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A review on the recent energy-efficient approaches for the Internet protocol stack

Korhan Cengiz, Tamer Dag
2015 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
This paper reviews recent approaches for energy efficiency studies for each layer in the Internet protocol stack from the physical layer to the application layer.  ...  For this reason, researchers are studying on all layers of the Internet protocol stack to develop energy-efficient protocols and algorithms.  ...  In experiments, an Android application is enhanced to monitor and collect the users' YouTube video playback activities.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13638-015-0336-z fatcat:k4b6hmjvsfcqbluba265ndc37q

Real Time Video Quality Representation Classification of Encrypted HTTP Adaptive Video Streaming - the Case of Safari [article]

Ran Dubin, Amit Dvir, Ofir Pele, Ofer Hadar, Itay Richman, Ofir Trabelsi
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Based on a large number of offline and online traffic classification experiments, we demonstrate that it can independently classify, in real time, every video segment into one of the quality representation  ...  The increasing popularity of HTTP adaptive video streaming services has dramatically increased bandwidth requirements on operator networks, which attempt to shape their traffic through Deep Packet Inspection  ...  of Experience (QoE) / Quality of Service (QoS).  ... 
arXiv:1602.00489v2 fatcat:tcn5l2j5q5bbtjxbuywmrp5zmy

Quality of Experience Management for YouTube: Clouds, FoG and the AquareYoum

Tobias Hoßfeld, Florian Liers, Raimund Schatz, Barbara Staehle, Dirk Staehle, Thomas Volkert, Florian Wamser
2012 PIK - Praxis der Informationsverarbeitung und Kommunikation  
Over the last decade, Quality of Experience (QoE) has become a new, central paradigm for understanding the quality of networks and services.  ...  To this end, we elaborate QoE management requirements for two complementary network scenarios (wireless mesh Internet access networks vs. global Internet delivery) and provide a QoE model for YouTube taking  ...  The authors alone are responsible for the content of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1515/pik-2012-0024 fatcat:2z3vkwihgfhmppinajoynj2zxe

A performance evaluation framework for video streaming

Florian Metzger, Albert Rafetseder, Kurt Tutschku
2012 2012 19th International Packet Video Workshop (PV)  
That way, our model enables flexible, adaptable evaluation of a wide variety of streaming methods and protocols. We test our model on HTML5 and Flash video as served by the YouTube web site.  ...  We embrace the perspective of a streaming application, and model the playback buffer level at given network and playback conditions.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors thank Jochen Eisl of NSN Munich for the fruitful discussion, andÁkos Lukovics, Bernhard Gruber, and Stephan Seebacher for assistance in the development and maintenance of the  ... 
doi:10.1109/pv.2012.6229739 dblp:conf/pv/MetzgerRT12 fatcat:ewt57bffjrf7zfyxlphccpl5ae

Machine Learning Models for YouTube QoE and User Engagement Prediction in Smartphones

Sarah Wassermann, Nikolas Wehner, Pedro Casas
2019 Performance Evaluation Review  
Measuring and monitoring YouTube Quality of Experience is a challenging task, especially when dealing with cellular networks and smartphone users.  ...  Using a large-scale database of crowdsourced YouTube-QoE measurements in smartphones, we conceive multiple machine-learning models to infer different YouTube-QoE-relevant metrics and userbehavior-related  ...  We have also shown the advantages of ensemble-learning techniques with respect to simpler models in terms of prediction accuracy, and particularly of stacking models, when it comes to the inference of  ... 
doi:10.1145/3308897.3308962 fatcat:xe3etmkgzncfzasljshpei2sv4

Measuring the quality of experience of HTTP video streaming

Ricky K. P. Mok, Edmond W. W. Chan, Rocky K. C. Chang
2011 12th IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM 2011) and Workshops  
These quality degradations could adversely affect users' quality of experience (QoE).  ...  Owing to TCP's reliable service, the picture and sound quality would not be degraded by network impairments, such as high delay and packet loss.  ...  The reliable features of TCP also free the video codec from handling packet losses, and the picture quality is not degraded due to missing frames.  ... 
doi:10.1109/inm.2011.5990550 dblp:conf/im/MokCC11 fatcat:k6gz2mdifrfh5bajxev3ty6cdu

I Know What You Saw Last Minute—Encrypted HTTP Adaptive Video Streaming Title Classification

Ran Dubin, Amit Dvir, Ofir Pele, Ofer Hadar
2017 IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security  
We show that an external attacker can identify the video title from video HTTP adaptive streams (HAS) sites such as YouTube. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work that shows this.  ...  In this paper, we consider the passive scenario where the adversary does not interact actively with the device, but he is able to eavesdrop on the network traffic of the device from the network side.  ...  Any packet that enters the algorithm is verified by TCP stack implementation to prevent re-transmission packets from affecting our feature accuracy.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tifs.2017.2730819 fatcat:msj6vri3ynbhtc2lkvvl7nypp4

Traffic Profiling for Mobile Video Streaming [article]

