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Modelling Auditory Spatial Attention with Constraints

Edward J. Golob, Kristen Brent Venable, Maxwell T. Anderson, Jesse A. Benzell, Jaelle Scheuerman
2016 International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Cognition  
In this paper we consider auditory attention and we develop a model for how it is distributed in space following basic ideas of top-down and bottom-up attentional control from verbal models [6, 12] .  ...  It is well-established that spatial attention can be allocated as a gradient that diminishes from a central focus.  ...  Conclusions We have presented a constraint-based model of auditory spatial attention.  ... 
dblp:conf/aic/GolobVABS16 fatcat:c3hnl62zujaulngtuhwwhbmf2q

Modeling spatial auditory attention in ACT-R: a constraint-based approach

Jaelle Scheuerman, K. Brent Venable, Maxwell T. Anderson, Edward J. Golob
2018 Procedia Computer Science  
In this paper, we provide an overview of our previous work which models auditory attention as a spatial gradient made up of a combination of top-down and bottom-up influences [14, 15] .  ...  In this paper, we provide an overview of our previous work which models auditory attention as a spatial gradient made up of a combination of top-down and bottom-up influences [14, 15] .  ...  This model was successful in modeling the sustained spatial auditory attention task.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2018.11.028 fatcat:hhhvejgmzbe2xnwfxep4sbndlm

Modeling Spatial Auditory Attention: Handling Equiprobable Attended Locations

Jaelle Scheuerman, Kristen Brent Venable, Maxwell T. Anderson, Edward J. Golob
2017 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
In this paper we focus, instead, on auditory attention and on a model for how it is distributed in space following basic ideas of top-down and bottom-up attentional control from verbal models.  ...  This is an important step in the, still largely unexplored, field of auditory attention modeling as it provides a first example of how the computational model can be used as a predictor.  ...  has been devoted to model auditory spatial attention.  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/ScheuermanVAG17 fatcat:jr4vvhgubnd6pg4f3e7q6rsgey

Page 4784 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 83, Issue 12 [page]

1996 Psychological Abstracts  
These findings imply that attention to auditory stimuli, like attention to visual or tactile stimuli, can be shifted spatially in detection tasks, and that covert orienting to auditory stimuli occurs in  ...  © deals with anatomical constraints when the size of the display requires eye and head movements © concerned with informa- tion processing constraints © the major interest is in atten- tional processing  ... 

Spatial auditory display

Barbara G. Shinn-Cunningham, Timothy Streeter
2005 ACM Transactions on Applied Perception  
________________________________________________________________________ Spatial auditory displays have received a great deal of attention in the community investigating how to present information through  ...  This short commentary discusses our 2001 ICAD paper (Shinn-Cunningham, Streeter, and Gyss), which explored whether it is possible to provide enhanced spatial auditory information in an auditory display  ...  The model predicted that spatial performance is restricted by central memory constraints, not by a low-level sensory limitation on spatial auditory resolution.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1101530.1101537 fatcat:bac2qzdaqzdmhmpcggn4pz24ei

Using neuroimaging to understand the cortical mechanisms of auditory selective attention

Adrian K.C. Lee, Eric Larson, Ross K. Maddox, Barbara G. Shinn-Cunningham
2014 Hearing Research  
attention.  ...  Over the last four decades, a range of different neuroimaging tools have been used to study human auditory attention, spanning from classic event-related potential studies using electroencephalography  ...  Some auditory attention studies assume generic spherical head models; others use anatomical constraints from MRI scans and boundary element methods to build individualized head models that take into account  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.heares.2013.06.010 pmid:23850664 pmcid:PMC3844039 fatcat:pgbud4i7brddlfclj3qfr7sjj4

Statistical Learning Across Development: Flexible Yet Constrained

Lauren Krogh, Haley A. Vlach, Scott P. Johnson
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
In this review we discuss both auditory and visual statistical learning to elucidate both the generality of and constraints on statistical learning.  ...  The review concludes with a discussion of possible mechanisms underlying statistical learning.  ...  preferentially track statistics in inputs that accord with the auditory-temporal, visual-spatial structure of the environment.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00598 pmid:23430452 pmcid:PMC3576810 fatcat:f2xrzeauivdz5cfzxpujxmpwly

Cross-modal cueing in audiovisual spatial attention

Steven P. Blurton, Mark W. Greenlee, Matthias Gondan
2015 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
It has long been known that various spatial cues can direct visuospatial attention and influence the detection of auditory targets.  ...  In Experiment 1, we used endogenous cues to investigate their effect on the detection of auditory, visual, and audiovisual targets presented with onset asynchrony.  ...  Formally, this adds another constraint to the model; the appropriateness of this constraint was post-hoc tested in a likewise nested model comparison.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13414-015-0920-7 pmid:26001381 fatcat:x2wzqov5oza4vavoalaoenuwku

