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How To Apply The Religious Freedom Restoration Act To Federal Law Without Violating The Constitution

Gregory P. Magarian
2001 Social Science Research Network  
RFRA's applications to federal law "unclear").  ...  that "the vast majority of the Flores decision, as a matter of rhetoric and logic, ap plies as persuasively to federal as to state law; Sniolla, supra note 23, at 925 n.3 (calling effect of Boerne on  ...  Verner, and advocating such an approach to RFRA).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.272662 fatcat:ycwkwrmqb5gqpbkunbykguxcri

Optimization-free Ground Contact Force Constraint Satisfaction in Quadrupedal Locomotion [article]

Eric Sihite, Pravin Dangol, Alireza Ramezani
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In our approach, we utilized a supervisory controller and an Explicit Reference Governor (ERG) to enforce ground reaction force constraints.  ...  However, in this work, the ERG manipulates the state references applied to the supervisory controller to enforce the ground contact constraints through an updated law based on Lyapunov stability arguments  ...  EXPLICIT REFERENCE GOVERNOR Explicit reference governor (ERG) works as an add-on scheme on a pre-stabilized closed-loop system [44] .  ... 
arXiv:2111.12557v1 fatcat:pt5xtglscfhjpb7yyfts54r47m

Safe Learning Reference Governor: Theory and Application to Fuel Truck Rollover Avoidance [article]

Kaiwen Liu, Nan Li, Ilya Kolmanovsky, Denise Rizzo, Anouck Girard
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper proposes a learning reference governor (LRG) approach to enforce state and control constraints in systems for which an accurate model is unavailable, and this approach enables the reference  ...  governor to gradually improve command tracking performance through learning while enforcing the constraints during learning and after learning is completed.  ...  Disclaimer: Reference herein to any specific commercial company, product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement  ... 
arXiv:2101.09298v2 fatcat:sa4244c5fvchfcgl7lfif2otja

Bad Faith Exception to Prosecutorial Immunity for Brady Violations

Bennett L. Gershman
2010 Social Science Research Network  
("The guidance is intended to establish a methodical approach to consideration of discovery obligations that prosecutors should follow in every case to avoid lapses that can result in consequences adverse  ...  See Gershman, supra note 125, at 551 ("The prosecutor's claim of ignorance as an excuse for compliance with Brady resembles a defendant's claim of ignorance as an excuse to avoid criminal liability.").  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1540603 fatcat:d6pr7woiwnbezls62p55smyj2u

Norms, self-interest and effectiveness: explaining double standards in EU reactions to violations of democratic principles in Sub-Saharan Africa

Karen Del Biondo
2012 Afrika Focus  
Those propagating a conflict perspective often refer to the "developmental state" model.  ...  The Economist, which only a decade ago referred to sub-Saharan Africa as the "hopeless" subcontinent, now refers to a dozen African economies with high growth rates as "Lion kings"an analogy to the Asian  ...  Annexes Overview of elections and EU reaction Campaigning relatively free, but opposition candidates and supporters suffered from intimidation, delay and lack of transparency in counting and publication  ... 
doi:10.21825/af.v25i2.4953 fatcat:kv3dupyggjbw3eqgmn4fxkieqy

What Do You Do When You Meet a 'Walking Violation of the Sixth Amendment' If You're Trying to Put that Lawyer's Client in Jail?

Vanessa Merton
2001 Social Science Research Network  
an obligation cannot be grounded in anything explicit in either of the major ethical codes.  ...  exposure victims)-entered into a thoroughly unethical fee-splitting arrangement whereby a plaintiffs' attorney referred his clients to the lab for "free" testing in exchange for promising the lab half  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.259588 fatcat:npjrjraftrgjberp6f5cfh5dhm

Sovereign Immunity and the Supremacy Clause: Damages against States in Their Own Courts for Constitutional Violations

Louis E. Wolcher
1981 California Law Review  
That is because the states' preconstitutional immunity from suit in their own courts was cast with reference to their roles as unitary sovereigns unencumbered by externally imposed constraints.  ...  The Governor of Georgia v.  ...  all the taxpayers, than to allow its impact to be felt solely by those whose rights, albeit newly recognized, have been violated.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3480121 fatcat:whrk7gecovcrbds6qbtzd7l53a

Can we program or train robots to be good?

