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Model-Based Safety and Security Engineering [article]

Vivek Nigam and Alexander Pretschner and Harald Ruess
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We conclude pointing out that these are the first steps towards a wide range of techniques to support Safety and Security Engineering.  ...  Then we demonstrate how models, such as Goal Structured Notation (GSN) for safety and Attack Defense Trees (ADT) for security, can address these challenges.  ...  Finally, we also thank the fortiss Safety and Security Reading group.  ... 
arXiv:1810.04866v2 fatcat:b5szqz755vdj7bfgh4xsluqyyy

Constructing resilience model of port infrastructure based on system dynamics

Hyungmin Cho, Heekyung Park
2017 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
In addition to disruption and recovery actions in the disaster situation, the model also incorporates socioeconomic factors such as changes in cargo demand and financial state, resulting in close proximity  ...  Simulation of disaster situations with resilience assessment model can express recovery process of the system and accumulated economic damage.  ...  So most of accidents in port area are crashes, construction accidents, fire, blackout, and safety accidents and they do not have significant impact on function of the port.  ... 
doi:10.2495/safe-v7-n3-352-360 fatcat:g3c4qdq55bbplgnnevwyyddaa4

An Evaluation Model of Subgrade Stability Based on Artificial Neural Network

Youkun Cheng, Zhenwu Shi, Fajin Zu
2020 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
To obtain the law-term deformation law of the subgrade and accurately evaluate the subgrade and pavement stability, this paper establishes a subgrade stability evaluation model based on artificial neural  ...  Finally, a fuzzy neural network (FNN) was constructed based on Takagi-Sugeno model, realizing the evaluation of subgrade stability.  ...  Based on double-layer foundation model, Neupane et al.  ... 
doi:10.18280/ijsse.100513 fatcat:rbzm4ewqvrh25hnia62fjerjda

Entropy Weight-Based Matter-Element Extension Model for Security Evaluation and Prewarning Mechanism of National Defense Science and Technology

Zhe Xu, Binghui Zhang, Ming Sun, Guojian Pan
2020 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
Next, a matter-element extension model (MEEM) was established based on entropy weight (EW), drawing on industrial security theory and operations research.  ...  Keywords: national defense science and technology (NDST), matter-element extension model (MEEM) based on entropy weight (EW), industrial security, prewarning mechanism  ...  Based on matter-element extension model (MEEM), this paper introduces the entropy weight (EW) method to establish an NDST security evaluation model, and applies the model to assess the security level of  ... 
doi:10.18280/ijsse.100216 fatcat:olrfrvhhavfxtj226bimj4dy7a

Prediction of Road Traffic Accidents Based on Grey System Theory and Grey Markov Model

Xiaohua Jin, Jiyu Zheng, Xingyue Geng
2020 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
This paper sums up the features of road traffic accidents in China in recent years, and predicts such accidents separately based on grey system theory and grey Markov model.  ...  rebounded after 2015; the relative errors of grey prediction maximized at 7.24% and minimized at 0.49%, while those of grey Markov model maximized at 1.96% and minimized at 0.02%; the grey Markov model  ...  This paper collects the data on road traffic accidents in 2010-2017, and then predicts such accidents based on grey Markov model.  ... 
doi:10.18280/ijsse.100214 fatcat:vhsvp7h5zvdibkpfb74dquwvli

Model updating based on the dynamic identification of a baroque bell tower

Mariella Diaferio, Dora Foti, Nicola Ivan Giannoccaro, Salvador Ivorra
2017 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
and on its left side a high bell tower with heavy bells.  ...  This calibrated model was developed to obtain a preliminary evaluation of the seismic vulnerability of the bell tower by performing a nonlinear static analysis.  ...  Moreover, the tower has been assumed fixed at the base and a preliminary analysis has been performed assuming E = 1080 MPa and w = 1630 kg/m 3 [14] .  ... 
doi:10.2495/safe-v7-n4-519-531 fatcat:4kwg2cufqras5ojkgh75ijzoka

Residual capacity prediction of blast-loaded steel columns using physics-based fast running models

L.K. Stewart, K.B. Morrill
2015 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
Through a set of validation scenarios, the model is shown to be an effective blast analysis tool capable of predictions of structural response within seconds and accessible for security and engineering  ...  Most often, these models require complex finite element analysis and a background in structural and blast engineering to use effectively.  ...  The columns are loaded in both the strong and weak directions and included freestanding columns with no beam connections or base plates.  ... 
doi:10.2495/safe-v5-n4-289-303 fatcat:2pz4ictwvrclpk7bkfipf2des4

A gis-based simulation model for military path planning of unmanned ground robots

M.-W. Kang, M.K. Jha, D. Hwong
2011 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
reviewed and modeled.  ...  A GIS-based simulation model has been developed for military path planning of unmanned ground robots in a hazardous combat environment.  ...  Some future works to be considered are: • Model speeds of mobile robots based on time-varying information and mission characteristics. • Model intelligence of mobile robots to predict obstacles movement  ... 
doi:10.2495/safe-v1-n3-248-264 fatcat:46m2cre5gfhibguuy2zsyhbtpi

