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On-Chip Mechanisms to Reduce Effective Memory Access Latency [article]

Milad Hashemi
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Hashemi and Yale Patt.  ...  An earlier version of this chapter was published as: Milad Hashemi, Onur Mutlu, and Yale Patt. Continuous Runahead: Transparent Hardware Acceleration for Memory Intensive Workloads. In MICRO, 2016.  ... 
arXiv:1609.00306v1 fatcat:hh2lxatnhfdz5mekvmim2p5a24

Machine Learning for Systems

Heiner Litz, Milad Hashemi
2020 IEEE Micro  
Milad Hashemi is with Google. Contact him at: miladhashemi@utexas.edu. September/October 2020 Object Identifier 10.1109/MM.2020.3016551 Date of current version 1 September 2020.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mm.2020.3016551 fatcat:7lbbknjtmjamha2ek5fnc2tbem

Learning Memory Access Patterns [article]

Milad Hashemi, Kevin Swersky, Jamie A. Smith, Grant Ayers, Heiner Litz, Jichuan Chang, Christos Kozyrakis, Parthasarathy Ranganathan
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Correspondence to: Milad Hashemi <miladh@google.com>, Kevin Swersky <kswer-sky@google.com>. advance of their required usage.  ...  modern datacenter workloads are orders of magnitude larger than those of traditional workloads such as SPEC CPU2006 and continue to grow (Ayers et al., 2018; Ferdman et al., 2012; Gutierrez et al., 2011; Hashemi  ... 
arXiv:1803.02329v1 fatcat:35topihcwvgdtc2udajbkptbmi

Learned Hardware/Software Co-Design of Neural Accelerators [article]

Zhan Shi, Chirag Sakhuja, Milad Hashemi, Kevin Swersky, Calvin Lin
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The use of deep learning has grown at an exponential rate, giving rise to numerous specialized hardware and software systems for deep learning. Because the design space of deep learning software stacks and hardware accelerators is diverse and vast, prior work considers software optimizations separately from hardware architectures, effectively reducing the search space. Unfortunately, this bifurcated approach means that many profitable design points are never explored. This paper instead casts
more » ... e problem as hardware/software co-design, with the goal of automatically identifying desirable points in the joint design space. The key to our solution is a new constrained Bayesian optimization framework that avoids invalid solutions by exploiting the highly constrained features of this design space, which are semi-continuous/semi-discrete. We evaluate our optimization framework by applying it to a variety of neural models, improving the energy-delay product by 18% (ResNet) and 40% (DQN) over hand-tuned state-of-the-art systems, as well as demonstrating strong results on other neural network architectures, such as MLPs and Transformers.
arXiv:2010.02075v1 fatcat:fbri7ktvinhdraq6krswlealdi

Analyzing a Caching Model [article]

Leon Sixt, Evan Zheran Liu, Marie Pellat, James Wexler, Milad Hashemi, Been Kim, Martin Maas
2022 arXiv   pre-print
., 2020) , and prefetching (Hashemi et al., 2018) .  ... 
arXiv:2112.06989v2 fatcat:x3b6qrzqfvhlpki3gfcqtdoasa

Learning Execution through Neural Code Fusion [article]

Zhan Shi, Kevin Swersky, Daniel Tarlow, Parthasarathy Ranganathan, Milad Hashemi
2020 arXiv   pre-print
LSTM-delta is a learning-based prefetcher that captures correlation among deltas between addresses (Hashemi et al., 2018) .  ...  Recent work has related prefetching to natural language models and shown that LSTMs achieve high accuracy (Hashemi et al., 2018) .  ... 
arXiv:1906.07181v2 fatcat:czxoxlbifbgn3kvssezsyzjclu

Frequency of intestinal parasites in patients referred to Milad hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2015-2016

Maryam Moradi, Mona Roozbehani, Jebreil Shamseddin, Hamid Reza Hashemi, Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine,, Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine,, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute,, Milad Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
2018 hormozgan medical journal  
This study evaluated frequency of intestinal parasites in Milad hospital, Tehran, Iran. Methods: During 2015-2016 about 13385 stools and 343 scotch tape samples were collected in Tehran.  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to appreciate staff of Milad Hospital of Tehran, Laboratory section, for collaboration in taking samples and other affairs related to this study.  ...  Table 1 . 1 Results of stool examination of patients referred to Milad hospital, Tehran Parasites No.  ... 
doi:10.29252/hmj.22.1.33 fatcat:blkwga4crfbubjzuefnnnpzazy

An Imitation Learning Approach for Cache Replacement [article]

Evan Zheran Liu, Milad Hashemi, Kevin Swersky, Parthasarathy Ranganathan, Junwhan Ahn
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Cache replacement is backward looking (based on the accesses so far) while prefetching is forward looking (predicting future accesses directly (Hashemi et al., 2018; Shi et al., 2020) ).  ... 
arXiv:2006.16239v2 fatcat:v2gm2hjanrdhnafysbswk7dsku

