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All-fiber few-mode multicore photonic lantern mode multiplexer

Z. Sanjabi Eznaveh, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado Zacarias, A. Schülzgen, C. M. Okonkwo, R. Amezcua Correa
2017 Optics Express  
In this work, an all-fiber mode selective photonic lantern mode multiplexer designed for launching into few-mode multicore fibers is demonstrated.  ...  The multicore photonic lantern multiplexer is scalable to larger number of cores and modes per core, and can be easily integrated with emerging ultra-high bandwidth few-mode multicore optical communication  ...  (b) Cross section image of one fluorine-doped capillary with ID = 275 μm, filled with 3 graded-index fibers of two different core sizes of 13 μm and 11 μm designed to selectively excite LP 01 and LP 11a  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.25.016701 pmid:28789171 fatcat:g6floku3jrb75fo5ikpiq3rz6m

All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers

Bin Huang, Nicolas K. Fontaine, Roland Ryf, Binbin Guan, Sergio G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, Guifang Li
2015 Optics Express  
Rationale for employing graded-index MMF The structure of a photonic lantern is shown in Fig. 2 .  ...  Mode-selective photonic lanterns supporting three modes have already been demonstrated [13] [14] [15] .  ...  Furthermore, we have demonstrated a mode-group-selective PLs with mode selectivity of 20-dB, 10-dB and 7-dB for mode groups 01 LP , 11 LP , and 21 02 LP LP + .  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.23.000224 pmid:25835669 fatcat:tbv5cvtgkfa77kajcerq2asvyi

Engineering Adiabaticity for efficient design of Photonic Lanterns

Sugeet Sunder, Anurag Sharma
2021 IEEE Photonics Journal  
This study analyses reported three and six-core mode selective photonic lanterns as examples. We also discuss ways to make the optimum profiles practically realizable.  ...  Photonic lanterns are adiabatic photonic devices and are therefore known to have large device lengths.  ...  To this end, we have considered two different mode selective photonic lanterns, with three and six cores, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2021.3058361 fatcat:qyg6asjon5honloyhcubsuyyl4

Single-mode fiber and few-mode fiber photonic lanterns performance evaluated for use in a scalable real-time photon counting ground receiver

Sarah A. Tedder, Brian E. Vyhnalek, Sergio Leon-Saval, Christopher Betters, Bertram M. Floyd, Jeremy Staffa, Robert Lafon, Hamid Hemmati, Don M. Boroson
2019 Free-Space Laser Communications XXXI  
The number of small-core fibers (i.e. an array of single or few-mode cores) that make a photonic lantern determines the number of spatial modes that they couple at the larger multimode fiber core end.  ...  Photonic lanterns provide an efficient way of coupling light from a single large-core fiber to multiple small-core fibers.  ...  Fiber Input/Output Core Size, µm Input\Output Numerical Aperture # of modes supported Single-Mode Fiber 10.4 a /10.4 a 0.12 b 1 Graded Index Few-Mode Fiber 20/20 0.19 6 Graded Index  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2507478 fatcat:iyauiykamjcbbo4rp7djdk5euy

Scaling photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing

Amado M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. Enrique Antonio-López, Juan C. Alvarado-Zacarías, Nicolas K. Fontaine, Roland Ryf, Haoshuo Chen, Juan Hernández-Cordero, Pierre Sillard, Chigo Okonkwo, Sergio G. Leon-Saval, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa
2018 Scientific Reports  
We demonstrate mode-selective photonic lanterns supporting 10 and 15 spatial channels by using graded-index fibres and microstructured templates.  ...  These templates are a versatile approach to position the graded-index fibres in the required geometry for efficient mode sampling and conversion.  ...  The use of a PL with an adequate core geometry and graded-index profile will improve the MDL 30 .  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-27072-2 pmid:29891993 pmcid:PMC5995907 fatcat:sqhar2p5h5byfg5dtkl4hfg6ze

