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Modeling the Human in Human Factors [chapter]

John Rushby
2001 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Human operators use mental models to guide their interaction with automated systems. We can "model the human" by constructing explicit descriptions of plausible mental models.  ...  These divergences indicate possible automation surprises and other human factors problems and suggest places where the design should be improved.  ...  Introduction Human error is implicated in many accidents and incidents involving computerized systems, with problems and design flaws in the human-computer interface often cited as a contributory factor  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45416-0_9 fatcat:u3nw7gpgnbfdldmsivqlwgt34y

In Silico Modeling: the Human Factor

Marta Bertolaso, Miles MacLeod
2016 Humana.Mente: Journal of Philosophical Studies  
The promise of in silico models is to produce information that can then be used in diagnosis, prognosis and therapy in the clinical setting.  ...  Historically, the term in silico has played the rhetorical function of giving computational models and simulations the same scientific dignity as in vitro and in vivo experiments.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The editors thank Dr. Emanuele Serrelli for his editorial assistance in realizing this monographic issue.  ... 
doaj:fa6b18db22ca433b934cd33bbb82c0dc fatcat:bufst73xezcrrd5t2oofurkm34

A Model of Human Problem Solving in Dynamic Environments

Annette Knaeuper, William B. Rouse
1983 Proceedings of the Human Factors Society Annual Meeting  
An overall model is presented, which considers the full breadth and robustness of human problem solving behavior in dynamic environments.  ...  the human's role in such systems.  ...  A RULE-BASED MODEL In the preceding chapter a general model of human problem solving was discussed.  ... 
doi:10.1177/154193128302700809 fatcat:23v3emvr3vbvdp666tpwlhiswi

Designers' models of the human-computer interface

Douglas J. Gillan, Sarah D. Breedin
1990 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems Empowering people - CHI '90  
Human Factors Specialists. The network representation for the human factors experts consists primarily of subnetworks of interconnected concepts, indicated in Figure 2A and so on.  ...  In other words, their cognitive model may representa compromisebetween knowledge about the function and aboutthe implementation of the human-computer interface.  ... 
doi:10.1145/97243.97315 dblp:conf/chi/GillanB90 fatcat:3uagq2apnvcpjahqgriv7h3cja

Modeling human performance of pen stroke gestures

Xiang Cao, Shumin Zhai
2007 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '07  
This paper presents a quantitative human performance model of making single-stroke pen gestures within certain error constraints in terms of production time.  ...  Computed from the properties of Curves, Line segments, and Corners (CLC) in a gesture stroke, the model may serve as a foundation for the design and evaluation of existing and future gesture-based user  ...  ACKONWLEDGEMENTS This work was conducted during Xiang Cao's graduate internship at the IBM Almaden Research Center.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1240624.1240850 dblp:conf/chi/CaoZ07 fatcat:cesxupn6x5ha3jvknvrbxebjyy

Building Economic Models of Human Computer Interaction

Leif Azzopardi, Guido Zuccon
2019 Extended Abstracts of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '19  
In this course, we provided an overview of relevant economic concepts and then showed how economics can be used to model human computer interaction to generated hypotheses about interaction which can be  ...  As a case study, we demonstrate how various interactions with search and recommender applications can be modeled, before concluding the day with a hands-on modeling session using example and participant  ...  Intended Learning Outcomes • Define and describe the different types of conceptual and formal models; • Explain the rationale for formal models in Human Computer Interaction (HCI); • Define economic (optimization  ... 
doi:10.1145/3290607.3298809 dblp:conf/chi/AzzopardiZ19 fatcat:s67zgmv5drfmxmod2gho2xcpfu

The Importance of Models in Making Complex Systems Comprehensible [chapter]

Gerhard Fischer
1991 Human Factors in Information Technology  
Three different types of models are discussed in this paper: the designers' models of users, the users' models of systems, and the systems' models of users.  ...  Innovative system designs supporting human problem-domain communication and providing design environments illustrate the relevance of these models in making complex systems comprehensible. ' "  ...  , Thomas Mastaglio, Anders Morch, Helga Nieper-Lemke, Brent Reeves, and Curt Stevens who have contributed to the ideas and systems described in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-444-88602-6.50005-0 fatcat:4a4ezyt2ffdhxdx3muymdk5owa

Human model evaluation in interactive supervised learning

Rebecca Fiebrink, Perry R. Cook, Dan Trueman
2011 Proceedings of the 2011 annual conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '11  
human interaction in the design of supervised learning systems.  ...  plans for using the trained models in practice.  ...  Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1978942.1978965 dblp:conf/chi/FiebrinkCT11 fatcat:xkl4gurrs5gg3e4sg5alnzzh2a

