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Chapter 11 Modeling Fire in the Wildland–Urban Interface: Directions for Planning [chapter]

2007 Advances in the Economics of Environmental Resources  
Modeling Fire in the Wildland-Urban Interface models ideal for handling the heterogeneity of the WUI and share some similarity with our first spatially enabled BEHAVE model QA :10 (Radke, 1995) .  ...  Fig. 7 . 7 Removal Fig. 8 . 8 The Process of Fire Propagation in a Cellular Automata Fire Model Fig. 9 . 9 Comparing the Results from Farsite (left) and Luo's (2004) Cellular Automata Fire Model (right  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1569-3740(06)06011-1 fatcat:nwtwhpmjc5bjramp3nvodstgme

Wildland surface fire spread modelling, 1990–2007. 3: Simulation and mathematical analogue models

Andrew L. Sullivan
2009 International journal of wildland fire  
In recent years, advances in computational power and spatial data analysis (GIS, remote sensing, etc) have led to an increase in attempts to model the spread and behvaiour of wildland fires across the  ...  Mathematical analogue models are those that are based on some mathematical conceit (rather than a physical representation of fire spread) that coincidentally simulates the spread of fire.  ...  I will differentiate fire propagation simulations that utilise a pre-existing fire spread model to determine the rate of fire expansion from those that are true cellular automata.  ... 
doi:10.1071/wf06144 fatcat:uznmr43j5ze4bh7tmwprkxnst4

Reducing Wildland Fire Hazard Exploiting Complex Network Theory: a Case Study Analysis

L. Russo, P. Russo, C. Siettos
2016 Chemical Engineering Transactions  
Reducing the fuel load in these critical patches results to lower levels of fire hazard. For illustration purposes we apply the proposed strategy to a real case of wildland fire.  ...  In particular we focus on the wildland fire that occurred in Spetses Island, Greece in 1990 and burned the one third of the forest.  ...  The wildland-urban interface fire dynamics simulator (WFDS), an extension of FDS developed by the US Forest Service and NIST (Mell, 2010) , is one of the models that simulate fire initiation and propagation  ... 
doi:10.3303/cet1653004 doaj:0dea539ce6614d0faee9f079050cd322 fatcat:ylnsu64bnbftpac2efc7eqfi3u

Design and implementation of an integrated GIS-based cellular automata model to characterize forest fire behaviour

S. Yassemi, S. Dragićević, M. Schmidt
2008 Ecological Modelling  
This study integrates GIS and cellular automata (CA) techniques to develop a fire behaviour model with a flexible and user-friendly end-user interface.  ...  The performance of the implemented fire model is evaluated by comparison with fire spread simulations derived from Prometheus, the national Canadian fire behaviour modelling tool based on elliptical wave  ...  We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Mike Wotton and Kerry Anderson of the Canadian Forest Service for providing relevant reference materials and information regarding the Canadian Fire Behaviour  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.07.020 fatcat:xpc6b6nhejgedkmuf7ngxghvqe

Cell2Fire: A Cell-Based Forest Fire Growth Model to Support Strategic Landscape Management Planning

Cristobal Pais, Jaime Carrasco, David L. Martell, Andres Weintraub, David L. Woodruff
2021 Frontiers in Forests and Global Change  
The model can use existing fire spread models such as the Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System to model fire growth.  ...  We validated Cell2Fire by using it to predict the growth of both real and hypothetical fires, comparing our predictions with the fire scars produced by a validated fire growth simulator (Prometheus).  ...  Rapid growth of the us wildland-urban interface raises wildfire risk. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.  ... 
doi:10.3389/ffgc.2021.692706 fatcat:vshwyphcyzdrlgjk75wso3ypcu

A landscape model of variable social-ecological fire regimes

Robert Scheller, Alec Kretchun, Todd J. Hawbaker, Paul D. Henne
2019 Ecological Modelling  
Fire spread has been simulated with cellular automata models (Baker, 1992; Hargrove et al. 2000) , empirical and semi-empirical fire behavior and spread models parameterized from laboratory experiments  ...  Colors in inset represent wildland-urban interface zones delineated by Tahoe Basin Management Unit land managers: wildland-urban interface (red), wildland-urban intermix (orange), wildland (green) (For  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2019.03.022 fatcat:urb7pxsx7zgkfdyr4nxoda7rti

Modeling Multiple-Core Updraft Plume Rise for an Aerial Ignition Prescribed Burn by Coupling Daysmoke with a Cellular Automata Fire Model

Gary L. Achtemeier, Scott A. Goodrick, Yongqiang Liu
2012 Atmosphere  
Implications of these results for inclusion of wildland fire smoke in air quality models are discussed.  ...  In this study, updraft core number was gained via a cellular automata fire model applied to an aerial ignition prescribed burn conducted at Eglin AFB on 6 February 2011.  ...  Acknowledgements The study is funded as part of the  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos3030352 fatcat:pkyvyins6ff3tketagnhv7ytsa

QES-Fire: a dynamically coupled fast-response wildfire model

Matthew J. Moody, Jeremy A. Gibbs, Steven Krueger, Derek Mallia, Eric R. Pardyjak, Adam K. Kochanski, Brian N. Bailey, Rob Stoll
2022 International journal of wildland fire  
A microscale wildfire model, QES-Fire, that dynamically couples the fire front to microscale winds was developed using a simplified physics rate of spread (ROS) model, a kinematic plume-rise model and  ...  Additionally, the model is compared with data from the FireFlux II field experiment.  ...  Hence QES-Fire is well positioned to be adapted for fires at the wildland-urban interface. Fig. 1 . 1 Fig. 1.  ... 
doi:10.1071/wf21057 fatcat:6vwstojosbdmra2esjxcid3nmq

