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Modeling Ecosystems Using P Systems: The Bearded Vulture, a Case Study [chapter]

Mónica Cardona, M. Angels Colomer, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez, Delfí Sanuy, Antoni Margalida
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present a model of an ecosystem related to the Bearded Vulture in the Pyrenees (NE Spain), by using P systems.  ...  P systems provide a high level computational modeling framework which integrates the structural and dynamic aspects of ecosystems in a comprehensive and relevant way.  ...  Financial support for A. Margalida was obtained from the Departament de Medi Ambient i Habitatge of Generalitat de Catalunya.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-95885-7_11 fatcat:jedv6g45dncqzjcmuabfrvxxcm

Importance of Long-Term Studies to Conservation Practice: The Case of the Bearded Vulture in the Pyrenees [chapter]

Antoni Margalida
2017 High Mountain Conservation in a Changing World  
Here I show several examples of the research obtained from a long-term study in one of the most threatened species in Pyrenean mountains, the bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), highlighting the importance  ...  The results obtained about changes in nest-site selection, mating system and demographic parameters can only be achieved through long-term studies, A.  ...  ; red dots) with time and age using the parameters obtained with the model (/ (1_4+5)+T , p A ).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-55982-7_15 fatcat:wkvrpekkabdr5b45svytibsymu

A P System Based Model of an Ecosystem of Some Scavenger Birds [chapter]

Mónica Cardona, M. Angels Colomer, Antoni Margalida, Ignacio Pérez-Hurtado, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez, Delfí Sanuy
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
After the validation, the new model can be a useful tool for the study of the evolution and management of the ecosystem.  ...  In [1], we presented a P system in order to study the evolution of these species in the Pyrenees (NE Spain).  ...  Acknowledgement The authors acknowledge the support of the project TIN2006-13425 of the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia of Spain, cofinanced by FEDER funds, and the support of the Project of Excellence  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-11467-0_14 fatcat:ius6x4ciurakziipmpjihhrvfy

A Bioinspired Computing Approach to Model Complex Systems [chapter]

Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
P systems, devices in Membrane Computing, are not used as a computing paradigm, but rather as a formalism for describing the behaviour of the system to be modelled.  ...  The use of models is intrinsic to any scientific activity. In particular, formal/mathematical models provide a relevant tool for scientific investigation.  ...  The author wishes to acknowledge the support of the project TIN2012-37434 of the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain, co-financed by FEDER funds.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-14370-5_2 fatcat:aa4kjjnaa5hszjfx5vqmy7prka

A Review of Membrane Computing Models for Complex Ecosystems and a Case Study on a Complex Giant Panda System

Yingying Duan, Haina Rong, Dunwu Qi, Luis Valencia-Cabrera, Gexiang Zhang, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez
2020 Complexity  
Then, a discussion follows on the use of P systems for ecosystem modelling.  ...  Finally, a case study on giant pandas in Chengdu Base is analysed, concluding that the study in this field by using PDP systems can provide a valuable tool to deepen into the knowledge about the evolution  ...  As a case study, a single-environment PDP system is used to model giant pandas.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/1312824 fatcat:uvkxmicof5cqhkt74az6n6hcki

DCBA: Simulating Population Dynamics P Systems with Proportional Object Distribution [chapter]

Miguel A. Martínez-del-Amor, Ignacio Pérez-Hurtado, Manuel García-Quismondo, Luis F. Macías-Ramos, Luis Valencia-Cabrera, Álvaro Romero-Jiménez, Carmen Graciani, Agustín Riscos-Núñez, Mari A. Colomer, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Population Dynamics P systems refer to a formal framework for ecological modelling.  ...  The semantics of the model associates probabilities to rules, but at the same time, the model is based on P systems, so the rules are applied in a maximally parallel way.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors acknowledge the support of "Proyecto de Excelencia con Investigador de Reconocida Valía" of the "Junta de Andalucía" under grant P08-TIC04200, and the support of the project  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-36751-9_18 fatcat:aav2buzur5cy7oftjvhgvgse54

Modelling the effects of sanitary policies on European vulture conservation

Antoni Margalida, Ma Àngels Colomer
2012 Scientific Reports  
A novel computational model (P-systems) was used to model these effects, forecasting a rapid decline in the Eurasian griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus).  ...  This study extends our understanding of vulture ecosystem services, which have social and economic implications.  ...  Acknowledgements We gratefully acknowledge the Natural Computing Group at Sevilla University for their help with the design of the simulator.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep00753 pmid:23082243 pmcid:PMC3475340 fatcat:72xrwtbg4bhmlcehgtaa3wwxmq

Can Wild Ungulate Carcasses Provide Enough Biomass to Maintain Avian Scavenger Populations? An Empirical Assessment Using a Bio-Inspired Computational Model

Antoni Margalida, Ma. Àngels Colomer, Delfí Sanuy, Raphaël Arlettaz
2011 PLoS ONE  
Methodology/Findings: We assessed food provided by a wild ungulate population in two areas of NE Spain inhabited by three vulture species and developed a P System computational model to assess the effects  ...  Simulation testing of the model suggests that wild ungulates constitute an important food resource in the Pyrenees and the vulture population inhabiting this area could grow if only the food provided by  ...  application of P Systems.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020248 pmid:21629647 pmcid:PMC3101228 fatcat:zfmqvyv7b5hwvpkq3yf5nowqv4

