning, and relearning

James R. Schmidt, Jan De Houwer
2016 Learning and Motivation  
In a second experiment, words were pre-exposed in a neutral hue before being coloured. This increased the magnitude of the learning effect, suggesting a preparation time benefit.  ...  In the current report with the colour-word contingency learning paradigm, participants were given an extended practice phase before introducing predictive stimuli (words).  ...  Nonwords were predictive of colour word targets, much in the same way that neutral words were predictive of print colour targets in the present investigation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lmot.2016.09.002 fatcat:zuhjv2avlzgfrjqokgqb6bh2gm

Page 748 of American Anthropologist Vol. 101, Issue 4 [page]

1999 American Anthropologist  
balance point between two discs of colour, red is consistently judged to be the heaviest. (5) In the evolution of languages, red is without exception the first colour word to enter the vocabu- lary—in  ...  a study of ninety-six [sic, actually ninety-eight] lan- guages Berlin and Kay (1969) found thirty [sic, actually twenty-one] in which the only colour word (apart from black and white) was red. (6) In  ... 

Chromatic transitions in the emergence of syntax networks

Bernat Corominas-Murtra, Martí Sànchez Fibla, Sergi Valverde, Ricard Solé
2018 Royal Society Open Science  
In particular, rapid transitions seem to occur as children reach the age of two, which seems to separate a two-word, tree-like network of syntactic relations among words from the scale-free graphs associated  ...  The data analysis is compared to a null model of network growth dynamics which is shown to display non-trivial and sensible differences.  ...  A data-driven, syntax-free model that generates random child's utterances having the same statistics of word production as Peter and Carl datasets is used as a null model [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsos.181286 pmid:30662738 pmcid:PMC6304139 fatcat:olpfdqej5nadlntn3kxlxpwz5u

Neural dynamics of accumulating and updating linguistic knowledge structures [article]

Ruud M.W.J. Berkers, Marieke van der Linden, David A. Neville, Marlieke T.R. van Kesteren, Richard G.M. Morris, Jaap M.J. Murre, Guillen Fernandez
2018 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
of increased generalization of features of the hierarchical knowledge structure.  ...  A complementary signal was found in the caudate nucleus, where activity correlated with the availability of recently acquired knowledge during retrieval, suggesting it initially supports the retrieval  ...  By the eight block of acquisition on regular trials, all subjects managed to learn the syllables associated to colour (mean colours correct: 11.85 18 .  ... 
doi:10.1101/495168 fatcat:ct4rrapywnbjpiurgvcyfabxcy

Beyond perception: synaesthesia as a psycholinguistic phenomenon

Julia Simner
2007 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
(e.g. words).  ...  These variants are the focus of a novel subfield that applies psycholinguistic methodology to the study of linguistic synaesthesias.  ...  However, age of acquisition provides only a partial explanation because other words that are acquired at the same age show no idiosyncratic colouring.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2006.10.010 pmid:17137829 fatcat:ifxo3eywoze6dbpn2rrpnobjpe

Distributional Learning of Appearance

Lewis D. Griffin, M. Husni Wahab, Andrew J. Newell, Thomas Wennekers
2013 PLoS ONE  
the rate of language acquisition in children.  ...  Our experiment tests with a set of 660 simple concrete noun words. Appearance information on words is modelled using sets of images of examples of the word.  ...  Indirect associationist acquisition of meaning occurs when only a proxy for the referent of the word is present.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058074 pmid:23460927 pmcid:PMC3584031 fatcat:y4ovqqoizzdy3lzbkhohnlwj5u

Interference in Dutch–French Bilinguals

James R. Schmidt, Robert J. Hartsuiker, Jan De Houwer
2018 Experimental Psychology  
In the present manuscript, we investigate the source of congruency effects in a group of Dutch-French bilinguals.  ...  The typical finding is impaired responding when the word and colour are incongruent (e.g., "red" in blue) relative to congruent (e.g., "red" in red).  ...  In the Stroop task (Stroop, 1935 ; for a review, see MacLeod, 1991) , participants are tasked with the goal of identifying the print colour of a colour word, while ignoring the meaning of the word itself  ... 
doi:10.1027/1618-3169/a000384 pmid:29415648 fatcat:nxxjncj4ivgzdklmgz6voxasti

A Novel Approach to EEG Speech Activity Detection with Visual Stimuli and Mobile BCI

Marianna Koctúrová, Jozef Juhár
2021 Applied Sciences  
The novel approach used in this research involved the use visual stimuli, such as reading and colour naming, and signals of speech activity detectable by EEG technology.  ...  Our experimental results demonstrated F1 score of 86.80% and 83.69% speech detection accuracy based on the analysis of EEG signal from single subject and cross-subject models respectively.  ...  The pronunciation of individual words was alternated by longer pauses of inactivity.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11020674 fatcat:k3scxy5pqzd7fbjbuxyxz4byoe

Human-Robot Interaction in Concept Acquisition: a computational model

Joachim de Greeff, Frederic Delaunay, Tony Belpaeme
2009 2009 IEEE 8th International Conference on Development and Learning  
We present a computational model implementing a number of acquisition strategies, which enable a learning agent to actively steer the learning process.  ...  This paper presents a discussion and simulation results which support the case for interaction during the acquisition of conceptual knowledge.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work is supported by the CONCEPT project (EPSRC EP/G008353/1) and the EU FP7 ITALK project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/devlrn.2009.5175532 fatcat:fvcancfhlzebrofc5azd67555e
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