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Melodic Similarity through Shape Similarity [chapter]

Julián Urbano, Juan Lloréns, Jorge Morato, Sonia Sánchez-Cuadrado
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Melodies are represented as splines in the pitchtime plane, and their similarity is computed as the similarity of their shape.  ...  We present a new geometric model to compute the melodic similarity of symbolic musical pieces.  ...  Similarity through Shape Similarity Fig. 11.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-23126-1_21 fatcat:aojkiot3sfbblmxcf7duppvute

Fixity, Flexibility, and Compositional Process in Old Hispanic Chant

Emma Hornby, Rebecca Maloy
2016 Music & Letters  
In Leo Treitler and Helmut Hucke's view, chant melodies were learned and remembered through a combination of rote learning and reconstruction according to a set of constraints.  ...  Full terms of use are available: In the longstanding debates about the oral and written transmission of chant, the melodic consistency of the early Franco-Roman ('Gregorian') chant manuscripts has played  ...  shape mid-way through.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ml/gcw106 fatcat:2zz5uw2yirc4nel2prvxxv2kdi

Exploring Melody And Motion Features In "Sound-Tracings"

Tejaswinee Kelkar, Alexander Refsum Jensenius
2017 Proceedings of the SMC Conferences  
Melodic Similarity Marsden disentangles some of our simplification of concepts while dealing with melodic contour similarity, explaining that the conception of similarity itself means different things  ...  Melodic Contour Typologies Melodic contours serve as one of the features that can describe melodic similarity.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1401893 fatcat:p2gsxhbyvjcdbj4goqofx5d6uy

The motor origins of human and avian song structure

A. T. Tierney, F. A. Russo, A. D. Patel
2011 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Conversely, animals who do not share similar motor constraints on song will not exhibit convergent melodic shapes.  ...  One prediction of this hypothesis is that any animals subject to similar motor constraints on song will exhibit similar melodic shapes, no matter how distantly related those animals are to humans.  ...  Conversely, animals who do not share similar motor constraints on song will not exhibit convergent melodic shapes.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1103882108 pmid:21876156 pmcid:PMC3174665 fatcat:o3gbmurlbbg5tbbve3mwyrjgzm

Melodic Contour Typology

Charles R. Adams
1976 Ethnomusicology  
INTRODUCTION T he concept of melodic contour (shape, configuration, outline) is frequently encountered, but its precise meaning and significance in musical analysis is elusive.  ...  Edwards was concerned exclusively with the arch, suggesting that its "natural and logical" shape may have evolved from early Gregorian chant, and "was supposed to represent the 'logical trajectory of thought  ...  GRAPHS A third approach to melodic contour description and typology is through the use of graphs.4 While the assumptions underlying melodic graphs are similar to those implied by narrative and depictive  ... 
doi:10.2307/851015 fatcat:rgek35ane5fflbtcvi3gmjg6cu

Dynamic pattern structure in music: Recent theory and research

Mari Riess Jones
1987 Perception & Psychophysics  
Properties of joint accent structures involving accent couplings and time symmetries are used to address standard psychological issues of pattern similarity and pattern simplicity as they are realized  ...  In particular, experimental work on melody recognition reveals the importance of formalizations concerning dynamic pattern similarities, and other research on reproductions of music-like patterns reveals  ...  These phase shifts, which manipulated similarity of dynamic shape through decoupling of contour and temporal accents, were achieved by modifying only the length of the first t accent period.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03210494 pmid:3615156 fatcat:muwawnmppnhzxcf4pwah4tcqsa

Symbolic Melodic Similarity: State of the Art and Future Challenges

Valerio Velardo, Mauro Vallati, Steven Jan
2016 Computer Music Journal  
Melodic similarity-detection algorithms are an instance of such tools.  ...  Many algorithms for judging melodic similarity have been introduced over the years.  ...  the techniques and strategies adopted in melodic similarity research.  ... 
doi:10.1162/comj_a_00359 fatcat:qwjdvzsl65hr5chj6s34ejprju

