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Modelling morality with prospective logic

Luis Moniz Pereira, Ari Saptawijaya
2009 International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems  
The whole moral reasoning is achieved via a priori constraints and a posteriori preferences on abductive stable models, two features available in prospective logic programming.  ...  This paper shows how moral decisions can be drawn computationally by using prospective logic programs.  ...  Each prospective logic agent is equipped with a knowledge base and a moral theory as its initial theory.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijris.2009.028020 fatcat:rkzvfqrelzexviutufqdsmhbte

Modelling Morality with Prospective Logic [chapter]

Luís Moniz Pereira, Ari Saptawijaya
Progress in Artificial Intelligence  
The whole moral reasoning is achieved via a priori constraints and a posteriori preferences on abductive stable models, two features available in prospective logic programming.  ...  This paper shows how moral decisions can be drawn computationally by using prospective logic programs.  ...  Each prospective logic agent is equipped with a knowledge base and a moral theory as its initial theory.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-77002-2_9 dblp:conf/epia/PereiraS07 fatcat:okans22njvfvfb2cdtq4eautcm

Page 777 of The Monthly Repository Vol. 3, Issue 35 [page]

1829 The Monthly Repository  
But Christ was morally perfect, therefore Christ is God. Such is the logical statement and legitimate conclusion of Dr. B.’s argument. ° W. T. RELIGIOUS STATE AND PROSPECTS OF FRANCE, Dr.  ...  Bruce has, with great correctness, pointed out the many practical advantages which we derive from having a faultless model to copy, though it be fully admitted that it is impossible for us ever to equal  ... 

Prospective logic agents

Luis Moniz Pereira, Goncalo Lopes
2009 International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems  
We take on several examples of modelling prospective logic programs that illustrate the proposed concepts and briefly discuss the ACORDA system, a working implementation of the previously presented procedure  ...  The concept of prospective logic programs is presented as a way to address such issues.  ...  A prospective logic program that could deal with this scenario is encoded below. ⊥ ← consider(tornado), not deal with emergency(tornado) expect(tornado) ← weather f orecast(tornado) deal with emergency  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijris.2009.028019 fatcat:uw3dofernrashivqavcss5hevq

Human Development and the Model of Hierarchical Complexity: Learning from Research in the Psychology of Moral and Religious Development

James Meredith Day
2008 World Futures : Journal of General Evolution  
Significant problems with stage conceptions in these models augur a fundamental rethinking of religious development as a construct in developmental psychology.  ...  Critical consideration is given the empirical evidence for psychological models of religious development, its supposed relationship to other domains of psychological development, and especially, moral  ...  Commons' Model of Hierarchical Complexity offers, in my view, the most promising post-Piagetian prospects for thinking about development in terms of stage.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02604020802301584 fatcat:oc2zapql4zgztpdy5jzam5szre

Harnessing Higher-Order (Meta-)Logic to Represent and Reason with Complex Ethical Theories [article]

David Fuenmayor, Christoph Benzmüller
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The computer-mechanization of an ambitious explicit ethical theory, Gewirth's Principle of Generic Consistency, is used to showcase an approach for representing and reasoning with ethical theories exhibiting  ...  Harnessing the high expressive power of Church's type theory as a meta-logic to semantically embed a combination of quantified non-classical logics, our work pushes existing boundaries in knowledge representation  ...  In contrast to Kant, Gewirth derives such upper moral principles by starting from purely logical (i.e. non-moral) considerations alone.  ... 
arXiv:1903.09818v2 fatcat:lhdiz576s5gilp3nrpnpajlnku

Whose morality? Which rationality? Challenging artificial intelligence as a remedy for the lack of moral enhancement

Silviya Serafimova
2020 Humanities and Social Sciences Communications  
Those are Powers' prospect for a Kantian machine, Anderson and Anderson's reinterpretation of act utilitarianism and Howard and Muntean's prospect for a moral machine based on a virtue ethical approach  ...  what—one might call strong "moral" AI scenarios—is questioned.  ...  computational model), an act utilitarian model of moral machines lacks similar logical and, so to speak ethically justifiable, semidecidability.  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41599-020-00614-8 fatcat:wdkij2ttjzfczfkrd3y5hr5vwm

