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Methodology for standard cell compliance and detailed placement for triple patterning lithography [article]

Bei Yu and Xiaoqing Xu and Jhih-Rong Gao and David Z. Pan
<span title="2014-02-11">2014</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this paper, we propose a coherent framework, including standard cell compliance and detailed placement to enable TPL friendly design.  ...  With the pre-coloring solutions of standard cells, we present a TPL aware detailed placement, where the layout decomposition and placement can be resolved simultaneously.  ...  Then we can ensure the standard cell compliance for triple patterning lithography.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1402.2635v1">arXiv:1402.2635v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yp6nr7pprvhjpjgxv5a67svkum">fatcat:yp6nr7pprvhjpjgxv5a67svkum</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200829000629/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.2635v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d2/17/d217d3fbcccd96ba42bab7d907f9dff8cd1eb51c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1402.2635v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Methodology for Standard Cell Compliance and Detailed Placement for Triple Patterning Lithography

Bei Yu, Xiaoqing Xu, Jhih-Rong Gao, Yibo Lin, Zhuo Li, Charles J. Alpert, David Z. Pan
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rl7xk4fwazdrred2difr6v3lii" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
Index Terms-Design compliance, detailed placement, dynamic programming, standard cell design, triple patterning lithography (TPL).  ...  In this paper, we propose a coherent framework, including standard cell compliance and detailed placement, to enable TPL friendly design.  ...  Liebmann at IBM for helpful discussions on this problem.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tcad.2015.2401571">doi:10.1109/tcad.2015.2401571</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ewfkxenqkfdsloxu4gsgiena44">fatcat:ewfkxenqkfdsloxu4gsgiena44</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170830001859/http://www.cerc.utexas.edu/utda/publications/J56.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7a/7b/7a7bada1db86798935e5518d96e57db3f6b3a806.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tcad.2015.2401571"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Methodology for standard cell compliance and detailed placement for triple patterning lithography

Bei Yu, Xiaoqing Xu, Jhih-Rong Gao, David Z. Pan
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ffbycmiwjfgqbewnyare6s37ru" style="color: black;">2013 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design (ICCAD)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Index Terms-Design compliance, detailed placement, dynamic programming, standard cell design, triple patterning lithography (TPL).  ...  In this paper, we propose a coherent framework, including standard cell compliance and detailed placement, to enable TPL friendly design.  ...  Liebmann at IBM for helpful discussions on this problem.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iccad.2013.6691142">doi:10.1109/iccad.2013.6691142</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/iccad/YuXGP13.html">dblp:conf/iccad/YuXGP13</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/e5a3fopvuzf3fjks6wgbrx74qm">fatcat:e5a3fopvuzf3fjks6wgbrx74qm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170830001859/http://www.cerc.utexas.edu/utda/publications/J56.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7a/7b/7a7bada1db86798935e5518d96e57db3f6b3a806.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iccad.2013.6691142"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Design for manufacturability and reliability in extreme-scaling VLSI

Bei Yu, Xiaoqing Xu, Subhendu Roy, Yibo Lin, Jiaojiao Ou, David Z. Pan
<span title="2016-05-06">2016</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ikvx2lmj7rew7jpw4lygqgjpby" style="color: black;">Science China Information Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
and targeting for research and development.  ...  Keywords design for manufacturability, design for reliability, VLSI CAD Citation Yu B, Xu X Q, Roy S, et al. Design for manufacturability and reliability in extreme-scaling VLSI.  ...  The authors would like to thank Meng LI and Wei YE at University of Texas for helpful comments. Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-5560-6">doi:10.1007/s11432-016-5560-6</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lz5ebjqeprbanbkgxqxjeouip4">fatcat:lz5ebjqeprbanbkgxqxjeouip4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210731064317/https://www.sciengine.com/doi/pdf/594b4880711848c493930c755f2d7a06" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7b/dc/7bdcfb5b26b5d6da00981af4dbf37d1941c8efd4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-5560-6"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Design for Manufacturing With Emerging Nanolithography

David Z. Pan, Bei Yu, Jhih-Rong Gao
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rl7xk4fwazdrred2difr6v3lii" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
Index Terms-Design for manufacturing, double patterning, e-beam lithography (EBL), EUV lithography (EUVL), multiple patterning, nanolithography, physical design.  ...  In this paper, we survey key design for manufacturing issues for extreme scaling with emerging nanolithography technologies, including double/multiple patterning lithography, extreme ultraviolet lithography  ...  Liebmann and Dr. R. Puri, IBM, for their helpful discussions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tcad.2013.2276751">doi:10.1109/tcad.2013.2276751</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/amxc565rjfg6bkliymbbbjczde">fatcat:amxc565rjfg6bkliymbbbjczde</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150531211426/http://www.cerc.utexas.edu/utda/publications/J45.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6e/54/6e541c7ff21fb329a99dbd37296b576cd25daeca.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tcad.2013.2276751"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Modeling manufacturing process variation for design and test

