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Meta-analysis of real-time fMRI neurofeedback studies using individual participant data: How is brain regulation mediated?

Kirsten Emmert, Rotem Kopel, James Sulzer, Annette B. Brühl, Brian D. Berman, David E.J. Linden, Silvina G. Horovitz, Markus Breimhorst, Andrea Caria, Sabine Frank, Stephen Johnston, Zhiying Long (+7 others)
2016 NeuroImage  
An increasing number of studies using real-time fMRI neurofeedback have demonstrated that successful regulation of neural activity is possible in various brain regions.  ...  Our results imply that if the real-time fMRI neurofeedback studies target regions of this regulation network, such as the anterior insula, care should be given whether activation changes are related to  ...  In the current investigation, we assess the brain network mediating regulation in real-time fMRI neurofeedback.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.09.042 pmid:26419389 fatcat:dvx3j2dhyjgrfbylnqcutyuagq

Putamen volume predicts real-time fMRI neurofeedback learning success across paradigms and neurofeedback target regions [article]

Zhiying Zhao, Shuxia Yao, Jana Zweerings, Xinqi Zhou, Feng Zhou, Huafu Chen, Keith M Kendrick, Klaus Mathiak, Benjamin Becker
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Real-time fMRI guided neurofeedback training has gained increasing interest as a non-invasive brain regulation technique with the potential to normalize functional brain alterations in therapeutic contexts  ...  Against this background, we explored potential brain structural predictors for learning success with pooled data from three real-time fMRI datasets.  ...  Introduction Real-time fMRI-based neurofeedback (rt-fMRI NF) is a brain modulation technique that can non-invasively modulate functional brain activity by allowing individuals to gain control over the  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.10.05.327262 fatcat:gonlu5s2nzf5zgbhhg4dlxazne

Neurofeedback with fMRI: A critical systematic review

Robert T. Thibault, Amanda MacPherson, Michael Lifshitz, Raquel R. Roth, Amir Raz
2018 NeuroImage  
Primary 101 research included experiments where participants observed real-time fMRI data (i.e., 102 neurofeedback) and attempted to modulate the feedback signal.  ...  This technique provides 46 individuals with near real-time feedback from their ongoing brain activity (Figure 1).  ...  Self-regulation of human brain activity using simultaneous real-time fMRI and EEG neurofeedback.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.12.071 pmid:29288868 fatcat:pqd323lom5h5nnzhrr2wlq7jey

Neurofeedback, Self-Regulation, and Brain Imaging: Clinical Science and Fad in the Service of Mental Disorders

Robert T. Thibault, Michael Lifshitz, Niels Birbaumer, Amir Raz
2015 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics  
Neurofeedback draws on multiple techniques that propel both healthy and patient populations to self-regulate neural activity.  ...  And yet, nascent imaging technologies (e.g., real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging) and increasingly rigorous protocols are paving the road towards more effective applications and better scientific  ...  ***Insert Figure 3 around here*** fMRI FMRI-nf, often referred to as real-time fMRI (rtfMRI), outputs ongoing data concerning blood oxygen concentrations from any region in the brain.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000371714 pmid:26021883 fatcat:hxqw7l3govh5zlqaxuowhop3da

The role of superstition of cognitive control during neurofeedback training [article]

Doris Groessinger, Florian Ph.S Fischmeister, Mathias Witte, Karl Koschutnig, Manuel Ninaus, Christa Neuper, Silvia Kober, Guilherme Wood
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Real-time fMRI neurofeedback is growing in reputation as a means to alter brain activity patterns and alleviate psychiatric symptoms.  ...  Participants saw a display similar to that typically used for real-time fMRI. They were instructed to watch the bars' movements or to control them with their own brain activity.  ...  We are thankful to all participants of the study for their participation and patience.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.09.14.460252 fatcat:6474vyyjtjbipp72mvshy6qhqa

Neurotherapeutics for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review

Katya Rubia, Samuel Westwood, Pascal-M. Aggensteiner, Daniel Brandeis
2021 Cells  
Three small studies piloted neurofeedback of frontal activations in ADHD using functional magnetic resonance imaging or near-infrared spectroscopy, finding no superior effects over control conditions.  ...  Meta-analyses of tDCS studies targeting mostly the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex show small effects on cognitive improvements with only two out of three studies showing clinical improvements.  ...  D.B. serves as an unpaid scientific consultant for an EU-funded neurofeedback trial. The other authors report no financial interests or potential conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cells10082156 pmid:34440925 pmcid:PMC8394071 fatcat:ej4kqqz4yve4jm2baigwynilxa

Increasing the efficacy of exposure using a whole brain approach to real-time fMRI neurofeedback among female victims of interpersonal violence [article]

Maegan Calvert, Josh M. Cisler, Keith A Bush
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
The current study used a symptom provocation paradigm, which is conceptually similar to exposure, and whole brain multivariate pattern classifiers (MVPC) to provide participants with neurofeedback on their  ...  ability to regulate their brain-states.  ...  Hypothesis 1) Real-time fMRI neurofeedback of whole brain activations can be used to modulate traumarelated brain states. 2) Increases or decreases of whole brain activity will correspond to instructions  ... 
doi:10.1101/2022.08.19.504571 fatcat:usizqfiuurhhlk6tgl6z33jhdm

Neurofeedback of visual food cue reactivity: a potential avenue to alter incentive sensitization and craving

