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Creativity in problem solving: integrating two different views of insight

Per Øystein Haavold, Bharath Sriraman
2021 ZDM: Mathematics Education  
We apply both a problem solving model and a creativity model in analyzing students' work on the two problems, in order to compare and contrast aspects of insight during the students' work.  ...  We pursue this aim by studying how expert and novice mathematics students worked on two ill-defined mathematical problems.  ...  The main findings of studies in the 'expert-novice' genre were that experts and novices differed in their problem solving strategies because of the following: 1.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11858-021-01304-8 fatcat:brshevqlcrdplkrkagk7bi5mtu

Performance ≠ behavior: a study in the fragility of expertise

B. R. Huguenard, M. J. Prietula, F. J. Lerch
1989 Proceedings of the tenth international conference on Information Systems - ICIS '89  
Specifically, the experts would use inadequate search control knowledge while traversing problem spaces and/or repeatedly attempt to implement operators or types of search control knowledge that were not  ...  Six novices (students, trained in the task but with no experience in the domain) and three expert schedulers (ranging from six to 20 years of experience in the domain) each completed six reactive scheduling  ...  PRIOR RESEARCH ON FRAGILITY strating how representations and solution methods used by experts in a highly complex task (reactive scheduling in a In general, a problem solver's knowledge is organized production  ... 
doi:10.1145/75034.75044 dblp:conf/icis/HuguenardPL89 fatcat:7fbkdzbs2rbdplj46z57hj62qu

How Can Expertise be Defined? Implications of Research from Cognitive Psychology [chapter]

Robert R. Hoffman
1998 Exploring Expertise  
Knowledge Organization Expert knowledge differs from novice knowledge in its organization as well as its extent.  ...  In terms of the general or basic problem solving strategies such as "divide and conquer" and "means-end analysis," experts seem to be "just plain folk."  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-349-13693-3_4 fatcat:ldddrqo6xfcznp2qbasuxqc6xy

Mental Models: An Alternative Evaluation of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Instruction

Meagan E. Brock, Andrew Vert, Vykinta Kligyte, Ethan P. Waples, Sydney T. Sevier, Michael D. Mumford
2008 Science and Engineering Ethics  
and novices apply in ethical decision-making.  ...  Mental models of trained and untrained graduate students, as well as faculty, working in the field of physical sciences were compared using a think-aloud protocol 6 months following the ethics  ...  Godfrey and Richard T. Marcy for their assistance in developing theoretical framework and data collection materials for the project. We also thank Dr. Dean F.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11948-008-9076-3 pmid:18568427 fatcat:devtrvtzl5gyjj5bewiatrnhd4

When Two Heads are Better than One: Beginning Teachers' Planning Processes in an Integrated Instruction Planning Task

Kathleen Roskos
1996 Journal of Teacher Education  
Planning for integrated instruction is demanding in terms of pedagogical knowledge, critical-thinking skills, and problem-solving strategies.  ...  Swanson, O’Connor, and Cooney (1990), using information processing analytic techniques, took a detailed look at novice-expert problem solving in relation to classroom discipline problems.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022487196047002005 fatcat:o2mantzjjrdi3lyozdurypx7oq

Information problem solving by experts and novices: analysis of a complex cognitive skill

Saskia Brand-Gruwel, Iwan Wopereis, Yvonne Vermetten
2005 Computers in Human Behavior  
In this research the complex cognitive skill of information problem solving is analysed. Experts and novices were observed while solving an information problem.  ...  In our point of view, however, explicit and intensive education is required. In order to design education that fosters the information problem solving skill, a skill decomposition is required.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank Annemarie Cremers for her valuable comments on the first draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chb.2004.10.005 fatcat:fishdss5j5abzj5v666ugnt7lu

Understanding managerial problem-solving, knowledge use and information processing: Investigating stages from school to the workplace

Jos A.R. Arts, Wim H. Gijselaers, Henny P.A. Boshuizen
2006 Contemporary Educational Psychology  
We studied nine diVerent levels of expertise: from novice student groups, to graduates and expert groups. Participants were asked to diagnose and solve business cases.  ...  For students and junior experts, the results suggest a weak use (transfer) of knowledge and ineVective problem-solving approaches.  ...  Solving problems in diVerent and new contexts Improving knowledge use through practical experiences We have demonstrated that the balance between theoretical and dynamical knowledge shifted as graduates  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2006.05.005 fatcat:akhy4p223naezjst4eohbpiiz4

