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The External Intelligent Infrastructure [chapter]

Dag Karlsen, Frank Lillehagen, Dag Runar Elvekrok
2004 Processes and Foundations for Virtual Organizations  
The Intelligent Infrastructure is a platform for distributed, model-generated workplaces, concurrent development and management of models and meta-constructs, methodologies and customer solutions.  ...  The clients can be thin or thick, from pure HTMUDHTML running in a web browser to a special application such as the METIS modelling clients.  ...  The application server tier also includes the web server for use with web clients.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35704-1_29 fatcat:wtutmpcuebdtxlqjskrzufjsoq

Governing Metis Indigeneity: The Settler-Colonial Dispossession and Regulation of the Metis in Mid-Twentieth Century Manitoba

David Parent
In the final chapter, using my own historic Metis community of Minnewaken as a case study I demonstrate how the Rural Municipality of Coldwell dispossessed Metis residents who went from owning 4000 acres  ...  In the first half I engage dominant Canadian historiography in order to trace out a broader governing apparatus that possessed technologies of education, employment, immigration, and health aided in normalizing  ...  Thus, racial governmentality shifted over time from a bodily to a spatial application.  ... 
doi:10.7939/r3-d552-ge06 fatcat:gcm3j6apknfk7cjrxcvysqchj4

Geospatially Partitioning Public Transit Networks for Open Data Publishing

Harm Delva, Julián Andrés Rojas, Pieter Colpaert, Ruben Verborgh
2021 Journal of Web Engineering  
In our prior work we have shown that geospatially partitioning an operator's network can improve query times for client-side route planning applications by a factor of 2.4.  ...  However, it remains unclear whether this works for all network types, or other kinds of applications.  ...  We used four different clustering methods to partition a single public transit network and evaluated each method's effect on the query performance of a client-side route planning application.  ... 
doi:10.13052/jwe1540-9589.2045 fatcat:e3umqjexhvethkyvz7noawuzf4

Capturing Expert Knowledge for Supporting Design and Manufacturing of Injection Molds

F. Kimura, H. Ariyoshi, H. Ishikawa, Y. Naruko, H. Yamato
2004 CIRP annals  
An engineer oriented interface for a capturing method is proposed, and a flexible representation framework is studied for various types of expert knowledge.  ...  The objective of this paper is to investigate roles and usages of expert engineering knowledge in high-quality manufacturing, and to study a practical knowledge capturing method for realizing engineering  ...  Thin clients and a database server are connected via XML-based web-service mechanism SOAP/HTTP [9] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0007-8506(07)60665-9 fatcat:7unnewn65ndhnacsj5ah4v7p5q

Gaining Insight: A Community-Based Approach to Understanding Physical Activity and Weight Gain in Pregnancy with First Nations and Métis Women

Francine Darroch, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
Utilizing a postcolonial feminist theoretical lens in conjunction with a social determinants of health framework and tenets of cultural safety, the purpose of my doctoral research, which was written in  ...  Weight-gain and physical inactivity in pregnancy have important implications for First Nations and Métis women, populations that experience a disproportionate burden of poor health outcomes in pregnancy  ...  The cover of this resource has a silhouette of a thin, healthy white woman with a pregnant belly and three additional photos of the same white women stretching.  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-5179 fatcat:wzfx6mjtajerrmjmtntdkpoup4

Identity formation and consciousness with reference to Northern Alberta Cree and Metis indigenous peoples

Weber-Pillwax, Cora, 1945-
Cree and Metis peoples.  ...  The Plains model of consciousness is commonly represented by a circle, a symbol grounded in the lifeworld of the Plains peoples.  ...  In this section, I will discuss a consciousness model that is applicable to the life experiences of northern Alberta Cree and Metis people.  ... 
doi:10.7939/r3-vx1m-8q80 fatcat:cje22cpivjdbxigbutyrs6kw64

First Nations, Métis and Inuit Health and the Law: A Framework for the Future

Yvonne Boyer, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
First Nations, Métis and Inuit Health and the Law: A Framework for the Future charts the development of ill health from a formerly healthy, disease-free Aboriginal society pre-contact.  ...  For these reasons, a study of Aboriginal health must reflect a holistic approach that considers the importance of key health determinants.  ...  Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1991. p. 161 -197; Chrisjohn, Roland, Sherri Young and Michael Maraun (1997) 186 -203; La Prairie, Carol (1987) "Native Women and Crime in Canada: A  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-4539 fatcat:gna6bty44vadvix2lqpcsv26wu

Performance optimization for agent-based traffic simulation by dynamic agent assignment

Hiroki Kanezashi, Toyotaro Suzumura
2015 2015 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC)  
We used METIS (Karypis and Kumar 1999) as network partitioning program to generate a mapping file from agent ID to X10. In the default option, METIS divides network into the non-contiguous network.  ...  The synchronization overheads are remarkable, so we added a framework to control synchronization according to congestion of road network.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wsc.2015.7408213 dblp:conf/wsc/KanezashiS15 fatcat:mavbe3n77rgipihbhw3s5dxcqu