Transmission in space-division multiplexed systems

Roland Ryf
2015 2015 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC)  
diameter = 27 µm Spliced to 10-mode GI fiber 10-MODE MODE-SELECTIVE PHOTONIC LANTERN Lantern output 10-mode fiber output 3D WAVEGUIDE PHOTONIC LANTERNS TO COUPLE INTO 15-MODE MULTIMODE FIBER  ...  Kahn, JLT 29 (21) DISSIMILAR FIBER PHOTONIC LANTERNS MODE SELECTIVE PHOTONIC LANTERNS (3 MODES) Loss ( The impulse response width is two times the maximal excursion of the DGD, but most of the energy  ... 
doi:10.1109/ipcon.2015.7323737 fatcat:vec7pmqfzfamzlpevzddjdhcre

Triple-clad photonic lanterns for mode scaling

Bin Huang, Juan Carlos Alvarado Zacarias, Huiyuan Liu, Nicolas K. Fontaine, Haoshuo Chen, Roland Ryf, Francesco Poletti, John R. Hayes, Jose Antonio-Loppez, Jian Zhao, Rodrigo Amezcua Correa, Guifang Li
2018 Optics Express  
A 10-mode photonic lantern with insertion losses ranging from 0.6 to 2.0 dB across all the modes and a record-low pairwise 4-dB mode-dependent loss at C-band was demonstrated.  ...  We propose a novel triple-clad photonic lanterns for mode scaling. This novel structure alleviates the adiabatic tapering requirement for the fabrication of large photonic lanterns.  ...  For both cases in Fig. 2 , the input cores are the same graded-index core, which has been shown to be more advantageous during tapering than step-index core [10].  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.26.013390 pmid:29801363 fatcat:c6dwx7e7dvdurpghobnmn5aw7q

Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier with photonic lantern for pump spatial mode control

G. Lopez-Galmiche, Z. Sanjabi Eznaveh, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, A. M. Velazquez Benitez, J. Rodriguez Asomoza, J. J. Sanchez Mondragon, C. Gonnet, P. Sillard, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, C. M. Okonkwo, R. Amezcua Correa
2016 Optics Letters  
We demonstrate a few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier employing a mode-selective photonic lantern for controlling the modal content of the pump light.  ...  Through mode-selective forward pumping of the two degenerate LP 21 modes operating at 976 nm, differential modal gains of <1 dB between all modes and signal gains of ∼16 dB at 1550 nm are achieved.  ...  We demonstrate a few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier employing a mode-selective photonic lantern for controlling the modal content of the pump light.  ... 
doi:10.1364/ol.41.002588 pmid:27244421 fatcat:nvxepebvzzhtneuj6ljsxc2r54

Demonstration of high-efficiency photonic lantern couplers for PolyOculus [article]

Christina D. Moraitis, Juan Carlos Alvarado-Zacarias, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa, Sarik Jeram, Stephen S. Eikenberry
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We have developed a novel photonic lantern approach for the PolyOculus fiber optic linkages which potentially offers substantial advantages over previously considered free-space optical linkages, including  ...  We have carried out the first laboratory tests of a photonic lantern prototype developed for PolyOculus, and demonstrate broadband efficiencies of ~91%, confirming the outstanding performance of this technology  ...  These fibers are subsequently spliced to a short piece (5cm) of graded index fiber having a core/cladding size of 19/125 m respectively with an index difference of 16x10 -3 .  ... 
arXiv:2107.05721v1 fatcat:g5yhicfpabhvdm62x3gkrkxcxe

The photonic lantern

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. R. Thomson
2015 Advances in Optics and Photonics  
Photonic lanterns are made by adiabatically merging several single-mode cores into one multimode core.  ...  They provide low-loss interfaces between single-mode and multimode systems where the precise optical mapping between cores and individual modes is unimportant.  ...  We also thank the many individuals with whom we have worked on and discussed photonic lanterns over the years.  ... 
doi:10.1364/aop.7.000107 fatcat:crm6nsaf5rf4tiww73l5fh3dwu

