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Mechanisms for Outsourcing Computation via a Decentralized Market [article]

Scott Eisele and Taha Eghtesad and Nicholas Troutman and Aron Laszka and Abhishek Dubey
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To provide an open market, we introduce MODiCuM, a decentralized system for outsourcing computation.  ...  Since many of these devices are often idle, there is a vast amount of computational power that is currently untapped, and which could be used for outsourcing computation.  ...  Aniruddha Gokhale for their insight and comments on the paper. This work was supported in part by National Science Foundation through award numbers 1647015 and 1818901.  ... 
arXiv:2005.11429v2 fatcat:oqwvtzy7izf4teocmxgux3nqw4

Special Section: Information Systems in Competitive Strategies: Offshoring, Risk Management, Strategic Pricing, E-Sourcing, and Standards

2005 Journal of Management Information Systems  
Their study, “A Pricing Mechanism for Digital Content Distri- bution Over Computer Networks,” reveals an interesting strategic choice problem that occurs with distributors of digital content on the Internet  ...  achieving effective market segmentation for quality.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07421222.2005.11045848 fatcat:dbbli27545caviqwhzs2twrh6i

Coordinating Strategic Capacity Planning in the Semiconductor Industry

Suleyman Karabuk, S. David Wu
2003 Operations Research  
To reconcile the marketing and manufacturing perspectives to the problem, we consider a decomposition of the planning problem resembling decentralized decision-making involving the headquarter, the marketing  ...  The results indicate that it is possible to arrive at near optimal solutions (within 6.5%) with information decentralization while using a fraction (less than 16.2%) of the computer time.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The research is supported, in part, by National Science Foundation Grants DMI-9732173, DMI-9634808 and a grant from Lucent Technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1287/opre.51.6.839.24917 fatcat:y6olxcrkavcnfihirxhxzio7j4

Did New Public Management Matter? An Empirical Analysis of the Outsourcing and Decentralization Effects on Public Sector Size

Jose M. Alonso, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes
2011 Social Science Research Network  
We test a number of hypotheses related to the outsourcing and decentralization effects on public sector expenditure and employees through an econometric analysis using a panel data model for eighteen European  ...  This paper is an attempt to do this, especially looking at outsourcing and decentralization.  ...  A measure for government outsourcing (OUTS) is the sum of intermediate consumption plus social transfers in kind via market producers 10 (OECD, 2011) as a share of final government consumption.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2187902 fatcat:cyflxpdppbg3bggybn47b7p3te

Did New Public Management Matter? An empirical analysis of the outsourcing and decentralization effects on public sector size

José M. Alonso, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes
2013 Public Management Review  
We test a number of hypotheses related to the outsourcing and decentralization effects on public sector expenditure and employees through an econometric analysis using a panel data model for eighteen European  ...  This paper is an attempt to do this, especially looking at outsourcing and decentralization.  ...  A measure for government outsourcing (OUTS) is the sum of intermediate consumption plus social transfers in kind via market producers 10 (OECD, 2011) as a share of final government consumption.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14719037.2013.822532 fatcat:37xlfzhd7jfzxl4y65b32yqnxe

Decentralizing semiconductor capacity planning via internal market coordination

2002 IIE Transactions  
We examine main issues of a decentralized coordination scheme in a setting observed at a major US semiconductor manufacturer: marketing managers reserve capacity from manufacturing based on product demands  ...  JCA establishes a theoretical benchmark for performance, but is only achievable when all planning information is public.  ...  Acknowldegement This research is supported in part by the National Science Foundation grant DMI-9634808 and a research grant from Lucent Technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07408170208928909 fatcat:hb2ibrvusffwhebg35mqd6ende

IT Centralization, Security Outsourcing, and Cybersecurity Breaches: Evidence from the U.S. Higher Education

Che-Wei Liu, Peng Huang, Henry Lucas
2017 International Conference on Information Systems  
In addition, we find that correcting for the self-selection bias, universities that opt for outsourcing their information security have a lower likelihood of suffering from a cybersecurity breach.  ...  Interestingly, the effect of centralized IT governance is contingent on the complexity of a university's computing environment -schools with sophisticated IT infrastructure benefit more from centralized  ...  With an increasingly interconnected computing environment, most security breaches today arrive via a network and spread quickly throughout the campus.  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/LiuHL17 fatcat:lzatxl2jjfcx7ia27bssrlyou4