Teaching Insights from Adult Learning Theory

Cassandra Volpe Horii
2007 Journal of Veterinary Medical Education  
This article provides an overview of three learning models that yield insights into teaching practice-novice/expert behaviors, cognitive development, and learning styles-along with ways in which instructors  ...  can draw on these models in course planning and classroom teaching.  ...  We can expect to ask the experts how they are organizing their knowledge, and to follow their examples; we can search out the problem-solving or other step-wise processes that the experts use and adopt  ... 
doi:10.3138/jvme.34.4.369 pmid:18287460 fatcat:gu7meej7hvdbrerjtprlcffg5a

Misconceptions Reconceived: A Constructivist Analysis of Knowledge in Transition

John P. Smith III, Andrea A. diSessa, Jeremy Roschelle
1994 The Journal of the Learning Sciences  
We highlight elements of knowledge that serve both novices and experts, albeit in different contexts and under different conditions.  ...  and mathematics to articulate a constructivist view of learning in which student conceptions play productive roles in the acquisition of expertise.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We gratefully acknowledge support from the McDonnell Foundation's Program for Cognitive Studies in Education (first author) and the Spencer Foundation (second author) in the completion  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327809jls0302_1 fatcat:sxb3ioqfqjel7ivzc5u2rb2vzu

Supporting Pascal programming with an on-line template library and case studies

Patricia K. Schank, Marcia C. Linn, Michael J. Clancy
1993 International Journal of Man-Machine Studies  
3) Does the template library help subjects reuse templates to solve new problems?  ...  In this project, we devised an on-line network of Pascal programming templates called a template library, and tested it with subjects (classified as novice, intermediate, and expert Pascal programmers)  ...  Acknowledgements We especially thank Michael Ranney, Christopher Hoadley, Sherry Hsi, Marcia Lovett, the Reasoning Group, the HCS 2 Group, and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions and  ... 
doi:10.1006/imms.1993.1048 fatcat:3gvphq4mcbcdbf5ipl2cggsubi

Clinical reasoning assessment through medical expertise theories: past, present and future directions

Elham Boushehri, Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Alireza Monajemi
2015 Medical Journal of The Islamic Republic of Iran  
In this paper, we tried to categorize and introduce some widely used tests for identification of experts within the framework of existing main theories.  ...  Exploration into the concept of "medical expert" dates back to more than 50 years ago, yet yielding three leading theories in the area of clinical reasoning, namely, knowledge structure, hypotheticdeductive  ...  In other words, problem solving appeared to involve the way a person organizes his/her knowledge and experience in the brain (40) (41) (42) .  ... 
pmid:26478880 pmcid:PMC4606956 fatcat:b35bbf2vybaf3bbfwvqvjfryi4

Cognitive research‐what's in if for physics teachers?

Jose Mestre, Jerold Touger
1989 The Physics Teacher  
The study asks, if experts organize knowledge In a Expert/Novice Differences In Knowledge Organization.  ...  and (2) How do experts and novices go about solving problems?  ... 
doi:10.1119/1.2342824 fatcat:dor53doafresfp3ic3bayi6mtu

A study of conceptual data modeling in database design: similarities and differences between expert and novice designers

D. Batra, J. G. Davis
1989 Proceedings of the tenth international conference on Information Systems - ICIS '89  
The novices tended to have more errors in their solutions largely due to their inability to map parts of the problem description into appropriate knowledge structures.  ...  The study also found that the expert and novice behavior was similar in terms of modeling facets like entities, identifiers, descriptors, and binary and ternary relationships but was different in the modeling  ...  their ability to meaningfully organize in the problem solving processes employed by experts and information into useful chunks. novices in a wide variety of domains.  ... 
doi:10.1145/75034.75043 dblp:conf/icis/BatraD89 fatcat:dynjxsxe2bh7la5bgi7h6besyu

Transferring Tacit Knowledge in Process Control [chapter]

Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Anders Colmsjö
2016 Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing  
Methods for transfer tacit knowledge are scenario analysis of disturbances in focus groups, or role-play between experienced and novice operator.  ...  Methods recommended for catching tacit knowledge regarding process control are observations in the control room, operators using the think-aloud methodology during work, and expert operators creating and  ...  discuss problem solving strategies during various events.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42070-7_44 fatcat:2gdb42tsirbkxptvkgg2gh2gty

Page 445 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 79, Issue 1 [page]

1992 Psychological Abstracts  
EUREKA shifts from a novicelike means-ends strategy to an expertlike knowledge de- velopment strategy in which the presence of abstract concepts are triggered by problem features.  ...  —Investigated the use of an erroneous advice-giving expert system. 12 expert and novice engineers used the faulty system to solve a problem of pressure buildup in a well.  ... 
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