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Minimizing Control for Credit Assignment with Strong Feedback [article]

Alexander Meulemans, Matilde Tristany Farinha, Maria R. Cervera, João Sacramento, Benjamin F. Grewe
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Building upon deep feedback control (DFC), a recently proposed credit assignment method, we combine strong feedback influences on neural activity with gradient-based learning and show that this naturally  ...  However, current biologically plausible methods for gradient-based credit assignment in deep neural networks need infinitesimally small feedback signals, which is problematic in biologically realistic  ...  We would like to thank Nicolas Zucchet for his valuable feedback and engaging discussions on the optimization theory aspects of the minimizing control framework; and Aditya Gilra for insightful discussions  ... 
arXiv:2204.07249v2 fatcat:uhy5bgydqrhozl7z56m5aqjfje

Credit assignment in movement-dependent reinforcement learning

Samuel D. McDougle, Matthew J. Boggess, Matthew J. Crossley, Darius Parvin, Richard B. Ivry, Jordan A. Taylor
2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
credit assignment.  ...  For the healthy participants, this pattern was upended in the Spatial condition, consistent with the hypothesis that assigning credit for negative reward prediction errors to motor error effectively turns  ...  credit assignment.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1523669113 pmid:27247404 pmcid:PMC4914179 fatcat:d5l5m7mk7nbd7jurximnerkhha

Distinguishing Gains from Nonlosses and Losses from Nongains: A Regulatory Focus Perspective on Hedonic Intensity

Lorraine Chen Idson, Nira Liberman, E.Tory Higgins
2000 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  
Implications for models of emotional experiences and prospect theory (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979) are discussed.  ...  how gain (promotion success) and nongain (promotion failure) versus nonloss (prevention success) and loss (prevention failure) differ in whether they are experienced in relation to a maximal goal or a minimal  ...  Table 7 reports the adjusted means for the four types of emotions separately for positive versus negative feedback and separately for participants with a strong promotion focus versus those with a strong  ... 
doi:10.1006/jesp.1999.1402 fatcat:jy6n35zdlvhsjojmpvkhow5kni

Exams and Student Feedback: An experiment in Marking Efficiencies

Denard Lynch, Andrew Kostiuk
2018 Proceedings of the Canadian Engineering Education Association (CEEA)  
In the second year, assignments wereadministered through an online assignment system formark credit.  ...  , to encourage students to complete assigned prereadingexercises and keep up with course work.  ...  Finally, the authors thanks the students in the subject course for their comments, feedback, patience and participation while we attempt to improve their learning experience.  ... 
doi:10.24908/pceea.v0i0.13062 fatcat:nayxbctx2ratlfebkan5boa2mq

Credit Assignment in a Motor Decision Making Task Is Influenced by Agency and Not Sensory Prediction Errors

Darius E. Parvin, Samuel D. McDougle, Jordan A. Taylor, Richard B. Ivry
2018 Journal of Neuroscience  
Specifically, participants appeared to solve this credit assignment problem by discounting outcomes in which the absence of reward was attributed to errors in action execution.  ...  These results provide strong evidence that SPEs do not directly influence reinforcement learning.  ...  . • Credit Assignment in a Motor Decision Making Task • J. Neurosci., May 9, 2018 • 38(19):4521-4530 Parvin et al. • Credit Assignment in a Motor Decision Making Task  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.3601-17.2018 pmid:29650698 pmcid:PMC5943979 fatcat:k5wyui6ombexropuu4mghpyibm

Effects of Human—Machine Competition on Intent Errors in a Target Detection Task

Hall P. Beck, J. Bates McKinney, Mary T. Dzindolet, Linda G. Pierce
2009 Human Factors  
Application: These results demonstrate the need for a model of operator decision making that takes into account intent as well as appraisal errors.  ...  Application: These results demonstrate the need for a model of operator decision making that takes into account intent as well as appraisal errors.  ...  In this study, however, immediate feedback on the Results screen was intended to minimize this tendency.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0018720809341746 pmid:19899358 fatcat:an6wyyzzyjbc3e4m6htgyvkbfi

Grading Student Writing: Making It Simpler, Fairer, Clearer

Peter Elbow
1997 New Directions for Teaching and Learning  
of good writing that we are looking for in the assignment.  ...  This chapter suggests two ways to make the grading of writing easier, fairer, and more helpful for students: using minimal grades or fewer levels of quality, and using criteria that spell out the features  ...  In this situation, these faculty members have turned to a variety of forms of minimal grading: A scale with three levels: for example, strong/satisfactory/weak or excellent/OK/no credit.  ... 
doi:10.1002/tl.6911 fatcat:bcfv622x25hbvlxz3bt2bhwpge

Distinguishing Learning Rules with Brain Machine Interfaces [article]

