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Cellulolytic activities of some filamentous fungi from soil

Omyma Awadalla, Metwally Metwally, Mohamed Bedaiwy, Rana Rashad
Tw ent y f ungal speci es w ere is olat ed and identified from soil collec ted from Tant a cit y, Gharbia Gover nor ate, Eg ypt. T he f ungal species belonging to fiv e g enera i.e. Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Trichoderma and Stachybotrys. The Cellulolytic activities of the isol at ed f ungi w ere ev aluat ed in s olid medium b y s tai ning t h e f ungal c olonies wit h 0. 1% C ongo red. O ut of t he twent y-f ungal species onl y si xteen species recorded cellulol ytic activit y. T he
more » ... ghest cell ulas e activit y on carboxy methyl cell ulos e (C MC) agar plates wer e ac hiev ed with A. t erreus, A . flavipes and A. sy da wi. The cellul ol ytic f ungi were s elec ted t o es timat e t he Carboxy m et hyl cellulase (C MC ase), Filter pap er cell ulas e (FPas e) and β-gluc osidas e (βG as e) in liquid medium. All tes ted f ungi showed c onsider able activit y f or t he thr ee enz ym es. T he highes t CMC ase and β Gas e ac tivities wer e recorded with A . t erreus (43. 30 and 33.20 u/ml respectiv el y) while Penicillium lanos um show ed t he highes t activit y (29.20 u/ml). The results indic at ed t hat the maxim um t ot al cellulol ytic activit y w as rec orded with A . terreus f ollow ed by A. flavi pes and A. sydawi (91. 30, 83.50, and 74. 8 u/ml, respectiv el y).
doi:10.5455/egyjebb.20170918022201 fatcat:ba6etpfcg5ac7glfwvyzbpfvrq

Lightweight Active Object Retrieval with Weak Classifiers

László Czúni, Metwally Rashad
2018 Sensors  
Metwally Rashad conducted the experiments, wrote the software for testing, contributed to the analysis of the data and to the overview of the related papers, created the figures, and refined the paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18030801 pmid:29518902 pmcid:PMC5876613 fatcat:idi3j2vsqjcy7jrt257mvpyivy

Efficient String Edit Similarity Join Algorithm

Karam Gouda, Metwally Rashad
2017 Computing and informatics  
String similarity join is a basic and essential operation in many applications. In this paper, we investigate the problem of string similarity join with edit distance constraints. A trie-based edit similarity join framework has been proposed recently. The main advantage of existing trie-based algorithms is support for similarity join on short strings. The main problem is when joining long and distant strings. These methods generate and maintain lots of similar prefixes called active nodes which
more » ... need to be further removed in a subsequent pruning phase. With large edit distance, the number of active nodes becomes quite large. In this paper, we propose a new trie-based join algorithm called PreJoin, which improves upon current trie-based join methods. It efficiently finds all similar string pairs using a novel active-node generation method, which minimizes the number of generated active nodes by applying the pruning heuristics early in the generation process. The performance of PreJoin is scaled in two different ways: First, a dynamic reordering of the trie index is used to accelerate the search for similar string pairs. Second, a partitioning method of string space is used to improve performance on large edit distance thresholds. Experiments show that our approach is highly efficient for processing short as well as long strings, and outperforms the state-of-the-art trie-based join approaches by a factor five.
doi:10.4149/cai_2017_3_683 fatcat:64beoh6oqretdna25ihr77qcwy

Active multiview recognition with hidden Markov temporal support

Amr M. Nagy, Metwally Rashad, László Czúni
2020 Signal, Image and Video Processing  
Nagy Metwally Rashad Faculty of Information Technology, University of Pannonia, Egyetem u. 10, Veszprém, Hungary László Czúni  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11760-020-01743-y fatcat:np64wvdu3jgo3nwojwv4uqdcca