S Kundu, A Sreedhar
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qjrrvry5ubgdlarkymvlxuip6m" style="color: black;">2011 Design, Automation &amp; Test in Europe</a> </i> &nbsp;
There is a need to model and characterize these new defect mechanisms so that (i) ATPG patterns can be properly targeted, (ii) defects can be properly diagnosed and addressed at design or manufacturing  ...  For process nodes 22nm and below, a multitude of new manufacturing solutions have been proposed to improve the yield of devices being manufactured.  ...  In standard cells, the layout tends to be compact, mostly at the minimum pitch and they are analyzed using detail lithography simulation to check for manufacturability compliance, where as detail litho  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/date.2011.5763192">doi:10.1109/date.2011.5763192</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/date/KunduS11.html">dblp:conf/date/KunduS11</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7b6hpuheqvhnppznosav2kvkia">fatcat:7b6hpuheqvhnppznosav2kvkia</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809144336/https://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings/date/2011/4208/00/05763192.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7d/5e/7d5e0bb728c0f426fc811145e55d9a8319405c5f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/date.2011.5763192"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Local Strain Accommodation in Polycrystalline Ni-Base Superalloys [chapter]

Jennifer Walley, Robert Wheeler, Michael D. Uchic, Michael J. Mills
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Springer New York"> Time Dependent Constitutive Behavior and Fracture/Failure Processes, Volume 3 </i> &nbsp;
Progress has been made towards implementation of a suitable speckle pattern for digital image correlation (DIC).  ...  and other boundaries.  ...  The author would like to thank Aimee Bross of the Ohio State University Nanotechnology Center for her invaluable assistance with development on the lithography techniques for the speckle patterning.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9794-4_7">doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9794-4_7</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/krngszjhrjcv5ohuyncgfbwu6i">fatcat:krngszjhrjcv5ohuyncgfbwu6i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200709191201/https://engineering.case.edu/groups/msl/sites/engineering.case.edu.groups.msl/files/335-wal.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/40/ab/40ab48c2d5f51d4b6cd5a249b61cb652596518a6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9794-4_7"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Front Matter: Volume 8684

Mark E. Mason, John L. Sturtevant
<span title="2013-04-23">2013</span> <i title="SPIE"> Design for Manufacturability through Design-Process Integration VII </i> &nbsp;
Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted.  ...  The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.  ...  (United States) 8684 06 Self-aligned double patterning friendly configuration for standard cell library considering placement impact [8684-6] J.-R. Gao, B.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2028890">doi:10.1117/12.2028890</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/c4k4oxu5fbet7nwrnjamr6z2k4">fatcat:c4k4oxu5fbet7nwrnjamr6z2k4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180722110818/https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/8684/868401/Front-Matter-Volume-8684/10.1117/12.2028890.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/10/d3/10d3c0c05a769c7b8e7df16b8e457b0fb5afba48.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2028890"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Two-dimensional TIRF-SIM–traction force microscopy (2D TIRF-SIM-TFM)

Liliana Barbieri, Huw Colin-York, Kseniya Korobchevskaya, Di Li, Deanna L. Wolfson, Narain Karedla, Falk Schneider, Balpreet S. Ahluwalia, Tore Seternes, Roy A. Dalmo, Michael L. Dustin, Dong Li (+1 others)
<span title="2021-04-12">2021</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/a4wan6l5o5dfzn767kyz7jqevi" style="color: black;">Nature Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
AbstractQuantifying small, rapidly evolving forces generated by cells is a major challenge for the understanding of biomechanics and mechanobiology in health and disease.  ...  This live-cell 2D TIRF-SIM-TFM methodology offers a combination of spatio-temporal resolution enhancement relevant to forces on the nano- and sub-second scales, opening up new aspects of mechanobiology  ...  technique as detailed in the following in silico analysis and live-cell experiments.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22377-9">doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22377-9</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33846317">pmid:33846317</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/twacitethvf3to4keqmlfrefmm">fatcat:twacitethvf3to4keqmlfrefmm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210717013317/https://munin.uit.no/bitstream/handle/10037/21488/article.pdf;jsessionid=34EAC55601BA5275E25F4E8F2C4956C7?sequence=3" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9e/59/9e5938b48ae71414dcb0776d3c4a34814f1b64b0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22377-9"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> nature.com </button> </a>

2006 MRS Fall Meeting Provided Expansive Overview of Cutting-Edge Technical Themes

<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/4blfynd4h5govevt4qdogct6wi" style="color: black;">MRS bulletin</a> </i> &nbsp;
Hoyle (Vistec Lithography, Cambridge, UK) presented excellent methodology for characterizing high-resolution, e-beam lithography-produced patterns. A.  ...  demand for energy by mid-century and more than triple the demand by the end of the century.  ...  The invited speakers outlined methodologies to extend the simulation over several orders of magnitude both in space and time.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.245">doi:10.1557/mrs2007.245</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ru5ig4w7c5hvjjhfj6ufkiwdlu">fatcat:ru5ig4w7c5hvjjhfj6ufkiwdlu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180728040656/https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/BD983FAD95E93DFAE249818260867DB3/S0883769400028670a.pdf/div-class-title-2006-mrs-fall-meeting-provided-expansive-overview-of-cutting-edge-technical-themes-div.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/39/78/39789c56107c429114684e7958f3ccf51bca1638.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.245"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Abstracts of Papers Presented at the 2005 Pittsburgh Conference