Jacob P. Portes, Christian Schmid, James M. Murray
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Because brain-machine interface (BMI) experiments allow for perfect knowledge of this mapping, we focus on modeling a cursor-control BMI task using recurrent neural networks, showing that learning rules  ...  Reinforcement learning, on the other hand, requires no credit-assignment model and tends to make weight updates following the true gradient direction.  ...  Thanks to Amin Nejatbakhsh, David Clark, and Danil Tyulmankov for feedback on the manuscript. Support for this work was provided by NIH-NINDS (R00NS114194).  ... 
arXiv:2206.13448v1 fatcat:gbk6jiydtfbj5ar6jrsifrb62m

Page 1175 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 67, Issue 5 [page]

1982 Psychological Abstracts  
Following baseline, Ss were randomly assigned to one of the following conditions: (a) no treatment control; (b) credit only, where credit slips allowed Ss to board the bus without paying and be billed  ...  Using split-sample replications, dwelling and vehicle descriptors indicated a strong association with energy consumption, and male and female attitudes indicated weak associations. (27 ref) 10967.  ... 

A Possibility for Implementing Curiosity and Boredom in Model-Building Neural Controllers [chapter]

1991 From Animals to Animats  
It provides complete'credit assignment paths' into the past for the second network which controls the animats physical actions in a possibly reactive environment.  ...  This paper introduces a framework for'curious neural controllers' which employ an adaptive world model for goal directed on-line learning.  ...  Thus the usual credit assignment process for the controller encourages certain past actions in order to repeat situations similar to the mismatch situation.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/3115.003.0030 fatcat:yn67s7trzvhyfo5e2x2jxrf5ia

Teaching preservice teachers the Teaching Games for Understanding approach: A proposed PETE program

Constantine Chatoupis
2017 Journal of research, policy & practice of teachers and teacher education (JRPPTTE)  
Combining theory, observation of demonstration, practice, and feedback under protected conditions and in real school settings, the proposed program provides preservice teachers with adequate opportunities  ...  to develop familiarity and confidence with TGfU as well as to experience success in using it.  ...  Third year The first six courses aim at achievement of minimal levels of confidence and competence with the TGfU approach and preparing them for the real world.  ... 
doi:10.37134/jrpptte.vol7.no1.2.2017 fatcat:n4a3ie7j5bg5xdajnbv5u7nrd4

Towards deep learning with segregated dendrites

Jordan Guerguiev, Timothy P Lillicrap, Blake A Richards
2017 eLife  
Like neocortical pyramidal neurons, neurons in our model receive sensory information and higher-order feedback in electrotonically segregated compartments.  ...  the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Douglas Tweed, Joa ˜o Sacramento, and Yoshua Bengio for helpful discussions on this work.  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.22901 pmid:29205151 pmcid:PMC5716677 fatcat:a6it52g27vcfdpyprr77ou4q7q

ACADEMIC COUNSELLING SERVICES IN INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY (IGNOU)

PravatKumar Jena
2018 International Journal of Advanced Research  
One of the major objectives of IGNOU has been to provide opportunities of higher education to a large segment of population and to develop new programme for adult learners for whom formal education system  ...  The counselling sessions also offer the students an opportunity to interact with their peers.  ...  Counselling through Assignments:- Assignments are an important vehicle for students in obtaining feedback from and establishing a dialogue with their teachers.  ... 
doi:10.21474/ijar01/6877 fatcat:ddgtmsv4qzffnkn7enoawjhiwq

Neural Ordinary Differential Equation Control of Dynamics on Graphs [article]

Thomas Asikis, Lucas Böttcher, Nino Antulov-Fantulin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We use NODEC to generate feedback controls for systems of more than one thousand coupled, non-linear ODEs that represent epidemic processes and coupled oscillators.  ...  We study the ability of neural networks to calculate feedback control signals that steer trajectories of continuous time non-linear dynamical systems on graphs, which we represent with neural ordinary  ...  The reward sum minimizes exactly at the time when peak infection occurs. This property is expected to reduce effects of temporal credit assignment.  ... 
arXiv:2006.09773v5 fatcat:6oiktynaqbdz5bqzcetrgn5k4y

Fostering Culture Change In An Undergraduate Business Program: Nudging Students Towards Greater Involvement In Extra-Curricular Activities

Elizabeth M. Martin
2012 American Journal of Business Education  
Participation was encouraged with very small rewards tied to existing courses, consistent with the nudging mechanism of behavioral economics.  ...  A report on a successfully implemented program to increase student participation in extra-curricular activities in an undergraduate business program with a high percentage of first-generation college students  ...  knowledge Minimal None Moderate To learn shortcuts Strong Strong Strong To earn cash now Strong Strong Strong To save time now Strong Strong Strong To be recognized for efforts None  ... 
doi:10.19030/ajbe.v6i1.7487 fatcat:utyc5d345jh2ljcv4i3gnokq2i
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