BENHA@IDAT: Improving Irony Detection in Arabic Tweets using Ensemble Approach

Hamada A. Nayel, Walaa Medhat, Metwally Rashad
2019 Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation  
This paper describes the methods and experiments that have been used in the development of our model submitted to Irony Detection for Arabic Tweets shared task. We submitted three runs based on our model using Support Vector Machines (SVM), Linear and Ensemble classifiers. Bag-of-Words with range of n-grams model have been used for feature extraction. Our submissions achieved accuracies of 82.1%, 81.6% and 81.1% for ensemble based, SVM and linear classifiers respectively.
dblp:conf/fire/NayelMR19 fatcat:7hzmftqrhnhkdefurgzpnvnqsi

Effective of Modern Techniques on Content-Based Medical Image Retrieval: A Survey

Metwally Rashad, Sameer Nooh, Ibrahem Afifi, Mohamed Abdelfatah
2022 International journal of computer science and mobile computing  
TABLE I I (continued) Paper Model Dataset Classification Feature Extraction Retrieval Accuracy (%) Technique Length Time in(s) Time in(s) APR ARR F-measure mAP Metwally Rashad et al, International  ... 
doi:10.47760/ijcsmc.2022.v11i03.008 fatcat:656cjypw75h43mjfflbngdouia

Phytochemical and molecular analyses of some Coleus cultivars cultivated in Egypt

Rashad M. Shoaib, Sami I. Ali, Sami A. Metwally, Mohamed M. Ibrahim, Kamal A. Aboud
2020 Bulletin of the National Research Centre  
Coleus (family Lamiaceae) is a popular garden ornamental plant known for its bright-colored foliage. The effective role of different plant growth regulators have been widely reported in plant cultivars (Singh A and Prasad SM Int. J. Sci. Eng. Appl. Sci. 2 (1): 1-10, (2016)). Kinetin has received great interest due to its richness in bioactive phytochemicals including polyphenolic compounds with its antioxidant activity. Molecular markers have been very helpful in enhancing our understanding of
more » ... enome structure and function. In our study, we investigated the effect of three treatments of kinetin on the phytochemical contents of five Coleus cultivars and molecular characterization by ISSR markers. Results: The studied cultivars of Coleus revealed adequate amounts of pigments chlorophyll a (Cha), chlorophyll b (Chb), and total carotenoids (Carot) as well as phytochemical ingredients including total carbohydrates (Carb), total phenolic (TP), total flavonoids (TF), and total tannins (TT). Finger paint cultivar (C 5 ) revealed the highest values (0.266, 10.853, 11.648, and 6.722 mg/g) of Carb, TP, and TT, respectively, while the highest contents (11.814 and 11.648 mg/g) of TF were identified in Beckwhites gem species (C 2 ) and finger paint cultivar (C 5 ), respectively. Intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker analysis was performed on the samples with 5 primer pairs. These bands were identified as 21 polymorphic and 18 monomorphic ones with 53.8% polymorphism. Ten unique bands were identified in the resulted ISSR profile. Conclusion: These results suggested that the effect of kinetin treatments stimulates secondary metabolites production. Also, ISSR marker is helpful for possible distinguishing, identifying, characterizing, and selection processing of Coleus cultivars. PN primer name, PS sequence, TB total band, MB monomorphic band, PB polymorphic band, UB unique band, P% polymorphism percentage Shoaib et al.
doi:10.1186/s42269-020-00358-0 fatcat:x5aw5ye2tnbn3niskmdogdx67u