Dimitrios Tsilimantos, Theodoros Karagkioules, Amaya Nogales-Gómez, Stefan Valentin
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This paper describes a novel system that provides key parameters of HTTP Adaptive Streaming (HAS) sessions to the lower layers of the protocol stack.  ...  A non-intrusive traffic profiling solution is proposed that observes packet flows at the transmit queue of base stations, edge-routers, or gateways.  ...  The authors in [10] formulate a traffic generation model for a YouTube server, based on measurements from a computer and re-evaluate the model for mobile devices in [11] .  ... 
arXiv:1705.08733v1 fatcat:helsdluptrdpledxngjjchkp3i

Performance of HTTP video streaming under different network conditions

Arkadiusz Biernacki, Kurt Tutschku
2013 Multimedia tools and applications  
quality of the multimedia content.  ...  In order to compete effectively and provide broadcast television with a comparable level of quality, the Internet video should fulfil stringent quality of service (QoS) constraints.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s)  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11042-013-1424-x fatcat:666pjhpqznehtgjes6exqq5qku

A system testbed for modeling encrypted video-streaming service performance indicators based on TCP/IP metrics

Pablo Oliver-Balsalobre, Matías Toril, Salvador Luna-Ramírez, Rafael García Garaluz
2017 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
For illustration purposes, the testbed is used to derive the formulas to compute video performance metrics from TCP/IP metrics for encrypted YouTube traffic in a Wi-Fi network.  ...  In this paper, a system testbed is presented for automatically constructing a simple, albeit accurate, Quality-of-Experience (QoE) model for encrypted video-streaming services in a wireless network.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (TEC2015-69982-R) and Ericsson.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13638-017-0999-8 fatcat:ptlgrntblzfmxhljohxuxgfe34

Inferring Streaming Video Quality from Encrypted Traffic: Practical Models and Deployment Experience [article]

Paul Schmitt, Francesco Bronzino, Sara Ayoubi, Guilherme Martins, Renata Teixeira, Nick Feamster
2019 arXiv   pre-print
First, the model works in deployment settings where the video sessions and segments must be identified from a mix of traffic and the time precision of the collected traffic statistics is more coarse (\  ...  Second, we develop a single composite model that works for a range of different services (i.e., Netflix, YouTube, Amazon, and Twitch), as opposed to just a single service.  ...  The following video quality metrics affect a user's quality of experience [2, 6, 7, 15, 16, 21, 23] : • Startup delay is the time elapsed from the moment the player initiates a connection to a video server  ... 
arXiv:1901.05800v3 fatcat:gf3epky5kvg25mgwjapbmefffm

Inferring Streaming Video Quality from Encrypted Traffic

Francesco Bronzino, Paul Schmitt, Sara Ayoubi, Guilherme Martins, Renata Teixeira, Nick Feamster
2019 Abstracts of the 2020 SIGMETRICS/Performance Joint International Conference on Measurement and Modeling of Computer Systems  
First, the model works in deployment settings where the video sessions and segments must be identified from a mix of traffic and the time precision of the collected traffic statistics is more coarse (e.g  ...  Second, we develop a single composite model that works for a range of different services (i.e., Netflix, YouTube, Amazon, and Twitch), as opposed to just a single service.  ...  The following video quality metrics affect a user's quality of experience [2, 6, 7, 15, 16, 21, 23] : • Startup delay is the time elapsed from the moment the player initiates a connection to a video server  ... 
doi:10.1145/3393691.3394194 dblp:conf/sigmetrics/BronzinoSAMTF20 fatcat:kjusjjonxjbo3g4d4kdjvdsj34

Estimating PQoS of Video Streaming on Wi-Fi Networks Using Machine Learning

Maghsoud Morshedi, Josef Noll
2021 Sensors  
Furthermore, the 802.11 parameters used in the machine learning model were analyzed to identify the cause of quality degradation detected on the Wi-Fi networks.  ...  Since existing approaches for estimating PQoS or quality of experience (QoE) requires external measurement of generic network performance parameters, this paper presents a novel approach to estimate the  ...  Data Availability Statement: The datasets used to support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21020621 pmid:33477335 fatcat:ldzusawttrhj7buakkbtfxesba

YouTube QoE evaluation tool for Android wireless terminals

Gerardo Gómez, Lorenzo Hortigüela, Quiliano Pérez, Javier Lorca, Raquel García, Mari Carmen Aguayo-Torres
2014 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
In this paper, we present an Android application which is able to evaluate and analyze the perceived Quality of Experience (QoE) for YouTube service in wireless terminals.  ...  Results from such an experience have shown that the theoretical model (taken from the literature) provides slightly more pessimistic results compared to user feedback.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been partially supported by the Spanish Government (TEC2010-18451).  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2014-164 fatcat:uoessb6vrvhwjcujpg5qc2c4qy

Video Quality Representation Classification of Encrypted HTTP Adaptive Video Streaming

2018 KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems  
The increasing popularity of HTTP adaptive video streaming services has dramatically increased bandwidth requirements on operator networks, which attempt to shape their traffic through Deep Packet inspection  ...  An extensive empirical evaluation shows that our method is able to independently classify every video segment into one of the quality representation layers with 97% accuracy if the browser is Safari with  ...  To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first to classify quality representation of encrypted YouTube streams.  ... 
doi:10.3837/tiis.2018.08.014 fatcat:miqee236ifh7vonh2fj6gozb7y
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