Niklas Ihssen, Moses O. Sokunbi, Andrew D. Lawrence, Natalia S. Lawrence, David E. J. Linden
2016 Brain Imaging and Behavior  
FMRI-based neurofeedback transforms functional brain activation in real-time into sensory stimuli that participants can use to self-regulate brain responses, which can aid the modification of mental states  ...  Emerging evidence supports the clinical utility of neurofeedback-guided up-regulation of hypoactive networks.  ...  FMRI-based neurofeedback converts Blood Oxygenation-Level dependent (BOLD) signals that are preprocessed and statistically analyzed in real-time into symbolic feedback, which participants can use to self-regulate  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11682-016-9558-x pmid:27233784 pmcid:PMC5486584 fatcat:rbdrc2zdynhkrctqjcm2tvujka

Real-time fMRI applied to pain management

Heather Chapin, Epifanio Bagarinao, Sean Mackey
2012 Neuroscience Letters  
Advances in neuroscience have allowed us to explore how the varieties of pain experience we observe are mediated by the complex relationships between the mind, brain, and body.  ...  While it is difficult to determine the direction of causality with regard to how these changes relate to chronic pain, several recent studies have shown that structural [49, 83, 90, 101] and functional  ...  In rtfMRI neurofeedback, subjects are trained to regulate the level of activation in identified target brain regions using feedback information extracted by the real-time processing of the ongoing fMRI  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2012.02.076 pmid:22414861 pmcid:PMC3377818 fatcat:zdpepw7rpjbehol6jp7te2oxpe

Dynamic reconfiguration of human brain functional networks through neurofeedback

Sven Haller, Rotem Kopel, Permi Jhooti, Tanja Haas, Frank Scharnowski, Karl-Olof Lovblad, Klaus Scheffler, Dimitri Van De Ville
2013 NeuroImage  
We tested whether real-time fMRI-based neurofeedback can be a tool to voluntarily reconfigure brain network interactions.  ...  We demonstrate that neurofeedback learning is mediated by widespread changes in functional connectivity.  ...  Introduction Studying how different brain areas interact may hold the key to understand how information is processed in the human brain.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.019 pmid:23684872 fatcat:f67kp4ebszbm3kjwynfkdaayai

Neurofeedback for ADHD

Martin Holtmann, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Samuele Cortese, Daniel Brandeis
2014 Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America  
Via neurofeedback, children with ADHD are trained to regulate their neurophysiologic profile or to bring it closer to that of nonaffected children; learning of self-regulation is thus a key mechanism.  ...  predictors and mediators of response.  ...  Both near infrared spectroscopy neurofeedback 70 and realtime fMRI neurofeedback may offer advantages in terms of targeting well-defined brain regions, and such studies are ongoing. 71 Notably, real-time  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chc.2014.05.006 pmid:25220087 fatcat:3ddx6j2v7zebvjpvsjl4bk2ina

Impaired Voluntary Control in PTSD: Probing Self-Regulation of the ACC With Real-Time fMRI

Jana Zweerings, Eliza M. Pflieger, Krystyna A. Mathiak, Mikhail Zvyagintsev, Anastasia Kacela, Guido Flatten, Klaus Mathiak
2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
Methods: Real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rt-fMRI NF) assessed self-regulation of the ACC in nine patients with PTSD after single trauma exposure and nine matched healthy controls.  ...  Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by deficits in the self-regulation of cognitions and emotions.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the Brain Imaging Facility of the Interdisciplinary Center for Clinical Research at the RWTH Aachen University for technical support.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00219 pmid:29899712 pmcid:PMC5989618 fatcat:bnhhg2ilo5bvbmum5bdo2kn5jy

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) neurofeedback: implementations and applications

Wan Ilma Dewiputri, Tibor Auer
2013 Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences  
Neurofeedback (NFB) allows subjects to learn how to volitionally influence the neuronal activation in the brain by employing real-time neural activity as feedback.  ...  In this paper, we briefly outline the general principles behind NFB, the implementation of fMRI-NFB studies, the feasibility of fMRI-NFB, and the application of NFB as a supplementary therapy tool.  ...  Apart from the real-time access to the data, a separate computer dedicated to real-time analysis is also necessary.  ... 
pmid:24643368 pmcid:PMC3957350 fatcat:g5d2pb2elrdttftbc46wvg2iba

Network-based fMRI-neurofeedback training of sustained attention

Gustavo S.P. Pamplona, Jennifer Heldner, Robert Langner, Yury Koush, Lars Michels, Silvio Ionta, Frank Scharnowski, Carlos E.G. Salmon
2020 NeuroImage  
Here, we used network-based real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to provide healthy individuals with information about current activity levels in SAN and DMN.  ...  After training, participants were able to apply learned self-regulation of the differential feedback signal even when feedback was no longer available (i.e., during transfer runs).  ...  This work was supported by the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development ( CNPq ), the Brazilian National Council for the Improvement of Higher Education ( CAPES ), the Swiss  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117194 pmid:32711065 fatcat:sa43ychiuzcdbfxr2tzhmwj5he

Long-term effects of network-based fMRI neurofeedback training for sustained attention [article]

Gustavo S. P. Pamplona, Jennifer Heldner, Robert Langner, Yury Koush, Lars Michels, Silvio Ionta, Carlos E. Garrido Salmon, Frank Scharnowski
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The discrepancy between lasting regulation-related brain changes but transient behavioral and resting-state effects raises the question of how neural changes induced by neurofeedback training translate  ...  Since neurofeedback directly targets brain measures to indirectly improve behavior long-term, a better understanding of the brain-behavior associations during and after neurofeedback training is needed  ...  Real-time fMRI data were acquired and processed using OpenNFT (Koush et al., 2017a) .  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.10.27.465722 fatcat:psgtmmggbbaexgzpjirihigc6e
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