Peter B. Stockwell
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/talareqi3ffzxfrfyeckbket34" style="color: black;">Journal of automated methods &amp; management in chemistry (Print)</a> </i> &nbsp;
I feel sure that past Pittcon organizers would have been more persistent in getting the required details for the audience.  ...  The information presented to the attendees was also lacking and many companies' details were missing from the final program book, an omission no doubt on their behalf—my company was one of these—however  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research was sponsored by Office of Research and Development, US DOE, under a contract with Oak Ridge National Lab, managed and operated by UT-Battelle, LLC.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/jammc.2005.59">doi:10.1155/jammc.2005.59</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18924631">pmid:18924631</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2548401/">pmcid:PMC2548401</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xqreduq3ibdwdkzh4l7xtj4f3e">fatcat:xqreduq3ibdwdkzh4l7xtj4f3e</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200208163110/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2548401&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/jammc.2005.59"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> hindawi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2548401" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

News Briefs

<span title="">1995</span> <i title="National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qg4tymbffzcs5fu7eils3hgpau" style="color: black;">Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
The triple-point temperature of the cell from UME was 0.04 mK lower than that of the NIST cell, indicating a higher level of impurity in the water contained in the cell.  ...  Each intercomparison of TPW cells was performed using a standard platinum resistance thermometer to measure the difference between the triple-point temperatures of the two cells as they were compared directly  ...  Topics: Usability engineering introduction, usability trends in government, success stories, costs and benefits, standards and guidelines industry strategies and practices, special issues for complex systems  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.100.046">doi:10.6028/jres.100.046</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/e267vb7fefccthzubovyu2skue">fatcat:e267vb7fefccthzubovyu2skue</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180605123510/https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/jres/100/5/j15nbr.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c3/7c/c37cd641734188e831776dc69de2980a1ea6caac.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.100.046"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Biology on a Chip: Microfabrication for Studying the Behavior of Cultured Cells

Nianzhen Li, Anna Tourovskaia, Albert Folch
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Begell House"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/c57mcoupfjgsjgze7rf25dv5ga" style="color: black;">Critical reviews in biomedical engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
Th e ability to culture cells in vitro has revolutionized hypothesis testing in basic cell and molecular biology research and has become a standard methodology in drug screening and toxicology assays.  ...  point of view (cells in vivo are surrounded by complex spatiotemporal microenvironments) and from a practical perspective (scaling up the number of fl uid handling steps and cell manipulations for high-throughput  ...  Xavier Fıgueroa for comments on the manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1615/critrevbiomedeng.v31.i56.20">doi:10.1615/critrevbiomedeng.v31.i56.20</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15139302">pmid:15139302</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3848900/">pmcid:PMC3848900</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pll5kozdwbdpnezbvlyr32kn4i">fatcat:pll5kozdwbdpnezbvlyr32kn4i</a> </span>
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Bridging design and manufacturing gap through machine learning and machine-generated layout [article]

Yibo Lin
<span title="">2018</span>
Introduction 1 1.1 Challenges in Design and Manufacturing Closure .  ...  triple patterning lithography (TPL) compliance [78, 90, 97, 98, 164] .  ...  Then three important directions are explored with effective algorithms and new design flows: (1) triple patterning lithography (TPL) compliance for detailed placement considering both cross-row and intra-row  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.15781/t21z42b1b">doi:10.15781/t21z42b1b</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6aqkvbzxcvhtje4tcxhkorgpq4">fatcat:6aqkvbzxcvhtje4tcxhkorgpq4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220125015157/https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/bitstream/handle/2152/65900/LIN-DISSERTATION-2018.pdf;jsessionid=CAEBDCE046B42085A65CB518BF6937FE?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ea/03/ea038c96a304d59995c51c98d9de87d86eb74bcb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.15781/t21z42b1b"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Abstracts of Papers Presented at the 2008 Pittsburgh Conference

Peter B. Stockwell
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/talareqi3ffzxfrfyeckbket34" style="color: black;">Journal of automated methods &amp; management in chemistry (Print)</a> </i> &nbsp;
The Food Safety Laboratory (FSL), ARS, USDA, is one of the leading laboratories for the development of optoelectronic sensing technologies and methodologies, successfully demonstrating several cutting-edge  ...  systems for detection and inspection of food quality, safety, sanitation, and security.  ...  Research Centre at Hyderabad for providing the analytical support to pursue this work, and they are also grateful to colleagues who helped them in this work.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/502953">doi:10.1155/2008/502953</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19365566">pmid:19365566</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2665694/">pmcid:PMC2665694</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cwx4g3nawzewreu7iz6vldtj2m">fatcat:cwx4g3nawzewreu7iz6vldtj2m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190309031653/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fd9c/51fd7081b5349e168dd8834f6e3b2666437c.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fd/9c/fd9c51fd7081b5349e168dd8834f6e3b2666437c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/502953"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> hindawi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2665694" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>
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