Reply to Comments

Chandra Sripada, Peter Railton, Roy F. Baumeister, Martin E. P. Seligman
2013 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
We speculate that expressive behavior and moral decision making use prospective processes parallel to those used in nonmoral decisions.  ...  Evidence of prospective processes is increasingly common in psychological research, which suggests the fruitfulness of a theoretical framework for mind and brain built around future orientation.  ...  Declaration of Conflicting Interests The authors declared that they had no conflicts of interest with respect to their authorship or the publication of this article. References  ... 
doi:10.1177/1745691613475629 pmid:26172496 fatcat:o3lqflpbozcdfekex4ymdo2wmy

Reframing The Art of Framing: Problems and Prospects for Leadership

Gail T. Fairhurst
2005 Leadership  
The second explanation draws from O' Keefe's (1988; theory of 'Message Design Logics', which argues that the logics that managers employ to produce and receive messages likely impacts framing ability.  ...  The third explanation grapples with questions of whether framing is a teachable skill and the contingencies associated with effective learning.  ...  The Art of Framing makes the reader aware that these moral logics exist, but in no way guarantees that they enter conversations with others when discussing framing choices and strategies.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1742715005051857 fatcat:rdowfgysebdg3dhyvykrmupyea

Page 530 of Christian Review Vol. 7, Issue 28 [page]

1842 Christian Review  
It was his clear-headed logic, coupled with his love of truth, and his fearlessness in stating it, that made his rhetoric. Brow n seemed to think he must  ...  His style, as a didactic writer, has long and justly been considered as among the best models for young preachers.  ... 

Page 292 of Political Studies Vol. 46, Issue 2 [page]

1998 Political Studies  
for moral theorizing, pp. 185 adopting coherence models on these (and other) grounds ~ .  ...  Sayre-McCord thinks that even the choice of a coherentist model of justification is often made on grounds that it is the one best suited for political needs.’* Hence, those concerned with what gers done  ... 

INTERCONNECTION MODEL OF MORALS-REASONING-RESEARCH IN PESANTREN CURRICULUM

Iwan Kuswandi, Tobroni Tobroni, Akhsanul In'am, Khozin Khozin, Asmoni Asmoni
2021 Ulul Albab  
This paper described the interconnection model of morals-reasoning-research in the curriculum of Tarbiyatul Muallimien al-Islamiyah (known as TMI) Al-Amien Prenduan.  ...  The reasoning skills are taught through school subjects such as logic, Islamic jurisprudence and the science of hadith.  ...  This research described the interconnection model of morals-reasoning-research in the curriculum of TMI Al-Amien Prenduan and also examined the supporting and inhibiting factors for its implementation  ... 
doi:10.18860/ua.v22i1.11611 fatcat:2kqkgspdtrfifea6b5367murla

Implementations in Machine Ethics: A Survey [article]

Suzanne Tolmeijer, Markus Kneer, Cristina Sarasua, Markus Christen, Abraham Bernstein
2020 arXiv   pre-print
[99] [100] [101] [115] [116] [117] ) focuses on logic programming and prospective logic to model ethical machines. In Han et al.  ...  Pereira and Saptawijaya [99] use prospective logical programming to model various moral dilemmas taken from the classic trolley problem and employ the principle of double e ect as the moral rule.  ... 
arXiv:2001.07573v1 fatcat:h2si3pt6wvd5xkf6b2dibgwj4q

Skill Attainment and Employee Orientations to Work Group: A Japan-U. S. Gender Comparison

Tetsushi Fujimoto
1996 Japanese Journal of Administrative Science  
A logical answer is that such workers are less likely to exhibit group orientation and that their work morale tends to be low.  ...  Koike's Theory of Skill Acquisition Koike (1987) claims that the integration of on-the-job training with wide-range moves is the source of the workers' high morale.  ...  Appendix Means and Standard Deviations for Variables in the Analysis NOTE: Mean differences are statistically significant (p<.05) between genders within the same country, except for the scores noted with  ... 
doi:10.5651/jaas.10.67 fatcat:sirjjxh3bfhohepqo2s3tj4f6m

Business, Science and Ethics

Ronald K. Mitchell
2004 ruffin_darden  
Huxley-based, an underlying morality supportive of algorithm-governed economizing arising from the behaviors that are most worthy of long-term reproduction.  ...  and, (2) What are the moral implications of the acquisition and use of such transaction cognitions? Evolutionary biology research suggests within concepts that are more Darwin-v.  ...  It is appealing, therefore, to consider the logical outgrowth of this reasoning: the prospect that economic security is, in fact, compatible with entrepreneurship (a notion that-without the lens offered  ... 
doi:10.5840/ruffinx200441 fatcat:iitfn53pvzdk5cjg32e5ookhka
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