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White Matter Abnormalities Correlating with Memory and Depression in Heroin Users under Methadone Maintenance Treatment

Wei-Che Lin, Kun-Hsien Chou, Chien-Chih Chen, Chu-Chung Huang, Hsiu-Ling Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Shau-Hsuan Li, Ya-Ling Wang, Yu-Fan Cheng, Ching-Po Lin, Bernard Le Foll
2012 PLoS ONE  
This study aimed to investigate changes in WM integrity of MMT subjects using diffusion tensor image (DTI), and their relationship with history of heroin and methadone use in treated opiate-dependent individuals  ...  Correlations among decreased DTI indices, disease severity, and accumulation effects of methadone suggest that WM alterations may be involved in the psychopathology and pathophysiology of co-morbidities  ...  All of the subjects received both neuro-imaging and neuro-psychiatric evaluation.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033809 pmid:22496768 pmcid:PMC3322116 fatcat:rziili62xng5hn2owiwodumwwu

Longitudinal Brain White Matter Alterations in Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy before and after Liver Transplantation

Wei-Che Lin, Kun-Hsien Chou, Chao-Long Chen, Hsiu-Ling Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Shau-Hsuan Li, Chu-Chung Huang, Ching-Po Lin, Yu-Fan Cheng, Elizabeth J. Coulson
2014 PLoS ONE  
Improved pre-transplantation albumin levels and interval changes were associated with better recoveries of diffusion tensor imaging indices.  ...  In conclusion, longitudinal voxel-wise analysis of multiple diffusion tensor imaging indices demonstrated different white matter changes in minimal hepatic encephalopathy patients.  ...  Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: WCL CPL YFC.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105887 pmid:25166619 pmcid:PMC4148329 fatcat:bwo2ayn4unaunhpqjrpimgyhae

A New Frontier in Fighting Brain Cancer: Cutting Edge Magnetic Resonance Imaging Techniques

Phuc Nguyen, Joshua Cain
2022 Journal of student research  
Of the currently available brain imaging techniques for diagnosing tumors, diffusion-weighted MRI and perfusion MRI are cutting-edge techniques and may provide improved diagnostic capacity compared to  ...  While MRI in general has been used in research and medicine for decades, the more recent development of multi-modal and multiparametric imaging in neuro oncology holds much promise for the enhancement  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to thank Joshua Cain for being my mentor and working rigorously alongside me to guide me to the completion of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.47611/jsrhs.v10i4.1952 fatcat:63m4mjwnavck5iyqmlqa4oaacm

A new approach to corpus callosum anomalies in idiopathic scoliosis using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging

Olivier Joly, Dominique Rousié, Patrice Jissendi, Maxime Rousié, Edit Frankó
2014 European spine journal  
Recent developments in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allow us to extend the previous work to the study of white matter microstructure.  ...  Keywords Idiopathic scoliosis Á Diffusion tensor imaging Á Corpus callosum Á Fractional anisotropy O. Joly and D. Rousié contributed equally to this work.  ...  This is a multisite, longitudinal study of typically developing children from ages newborn through young adulthood conducted by the Brain Development Cooperative Group and supported by the National Institute  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00586-014-3435-3 pmid:24986356 fatcat:myxxe5sozfesblq73iz4glnz2q

Microstructural Abnormality in Left Nucleus Accumbens Predicts Dysfunctional Beliefs in Treatment-Resistant Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Wei Feng
2014 Medical Science Monitor  
The aim of this study was to determine whether dysfunctional beliefs might predict treatment-resistance and to examine the relationship between fractional anisotropy (FA) in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI  ...  A significant difference was found between non-resistant and resistant OCD patients in R-Scale and I-Scale.  ...  Microstructural connectivity using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) scanning may be a tool for early localization in OCD because MRI is sensitive to the microstructural organization of white matter tracts  ... 
doi:10.12659/msm.891102 pmid:25393961 pmcid:PMC4242705 fatcat:d2lrdpt7tzgzpar3rysr2bj4sa

Supplemental material for The most mentioned neuroimaging articles in online media: a bibliometric analysis of the top 100 articles with the highest Altmetric Attention Scores