DNA structure spectroscopy by synthetic pigments using LED lighting

Seyed Milad Hashemi, Somayeh Salmani, Mohammad Hossein Majles Ara
2016 Nova Biologica Reperta  
DNA structure spectroscopy using LED Hashemi ‫ؿکل‬ 2 - ‫ًحَ‬ ٓ ‫سًگ‬ ‫هَلکَل‬ ‫اتلبل‬ ‫ّب‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ػبختبس‬ ِ DNA . 3 ‫هٖ‬ 3 ‫ًـبى‬ ‫فبكل‬ ‫اص‬ ‫تبثؼٖ‬ ‫دٌّذُ‬ ‫فلَسػبًغ‬ ‫کِ‬ ‫دّذ‬ ٔ ‫ث٘ي‬  ...  DNA structure spectroscopy using LED Hashemi 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 1 46 91 136 181 226 271 316 361 406 451 496 541 586 631 676 721  ... 
doi:10.21859/acadpub.nbr.2.4.312 fatcat:n25pus7ltrfwtndisilkhnxxtq

Nobiletin in Cancer Therapy: How This Plant Derived-Natural Compound Targets Various Oncogene and Onco-Suppressor Pathways

Milad Ashrafizadeh, Ali Zarrabi, Sedigheh Saberifar, Farid Hashemi, Kiavash Hushmandi, Fardin Hashemi, Ebrahim Rahmani Moghadam, Reza Mohammadinejad, Masoud Najafi, Manoj Garg
2020 Biomedicines  
Cancer therapy is a growing field, and annually, a high number of research is performed to develop novel antitumor drugs. Attempts to find new antitumor drugs continue, since cancer cells are able to acquire resistance to conventional drugs. Natural chemicals can be considered as promising candidates in the field of cancer therapy due to their multiple-targeting capability. The nobiletin (NOB) is a ubiquitous flavone isolated from Citrus fruits. The NOB has a variety of pharmacological
more » ... s, such as antidiabetes, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and neuroprotective. Among them, the antitumor activity of NOB has been under attention over recent years. In this review, we comprehensively describe the efficacy of NOB in cancer therapy. NOB induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in cancer cells. It can suppress migration and invasion of cancer cells via the inhibition of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and EMT-related factors such as TGF-β, ZEB, Slug, and Snail. Besides, NOB inhibits oncogene factors such as STAT3, NF-κB, Akt, PI3K, Wnt, and so on. Noteworthy, onco-suppressor factors such as microRNA-7 and -200b undergo upregulation by NOB in cancer therapy. These onco-suppressor and oncogene pathways and mechanisms are discussed in this review.
doi:10.3390/biomedicines8050110 pmid:32380783 pmcid:PMC7277899 fatcat:mf23vrwkrzgqtihqzuniyql4ey

Single Umbilical Stoma for Bilateral Ureterostomy after Radical Cystectomy

Abbas Basiri, Mohammad Hossein Soltani, Nasser Shakhssalim, Hamid Reza Shemshaki, Pouria Rezvani, Milad Bonakdar Hashemi
2021 Urology Journal  
Cutaneous ureterostomy after radical cystectomy is less preferred compared with other permanent urinary diversions due to bilateral stomas. Single umbilical stoma for bilateral ureterostomy (SUSBU) may be an alternative choice to, in this study we reviewed the outcomes of SUSBU in seventeen patients who underwent radical cystectomy. Methods and Materials: This was a case-series study conducted from April 2016 to Des 2017. Seventeen male patients with confirmed PT2 bladder urothelial carcinoma
more » ... o were not suitable for performing conduit or orthotopic urinary diversion, including those with high-risk patients underwent single umbilical stoma for bilateral ureterostomy after radical cystectomy. All patients were prospectively followed up for 24 months ± 2 months, this study was done in teaching center mainly by senior residents. Results: The mean age of patients was 68.6 ± 6.41 years old. Mean length of operation time was 176.7 ± 15.1 minutes (from intubation to extubation from anesthesia). Sixteen patients were diagnosed with PT2 and one patient had PT4 diagnosis. The decrease in hemoglobin level after surgery was 1.72 mg/dl ± 0.35 and creatinine increased by 0.15 ± 0.05 mg/dl. None of our patients had oliguria. One case developed constipation and no gas passing, with the suspicion of obstruction, underwent abdominal exploration, however, no obstruction or urine leakage was found and the patient was treated conservatively. One patient developed fever during admission, in which atelectasis was identified as the cause. One patient underwent a second operation because of fascia adherence. Conclusion: It seems that this technique is suitable for high risk patients with acceptable operating time, surgical complications and fast recovery after operation and one ureterostomy bag instead of two one's comparing to bilateral cutaneous ureterostomy.
doi:10.22037/uj.v18i.5857 pmid:34247358 fatcat:ycgapjviwjamhmq7wnq6b3f2di