Modeling residential development in California from 2000 to 2050: Integrating wildfire risk, wildland and agricultural encroachment

Michael L. Mann, Peter Berck, Max A. Moritz, Enric Batllori, James G. Baldwin, Conor K. Gately, D. Richard Cameron
2014 Land Use Policy  
Here we present a novel spatially explicit model that allows better characterization of the extent and intensity of future housing settlements using three development scenarios between 2000 and 2050.  ...  This will increase threats to ecosystems and those presented by wildfire, as the number of houses in 'very high' wildfire severity zones increases by nearly 1 million.  ...  The authors wish to thank Jing Lu and Emmalee Dolfi for their work developing the historical populated places dataset.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.06.020 fatcat:44yxcjab5rfgdh3mbcah3t7f54

Using a cellular automaton model to forecast the effects of urban growth on habitat pattern in southern California

Alexandra D. Syphard, Keith C. Clarke, Janet Franklin
2005 Ecological Complexity : An International Journal on Biocomplexity in the Environment and Theoretical Ecology  
In this study, a cellular automaton (CA) model was calibrated using historical growth patterns in the region, and used to forecast three scenarios of urban growth in the SMMNRA from 2000 to 2050, with  ...  The CA model predicted urbanization to increase from 11% of the landscape in 2000 to 26%, 35%, and 47% in 2050, respectively, for the three slope scenarios.  ...  We are grateful to Jennifer Swenson for providing the GIS overlay model results, to Denise Kamrant at the National Park Service for providing most of our GIS data, and to two anonymous reviewers whose  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2004.11.003 fatcat:z3kxqlo6qbfxbifecvv2naadcu

Coupled fire–atmosphere modeling of wildland fire spread using DEVS-FIRE and ARPS

Nathan Dahl, Haidong Xue, Xiaolin Hu, Ming Xue
2015 Natural Hazards  
This article introduces a new wildland fire spread prediction system consisting of the raster-based Discrete Event System Specification Fire model (DEVS-FIRE) and the Advanced Regional Prediction System  ...  A preliminary evaluation of the performance of this coupled model is performed through idealized tests and an examination of the September 2000 Moore Branch Fire; the results conform well with those of  ...  We also express our appreciation to Thomas Spencer and Curt Stripling of the US Texas Forest Service for providing the GIS data related to the Moore Branch Fire, the National Climatic Data Center for providing  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11069-015-1640-y fatcat:zbql5y3sfrhgrinpb3fn4ijyei

DEVS-FIRE: Towards an Integrated Simulation Environment for Surface Wildfire Spread and Containment

Lewis Ntaimo, Xiaolin Hu, Yi Sun
2008 Simulation (San Diego, Calif.)  
DEVS-FIRE is based on the discrete event system specification (DEVS) and uses a cellular space model for simulating wildfire spread and agent models for simulating wildfire containment.  ...  Simulating wildfire spread and containment remains a challenging problem due to the complexity of fire behavior.  ...  The authors also thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments that helped to improve the presentation of this paper. References  ... 
doi:10.1177/0037549708094047 fatcat:eiz4rgb24ndghh3p5eenqax76q

Uncertainty and risk in wildland fire management: A review

Matthew P. Thompson, Dave E. Calkin
2011 Journal of Environmental Management  
Wildland fire management is subject to manifold sources of uncertainty.  ...  needed in fire behavior and ignition occurrence models.  ...  The primary author was the recipient of the ENRE-Forestry Best Presentation Award. Thanks to Mike Bevers, John Duffield, Alan Ager, and Mark Finney for their reviews and constructive comments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.03.015 pmid:21489684 fatcat:trbt54p5ljbt5kzeakmw6mm4ry

Control of spatio-temporal pattern formation governed by geometrical models of interface evolution

Adrian Bouaru, Daniel Coca
2014 2014 European Control Conference (ECC)  
Following this, a novel model-based approach for controlling the evolving complex-shaped fire front using a level-set formulation of the model is presented.  ...  In particular, the focus is set on the control of dendritic crystal growth and wind aided wildfire spread.  ...  Cellular automata models for dendritic crystal growth A recently new method of modeling dendritic crystal growth was proposed in the form of cellular automata (CA) models.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ecc.2014.6862521 fatcat:t6betidyrrgtzf7adhapbwpk6i

A Multi-Fidelity Framework for Wildland Fire Behavior Simulations over Complex Terrain

Marcos Vanella, Kevin McGrattan, Randall McDermott, Glenn Forney, William Mell, Emanuele Gissi, Paolo Fiorucci
2021 Atmosphere  
, and (3) representing the fire spread using a level set method, in which the fire spreads as a function of terrain slope, vegetation type, and wind speed.  ...  Additionally, three basic approaches have been explored to model fire spread: (1) Representing the vegetation as a collection of Lagrangian particles, (2) representing the vegetation as a semi-porous boundary  ...  It is notable because it considers an actual fire that occurred in the wildland-urban interface (WUI), which presents a challenge for a fire spread model because the surface vegetation is mixed with the  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos12020273 fatcat:bbwyvkmsibf2noajgbeehvcihm
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