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Personal Computers: A Gateway to Personal Computing [chapter]

Kari Kotiranta
2011 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
This article is a personal journey, from the early days of batch processing to the modern personal computing era.  ...  The use of minicomputers (HP 2100 series) gave a different viewhow to collect and process data with a computer.  ...  In the early days there were word processing machines and microcomputers with word processing software.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-23315-9_26 fatcat:wgf6ihrkkvgt5k2jsvwyxa5xou

Technological Competition and the Structure of the Computer Industry

Timothy F. Bresnahan, Shane Greenstein
2003 Journal of Industrial Economics  
Our analysis links together several distinct arguments over a wide range of history and segments. Accordingly, we build it in stages. Section II has our analysis of the role of the platform.  ...  We argue that divided technical leadership is inevitable in the current computer industry and that divided technical leadership makes entry easier.  ...  The invention of the business microcomputer drew on an existing technical (hobbyist) base but created a new segment associated with applications like spreadsheets, word processing, and entertaining games  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-6451.00088 fatcat:nyu5trt52ze55crc3lmjhmh4mi

Role of Computers in Reading Skills

Anjali Hans
2013 IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
This study examines the role of computers having advantages like Computer software is interactive, Computer software uses scientificallyassisted educational research, Computer software creates a "real"  ...  Reading skills refer to the specific abilities that enable a person to read with independence and interact with the message. Students at the university do a lot of reading unlike in secondary school.  ...  Context clues are when a person figures out the meaning of a word by seeing how the word was used in a sentence.  ... 
doi:10.9790/0837-1541519 fatcat:wdrs5twr2jgelfbhfzqdfxnijy

Following TRACE: The Computer Hobby Movement in Canada

Dov Lungu, Zbigniew Stachniak
2011 Scientia Canadensis Canadian Journal of the History of Science Technology and Medicine  
Much has already been written on the subject of the American computer hobbyists' movement of the 1970s in scholarly literature as well as in non-scientific publications. 1 This is hardly a surprise as  ...  The Center was opened on September 19, 1983, at Queen's Quay Terminal as "A place where you, your grandmother, your three-year-old child or your brother can come and learn on and learn about computers.  ... 
doi:10.7202/1006926ar fatcat:7vkhalrbw5bmtfmveehygnrt34

Computer Literacy Education

Ronni Rosenberg
1987 Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society  
This town has a six-year word-processing curriculum: In the early grades, "informal word processing experiences" means learning to use the keyboaard.  ...  Later, "introduction to word processing" means typing in text, moving the cursor (one character at a time), and learning two commands (SAVE and RETRIEVE).  ...  Here is another definition, from a graduate computer-literacy class (for teachers, administrators, computer coordinators, and so on): * "An operating system is a program that tells the computer how to  ... 
doi:10.1177/027046768700700396 fatcat:drtljca3uvhlhkhpfqnut6jw4y

Update: information for the computer systems design professional

1975 Computer  
"The stimulus for all these developments has come from the rapidly declining cost of computer hardware.  ...  He reviewed many "names and numbers one could have fun with in a crossword puzzle"-from the time when John Von Neumann reportedly mused, "What would anyone do with more than 1024 words of memory," to the  ... 
doi:10.1109/c-m.1975.218889 fatcat:zpq7dq6im5fzrkd5x4fgmbzujm

The home computer: The making of a consumer electronic

Leslie Haddon
1988 Science as Culture  
But should the hardware companies stress the specific type of software used in business -the word processing, the spreadsheets, the databases?  ...  The larger computers and the personal micro had established the idea of a 'software-running' machine in a work context.  ...  computer as part of the daily routine of the lives of a wide public. For some observers, the possibility of such a future has diminished; thus the computer's wider potential is being wasted.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09505438809526198 fatcat:3lbyfmmybfg4pacc7eeludypvm

Human-Computer Interaction?Whence and whither?

