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Methodological Foundation of a Numerical Taxonomy of Urban Form [article]

Martin Fleischmann, Alessandra Feliciotti, Ombretta Romice, Sergio Porta
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a method for numerical taxonomy of urban form derived from biological systematics, which allows the rigorous detection and classification of urban types.  ...  Hence, we derive homogeneous urban tissue types and, by determining overall morphological similarity between them, generate a hierarchical classification of urban form.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation as part of "The Urban Form Resilience Project" at the University of Strathclyde.  ... 
arXiv:2104.14956v3 fatcat:ar4w7sbsrnd4hjrzezagdnsdxy

Assessing the Fragmentation of the Green Infrastructure in Romanian Cities Using Fractal Models and Numerical Taxonomy

Alexandru-Ionuţ Petrişor, Ion C. Andronache, Liliana Elza Petrişor, Ana-Maria Ciobotaru, Daniel Peptenatu
2016 Procedia Environmental Sciences  
water bodies in all of them, in different shares; with respect to their distribution, the numerical taxonomy analysis indicated that they form classes matching the types of 'nature in the city' previously  ...  One of the main consequences is a decrease of the ecosystem services provided by the urban green infrastructure.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors would like to thank anonymous reviewers for their useful suggestions, which resulted into a better and clearer presentation of the manuscript and better emphasis of the key  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2016.03.016 fatcat:4j6gevogpbhnbokhbzojh6dz6a

Building survey forms for heterogeneous urban areas in seismically hazardous zones. Application to the historical center of Valparaíso, Chile

Belén Jiménez, Luca Pelà, Marcela Hurtado
2018 International Journal of Architectural Heritage  
The proposed methodology was complemented with the use of Geographic Information Systems to obtain a complete database with the structural characterization of the most representative typologies for future  ...  The application of the available survey forms poses important challenges for the case of the heterogeneous urban centers including different structural typologies.  ...  Numerous methodologies were developed in the recent years to determine the seismic vulnerability of the urban buildings.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15583058.2018.1503370 fatcat:27cjbraxdfb5bo4q2envkvqjoy

Rural Definitions for Health Policy and Research

L. Gary Hart, Eric H. Larson, Denise M. Lishner
2005 American Journal of Public Health  
.''^''' Because numerous taxonomies have been used to categorize the rural/urban continuum, we excimined the 4 that are most offen applied (Table 1) .  ...  Defining rural and urban must be a methodological priority at the start of any project that examines health-related concerns associated with the mral and urban dimension.  ... 
doi:10.2105/ajph.2004.042432 pmid:15983270 pmcid:PMC1449333 fatcat:4jcw2qrsm5bozmi7qaso6sveva

Conceptualising patterns of spatial flows: Five decades of advances in the definition and use of functional regions

Pavel Klapka, Marián Halás
2016 Moravian Geographical Reports  
A typology of functional regions is presented and the development of methods for finding a definition of functional regions is discussed, as well as a typology for these methods.  ...  The conceptual basis for functional regions is discussed, initially in relation to region-organising interactions and their behavioural foundations.  ...  Acknowledgement The paper has been supported by the project of the Czech Science Foundation: "Spatial uncertainty and fuzzy regional systems: identification, analysis and implications of pulsating functional  ... 
doi:10.1515/mgr-2016-0006 fatcat:vdgc5yel6jeklclavboqykx5ja

An Introduction to Ontologies and Ontology Engineering [chapter]

Catherine Roussey, Francois Pinet, Myoung Ah Kang, Oscar Corcho
2011 Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing  
For example, an ontology can be: a thesaurus in the field of information retrieval or a model represented in OWL in the field of linked-data or a XML schema in the context of databases etc. -  ...  The main goal of this chapter is to answer generic questions about ontologies, such as: Which are the different kinds of ontologies? What is the purpose of the use of ontologies in an application?  ...  Example: Urban Morphological Process Ontology Camacho-Hubner and Golay (2007) propose to use John Sowa's methodology to develop an ontology of urban morphological change.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-85729-724-2_2 fatcat:jbsm334il5cvzp4cbddn65xkqa

Urban Morphometrics and the Intangible Uniqueness of Tangible Heritage. An Evidence-Based Generative Design Experiment in Historical Kochi (IN)

Alessandro Venerandi, Ombretta Romice, Olga Chepelianskaia, Kavya Kalyan, Nitin Bhardwaj, Vija Viese, Sebastián Ugás, Shibu Raman, Sergio Porta
2021 Heritage  
As part of UNICITI's initiative, A Third Way of Building Asian Cities, we propose a scalable and replicable methodology which captures unique morphological traits of urban types (i.e., areas with homogenous  ...  urban form) to inform innovative large-scale and context-sensitive practices.  ...  More specifically, UMM: (i) identifies homogeneous patterns of urban form in cities, i.e., urban types (UTs hereon) via a rich description of current urban form, based on hundreds of numerical spatial  ... 
doi:10.3390/heritage4040243 fatcat:3gkjb2qwhbe4hl6jvk7k6pqrhe