Filtered runahead execution with a runahead buffer

Milad Hashemi, Yale N. Patt
2015 Proceedings of the 48th International Symposium on Microarchitecture - MICRO-48  
Runahead execution dynamically expands the instruction window of an out of order processor to generate memory level parallelism (MLP) while the core would otherwise be stalled. Unfortunately, runahead has the disadvantage of requiring the front-end to remain active to supply instructions. We propose a new structure (the Runahead Buffer) for supplying these instructions. We note that cache misses are often caused by repetitive, short dependence chains. We store these dependence chains in the
more » ... head buffer. During runahead, the runahead buffer is used to supply instructions. This generates 2x more MLP than traditional runahead on average because the core can run further ahead. It also saves energy since the front-end can be clockgated, reducing dynamic energy consumption. Over a no-prefetching/prefetching baseline, the result is a performance benefit of 17.2%/7.8% and an energy reduction of 6.7%/4.5% respectively. Traditional runahead with additional energy optimizations results in a performance benefit of 12.1%/5.9% but an energy increase of 9.5%/5.4%. Finally, we propose a hybrid policy that switches between the runahead buffer and traditional runahead, maximizing performance.
doi:10.1145/2830772.2830812 dblp:conf/micro/HashemiP15 fatcat:vedfrc2grzabnlq5evafi4oeee

Toward Regulatory Effects of Curcumin on Transforming Growth Factor-Beta Across Different Diseases: A Review

Milad Ashrafizadeh, Ali Zarrabi, Kiavash Hushmandi, Vahideh Zarrin, Ebrahim Rahmani Moghadam, Farid Hashemi, Pooyan Makvandi, Saeed Samarghandian, Haroon Khan, Fardin Hashemi, Masoud Najafi, Hamed Mirzaei
2020 Frontiers in Pharmacology  
Immune response, proliferation, migration and angiogenesis are juts a few of cellular events that are regulated by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in cells. A number of studies have documented that TGF-β undergoes abnormal expression in different diseases, e.g., diabetes, cancer, fibrosis, asthma, arthritis, among others. This has led to great fascination into this signaling pathway and developing agents with modulatory impact on TGF-β. Curcumin, a natural-based compound, is obtained from
more » ... hizome and roots of turmeric plant. It has a number of pharmacological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-diabetes and so on. Noteworthy, it has been demonstrated that curcumin affects different molecular signaling pathways such as Wnt/β-catenin, Nrf2, AMPK, mitogen-activated protein kinase and so on. In the present review, we evaluate the potential of curcumin in regulation of TGF-β signaling pathway to corelate it with therapeutic impacts of curcumin. By modulation of TGF-β (both upregulation and down-regulation), curcumin ameliorates fibrosis, neurological disorders, liver disease, diabetes and asthma. Besides, curcumin targets TGF-β signaling pathway which is capable of suppressing proliferation of tumor cells and invading cancer cells.
doi:10.3389/fphar.2020.585413 pmid:33381035 pmcid:PMC7767860 fatcat:nythmxjzdzecjmtdlzdkaprr54

The Impact of Managerial Caution on Operating Performance and Accounting Conservatism

Seyed Abbas Hashemi, Hadi Amiri, Milad Ahmadi
2014 بررسی‌های حسابداری و حسابرسی  
The aim of this research is investigate impact of themanagerial caution on the operational performance and accountingconservatism. To evaluate operational performance, three criteria areused: Return on Assets (ROA), Return on Equity (ROE), andOperating Profit Margin (OPM). Also, in order to measure accountingconservatism, Basu's model (1997) has been used. The data usedinclude a sample consists of 110 listed companies in Tehran StockExchange (TSE) during the years 2003 to 2012. For data
more » ... andhypothesis testing, multivariate regression model and the model ofpooled data is used. The results of estimating research models suggestthat managerial caution has a positive effect on ROA and OPM, andnegative effect on accounting conservatism. The research results alsoattest that between managerial caution and ROE, there is nostatistically significant relationship.
doi:10.22059/acctgrev.2014.52386 doaj:7d267ff3b423462596a7897838944277 fatcat:oej5fqnfibgzhonsgvyy4tqpk4

Endoscopic Dilatation of Meatal Stenosis of Ureterocele in Adult Patients: An Easy and Innovative Technique

Abbas Basiri, Arsalan Aslani, Milad Bonakdar Hashemi
2020 Urology Journal  
This study presents initial experience in endoscopic meatal dilatation of obstructive ureterocele in adult patients. During cystourethroscopy, we tried to find the orifice of ureterocele, passed a guide wire and introduce an 8 Fr ureteroscope in to the ureterocele orifice, going up to the renal pelvis as under vision dilatation of ureterocele meatus. Two Double-J stent were inserted and remained for six weeks to keep the meatus dilated. Adverse effect of endoscopic management was decreased due
more » ... o minimal anatomic changes. Patients' symptoms were relieved and no evidence of new onset vesico-ureteral reflux and obstruction were seen after up to one-year follow-up. Endoscopic meatal dilatation of stenotic ureterocele in adult patients is safe and effective thus, try to find the orifice of ureterocele is suggested.
doi:10.22037/uj.v0i0.5808 pmid:32309864 fatcat:uyq7sxer5baojfbjwlqymlgnaa
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