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Social and cognitive processes in knowledge acquisition

Brian R. Gaines
1989 Knowledge Acquistion  
The model is developed in depth to generate taxonomies of human knowledge processes and use these to analyze the roles of a wide variety of computerbased systems in supporting these processes.  ...  The model is used to highlight strengths and weaknesses in the current state of the art in knowledge representation.  ...  Much of the research reported in this paper is part of a long-term collaborative study with Mildred Shaw of the cognitive foundations of human knowledge processes.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1042-8143(89)80004-4 fatcat:iuaqmkififdopj7teuub75cnjq

I. Research as Situated and Critical Project [chapter]

2020 The Redundant City  
In the iterative-cyclical model new research information is generated in a stepby-step process.  ...  Like other disciplines, they seek to respond to the demand for 'verified' information from the private sector, local authorities, policy agencies and the political domain.  ... 
doi:10.14361/9783839451144-002 fatcat:evprcdzkvrglza2c3wp7ytomsa

The technological informavore: Information behavior and digital sustainability in the global platform ecosystem

Cristian Berrío-Zapata, Ester Ferreira da Silva, Marise Teles Condurú
2021 First Monday  
Modeling cognitive processes in information seeking: From Popper to Pask,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology , volume 55, number 9, pp. 769–782. doi: https://doi.org  ...  seeking and processing: in short, computers connected via the Internet.  ... 
doi:10.5210/fm.v26i11.12354 dblp:journals/firstmonday/Berrio-ZapataSC21 fatcat:fmvoqpb4urbl5fsv7gml2jjx4i

Try again. Fail again. Fail better: the cybernetics in design and the design in cybernetics

Ranulph Glanville, Ranulph Glanville
2007 Kybernetes  
The criteria for the assessment of design work are shown to be different from those appropriate in other, more traditionally acceptable approaches.  ...  Purpose -The purpose of this paper is to explore the two subjects, cybernetics and design, in order to establish and demonstrate a relationship between them.  ...  This is a basic quality Pask requires for participants in a conversation [25] . (The conversational model also allows the same process to operate between different individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1108/03684920710827238 fatcat:w5ta2d2y4ndpfi2mhoevvy4haq

Three Active Learning Strategies to Address Mixed Student Epistemologies and Promote Conceptual Change

Calvin S. Kalman, Mark J. Lattery
2018 Frontiers in ICT  
Each approach stresses the need for students to critically examine their own ideas in relation to target course ideas and discuss their ideas with peers.  ...  In this paper we review three instructional strategies that show promise to address this challenge in the context of an introductory physics classroom: (1) the Reflective Writing and Labatorial interventions  ...  As students struggle to respond to new information (contrary experimental evidence, logic arguments, and resources from related physical system), new models are generated.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fict.2018.00019 fatcat:dtlrnjoke5fynnhqnwvpye3rxq

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Alexander Riegler
2012 Foundations of Science  
Yet, RC has the potential to go much further. I claim that RC provides the foundation of a new world-view in which we can overcome hard scientific problems.  ...  The mind is necessarily an epistemological solipsist, in contrast to being an ontological solipsist who maintains that this is all there is, namely a single mind within which the only world exists.  ...  In alphabetical order the external reviewers were: Marco Bettoni, Christian Brassac, Dewey I.  ... 
doi:10.1023/a:1011305022115 fatcat:44bdspu2g5dvrnnnlgdr57guqq

Co-creation of experiential qualities

Vuk Uskoković
2011 Pragmatics & Cognition  
However, whereas constructivist cognitive theories face difficulties when attempting to explain the experiential commonality of different cognitive entities, objectivistic theories fail in explaining the  ...  This paper undertakes to compare and eventually combine these two major approaches to describing cognitive phenomena.  ...  Therefore, if one seeks to unravel some of the natural mysteries, one has to know how humans know, whereas if one seeks to know oneself, one must face the mysteries of nature in one's quests.  ... 
doi:10.1075/pc.19.3.08usk fatcat:gtkec4su7jcblgouj7ftbqcgse

A Tale of Two Studies: TEL Research and the Theory-Practice Nexus

2020 Issue 1.1: Debating the status of 'theory' in technology enhanced learning research  
theories of learning, leading to the development of an integrated model of video-enhanced assessment and feedback.  ...  In the first of these cases, a series of interventions introducing video-enhanced practice to two cohorts of undergraduate students was situated against a backdrop of both social and cognitive constructivist  ...  with web programming skills to make previous work in the field of 1930s cinemagoing and memory studies accessible to a wider audience.  ... 
doi:10.21428/8c225f6e.dc7eba12 fatcat:7q7fh5rxffdirfa5vscm7s2wlu

