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Dispositional Mindfulness and Neural Correlates of Affect Regulation

Holly Hazlett-Stevens
2017 Archives of Neuroscience  
These patterns of improved affect regulation with increased dispositional mindfulness may reflect lower resting activity in key brain areas such as the amygdala.  ...  Mindfulness meditation and mindfulness-based interventions offer numerous clinical benefits related to improved affect regulation and emotional functioning.  ...  task, and 2) increased activation in attention-related parietal cortex regions when compared to an aerobic exercise stress reduction control group.  ... 
doi:10.5812/archneurosci.57682 fatcat:mbg7imy3ivepnfqm3neodubfum

Reflections Regarding Open-Access Journals and Social Justice

Rafael Lara Alecio
2016 Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders  
In contrast, increased engagement of executive and attention related areas have been observed in the anterior cingulate cortex, the ventro-and dorso-medial prefrontal cortex.  ...  Mindfulness has received increasing attention over the last thirty years, for its clinical and protective effects.  ...  Executive and attention related areas in the prefrontal cortex Mindful attention has been associated with increased engagement of prefrontal areas [23] .  ... 
doi:10.4172/2472-1786.100016 fatcat:2fw6junl4zbgjcloxqd7xjdgay

Metacognition, Stress – Relaxation Balance & Related Hormones

Athanasios Drigas, Eleni Mitsea
2021 International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT  
To achieve this aim, the research seeks to address the following questions: Can metacognition regulate the stress-related hormones and the sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity?  ...  How can it contribute to the regulation of uncontrollable stress? What is the role of executive functions? Can metacognition stop the cells and neurons from degeneration and the brain from shrinking?  ...  Oxytocin not only reduces amygdala reactivity, but increases amygdala's connectivity with areas responsible for emotional regulation and social cognition.  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijes.v9i1.19623 fatcat:pa3k32znnfftno6wykhbz36fka

Beneficial Effects of Yoga on Memory and Cognition Associated to Stress

Sudeep Mitra, Mousumi Mitra, Mantu Saha, Dilip Kumar Nandi
2020 Advances in Applied Physiology  
The prefrontal cortex shows an important connection between the circuits that are linked with emotions, memory and planning.  ...  Along with hippocampus, the amygdala and prefrontal cortex define the aspects of memory and visual processing within brain.  ...  Prefrontal Cortex (PFC) which regulates planning, attention, problem solving tends to be destructed primarily due to stress response.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.aap.20200502.11 fatcat:6seu4ygtbfgirijazmrvbkq4pm

Dynamic Change of Awareness during Meditation Techniques: Neural and Physiological Correlates

Ravinder Jerath, Vernon A. Barnes, David Dillard-Wright, Shivani Jerath, Brittany Hamilton
2012 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion 10, 83-91. Hasenkamp, W., Wilson-Mendenhall, C. D., Duncan, E., and Barsalou, L.  ...  A study conducted with mindfulness-based stress reduction on patients with social anxiety disorder reported that during a breath-focused attention task, subjects showed (a) decreased negative emotional  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00131 pmid:23060766 pmcid:PMC3443747 fatcat:c5qlf6jccvdmrakpsijqfkk2wq

Viewpoint: Role of Mind–body Therapies in the Management of Cardiovascular Disorders

Kavita Prasad
2016 European Cardiology  
Mind-body therapies-including mindfulness and meditation, emotional regulation, practicing 'heartfelt' emotions including gratitude and compassion-may be novel low-cost approaches to reduce morbidity and  ...  Disclosure: The author has no conflicts of interest to declare.  ...  cortex and increases dendritic growth in the amygdala.  ... 
doi:10.15420/ecr.2016:17:2 pmid:30310456 pmcid:PMC6159445 fatcat:yrtnjxaxobfivpyynneqdepame

The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on Emotional Health: Potential Mechanisms and Prefrontal Cortex Hypothesis

Ying Yao, Likun Ge, Qian Yu, Xiaohong Du, Xiangyang Zhang, Ruth Taylor-Piliae, Gao-Xia Wei
2021 Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine  
Finally, the effects of TCC on emotion/mental health is depicted with a prefrontal cortex hypothesis that proposed "an immune system of the mind" indicating the role of the prefrontal cortex as a flexible  ...  The prefrontal cortex is likely a key biomarker among the multiple complex neural correlates to help an individual manage negative emotions/mental health.  ...  Study on the brain mechanism of Tai Chi regulating emotion. (Supplementary Materials)  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/5549006 pmid:34007290 pmcid:PMC8110391 fatcat:ey6ubifkvncfflz4omdii26pqa

Amygdala Changes Through Breathing Exercise in Coping with the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dr.Yuliana, S.Ked, M.Biomed
2021 International Journal on Research in STEM Education  
Keywords were amygdala, breathing, COVID-19, meditation, mindfulness. Results: Breathing exercise meditation and mindfulness practice can increase our awareness and reflections.  ...  In coping with the COVID-19 pandemic, breathing exercise meditation is useful to calm the mind and body. Breathing exercise practice can change the brain, especially amygdala.  ...  There is increasing activity in the cingulate cortex, the prefrontal cortex, and the hippocampus. Meanwhile, the amygdala had decreasing activity.  ... 
doi:10.31098/ijrse.v3i1.457 fatcat:axuwyi75gja2jcsfw4dncg2cte

Mindfulness training applied to addiction therapy: insights into the neural mechanisms of positive behavioral change