MDM transmission using air-clad photonic lanterns

Neethu Mariam Mathew, Lars Gruner-Nielsen, Michael Galili, Mads Lillieholm, Karsten Rottwitt
2020 IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  
MIMO less few mode transmission is performed using two spatial channels transmitted through 1 km of two mode graded index fiber at 10 Gb/s modulation rate.  ...  The multiplexing and de-multiplexing of the spatial channels are done using air clad photonic lanterns.  ...  Acknowledgment: The Danish council for independent research, grant DFF-4184-00433 "Signal processing using higher order modes in optical fibers", and Innovation fund Denmark, project 8057-00059B INCOM,  ... 
doi:10.1109/lpt.2020.3011183 fatcat:pfo7zhfxlvhf5mpyhs72rr22pu

Time-division-multiplexed few-mode passive optical network

Cen Xia, Naresh Chand, A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, Zhiqun Yang, Xiang Liu, Jose Enrique Antonio-Lopez, He Wen, Benyuan Zhu, Ningbo Zhao, Frank Effenberger, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa, Guifang Li
2015 Optics Express  
The alternative approach of low modal group delay is also analyzed with simulation results over 10 modes. Fig. 5.  ...  (a) BER measurements of the few-mode ODN segment; (b) eye diagrams of the cases of B2B (with SSMF), 20km LP01, LP11a and LP11b transmission.  ...  Van Ras with Prysmian Group for providing the F-doped capillaries.  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.23.001151 pmid:25835875 fatcat:ap7pbuavxbfuhoz7lndu5eysie

Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S.J.B. Yoo, A.M.J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun (+1 others)
2015 Optics Express  
We use mode-selective photonic lanterns as mode couplers to precisely excite a subset of the modes of the multimode fiber and additionally to compensate for the differential group delay between the excited  ...  Six spatial mode transmission over graded-index multimode fiber We also performed mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded index MMF using 6 spatial modes.  ...  The fiber was a conventional graded-index, 50-µm core MMF with NA ≈ 0.2 that was selected to have lower DGD at 1550 nm.  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.23.000235 pmid:25835670 fatcat:pf5c4vm3kvdhjokofrrdnvoydy

Bending sensor combining multicore fiber with a mode-selective photonic lantern

Amy Van Newkirk, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, Amado Velazquez-Benitez, Jacques Albert, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa, Axel Schülzgen
2015 Optics Letters  
A bending sensor is demonstrated using the combination of a mode-selective photonic lantern (PL) and a multicore fiber.  ...  A short section of three-core fiber with strongly coupled cores is used as the bend sensitive element. The supermodes of this fiber are highly sensitive to the refractive index profiles of the cores.  ...  A bending sensor is demonstrated using the combination of a mode-selective photonic lantern (PL) and a multicore fiber.  ... 
doi:10.1364/ol.40.005188 pmid:26565831 fatcat:mi6pelx6tvckxjg6bslr4lgzwi

Breakthroughs in Photonics 2012: Space-Division Multiplexing in Multimode and Multicore Fibers for High-Capacity Optical Communication

R.-J Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Randel
2013 IEEE Photonics Journal  
We discuss SDM fibers, recent SDM transmission experiments, subsystems suitable for SDM systems, as well as integrated components able to manipulate multiple spatial modes within a single optical device  ...  The first SMUX, shown in Fig. 4(a) , is a vanishing-core photonic lantern [43] created by inserting SMFs into a low-index capillary and tapering it until the single-mode cores disappear and the SMF  ...  Photonic lanterns can merge N=2 isolated waveguide modes into one multimode waveguide with N modes through an adiabatic taper. Fig. 4 (a) and (b) shows two types of Bphotonic lantern[ SMUXs.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2013.2253091 fatcat:lkxghrlum5haxknapzwlhw5z7q
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