Multisensory integration: from fundamental principles to translational research

Georg F. Meyer, Uta Noppeney
2011 Experimental Brain Research  
constraints that enable integration of sensory signals.  ...  Further, since its inception multisensory research has constantly gained impetus from computational models.  ...  When an auditory /apa/ was paired with a visual /aka/, individuals with Asperger syndrome were more likely to perceive /ata/ than the control subjects.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00221-011-2803-z pmid:21800253 fatcat:yph6gnsa25a3hpbiulvirctkhe

Task-modulated "what" and "where" pathways in human auditory cortex

J. Ahveninen, I. P. Jaaskelainen, T. Raij, G. Bonmassar, S. Devore, M. Hamalainen, S. Levanen, F.-H. Lin, M. Sams, B. G. Shinn-Cunningham, T. Witzel, J. W. Belliveau
2006 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
We found a double dissociation in response adaptation to sound pairs with phonetic vs. spatial sound changes, demonstrating that the human nonprimary auditory cortex indeed processes speech-sound identity  ...  as suggested by animal models, and whether selective attention facilitates sound localization and identification by modulating these pathways in a feature-specific fashion.  ...  That is, spatial attention reduced response adaptation to sound pairs with location changes in the putative ''where'' pathway in the right hemisphere.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.0510480103 pmid:16983092 pmcid:PMC1600007 fatcat:mkl5l7xz3fep5kemivkzbcuceu

Contextual modulation of primary visual cortex by auditory signals

L. S. Petro, A. T. Paton, L. Muckli
2017 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Early visual cortex can code for high-level auditory information, with neural patterns representing natural sound stimulation (Vetter et al. )).  ...  What are the anatomical constraints of auditory information in V1, for example, periphery versus fovea, superficial versus deep cortical layers?  ...  Research Council (ERC StG 2012_311751-'Brain reading of contextual feedback and predictions') and the Human Brain Project (EU grant 604102 'Context-sensitive multisensory object recognition: a deep network model  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0104 pmid:28044015 pmcid:PMC5206272 fatcat:pt4mlul2ofa43bzlogbeoha75i

Distance in audio for VR

A. McArthur, M. Sandler, R. Stewart
2017 Proceedings of the 12th International Audio Mostly Conference on Augmented and Participatory Sound and Music Experiences - AM '17  
Spatial audio is enjoying a surge in attention in both scene and object based paradigms, due to the trend for, and accessibility of, immersive experience.  ...  It focuses on cinematic VR, whose challenges for spatialized audio are clear, and at times stretches beyond the restrictions specific to distance in audio for VR, into more general audio constraints.  ...  spatial audio producing a kind of auditory capture [27] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/3123514.3123530 dblp:conf/audio/McArthurSS17 fatcat:zyirk6pxazeknlp43mlzdw7hfe

A spatially collocated sound thrusts a flash into awareness

Máté Aller, Anette Giani, Verena Conrad, Masataka Watanabe, Uta Noppeney
2015 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience  
We hypothesized that spatial constraints are critical for audiovisual integration processes prior to participants' awareness.  ...  model (Alais and Burr, 2004) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnint.2015.00016 pmid:25774126 pmcid:PMC4343005 fatcat:4ks4xulwmng6zdtibyozd5e3va

Some characteristics of auditory spatial attention revealed using rhythmic masking release

Andrew J. Sach, Peter J. Bailey
2004 Perception & Psychophysics  
A clear implication is that at least within the constraints of the RMR paradigm, overall spatial position, and not ITD, is the substrate for auditory spatial attention.  ...  The tuning of auditory spatial attention with respect to interaural level and time difference cues (ILDs and ITDs) was explored using a rhythmic masking release (RMR) procedure.  ...  the tuning of auditory spatial attention with respect to these cues and with whether directing auditory attention to some spatial position defined only by an ILD is equivalent to directing attention to  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03195005 pmid:15813201 fatcat:itbnz3eeabejzk6dcwxd6txflm

An Empirical Study of Dual-Modal Information Presentation

Xiao Fang, Jacek Brzezinski, Kimberly Watson, Shuang Xu, Susy S. Chan
2004 Americas Conference on Information Systems  
Based on the multiple-resource human attention model (Wickens, 1980 (Wickens, , 1984)) , this study hypothesizes that additional auditory information presented during a web browsing process can be perceived  ...  Dual-modal interfaces with both visual and auditory output are becoming important, especially for applications using smallscreen displays and for user access under mobile conditions.  ...  In general, because spatial voice, or text combined with voice output modes.  ... 
dblp:conf/amcis/FangBWXC04 fatcat:26rsme2ehrdszgxnmlrxhwionu
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