Brian Shackel
1997 Journal of the American Society for Information Science  
In this article, an overview is presented of the growth of work in human-computer interaction (HCI) over the last 40 years.  ...  Finally, after summarizing the growth in three age-group partitions, some of the major threads of development are noted under the heading of continuities from the past and perspectives into the future.  ...  Burch and Professor Gaines for permission to quote from their respective documents, and acknowledge permission given by the Columbia University Press to copy Fig. 5 from de Solla Price (1963) .  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-4571(199711)48:11<970::aid-asi2>3.0.co;2-z fatcat:7wev4jcd4vabdov7swoszsmdeu

Human–computer interaction – Whence and whither?

Brian Shackel
2009 Interacting with computers  
In this article, an overview is presented of the growth of work in human-computer interaction (HCI) over the last 40 years.  ...  Finally, after summarizing the growth in three age-group partitions, some of the major threads of development are noted under the heading of continuities from the past and perspectives into the future.  ...  Burch and Professor Gaines for permission to quote from their respective documents, and acknowledge permission given by the Columbia University Press to copy Fig. 5 from de Solla Price (1963) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intcom.2009.04.004 fatcat:6oztrfiibve5xbztrplkmmjf3u

Hardware Heritage—Briefcase-Sized Computers

Karol Król
2021 Heritage  
The computer industry was a vivid place in the 1980s. IT systems and technologies thrived, and the market offered ever better, smaller, and more useful machines.  ...  The foundation of the work is a literature review that includes technical specifications, industry reviews, and research papers. Archival materials were obtained from the Internet Archive.  ...  Acknowledgments: The paper was written at the Digital Cultural Heritage Laboratory (https://  ... 
doi:10.3390/heritage4030126 fatcat:swdkjf2qmbfbfi3uboaew4tprq

The making of the MCM/70 microcomputer

Z. Stachniak
2003 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
Acknowledgments A number of individuals contributed greatly to the final shape of the article through their interviews and discussions.  ...  Finally, I would like to acknowledge the support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.  ...  The R2E's micro was not intended as a personal computer; instead, the Micral was to replace minicomputers in real-time applications, mostly process control and scientific instrumentation, in which high  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.2003.1203059 fatcat:zvya7z2qnvdhvjjpcpe7mhswgq

Research Directions Profile in the Computing Museum of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Latvia (IMCS) [chapter]

Rihards Balodis, Juris Borzovs, Inara Opmane, Andrejs Skuja, Evija Ziemele
2011 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
It also represents Latvian collaboration with the Nordic countries that provided political, scientific, and technological support.  ...  Historical documents, computer parts, and photos are collected in the Computer Museum of IMCS.  ...  These computers were used in schools for informatics classes: one KUVT and many BK or Yamaha, later AGAT (Apple-II).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-23315-9_51 fatcat:x2w54joh4vgkneu6jgnxouctki

The History of Computing in the History of Technology

Michael S. Mahoney
1988 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
As a new scientific technology with unique features, computing in turn can provide new perspectives on the history of technology.  ...  It suggests aspects of the development of computing which are pertinent to those issues and hence for which that recent work could provide models of historical analysis.  ...  It benefitted at that time from the critical comments of David K. Allison, William Aspray, I. Bernard Cohen, and Arthur Norberg.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.1988.10011 fatcat:evvny6ezhfbrjp3virdyelnlzu

A short history of computing in Hungary

Z. Szentgyorgyi
1999 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
In Szeged, Hungary, a southern university city, there lived and worked an engineer theorist named Kalmár László , who has to be one of the most interesting personalities in Hungarian (and world) computer  ...  The society received its present name in 1968. Then in 1975, it became an independent scientific society and full member of the Hungarian Federation of Technical and Scientific Societies (MTESZ).  ...  In that job, she headed or took part in several scientific projects in computing. Since 199l, she has been a freelance writer and editor in science and technology.  ... 
doi:10.1109/85.778982 fatcat:cm6h5ktadjajblpxuafwlxhsou

Legal Protection of Computer Software in Major Industrial Countries: A Survey of Copyright and Patent Protection for Computer Software

Robert R. Devéza
1991 UCLA Pacific Basin law journal  
By contrast, a technical process was a process performed on a physical entity which provided some change in that entity.  ...  has cast some doubt on the validity of software-related patents.  ... 
doi:10.5070/p891-2021974 fatcat:kup67henuzdydfb5spuqgqhada
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