Eric Garland, Matthew Howard, Sarah Priddy, Patrick McConnell, Michael Riquino, Brett Froeliger
2016 Neuroscience and Neuroeconomics  
Over time, drug use causes atrophy in prefrontally mediated cognitive control networks and hijacks striatal circuits devoted to processing natural rewards in service of compulsive seeking of drug-related  ...  Empirical evidence is presented suggesting that MBIs facilitate cognitive control over drug-related automaticity, attentional bias, and drug cue reactivity, while enhancing responsiveness to natural rewards  ...  Thal, thalamus; HIPP, hippocampus; Amy, amygdala; OFC, orbitofrontal cortex; MFC, medial prefrontal cortex; lPFC, lateral prefrontal cortex.  ... 
doi:10.2147/nan.s89257 fatcat:aolhyk2fljch7agmucb4xgq4ee

Emotional Regulation and Depression: A Potential Mediator between Heart and Mind

Angelo Compare, Cristina Zarbo, Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon, Chiara Marconi
2014 Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology  
interventional approaches (e.g., mindfulness-based therapy, emotion-focused therapy, and emotion regulation therapy).  ...  Literature suggests in fact that the employment of adaptive emotional regulation strategies (e.g., reappraisal) causes a reduction of stress-elicited emotions leading to physical disorders.  ...  In order to reach a state of connection with their own emotional experience, it is necessary to increase people's capacity for selfcalm (e.g., by regulating the heartbeat and breathing).  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/324374 pmid:25050177 pmcid:PMC4090567 fatcat:cbw4g2txkrhj5dibu2wwtjfc7m

Effects of Yoga Respiratory Practice (Bhastrika pranayama) on Anxiety, Affect, and Brain Functional Connectivity and Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Morgana M. Novaes, Fernanda Palhano-Fontes, Heloisa Onias, Katia C. Andrade, Bruno Lobão-Soares, Tiago Arruda-Sanchez, Elisa H. Kozasa, Danilo F. Santaella, Draulio Barros de Araujo
2020 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
The practice of pranayama also modulated the activity of brain regions involved in emotional processing, particularly the amygdala, anterior cingulate, anterior insula, and prefrontal cortex.  ...  in brain areas involved in emotion processing, attention, and awareness.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank all participants of the study, the Brain Institute (UFRN) for institutional support, and the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00467 pmid:32528330 pmcid:PMC7253694 fatcat:hl2o4mmi5fafbecnzvbr2wxxui

A Metacognition Based 8 Pillars Mindfulness Model and Training Strategies

Athanasios Drigas, Eleni Mitsea
2020 International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT  
An increasing number of studies are revealing the positive effects of mindfulness training in all dimensions of human existence bodily, emotionally, mentally, spiritually.  ...  Each pillar is framed by a number of techniques that help us to cultivate certain metacognitive abilities and qualities, leading us gradually to the higher levels of self-organization, intelligence and  ...  The hippocampus, for instance, is orchestrated with the prefrontal cortex, the amygdala and the hypothalamus to generate attention, memory and imagery as well as emotional processing that permit one to  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijes.v8i4.17419 fatcat:zhgzxosxq5citmwvnfyo2epw5i

Mindfulness Training Targets Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Addiction at the Attention-Appraisal-Emotion Interface

Eric L. Garland, Brett Froeliger, Matthew O. Howard
2014 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
emotions to reduce perseverative cognition and emotional arousal; enhancing metacognitive awareness to regulate drug-use action schema and decrease addiction attentional bias; promoting extinction learning  ...  activation; and increasing savoring to restore natural reward processing.  ...  of emotionally salient stimuli (medial frontal cortex: MFC), emotion regulation and decision making (orbital-frontal cortex: OFC), and attention and conflict resolution (dorsal anterior cingulate cortex  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00173 pmid:24454293 pmcid:PMC3887509 fatcat:oagnw4y5pjgoxlphgzdtker4fy

Neurophysiological and neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the effects of yoga-based practices: towards a comprehensive theoretical framework

Laura Schmalzl, Chivon Powers, Eva Henje Blom
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
YBP typically involve a combination of postures or movement sequences, conscious regulation of the breath, and various techniques to improve attentional focus.  ...  Yoga is also beginning to spark growing interest within the scientific community, and yoga-based interventions have been associated with measureable changes in physiological parameters, perceived emotional  ...  Varela Research Award from the Mind and Life Institute. CP is supported by funding from the Templeton Foundation, and a Francisco J. Varela Research Award from the Mind and Life Institute.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00235 pmid:26005409 pmcid:PMC4424840 fatcat:yoqesiczxrcf3loqr35syqpsgm

Neural Circuitry of Impaired Emotion Regulation in Substance Use Disorders

Claire E. Wilcox, Jessica M. Pommy, Bryon Adinoff
2016 American Journal of Psychiatry  
The neural circuitry associated with impaired emotion regulation is compared in individuals with and without substance disorders, with a focus on amygdala, insula, and prefrontal cortex activation and  ...  Although increased amygdala and insula activation is associated with impaired emotion regulation in individuals without substance disorders, it is not consistently observed in substance disorders.  ...  Acknowledgments Supported by grant K23 AA-021156 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to Dr. Wilcox.  ... 
doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2015.15060710 pmid:26771738 pmcid:PMC4979988 fatcat:bdbdxjlfpnb45l5jhoghkztwp4
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