Analytical Approaches to Melody in Selected Arias by Puccini

Nicholas Baragwanath
2008 Music Theory Online  
traditional patterns of counterpoint and voice leading but also exploit them to generate effective dynamic linear shapes.  ...  By applying a form of linear-contrapuntal reductive analysis, allied with theories of melodic expectation, to selected arias from Puccini, this article argues that Puccini's melodies not only comply with  ...  high a 2 . [33] The overall B minor arch-shape is mirrored on a smaller scale by numerous melodic details.  ... 
doi:10.30535/mto.14.2.1 fatcat:2bmxqzskbzeqxlm3xzjuyn2ipm

Cosine Contours: a Multipurpose Representation for Melodies

Bas Cornelissen, Willem Zuidema, John Ashley Burgoyne
2021 Zenodo  
Melodic contour is central to our ability to perceive and produce music. We propose to represent melodic contours as a combination of cosine functions, using the discrete cosine transform.  ...  We demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed representation by analyzing contours at three levels (complete songs, melodic phrases and melodic motifs) across multiple traditions in three small case studies  ...  WHAT IS MELODIC CONTOUR? Melodic contour is a general description of a melody's shape that abstracts away from the particular pitches and precise rhythms.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5624530 fatcat:4nefzhjtn5bqdoolu4nu5hjs5u

Perceptual vs. automated judgements of music copyright infringement

Yuchen Yuan, Sho Oishi, Charles Cronin, Daniel Müllensiefen, Quentin Atkinson, Shinya Fujii, Patrick E. Savage
2020 Zenodo  
Automated algorithms designed to calculate melodic and audio similarity pro-duced comparable results: both algorithms were able to match past decisions with identical accuracy of 71% (12/17 cases).  ...  Recent re-search has attempted to develop objective methods based on automated similarity algorithms, but there remains almost no data on the role of perceived similarity in mu-sic copyright decisions  ...  Melodic Similarity (Percent Melodic Identity [PMI]) We chose the PMI (Percent Melodic Identity) method to calculate melodic similarity because it has been validated in previous research using a similar  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4245363 fatcat:r2i4clxj5zdlnlgzlkhyjjieyy

Imagined, Supplemental Sound in Nineteenth-Century Piano Music

Hamish J. Robb
2015 Music Theory Online  
Imagined sounds, like bodily exertions, are shaped not only by compositional features, but also by common techniques of illusion pianists use in various musical contexts, as I demonstrate through detailed  ...  I illustrate how specific performance nuances can shape such bodily engagements, and in turn shape one's imagined, supplemental sounds.  ...  Despite the crescendo he makes through m. 3, the first three melodic notes of m. 4 are played at a similar dynamic level and with a similar level of voicing.  ... 
doi:10.30535/mto.21.3.11 fatcat:xrunmzwacbhozbxz3xuy657d2q

Global Properties Of Expert And Algorithmic Hierarchical Music Analyses

Phillip B. Kirlin
2016 Zenodo  
Because time-span and prolongation reductions seem similar on the surface, it is appropriate to address their similarities and differences through a study of the three global attributes calculated for  ...  line through the music.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1416118 fatcat:c3ophpvhozf4pevg7r2h7cfbai

Audio metadata extraction: The case for Hindustani classical music

Preeti Rao
2012 2012 International Conference on Signal Processing and Communications (SPCOM)  
Through several pertinent examples from Carnatic music practice, Subramanian [9] demonstrates that the similarity lies in the overall melodic shape.  ...  The mukhda is characterized by its melodic shape (and also its lyrics).  ... 
doi:10.1109/spcom.2012.6290243 fatcat:eonsqvz2gnawrbdegp2srxurtu

Page 488 of The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism Vol. 17, Issue 4 [page]

1959 The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism  
This melodic incompleteness is complemented by the rhythmic instability of this first musical shape.  ...  Looking at these two themes more closely, we see that they are quite similar in their basic melodic structure.  ... 

Name that tune: Melodic recognition by songbirds

Christopher N. Templeton
2016 Learning & Behavior  
Recent findings have indicated that European starlings perceive overall spectral shape and use this, rather than absolute pitch or timbre, to generalize between similar melodic progressions.  ...  The finding that birds rely on spectral shape in their auditory perception, rather than timbre or absolute pitch, suggests a similarity to human language rather than music.  ...  Previous research has instead suggested that songbirds use absolute pitch in the auditory perception of melodic sequences.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13420-016-0237-y pmid:27439450 pmcid:PMC5101281 fatcat:4km4ot7svrfyrmp4rwr5mtpyqy
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