An Adaptive Configuration for Agent-Based Supply Network

Khaled Ghoneim, Jamal Bentahar
2008 Fifth International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations (itng 2008)  
The proposed strategy uses a combination of these methods by selecting the right interaction method that is suitable for each market situation.  ...  For a supply network to be effective in an open and competitive environment, it has to be scalable.  ...  " needs via the internet.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itng.2008.143 dblp:conf/itng/GhoneimB08 fatcat:4wsih6hctjd63olazk5ol76ccm

How Institutions and Business Strategies Affect Wages: A Cross-National Study of Call Centers

Rosemary Batt, Hiroatsu Nohara
2009 Industrial & labor relations review  
a new economic activity.  ...  Finally, employer strategies of outsourcing and market segmentation explain within-country wage variation in most countries, suggesting considerable flexibility in wage setting at the establishment level  ...  strategies of outsourcing and marketing strategies of customer segmentation.  ... 
doi:10.1177/001979390906200404 fatcat:o37amcks2rhxpfu3zsujq3tyia

Iterative Combinatorial Auction for Carrier Collaboration in Logistics Services

Hamidreza Mehrizi, Chun Wang
2013 2013 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics  
We first present a centralized carrier collaboration problem model in which a central entity has all required information to compute an optimal solution.  ...  We then consider a more realistic game theoretic setting where auction-based mechanism is applied to deal with self-interests of carriers.  ...  exchange mechanism in a decentralized TL (Truckload) setting.  ... 
doi:10.1109/smc.2013.482 dblp:conf/smc/MehriziW13 fatcat:aihk7pee7jcutgocid5wh5ciry

Coordinating Tensions in Orchestrating Blended Modes of Sharing and Outsourcing of Services [chapter]

Albert Plugge, Marijn Janssen, Anton Joha
2013 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
We plea for more research in the role of SSO's acting as sourcing orchestrators.  ...  The aim of this research is to develop a better understanding of the tensions that arise when coordinating multiple service delivery modes.  ...  However, as a result of the business units' demand for customized IT services the coordination mechanism was not changed.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-40951-6_9 fatcat:y22d7swimre3jogj7qn6nhpyzu

Transformation to Cloud Services Sourcing: Required IT Governance Capabilities

Anton Joha, Marijn Janssen
2012 ICST Transactions on e-Business  
The sourcing of cloud services is a relatively new type of service delivery model in which an organization gets access to IT services via a cloud service provider that is delivering services over the web  ...  to many users on a pay per use or period basis.  ...  of a cloud computing service delivery model for the public sector.  ... 
doi:10.4108/eb.2012.07-09.e4 fatcat:cvdbe2dfivdkfok7j2w4u3ltla

Integration of Blockchain and Cloud of Things: Architecture, Applications and Challenges [article]

Dinh C Nguyen, Pubudu N Pathirana, Ming Ding, Aruna Seneviratne
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Blockchain with its decentralized, transparent and secure nature has emerged as a disruptive technology for the next generation of numerous industrial applications.  ...  Therefore, a novel paradigm of blockchain and Cloud of Things combination, called as the BCoT model, is regarded as a promising enabler for a wide range of applied scenarios.  ...  The works [143] , [144] introduce a blockchain based fair payment architecture for outsourcing services in cloud computing.  ... 
arXiv:1908.09058v1 fatcat:ik4s66nxifhthgm3gj3rrbgbey

Audita: A Blockchain-based Auditing Framework for Off-chain Storage [article]

Danilo Francati, Giuseppe Ateniese, Abdoulaye Faye, Andrea Maria Milazzo, Angelo Massimo Perillo, Luca Schiatti, Giuseppe Giordano
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The benefit is a system that is built to grow along with the data needs of enterprises, while continuing to build the network via incentives and solving for issues such as auditing and outsourcing.  ...  However, with these new capabilities also come limitations, such as lack of transparency, limited decentralization, and challenges with privacy and security.  ...  We implemented the system as a decentralized application via smart contract logic [7] .  ... 
arXiv:1911.08515v2 fatcat:cnglao3mnva5jp36s4euk52dhm

Price negotiation and coordination in outsourcing supply chain under yield and demand uncertainties

Zhiming Chen, Chongping Chen
2021 Reserche operationelle  
A Bayesian game accounting for asymmetric information is established to optimize the CM's outsourcing price and the OEM's selling price.  ...  Whether the CM adopts a conservative or an aggressive production strategy depends on the threshold of the outsourcing price.  ...  Moreover, is there any coordination mechanism for improving the performance of decentralized supply chain?  ... 
doi:10.1051/ro/2021168 fatcat:347wbgltybgyxhaf4t2ozz5ftu
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