S. Rashad, E. Abda, Z. Selim, S. Hussein, T. Metwally, D. Fouad
2020 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
Background:Rheumatic musculoskeletal disorders (RMSDs) are a common cause of long term pain and physical disability. In developed countries, RMSDS are a major cause of absence from work and thus have a big financial burden on the country economic status. Several studies have been published the incidence and prevalence of RMSDs in different world countries and found to be widely variable. Estimation of the extend of the problem of RMSDs in developing world, especially in rural economies will
more » ... better understanding of the risk factors that contribute to the initiation and progression of these diseases and help the health care authorities to provide proper health program services in these areas to reduce the physical and financial burden of RMSDs (Bagher et al., 2011; Majumdar et al., 2015 and Usenbo, et al., 2015).Objectives:To estimate the prevalence rate of RMSDs in a rural population in Upper Egypt.Methods:A cross-sectional based study was carried out and included 3988 subjects of population (2013 females and 1975 males). Mean age of patients was (46.89±15.25ys). They proceeded 4 phases of World Health Organization/International League of Associations for Rheumatology community-oriented program for control of rheumatic diseases survey questionnaire WHO-ILAR Community Oriented Program for screening of rheumatic diseases. Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) was used to assess the disability severity. Individuals suspected to have any rheumatic diseases were subjected to full clinical examination, laboratory and radiological investigations to reach a final diagnosis. They were classified according to appropriate criteria of diagnosis of diseases.Results:A prevalence rate of RMSDs was 16.22%, more prevalence in females (10.38% vs. 5.84% for males, P=0.000). The mean age of patients with RRMSDSs were older (46.89±15.25 yrs) than healthy individuals (29.56±18.95 yrs) (P=0.0001) and with increasing age (≥45-≤ 55 yrs).The identified RMSDs were OA (8.5%), Soft tissue rheumatism (STR) (6.57%), spinal disorders (SD) (6.47%), fibromyalgia (FM) (0.60%), RA (0.30%), arthralgia (0.18%), SPAs (0.15%), Gout(0.6%), Pseudogout (0.08%), SLE (0.5%), JIA(0.03) and MCTD (0.03%). The prevalence rates for the majority of RRMSDSs were higher in females and with increasing age. About two thirds of the patients had grade II disability.Conclusion:The prevalence rate of RMSDs in a rural population ≥15years in Upper Egypt has been estimated to be 16.22%.The most prevalent RMSDs are OA, STR and SD causing the greatest burden of the disease. The predictive risk of RMSDs has to be assessed in future studies.References:[1]Majumdar A, Kumar SG, Nair D, Sujiv A. Musculoskeletal complaints and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among adults in rural puducherry. Indian J Palliat Care. 2015; 21(1):121-123.[2]Usenbo A, Kramer V, Young T, Musekiwa A. Prevalence of Arthritis in Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLoS One. 2015; 10 (8):e0133858.[3]Bagher OM, Golbarg M, Hossein S. Pattern of rheumatic diseases in two outpatient clinics in Iran: similarities with some different features. Indian J Med Sci. 2011; 65(1):7-17.Disclosure of Interests:None declared
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-eular.779 fatcat:rm2n7q4mhffwphvldklxmvkmcu


Hanaa H. Ahmed, Fatehya M Metwally, Hend Rashad, Asmaa M Zaazaa
2016 Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research  
<p>ABSTRACT<br />Objective: The goal of the present study was to examine the viability of Morus alba (M. alba) ethanolic extract in repression of obesity-associated<br />hepatic steatosis and related metabolic disorder; dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, and glycemic status.<br />Methods: Adult female albino rats were randomly assigned into four groups, eight rats each as follows: Group (1) control group received standard<br />rodent diet for 24 weeks. The other three groups administered high
more » ... sterol diet for 12 weeks and served as obese group, M. alba-treated group,<br />and simvastatin-treated group.<br />Results: The current results showed an increment in thoracic circumference (TCX) and abdominal circumferences (AC) as well as body mass index<br />(BMI) in obese group. In addition, dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance have been elucidated in obese group.<br />Moreover, hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and bilirubin<br />values were significantly increased in obese groups versus control group. On the other hand, administration of ethanolic extract of Morus alba or<br />simvastatin could significantly lessen BMI and in addition to improve dyslipidemia in obese group. Glucose, insulin levels, and insulin resistance value<br />in serum samples demonstrated a significant reduction in obese group upon treatment with M. alba ethanolic extract or simvastatin. Furthermore,<br />noticeable depletion in hepatic MDA, NO contents, serum ALT, AST activities, and serum bilirubin level was recorded as a result of treatment with<br />either ethanolic extract of M. alba or simvastatin. Histopathological examination of liver tissue showed ballooning degeneration in the hepatocytes<br />(hepatic steatosis) associated with inflammatory cells penetration in portal zone in obese group. Meanwhile, the treatment of obese groups with<br />ethanolic extract of M. alba or simvastatin was found to restore the structural organization of the liver.<br />Conclusion: The present findings provide a novel aspect for understanding of the role of M. alba against obesity-associated liver diseases and related<br />metabolic disorder. The mechanisms underlying these effects seem to depend on the hypolipidemic potential, anti-inflammatory property, and<br />antioxidant activity of its phytochemicals.<br />Keywords: Obesity, Morus alba, Dyslipidemia, Hyperinsulinemia, Hyperglycemia, Hepatic steatosis.</p>
doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2016.v9s2.13674 fatcat:iulzmeayorduzlalhddbhtxede

Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Serotonin Levels in Autistic Children: Do They Differ in Obesity?