Population Dynamics P System (PDP) Models: A Standardized Protocol for Describing and Applying Novel Bio-Inspired Computing Tools

Maria Àngels Colomer, Antoni Margalida, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez, Sergio Gómez
2013 PLoS ONE  
We use two case studies to demonstrate the use and implementation of these computational models for population dynamics and ecological process studies, discussing briefly their potential applicability  ...  The Population Dynamics P systems models (PDP) are a novel and effective computational tool to model complex problems, are characterized by the ability to work in parallel (simultaneously interrelating  ...  Methods Population Dynamical P System The PDP models (PDP systems) are a variant of P system models. The P system models are inspired by the functioning of cells.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060698 pmid:23593284 pmcid:PMC3622025 fatcat:ynzrmlk66renhlzg6lrrqmkuxe

Modeling Population Growth of Pyrenean Chamois (Rupicapra p. pyrenaica) by Using P-Systems [chapter]

Maria Angels Colomer, Santiago Lavín, Ignasi Marco, Antoni Margalida, Ignacio Pérez-Hurtado, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez, Delfí Sanuy, Emmanuel Serrano, Luis Valencia-Cabrera
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In previous work [1, 2], there have been presented several ecosystems modeled by P systems. The good results obtained suggest studying new ecosystems as the one presented in this paper.  ...  P systems provide a high level computational modeling framework which integrates the structural and dynamic aspects of ecosystems in a comprehensive and relevant way.  ...  In [2] , a general framework for modeling ecosystems using multienvironment P systems was presented.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-18123-8_13 fatcat:o22njkl7sbh4pipsxeikzeuhlm

MeCoSim: A general purpose software tool for simulating biological phenomena by means of P systems

I. Perez-Hurtado, L. Valencia-Cabrera, M.J. Perez-Jimenez, M.A. Colomer, A. Riscos-Nunez
2010 2010 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA)  
The study of these phenomena usually requires the execution of virtual experiments using mechanisms of simulation, implying the development of ad-hoc tools to simulate.  ...  In this framework, membrane computing is an emergent branch within natural computing that has been succesfully used to model biological phenomena.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors acknowledge the support of the project TIN2009-13192 of the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia of Spain, cofinanced by FEDER funds, and the support of the "Proyecto de Excelencia  ... 
doi:10.1109/bicta.2010.5645199 dblp:conf/bic-ta/Perez-HurtadoVPCR10 fatcat:q5he2q43xzaz3kkq7rnaipxlcy

A bio-inspired computing model as a new tool for modeling ecosystems: The avian scavengers as a case study

M. Àngels Colomer, Antoni Margalida, Delfí Sanuy, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez
2011 Ecological Modelling  
In this work, we present the framework for a model based on P systems applied to the study of an ecosystem in which three avian scavengers (predators) interact with 10 wild and domestic ungulates (preys  ...  The models used for ecosystems modeling are generally based on differential equations.  ...  A P system based model for ecosystems In this section, we will present the semantics and syntax used to model ecosystems by means of P systems and the specific model proposed for the ecosystem for the  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.09.012 fatcat:4yz6n4asbjcare76kq6ejhqebm

A uniform framework for modeling based on P systems

M. Angels Colomer, M.A. Martinez-del-Amor, Ignacio Perez-Hurtado, Mario J. Perez-Jimenez, A. Riscos-Nunez
2010 2010 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA)  
In this paper, a P systems based general framework for modeling the dynamics of a population biology is presented.  ...  Multienvironment probabilistic functional P systems with active membranes provide the syntactical specification, and the semantics is captured by using stochastic or probabilistic strategies implemented  ...  Acknowledgment The authors wish to acknowledge the support of the project TIN2009-13192 of the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of Spain, cofinanced by FEDER funds, and the support of the project of  ... 
doi:10.1109/bicta.2010.5645196 dblp:conf/bic-ta/ColomerMPPR10 fatcat:c6zsb4wmtneuha4nvxc7zlvmke

Carrion ecology modelling for vulture conservation: are vulture restaurants needed to sustain the densest breeding population of the African white-backed vulture?

A. Kane, A. L. Jackson, A. Monadjem, M. A. Colomer, A. Margalida
2014 Animal Conservation  
In this study we model the carrion ecology of an ecosystem in Swaziland which is home to the densest breeding population of the African White-backed Vulture (Gyps africanus).  ...  By using novel Population Dynamics P-Systems we show that carrion provided by wild ungulates biomass is currently enough to sustain this vulture species.  ...  Population Dynamics P System Model Using this information we developed a population dynamics P system (PDP) model (Colomer et al., 2013) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/acv.12169 fatcat:rjedm3n42jbljor5md47dqh5ea

Manipulating size, amount and appearance of food inputs to optimize supplementary feeding programs for European vultures

Rubén Moreno-Opo, Ana Trujillano, Ángel Arredondo, Luis Mariano González, Antoni Margalida
2015 Biological Conservation  
Our findings can be used to optimize the supplementary provisioning of vultures in cases where this conservation tool is considered essential for managing targeted species or population groups.  ...  At a species level, large inputs of unscattered carrion increased the abundance of actively feeding griffon vultures.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was carried out within the framework of the project Technical basis and guidelines for a strategy on feeding of endangered scavengers, commissioned by the Spanish Ministry of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2014.10.022 fatcat:q4jpeyngfrfntddyikzxgud53a
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