Eun Soo Kim, Dae Young Yoon, Hye Jeong Kim, Kwanseop Lee, Yerim Kim, Jong Seok Bae, Ju-Hun Lee
2019 Figshare  
Supplemental Material for The most mentioned neuroimaging articles in online media: a bibliometric analysis of the top 100 articles with the highest Altmetric Attention Scores by Eun Soo Kim, Dae Young  ...  The effect of ageing on fMRI: correction for the confounding effects of vascular reactivity evaluated by joint fMRI and MEG in 335 adults.  ...  Reduced integrity of right lateralized white matter in patients with primary insomnia: a diffusion-tensor imaging study. Radiology 2016;280(2):520-528 374 10 32 Stender J, et al.  ... 
doi:10.25384/sage.8068151 fatcat:7mhw3vsp2rd2vlqxiro4kp66ry

OP21. APPLICATION OF A MICROFLUIDICS SYSTEM FOR EVALUATING THE RESPONSE OF GLIOBLASTOMA TISSUES TO RADIOTHERAPY AND CHEMOTHERAPY

Dr Farouk Olubajo, Dr Amy Dawson, Mr Shailendra Achawal, Prof John Greenman
2017 Neuro-Oncology  
fluid (CSF) and the PLGA/PEG implant, each have their own diffusion tensors that describe the anisotropy of the brain.  ...  We have also used micro-computerized tomography (µ-CT) to determine the microstructure of the PLGA/PEG construct and assess how the drug progresses out from the interior of the construct.  ... 
doi:10.1093/neuonc/now292.020 fatcat:6v6ywni47jeplcf7azjtqm2pue

Looking into the functional architecture of the brain with diffusion MRI

Denis Le Bihan
2006 Excerpta Medica: International Congress Series  
by a diffusion coefficient (D).  ...  A basic description of the diffusion process and the approaches used to measure and image diffusion with MRI is provided, as well as a review of our current understanding of the water diffusion process  ...  In diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), diffusion is no longer described by a single diffusion coefficient, but by an array of nine coefficients that fully characterize how diffusion in space varies according  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ics.2006.04.006 fatcat:yg6uxbmxd5fqlfg5elniavbpfm

Imaging biomarkers in multiple Sclerosis: From image analysis to population imaging

Christian Barillot, Gilles Edan, Olivier Commowick
2016 Medical Image Analysis  
In this context, one of the major challenges of neuroimaging in clinical neurosciences is to detect quantitative signs of pathological evolution as early as possible to prevent disease progression, evaluate  ...  The production of imaging data in medicine increases more rapidly than the capacity of computing models to extract information from it.  ...  This paradox prohibits the use of imaging as a primary outcome parameter in certification of new drugs.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.media.2016.06.017 pmid:27374128 fatcat:uri6wo5zifbohn2nwquzbkehky

Fractional Anisotropic Changes of Corpus Callosum Associated with Antipsychotic Treatment in First-Episode Antipsychotic Drug-Naive Patients with Schizophrenia

Erdal Pan, Mehmet Alpay Ates, Ayhan Algul, Aykut Aytekin, Cengiz Basoglu, Servet Ebrinc, Mesut Cetin, Samet Kose
2016 Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bülteni-Bulletin of Clinical Psychopharmacology  
Diffusion tensor MRI (DT-MRI) was obtained from participants at baseline and after 4 weeks of standard antipsychotic treatment.  ...  Further collaborative studies are needed to clarify the potential long-term effects of antipsychotics on white matter microstructure and also its reversibility.  ...  For each patient it lasted 16 seconds included MR imaging and diffusion tensor sequence.  ... 
doi:10.5455/bcp.20160319021659 fatcat:2trkaru4qne4zh4sspnzpfzhry