Ehab R. Abdelraouf, Hend Rashad, Ayman Kilany, Hala M. Zeidan, Mohamed Elhadidy, Adel Hashish, Neveen Hassan Nashaat, Fateheya M. Metwally
2021 Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences  
BACKGROUND: The risk of obesity among autism spectrum disorder (ASD) children is high which could be related to a disorder in their metabolism. Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in metabolic control, language behavior, and intellectual development. Serotonin has a role in satiety and energy expenditure. AIM: Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure the serum levels of BDNF and serotonin in obese compared to non-obese ASD children. The influence of obesity on ASD
more » ... y, intellectual, and language development was also investigated. METHODS: The study included 60 autistic children (Group I: 30 ASD children with obesity and Group II: 30 ASD children without obesity). The serum BDNF and serotonin levels were estimated by ELISA and by high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: All participants manifested delayed language development. Almost all of them had intellectual disability. The difference between groups regarding ASD severity, language, and intellectual development was non-significant. However, BDNF level in obese group was less than that in the other group while serotonin was higher in the obese group with significant statistical difference. CONCLUSION: The difference between the groups regarding the levels of BDNF and serotonin, which are involved in the brain development, could be related to obesity. The influence of obesity on ASD severity, intellectual, and language development of ASD children was not distinctive in the participants. The influence of such markers on ASD severity and cognitive performance needs further investigations.
doi:10.3889/oamjms.2021.7223 fatcat:gtjwut4rp5c6hotb25fcor24ni

Hyaluronic acid as a potential marker for assessment of fibrosis regression after direct acting antiviral drugs in chronic hepatitis C patients

Eman Rewisha, Tary Salman, Omkolsoum Alhaddad, Gamal Abo Raia, Mary Naguib, Shymaa Rashad, Ahmed Abdelfattah, Khaled Metwally, Eman Abdelsameea
2021 Clinical and Experimental Hepatology  
, Ahmed Abdelfattah, Khaled Metwally, Eman Abdelsameea  ...  treatment 2.54 ±2.18 2.07 ±1.84 1.83 0.066 1 year after inclusion 2.76 ±2.46 2.40 ±2.74 1.36 0.103 Eman Rewisha, Tary Salman, Omkolsoum Alhaddad, Gamal Abo Raia, Mary Naguib, Shymaa Rashad  ... 
doi:10.5114/ceh.2021.109293 pmid:34712835 pmcid:PMC8527342 fatcat:5d7npirgffeydkroaichcw3bti

Autologous Adipose Derived Stem Cell versus Platelet Rich Plasma Injection in the Treatment of Androgentic Alopecia: Efficacy, Side Effects and Safety

Mostafa Hamed Kadry, Wael Abou El Kheir, Mamoun El Sayed Shalaby, Ahmed Rashad El Shahid, Hala Gabr Metwally
2018 Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research  
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is based on the release of growth factors stimulating the initiation/ extension of anagen phase as well as promoting vascularization, Adipose Derived Stem Cell (AT-ADSCs) treatment were recently introduced as an alternative potential therapeutic application for hair growth. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy side effects and safety of AT-ASCs and PRP in the treatment of androgentic alopecia. Patients and methods: Sixty randomized patients were
more » ... treated by PRP, and AT-ASCs. Each patient was evaluated, and each lesion was treated by those modalities, patients received three sessions with one month interval for 3 months, follow up after 3 months. Results: A highly significant improvement <0.001 in terminal hair count of AT-ASCs group evaluated by videodermoscopy assessment of AGA. That were confirmed by highly significant improvement in inter-mediate hair count and mean caliber (<0.001) associated with high incidence of side effects especially headache and erythema. In contrast, PRP group showed significant improvement 0.037 in terminal hair count and non-significant improvement in inter-mediate hair count and of mean caliber with minimum side effects. AT-ASCs showed a significant improvement in terminal hair count than PRP, Highly significant improvement in Inter-mediate hair count and hair caliber. Also, side effects of AT-ASCs showed highly significant pain, headache and erythema but no serious adverse events. Conclusion: Our study suggests that the There was significant improvement in AGA after PRP and highly significant after AT-ASCs therapy with significant difference of ADSC in terminal hair count and highly significant in caliber. Both modalities could effectively and safely be used to treat AGA.
doi:10.4172/2155-9554.1000447 fatcat:ou4bselfqzaetcuvfpsplnm5sm