Vulnerability assessment of historical cities including SSI and site-effects [chapter]

C. Amendola, D. Pitilakis
2022 Geotechnical Engineering for the Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites III  
The applicability of the proposed approach is based on globally available data regarding soil, foundation, and building taxonomy.  ...  Risk assessment of historical cities is commonly addressed considering a portfolio of fixed-base structures, i.e., neglecting the interaction between soil, foundation, and structure (SSI).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Authors have received funding from the ITN-Marie Sklodowska-Curie project "New challenges for Urban Engineering Seismology (URBASIS-EU) (GA 813137).  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781003308867-64 fatcat:robblaq5onfhhn5h3muhmhvxei

Integral metamap creates common language for urban change

Marilyn Hamilton
2006 Journal of Organizational Change Management  
Findings: A review of taxonomies of indicators shows how multiple existing data bases can be translated into a common integral map.  ...  Methodology/Approach: In a pilot project, using an ethnographic codebook, analysis of data collected from urban residents via telephone interviews, discloses diverse lenses, indicators and values at different  ...  Similar reporting forms could be implemented by any city or foundation agency. Appendix C summarizes the key questions.  ... 
doi:10.1108/09534810610668319 fatcat:txf2ybtnorc2dmmfv2g4volz6u

Urban DNA and Sustainable Cities: A Multi-City Comparison

Athanasios Votsis, Riina Haavisto
2019 Frontiers in Environmental Science  
It produces a behavioral taxonomy of cities according to their urban DNA and performance in livability and sustainability indices and indicators, and attempts a further link with the concept of urban commons  ...  The concept of urban DNA has been frequently utilized to describe how a set of urban growth parameters may encode the manner in which cities evolve in space and the spatial forms they assume as they do  ...  A behavioral taxonomy of cities (cf.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fenvs.2019.00004 fatcat:coaelg3vgbb3rcxg65kuwalb7q

Urban versus conventional agriculture, taxonomy of resource profiles: a review

Benjamin Goldstein, Michael Hauschild, John Fernández, Morten Birkved
2016 Agronomy for Sustainable Development  
Urban agriculture appears to be a means to combat the environmental pressure of increasing urbanization and food demand.  ...  Lastly, we compare the predicted environmental performance of the four main types of urban agriculture that arise through the application of the taxonomy.  ...  It is a rapidly maturing area of study that continues to see growing interest from governments as a benchmarking method of urban environmental performance and methodology to quantify the environmental  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13593-015-0348-4 fatcat:3lgm2jwumbap5dylehqddheho4

The role of Leipzig's narrative of shrinking

Alan Mace, Felix Volgmann
2017 Urban Geography  
Two key problems are: first, the category of shrinkage hides a multiplicity of cause and effect and; second, the danger of fetishizing the city against the reality of broader urban drivers of change.  ...  We conclude that while there was a significant attempt to articulate an alternative to the imperative to grow, it remained dominant suggesting the need to develop a taxonomy of shrinking cities where only  ...  compact European city as the only sustainable urban form" (Doehler-Behzadi et al. 2005: 75) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/02723638.2017.1395612 fatcat:wjbor6unkbdktbs7ik3s6jleta

Towards Soundscape Information Retrieval (Sir)

Tae Hong Park, Jun Hee Lee, Jaeseong You, Min-Joon Yoo, John Turner
2014 Proceedings of the SMC Conferences  
of a robust, descriptive taxonomy for urban soundscapes.  ...  with a same root form), and (3) occurrence pruning.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.850821 fatcat:bfflqd7wgne2jhutw2ayk62ffi

Regional Development, World System's Taxonomies and Inequality: A Meso-Domain Approach

Konstantinos Zougris, Richard Gee, Zaras Dimitrios
2015 International Journal of Regional Development  
We argue that the 40 Human Development Index (HDI) could serve as a suitable classification measure of WST regional taxonomies.  ...  Also our analysis on spatial inequality supports the findings of vanguard studies of the field suggesting a negative association between rurality and development, as well as an inverse relationship between  ...  International Journal of Regional Development ISSN 2373-9851 2015  ... 
doi:10.5296/ijrd.v2i1.7536 fatcat:2xzoe7ukq5e6ljr5mxs6qjp5lu

Assessment of the physical flood susceptibility of buildings on a large scale – conceptual and methodological frameworks

A. Blanco-Vogt, J. Schanze
2014 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
To make advancements in this respect, the paper presents, first, a conceptual framework for understanding the physical flood susceptibility of buildings and, second, a methodological framework for its  ...  The work shows results of the methodology's implementation and testing in a settlement of the city of Magangué, along the Magdalena River in Colombia.</p>  ...  We would like to thank the IGAC in Colombia for providing data for testing the methodology in Colombia.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-14-2105-2014 fatcat:2elloxxqeff7fogyzbaam4cueu
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