Challenges of Translating HPC Codes to Workflows for Heterogeneous and Dynamic Environments

Fayssal Benkhaldoun, Christophe Cerin, Imad Kissami, Walid Saad
2017 2017 International Conference on High Performance Computing & Simulation (HPCS)  
In this paper we would like to share our experience for transforming a parallel code for a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) problem into a parallel version for the RedisDG workflow engine.  ...  We show how to move to the field of "HPC as a Service" in order to use heterogeneous platforms.  ...  Yet another advantage of ADAPT is to focus in streamers which can be used in many applications (treatment of contaminated media, etching and deposition of thin films…).  ... 
doi:10.1109/hpcs.2017.130 dblp:conf/ieeehpcs/BenkhaldounCKS17 fatcat:cxr7q7s46jg4zbf4etyky6llue

Beyond Doctrines of Dominance: Conceptualizing a Path to Legal Recognition and Affirmation of the Manitoba Métis Treaty

D'Arcy G. Vermette, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
The Manitoba Métis Treaty was intended to guarantee the Métis a land base in Manitoba the total size of which was to be 1.4 million acres.  ...  Eventually, the Métis negotiated favourable terms with Ottawa which, this thesis argues, represented according to law, and to the Métis, a treaty.  ...  paramount estate" 236 which gave the Crown the "absolute exclusive right to extinguish the Indian title either by conquest or by purchase". 237 But Canadian common law did not hang on to the notion that a  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-5906 fatcat:ejy7fbzpyjdy5c3u7jk4gaqdj4

"Salía de uno y me metí en otro" : a grounded theory approach to understanding the violence-migration nexus among Central American women in the United States [article]

Laurie Cook Heffron
Substantial growth in migration specifically from the "Northern Triangle" of Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) to the U.S. is a recent and growing phenomenon (Rosenblum & Brick, 2011  ...  The title of this dissertation, in fact, is a direct quote from Hortensia -"Salía de uno ye me metí en otro."  ...  (Anita) That affected me, because I was in pain everywhere, it was burning me a lot, a lot with the cold. My scrapes were burning and my knees and a lot of my parts. And the clothes were very thin.  ... 
doi:10.15781/t24m91s6j fatcat:f6lqrjxetzcbtopbplpatf43jm

Modular FEM framework "ModFem" for generic scientific parallel simulations

Michalik Kazimierz, Banas Krzysztof, Plaszewski Przemyslaw, Cybulka Pawel
2013 Computer Science  
We present the design for, and implementation of, a flexible and robust parallel modular finite element (FEM) framework called ModFEM.  ...  It is a computational framework for generating a parallel adaptive finite element modelling applications.  ...  The proposed architecture is based on two main components: the simulation server and the graphical front-end that communicate through a client/server model.  ... 
doi:10.7494/csci.2013.14.3.513 fatcat:632rfec2tjg7fgsnssk4jfeyli

"Les gens de cette place": Oblates and the Evolving Concept of Métis at Île-à-Crosse, 1845-1898

Timothy P. Foran, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
In the process, this dissertation challenges the orthodox notion that Oblate commentators simply discovered and described a singular, empirically existing and readily identifiable Métis population.  ...  In particular, this study illuminates processes that shaped Oblate concepts of sauvage and métis.  ...  In applying the term métis to the resident population of Île-à-la-Crosse, Catholic missionaries set aside the linguistic, social, cultural and geographic criteria that had previously informed their application  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-4535 fatcat:jwxhekqvnjgndlxuvs2cn2yi6y

Download Full Issue

Stuart J Murray
2017 MediaTropes  
See 6 In a comment made to CBC radio program As It Happens, Sea Legacy co-founder Christina Mittermeier argued that it didn't matter what  ...  The Harper government's (2009) mandate for the future of Arctic governance, in a report titled Canada's Northern Strategy: Our North, Our Heritage, Our Future, used a similar language to describe Inuit  ...  In Canada, there are three constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups: First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. the colonized … the term 'research' is inextricably linked to European  ... 
doaj:0fee0f09e3414316982889748bfebf04 fatcat:5gegqmjnrvfa7a5e6uurjukdk4

PPM – A highly efficient parallel particle–mesh library for the simulation of continuum systems

I.F. Sbalzarini, J.H. Walther, M. Bergdorf, S.E. Hieber, E.M. Kotsalis, P. Koumoutsakos
2006 Journal of Computational Physics  
This paper presents a highly efficient parallel particle-mesh (PPM) library, based on a unifying particle formulation for the simulation of continuous systems.  ...  The high parallel efficiency of the library is demonstrated in a series of benchmark tests on distributed memory and on a shared-memory vector architecture.  ...  The I/O mode is transparent to the client application.  ... 
doi:10.1016/ fatcat:jkvh4xqjpbgvlike56zcvsp4sq
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