Special Issue on Theory for Learning Technologies: Editorial

Martin Oliver
2002 Journal of Interactive Media in Education  
During the editing process, I received an irate email from one of the early readers of the pre-print material, complaining that no progress towards an overall theory for this area seemed to have been made  ...  Approaches vary considerably -from theory as tool, to theory as principle; from theory building, to theory using; from disciplines as diverse as film studies, psychology, sociology and education.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the funding of the EPSRC for the empirical work described in this paper 4 , and wish to thank Richard Bornat and Bernard Sufrin for making Jape available to  ... 
doi:10.5334/2002-9 fatcat:ny4v3luff5dcdfxhayzdhwiiga

Does a robot have an Umwelt? Reflections on the qualitative biosemiotics of Jakob von Uexküll

Claus Emmeche
2001 Semiotica: Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies  
ASR, AL, and AI are in a process of being transformed into a continuum of projects which attempt to model adaptive, learning, and cognitive abilities in all the varying degrees of complexity we know from  ...  Information from sensors about the world will be processed according to the rules, but in parallel in each module, and the behavior of the multi-module agent will emerge from the continual series of actions  ... 
doi:10.1515/semi.2001.048 fatcat:plqh5drjifgtxlkffe3chpi36u

The Construction and Globalization of the Knowlege Base in Interhuman Communication Systems

Loet Leydesdorff
2003 Canadian Journal of Communication  
This adds globalization to the historically stabilized patterns of communications.  ...  At the first level information is exchanged and provided with meaning, and at the second level meaning can reflexively be communicated.  ...  Thermodynamic entropy, however, is different from probabilistic entropy because the former is measured in terms of Joule/Kelvin, while bits of information are dimensionless. 3.  ... 
doi:10.22230/cjc.2003v28n3a1372 fatcat:2wfny3illra4fmmw45u5wczym4

Progress in General Systems Research [chapter]

Brian R. Gaines
1978 Applied General Systems Research  
Pask has studied and demonstrated, in automated instructional systems, both the technical cognitive (using the terminology of Jurgen Habermas, 1972) approach to instruction in which the learner is a  ...  My feeling is that if we restrict our attention to those problems that are "well defined" from the point of view of the mathematician, we are engaging in a process of self-sterilization.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-0555-3_1 fatcat:arman7rbk5ganh6lgirqy7vfri

A Theoretical Model for Meaning Construction through Constructivist Concept Learning [article]

Farshad Badie
2017 The PhD Series of the Faculty of the Humanities  
from information and experiences.  ...  In this research, knowledge acquisition has been recognised as the process of seeking knowledge [by human beings] about different phenomena, objects, processes and events with regard to their personal  ...  This research connects with the topics 'logic and learning', 'cognitive modelling' and 'terminological knowledge representation'.  ... 
doi:10.5278/vbn.phd.hum.00073 fatcat:sfqwkrjduncrzeuyx2shchxjaq

The Cybernetic Relevance of Architecture:An Essay on Gordon Pask's Evolving Discourse on Architecture

Ensar Temizel
2020 Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe)   unpublished
Gordon Pask, as one of the leading figures in the field of cybernetics, had an extensive impact on architecture through his lifelong connections with architectural circles in the UK and the USA from the  ...  In doing so, the paper examines key aspects of his own work in relation to key instances of his relationship with architecture.  ...  In this essay, Pask essentially proposes the same thing as (Pask 1969 ): to benefit from cybernetics in order to arrive at a unifying theory in architecture.  ... 
doi:10.52842/conf.ecaade.2020.1.471 fatcat:bbs2o3uq4ve5znvlnqlascffnq

Cognitive Constructivism and the Epistemic Significance of Sharp Statistical Hypotheses in Natural Sciences [article]

J.M. Stern
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The basic metaphor presented in this text, as a foundation for cognitive constructivism, is that of an eigen-solution, and the verification of its objective epistemic status.  ...  We believe that this alternative perspective, complementary to the one ofered by decision theory, can provide powerful insights and make pertinent contributions in the context of scientific research.  ...  , as shown in Boyd (1991) and Popper (1959 Popper ( , 1963 .  ... 
arXiv:1006.5471v8 fatcat:v375ybolz5bkbe6ordmjnnulhi
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