Pervasive microstructural abnormalities in autism: a DTI study

Wouter Groen
2011 Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience  
Methods: We used structural (T 1 ) imaging to study brain volumetrics and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate white and grey matter integrity in people with autism.  ...  Conclusion: The findings suggest that autism is characterized by a generalized reduction of white matter integrity that is associated with an increase of interstitial space.  ...  Fig. 4: Mean number of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) artifacts.  ... 
doi:10.1503/jpn.090100 pmid:20964953 pmcid:PMC3004973 fatcat:6chyqjqcaffjhivk37hb3ztpba

Emerging Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Neuro-Oncology

Jeffrey D. Rudie, Andreas M. Rauschecker, R. Nick Bryan, Christos Davatzikos, Suyash Mohan
2019 Radiology  
A variety of AI methods applied to conventional and advanced neuro-oncology MRI data can already delineate infiltrating margins of diffuse gliomas, differentiate pseudoprogression from true progression  ...  The field of radiomics in neuro-oncology has been and will likely continue to be at the forefront of this revolution.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors thank Saima Rathore, PhD, and the Center for Biomedical Image Computing and Analytics for providing several of the images used in this review.  ... 
doi:10.1148/radiol.2018181928 pmid:30667332 pmcid:PMC6389268 fatcat:o62zg4uqajhnpds443vurz4p3u

Reorganization of Anatomical Connectome following Electroconvulsive Therapy in Major Depressive Disorder

Jinkun Zeng, Qinghua Luo, Lian Du, Wei Liao, Yongmei Li, Haixia Liu, Dan Liu, Yixiao Fu, Haitang Qiu, Xirong Li, Tian Qiu, Huaqing Meng
2015 Neural Plasticity  
We collected longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging in the first-episode, drug-naïve major depressive disorder (MDD) patientsn=24before and after a predefined time window ECT treatment.  ...  Little is known, however, about ECT's enabling brain (neuro)plasticity effects, particular for plasticity of white matter pathway.Materials and Methods.  ...  Diffusion tensor models were estimated by using the linear least-squares fitting method at each voxel by using the diffusion toolkit.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/271674 pmid:26770836 pmcid:PMC4684875 fatcat:avjkw7jez5fc5mpinewmdjzula

Combined 18F-FET PET and diffusion kurtosis MRI in post-treatment glioblastoma: differentiation of true progression from treatment related changes

Francesco D'Amore, Farida Grinberg, Jörg Mauler, Norbert Galldiks, Ganna Blazhenets, Ezequiel Farrher, Christian Filss, Gabriele Stoffels, Felix M Mottaghy, Philipp Lohmann, N Jon Shah, Karl-Josef Langen
2021 Neuro-Oncology Advances  
Furthermore, diffusion MRI kurtosis maps were obtained from the same regions-of-interests using co-registered 18F-FET PET images, and an advanced histogram analysis of diffusion kurtosis map parameters  ...  18F-FET uptake using a brain-to-tumour ratio of 1.6.  ...  Elisabeth Theelen, Silke Frensch, Kornelia Frey, Stefan Schwan and Lutz Tellmann for assistance in the patient studies; Johannes Ermert, Silke Grafmüller, Erika Wabbals and Sascha Rehbein for radiosynthesis of  ... 
doi:10.1093/noajnl/vdab044 pmid:34013207 pmcid:PMC8117449 fatcat:qxbcepc62jbfdffu7lxes5fl5a

Evaluation of Diffusional Kurtosis Imaging in Sub-acute Ischemic Stroke: Comparison with Rehabilitation Treatment Effect

C Li, C Lan, X Zhang, L Yin, X Hao, J Tian, L Lin, H Sun, Z Yao, X Feng, J Jia, Y Yang
2019 Cell Transplantation  
Diffusional kurtosis imaging, which measures the non-Gaussianity of water diffusion, has been demonstrated to be a sensitive biomarker in many neuro-pathologies.  ...  The effect of rehabilitation treatment was evaluated using both the Fugl-Meyer motor function score and modified Barthel index score at post-treatment compared with admission, and patients were allocated  ...  Ethical Approval This study was approved by the institutional review board of Huashan Hospital. Statement of Human Rights The study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0963689719837919 pmid:30907127 pmcid:PMC6728709 fatcat:zikemfxcybaf7ksapmsvgijh2e
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