Amanda Sharkey
2017 Ethics and Information Technology  
As such it might be considered to be an explicit ethical agent in Moor s typology even though its explicit representation of ethics takes the form of constraints specific to military situations rather  ...  A moral vocabulary would include terms referring to norms (e.g. fairness honesty their violations e g wrong thief and responses to violations e g blame forgiveness Knowledge of such terms could help a  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10676-017-9425-5 fatcat:hrqlxbhfdjfydg476howirvpz4

Landscape of Machine Implemented Ethics

Vivek Nallur
2020 Science and Engineering Ethics  
Finally, it speculates that an intermediate step of creating domain-specific ethics might be a possible stepping stone towards creating machines that exhibit ethical behaviour.  ...  Another unresolved problem in these implementations of ethical theories is how to objectively validate the implementations.  ...  That is, an agent can manipulate its own value framework to rationally avoid the hard choices that an ethical agent is actually required to make.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11948-020-00236-y pmid:32643059 fatcat:tghzma5tw5gyhmq6sqeollti5m

Notes About a More Aware Dependency Parser [article]

Matteo Grella
2015 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper I explain the reasons that led me to research and conceive a novel technology for dependency parsing, mixing together the strengths of data-driven transition-based and constraint-based approaches  ...  I then briefly introduce a number of notes about a new parser model I'm working on, capable to proceed with the analysis in a "more aware" way, with a more "robust" concept of robustness.  ...  Last but not the least, Francesco Sartorio with whom I recently had a lot of never-ending always productive conversations about the most recent syntactic parsing algorithms and related machine learning  ... 
arXiv:1507.05630v1 fatcat:bmrp7qt73jcctmvnpengztpz5q

Robust Frequency Constrained UC Using Data Driven Logistic Regression for Island Power Systems [article]

Mohammad Rajabdorri, Enrique Lobato, Lukas Sigrist
2022 arXiv   pre-print
To compare the conventional methods with the proposed approach and also to handle the uncertain nature of renewable energy generation, an adaptive robust unit commitment formulation is utilized.  ...  This paper introduces a data driven linear constraint to improve the post-fault frequency quality in island power systems.  ...  An alternative linearization approach is used to make sure the nadir threshold is not violated.  ... 
arXiv:2202.08703v2 fatcat:pzvvo6mtvfclxgxh3qvu7n2a2i

Optimization Algorithms as Robust Feedback Controllers [article]

Adrian Hauswirth, Saverio Bolognani, Gabriela Hug, Florian Dörfler
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In addition to an overview over continuous-time dynamical systems for optimization, our particular emphasis lies on closed-loop stability as well as the enforcement of physical and operational constraints  ...  Optimization problems are formulated to be solved numerically with specific algorithms running on microprocessors. An emerging alternative is to view optimization algorithms as dynamical systems.  ...  Acknowledgements The research leading to these results was supported by ETH Zürich funds and by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy grant #SI/501708 UNICORN.  ... 
arXiv:2103.11329v1 fatcat:awpupmsxirdw5lnbsvmkhrs57a

Dependency Parsing

Sandra Kübler, Ryan McDonald, Joakim Nivre
2009 Synthesis Lectures on Human Language Technologies  
After an introduction to dependency grammar and dependency parsing, followed by a formal characterization of the dependency parsing problem, the book surveys the three major classes of parsing models that  ...  are in current use: transition-based, graph-based, and grammar-based models.  ...  In order to avoid such circular behavior, the algorithm must keep track of which constraint violations have already been corrected. These violations cannot be repeated.  ... 
doi:10.2200/s00169ed1v01y200901hlt002 fatcat:e6bea7jadrbjjf2mweetf6a6mu

An interactivist-constructivist approach to intelligence: Self-directed anticipative learning

W. D. Christensen, C. A. Hooker
2000 Philosophical Psychology  
This paper outlines an original interactivist-constructivist (I-C) approach to modeling intelligence and learning as a dynamical embodied form of adaptiveness and explores some applications of I-C to understanding  ...  enriched by Montague and Sejnowski's dopaminergic model of anticipative-predictive neural learning, is assessed as a promising, but incomplete, contribution to this approach.  ...  The degree to which a dynamical state or condition is an explicit reference condition or norm is roughly determined by the relative longevity and system-wide impact of the constraints it imposes.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09515080050002717 fatcat:g4q7a7af4be2vnjmrdgc725y4e

Norm creation, spreading and emergence: A survey of simulation models of norms in multi-agent systems

Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Stephen Cranefield
2011 Multiagent and Grid Systems  
In order to design and develop robust artificial agent societies, it is important to understand different approaches proposed by researchers by which norms can spread and emerge within agent societies.  ...  This paper makes three contributions to the study of norms. Firstly, based on the simulation research on norms, we propose a life-cycle model for norms.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the three anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.3233/mgs-2011-0167 fatcat:3ody7h3vsnctvkre5avqna6alq
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