Investigating the flood responsiveness of small and medium enterprises using agent-based modelling and simulation

G. Coates, C. Li, N.G. Wright, S. Ahilan
2016 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
This paper presents an overview of an approach taken to agent-based modelling and simulation of manufacturing SMEs experiencing a flood event, and related organisations.  ...  Results include key performance metrics of SMEs which provide an indication of the effectiveness and efficiency of the response of the businesses modelled.  ...  Agent-based modelling In the context of our work, agent-based modelling has involved capturing and representing the attributes, actions, interactions and dynamic behaviours of SMEs, and related organisations  ... 
doi:10.2495/safe-v6-n3-627-635 fatcat:6e5ahldidjcwhp4gwufid5ldda

Improvement of the business model of the disaster management system based on the service design methodology

Inkyu Jeong, Jiwon Seo, Jungtak Lim, Jaeho Jang, Jinyoung Kim
2016 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
The service design process is conducted in accordance with the double diamond model, which utilizes a customer journey map to locate the contact point between user and service.  ...  Based on Web GIS, this system can rapidly manage various types of information pertaining to disasters.  ...  J. of Safety and Security Eng., Vol.6, No. 1 (2016)  ... 
doi:10.2495/safe-v6-n1-19-29 fatcat:jufotni72bhdzocdei5e424i7m

A generation method of test scenarios based on models: application to the ERTMS/ETCS system

S. Jabri, E. M. El Kouris, E. Lemaire, T. Bourdeaud'huy
2009 Safety and Security Engineering III   unpublished
This paper presents methods, models, and tools dedicated to the generation of tests scenarios for the validation of ERTMS components based on functional requirements.  ...  For this purpose, the European Union set up a European management system of the rail traffic -the ERTMS system (European Rail Traffic Management System) -to ensure, in full safety, trains circulations  ...  It also uses a great number of actors and, as it is a railway signaling system, it must comply with very strict safety constraints.  ... 
doi:10.2495/safe090221 fatcat:4mzpzq5okfgzdkwvfzex2tj66a

Benefits of security-informed safety-oriented process line engineering

Barbara Gallina, Laurent Fabre
2015 2015 IEEE/AIAA 34th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC)  
To show the effectiveness and benefits of SiSoPLE, we apply this new process line engineering to two aerospace standards, SAE ARP 4761 (Safety) and RTCA DO-326A (Security).  ...  To support process engineers, we propose to: first, consider a common terminological framework, aimed at reconciling security and safety within dependability; then identify and systematize commonalities  ...  [21] have investigated if and how diversity-based fault tolerant strategies typically used for reliability and safety engineering can be used also for security engineering.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dasc.2015.7311473 fatcat:za3d6j6i3rg37lbd3nfsrizmfu

Systematic Pattern Approach for Safety and Security Co-engineering in the Automotive Domain [chapter]

Tiago Amorim, Helmut Martin, Zhendong Ma, Christoph Schmittner, Daniel Schneider, Georg Macher, Bernhard Winkler, Martin Krammer, Christian Kreiner
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The application of a combined safety and security pattern engineering workflow is shown and demonstrated by an automotive use case scenario.  ...  To remediate this problem, we propose a systematic pattern-based approach that interlinks safety and security patterns and provides guidance with respect to selection and combination of both types of patterns  ...  Safety and Security Co-engineering Loop First Safety Pattern Engineering Iteration.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-66266-4_22 fatcat:ccu6d62ivzdftmxdugprvycdei

Cybersecurity and Safety Co-Engineering of Cyberphysical Systems—A Comprehensive Survey

Georgios Kavallieratos, Sokratis Katsikas, Vasileios Gkioulos
2020 Future Internet  
As safety and security have been known to be interdependent, they need to be jointly considered in such systems.  ...  This paper provides a comprehensive survey of safety and cybersecurity co-engineering methods, and discusses relevant open issues and research challenges.  ...  Existing work on dynamic security and dynamic safety risk assessment can be leveraged to this end. • Model type: Most of the safety analysis approaches are based on formal models.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi12040065 fatcat:nvlmwxe75veszdkbguujuzbhhy

Game based learning for safety and security education

Ge Jin, Shoji Nakayama, Manghui Tu
2020 Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn)  
Game based learning for safety and security education enables students to learn concepts and skills without the risk of physical injury and security breach.  ...  In this paper, a pedestal grinder safety game and physical security game have been developed using industrial standard modeling and game development software.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research was supported in part by NSA/NSF grant H98230-17-1-2006 and NSF DGE SFS grant #1723666.  ... 
doi:10.11591/edulearn.v14i1.14139 fatcat:whcl6pgjazg3raexsp5nntvh3q
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