Video based object retrieval and recognition using lightweight devices = Videó alapú objektumvisszakeresés és felismerés könnyűsúlyú eszközökkel

Metwally Rashad, László Czúni
doi:10.18136/pe.2018.680 fatcat:2aqghcsaibgthl6iicltzasb5m

Bronchiolitis diagnosis, treatment, and prevention in children: an evidence-based clinical practice guideline adapted for the use in Egypt based on the 'Adapted ADAPTE' Methodology

Ashraf Abdel Baky, Eman Mahmoud Fouda, Shahenaz Mahmoud Hussein, Ahmad Ata Sobeih, Ahmed Mohamad Abd Al Razek, Amal Ibrahim Hassanain, Ashraf Galal, Dina Houssam-Eldine Hamed, Hala Gouda Elnady, Hala Hamdi, Hoda M. Salah El Din Metwally, Laila Abdel Ghaffar Hegazy (+15 others)
2022 Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette  
Background The presented evidence-based clinical practice guideline (CPG) is proposed as a National CPG using an evidence-based and formal CPG adaptation methodology. The purpose of this study was to adapt the international CPGs' recommendations for children with bronchiolitis to suit the healthcare system in the Egyptian context. This CPG, 'diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Bronchiolitis', applies to children from 1 through 23 months of age. Other exclusions are noted. The quality of
more » ... ence, benefit-harm relationship, and strength of recommendations are indicated. This study is part of a larger collaborative initiative with the faculty staff of pediatric departments of 15 Egyptian universities and a national research center to formulate a national Committee (EPG) that aims to define the topics of, assign authors to, and assist in the adaptation of pediatric evidence-based CPGs according to a national strategic plan. The committee is guided by a formal CPG adaptation methodology: the 'Adapted ADAPTE'. Results The Bronchiolitis Guideline Adaptation Group (BGAG) reviewed the results of the AGREE II assessment and decided to adapt mainly the Australasian (PREDICT) CPG and for the questions not answered in PREDICT we adapted the relevant recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) CPG. Seven implementation tools were included: a care pathway for assessment of severity, a clinical algorithm for treatment of acute bronchiolitis in the emergency room, a separate flowchart for assessing babies with bronchiolitis, a power point slide presentation lecture for treatment of acute bronchiolitis, patient information in Arabic, a clinical score (Modified Tal Score) for prediction of bronchiolitis severity, and the criteria for admission and discharge in the hospital. A comprehensive set of multifaceted CPG implementation strategies was provided for the clinicians, patients, nurses, and other relevant stakeholders contextualized to the national settings Conclusion Our experience with this adaptation methodology provides useful insight into its utilization on a national level in Egypt. The BGAG recommended the next review of this adapted CPG to be after 3 years from its publication (i.e., 2022) after checking for updates in the original CPG.
doi:10.1186/s43054-021-00094-8 fatcat:raoojccoxbcg5pvp6gnohox7fi

Page 193 of National Union Catalog Vol. 31, Issue [page]

1958 National Union Catalog  
Mohamed Rashad el Hindawy see el Hindawy, Mohamed Rashad.  ...  Mohamed Metwalli Kinawi see Kinawi, Mohamed Metwalli. Mohamed Moktar see Muhammad Mukhtar, 1835 or 6-1897 Mohamed Moussa Kamel see Kamel, Mohamed Moussa.  ... 
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