A performance management model addressing human factors in the North West provincial administration

Kezell Klinck, Sonia Swanepoel
2019 South African Journal of Human Resource Management  
The study was conducted by K.K. as part of her PhD study in Business Management at the North-West University, Mafikeng Campus. This article is an excerpt of the PhD study.  ...  S.M. and S.S. were the promoters of the study. Sadly, S.M. passed away before the completion of the study and thus K.K. and S.S. are the co-writers of the article.  ...  Literature review This particular study will explore issues linked to a comprehensive, integrated model to address the problem, mainly of human factors in the performance equation within the NWPA.  ... 
doi:10.4102/sajhrm.v17i0.1021 fatcat:kdtij4ttqrcydhus6vv5wmcz44

The ScienceWare Modeler

Shari L. Jackson
1995 Conference companion on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '95  
The Modeler is designed using a learner-centered approach [5] , with scaffolding to address the specific needs of learners.  ...  Scaffolding [3] is an educational term that refers to providing support to learners while they engage in activities that are normally out of reach.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research has been supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation (RED 9353481) and the University of Michigan.  ... 
doi:10.1145/223355.223367 dblp:conf/chi/Jackson95 fatcat:lqwr6trkhfh2bpfexdhejc7iry

Potential Improvements to the Occupant Accommodation Design Process in Vehicles Using Digital Human Modelling [chapter]

Steve Summerskill, Russell Marshall, Keith Case
2010 Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series  
The dataset used to define the posture of the human model were produced by the DERG and disseminated in a paper by Porter and Gyi (1998). FIGURE 4.  ...  The method combines the use of a number of datasets. The dataset used to define the size of human models is ADULTDATA (1998).  ...  The DHM human models and the SAE manikin represent the same range of the US population accommodation according to the source data, and yet it is clear to see that eye positions of the two human models  ... 
doi:10.1201/ebk1439835111-31 fatcat:54p3whj4gneebnhxgibz3gpwmy

Human performance modeling for all

Brett N. Harris, Bonnie E. John, Jonathan Brezin
2010 Proceedings of the 28th of the international conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems - CHI EA '10  
., Balsamiq Mockups 1 ), to sophisticated suites of modeling tools and toolkits (e.g., iRise 2 or dijit, the dojo GUI toolkit 3 ).  ...  ., AutoCWW [1], Bloodhound [2], and CogTool [4]), require prototypes to be in their own format, which forces the designer to re-do the prototypes in order to analyze them.  ...  The views and conclusions in this paper are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official 4 http://www-01.ibm.com/software/awdtools/rrc/ policies, either expressed or  ... 
doi:10.1145/1753846.1754005 dblp:conf/chi/HarrisJB10 fatcat:wj4vcove25c6nl6mxmoxivzui4

Measuring the Human Factor with the Rasch Model [chapter]

Dirk Wilking, David Schilli, Stefan Kowalewski
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The paper describes the experiment, the application of the Rasch Model in software engineering, and further concepts of measurement.  ...  The resulting variable is based on the Rasch Model. Therefore single questions as well as the entire test could be assessed.  ...  Regarding human factors in software engineering, the number of sources for this topic is scarce.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-85279-7_13 fatcat:hma7lghhjfdm3ndxtv5uqtc53y

Predictive human performance modeling made easy

Bonnie E. John, Konstantine Prevas, Dario D. Salvucci, Ken Koedinger
2004 Proceedings of the 2004 conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '04  
Although engineering models of user behavior have enjoyed a rich history in HCI, they have yet to have a widespread impact due to the complexities of the modeling process.  ...  Keystroke-Level Models are produced automatically using new rules for placing mental operators, then implemented in the ACT-R cognitive architecture.  ...  The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Ford Motor Company  ... 
doi:10.1145/985692.985750 dblp:conf/chi/JohnPSK04 fatcat:wji5yntmendglfs3hc6rgy3pba

Human Factor Modelling in the Risk Assessment of Port Manoeuvers

Teresa Abramowicz-Gerigk, A. Hejmlich
2015 TransNav: International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation  
The documentation of human factor influence on the scenario development in maritime accidents compared with expert methods is commonly used as a basis in the process of setting up safety regulations and  ...  The new accidents and near misses show the necessity for further studies in determining the human factor influence on both risk acceptance criteria and development of risk control options for the manoeuvers  ...  Human factor modelling in the risk assessment of port manoeuvers is very important with respect to different attitudes towards the risk of marine pilots and ship masters.  ... 
doi:10.12716/1001.09.03.16 fatcat:msws76sd3ndbxoqqbcdnfehvke
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